Sztum German: Stuhm is a town in northern Poland in the Powiśle region, located in the Pomeranian Voivodeship It is the capital of Sztum County, with some 10,141 inhabitants 2004
- 1 History
- 11 Number of inhabitants by year
- 2 Notable residents
- 3 International relations
- 31 Twin towns — Sister cities
- 4 References
- 5 External links
HistoryTeutonic castle after renovation
Signs of settlement dating back to the Roman Empire era have been found In the early Middle Ages, a fortified settlement of the Prussian people existed at the site, conquered by the Teutonic Knights in 1236 City rights were granted to the settlement in 1416
In 1466 the town with other western Prussian territory passed to the crown of Poland as part of Royal Prussia As part of Poland, the town functioned as a seat of Sztum powiat in Malbork Voivodeship 1466-1772 and a place to hold local court sessions In 1635 the Treaty of Stuhmsdorf was signed in the village of Stuhmsdorf now Sztumska Wies, just south of the city of Sztum
In 1772 during the time of the First Partition of Poland the town became part of the Kingdom of Prussia In 1871 it became part of the newly created German Empire
According to the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I the inhabitants of the town and its district were asked whether they want to remain in Germany or join the new Second Polish Republic in the East Prussian plebiscite of 1920 Ultimately, in the district of Stuhm 19,984 votes were counted to remain in Germany and 4,904 votes for Poland Based on that result Stuhm was included in the Regierungsbezirk Marienwerder within East Prussia
After World War II the area was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union or forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947
Number of inhabitants by year
- Goetz Oertel born 1934, physicist
International relationsSee also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland
Twin towns — Sister cities
Sztum is twinned with: Ritterhude, Val de Reuil, Varde
- ^ Rocznik statystyki Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej Archived 2007-06-09 at the Wayback Machinepdf, 623 KB Główny Urząd Statystyczny Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej GUS, Annual Main Statistical Office of the Republic of Poland 1920/1922, part II
- ^ Johann Friedrich Goldbeck: Volständige Topographie des Königreichs Preußen Part II, Marienwerder 1789, p 19
- ^ Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6th edition, Vol 8, Leipzig and Vienna 1907, p 251
- ^ Michael Rademacher: Deutsche Verwaltungsgeschichte Provinz Westpreußen, Kreis Stuhm 2006
- ^ August Eduard Preuß: Preußische Landes- und Volkskunde Königsberg 1835, p 444, no 59
- Official town webpage
- Stuhm on map of Germany, Prussia 1600
- Vital Statistics Kirchenbuch of inhabitants since mid 1600s of Stuhm city and Stuhm county
- German website of former Kreis Stuhm inhabitants
Coordinates: 53°56′N 19°02′E / 53933°N 19033°E / 53933; 19033
|Town and seat||
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