Szczucin is a town in Dąbrowa County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland It is the seat of the gmina administrative district called Gmina Szczucin It lies approximately 16 kilometres 10 mi north-east of Dąbrowa Tarnowska, 30 km 19 mi north of Tarnów and 85 km 53 mi east of the regional capital Kraków The town has a population of 4,069
Before Polish administrative reorganization 1999 Szczucin was part of Tarnów Voivodeship 1975–1998 Located on the Vistula river, Szczucin is the ending station of a secondary-importance, one track rail line Tarnów - Dąbrowa Tarnowska - Szczucin, built by the Austrian government in 1906 There were several plans to extend the line northwards, to Busko Zdroj and Kielce, but so far, they have not been carried out Current shape of the line is the result of Szczucin’s having been located until 1918 on northern border of Austria-Hungary The Vistula marked the border, beyond which stretched the Russian Empire, and the governments of both countries were not interested in completion of the line, which would otherwise have connected Austrian-controlled Tarnów with Russian-controlled Kielce
The town is placed along National Road nr 73 Warszawa - Kielce - Tarnów - Jasło, and here regional road nr 982 stems eastwards, to Mielec, making Szczucin a local transportation hub The name of the town probably comes from a 14th-century owner of the location, a man named Szczuka
First mention of Szczucin then known as Sucin, later Sczucin comes from 1326, and it refers to a local parish church, which means that it must have been built earlier Due to town’s location on the Vistula, a river port was established here Timber from the forests of Sandomierz Wilderness was brought here, loaded on ships and hauled to Gdańsk, the biggest port of the Kingdom of Poland Furthermore, Szczucin was a crossing point of the Vistula, along a north-south merchant trail In 1780 the village obtained town rights, but in 1934 it lost them, as its population fell below the then required 3,000 Szczucin regained its town rights on 1 January 2009
After the Partitions of Poland, Szczucin found itself on the Austrian - Russian border, and the town stagnated In the autumn of 1914, during World War I, Szczucin was captured by the Russians, who remained here until 1915 see Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive In September 1939 Szczucin was the area of several skirmishes between retreating units of Kraków Army, and the advancing Wehrmacht On September 12, 1939, German soldiers carried out a massacre of Polish POWs, who were kept at a local school Altogether, 70 soldiers were killed, and this tragedy is commemorated by a monument During the occupation, Szczucin was a center of resistance movement In 1943, soldiers of Jędrusie executed here an officer of the Blue Police In late 1944, Germans ordered evacuation of all Szczucin’s inhabitants, because they prepared defensive positions along the Vistula
Szczucin is home to Poland’s only Road Museum Muzeum Drogownictwa, which has the area of two hectares, displaying ancient road building machines, as well as road signs, road posts, documents and other items
- Jewish Community in Szczucin on Virtual Shtetl
- Jewish cemetery in Szczucin on Old Cemeteries
- ^ "Central Statistical Office GUS - TERYT National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal" in Polish 2008-06-01
- ^ Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Poland in Polish
|Town and seat||
Coordinates: 50°18′N 21°4′E / 50300°N 21067°E / 50300; 21067
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