Tue . Tue Jul 2018

Szczecinek


Szczecinek Polish pronunciation: ; German: Neustettin; Kashubian: Nowé Sztetëno is a city in Middle Pomerania, northwestern Poland with a population of more than 40,000 2011 Formerly in the Koszalin Voivodeship 1950–1998, it has been the capital of Szczecinek County in the West Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999 It is an important railroad junction, located along the main Poznań - Kolobrzeg line, which crosses less important lines to Chojnice, Słupsk and Runowo Pomorskie The city boundaries were expanded in 2009 to include Świątki and Trzesieka, a total area of 4863 square kilometres 1878 square miles

Contents

  • 1 Location
  • 2 History and etymology
  • 3 Education
  • 4 Major corporations
  • 5 Historical population
  • 6 Notable residents
  • 7 International relations
    • 71 Twin towns — Sister cities
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Location

Szczecinek lies in eastern part of West Pomeranian Voivodeship It is located on the border of Pojezierze Szczecineckie and Pojezierze Drawskie Historically, it was included within Western Pomerania In 2010, the city boundaries were with the following villages in Gmina Szczecinek: Gałowo, Marcelin, Godzimierz, Turowo, Parsęcko, Buczek and Zółtnica

History and etymology

1701-1918

In 1310, the castle and town were founded under Lübeck law by Duke Wartislaw IV of Pomerania-Wolgast and modelled after Szczecin German: Stettin which is situated about 150 kilometres 93 miles to the west The initial name was "Neustettin" Polish: Nowy Szczecin, German: Neustettin, Latin: Stetin Nova It was also known as "Klein Stettin" Polish: Mały Szczecin, German: Klein Stettin In 1707 the town was known in Polish as Nowoszczecin, while the Mały Szczecin name gradually developed into the modern name Szczecinek The town was fortified to face the Brandenburgers, with a wall and palisades In 1356 Neustettin was hit by the plague Thankful for their survival, the Dukes Bogislaw V, Barnim IV and Wartislaw V founded the Augustine monastery Marienthron, on the Mönchsberg on the southern bank of Lake Streizigsee Under the Duke Wartislaw VII Neustettin, from 1376 to 1395 it was the seat of his Duchy Afterwards, it was ruled by Pomeranian Duchy: Rügenwalde -1418, Wolgast -1474 and Stettin until 1618

On 15 September 1423, the "great day of Neustettin", the Pomeranian dukes, the Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order and Nordic king Eric VII of Denmark met to discuss defense against the union of Brandenburg and Poland In 1461 Neustettin was sacked, looted and burned by Polish troops and Tatars because King Casimir IV wanted to take revenge on Eric II of Pomerania-Wolgast who supported the Teutonic Knights

At the end of the Thirty Years War, Neustettin became part of Brandenburg, and in 1701 under the crown of Prussia In 1945, the Red Army occupied the town and put it under Polish administration

Railway Station in Szczecinek

Education

  • Wyższa Szkoła Kupiecka in Łódź, branch in Szczecinek
  • Duchess Elizabeth Secondary School
  • Vocational School of Economics in Szczecinek
  • Vocational Technical School in Szczecinek
  • Vocational School of Agriculture in Świątki

Major corporations

  • Grupa Kronospan SA
  • KPPD Szczecinek SA
  • Schneider Electric Poland

Historical population

  • 1940: 19,900 inhabitants mostly Germans
  • 1945: 11,800 inhabitants 8,300 Poles and 3,500 Germans
  • 1950: 15,100 inhabitants mostly Poles
  • 1960: 22,800 inhabitants
  • 1970: 28,700 inhabitants
  • 1975: 32,900 inhabitants
  • 1980: 35,700 inhabitants
  • 1990: 41,400 inhabitants
  • 1995: 42,300 inhabitants
  • 2000: 38,928 inhabitants

Notable residents

  • Eckart Afheldt 1921–1999, general
  • Gustav Behrend 1847–1925, dermatologist
  • Lothar Bucher 1817–1892, publicist
  • Artur Bugaj b 1970, footballer
  • Hans Krüger 1902–1971, politician
  • Ewa Minge, fashion designer
  • Małgorzata Ostrowska born 1958, singer
  • Herbert Panknin 1913-2001, German Kriegsmarine officer
  • Abraham Springer, great-grandfather of TV presenter Jerry Springer, was a prominent member of the town's Jewish community who launched an unsuccessful attempt to sue agitator Dr Ernst Henrici in 1881, claiming that an inflammatory anti-semitic speech in the town led directly to the burning down of the synagogue on 18 February of that year
  • Aleksander Wolszczan b 1946, astronomer

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland

Twin towns — Sister cities

Szczecinek is twinned with:

  • Noyelles-sous-Lens, France
  • Neustrelitz, Germany
  • Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands

References

Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^ http://wwwthesuncouk/sol/homepage/showbiz/tv/article1513926ece

External links

  • Szczecinek Regional Portal


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