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Swiss Criminal Code

swiss criminal code, swiss criminal code article 305
The Swiss Criminal Code SR 311, German: Strafgesetzbuch StGB, French: Code pénal suisse CP, Italian: Codice penale svizzero CP, Romansh: Cudesch penal svizzer is the criminal code in Swiss law The original version was created on 21 December 1937 It entered into force on 1 January 1942 Current version is of 1 July 2016 Previously, criminal law had been a cantonal matter

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Structure
    • 21 General provisions articles 1-110 of the Criminal Code
    • 22 Specific provisions articles 111-332 of the Penal Code
    • 23 Introduction and application of the law articles 333-392 of the Penal Code
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Literature
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

History

The Swiss Criminal Code is based on an initial draft by Carl Stooss in 1893 He proposed one of the first criminal codes that included both punishment and preemptive, safeguard measures The original code was approved by the people on 3 July 1938 in a referendum, with 358,438 voting in favor to 312,030 voting against With its entry into force on 1 January 1942, all federal legislation that contradicted the new Criminal Code was abolished This especially included the death penalty, which was still in force in some cantons, such as the canton of Valais Moreover, the competences for substantive law was largely transferred from the cantons of the Confederation The cantons retain only the competence on the regulations of cantonal procedural law and cantonal tax legislation and violations

The code has been revised numerous times since 1942 The most recent revision as of 2010, in effect since 2007, introduced the possibility to convert short prison sentences below one year into fines, calculated based on a daily rate which has to be established based on the "personal and economic situation of the convict at the time of the verdict", with an upper limit set at CHF 3000 per day of the sentence Practically all prison sentences shorter than one year have since been converted into fines, conditional sentences parole to conditional fines This has caused controversy because the result is that lighter offences not punishable by imprisonment always result in unconditional fines, while more severe offences now often result in conditional fines that do not need to be paid at all The Federal Council in October 2010 announced its intention to revert to the earlier system, and all large parties expressed at least partial support

Structure

General provisions articles 1-110 of the Criminal Code

First Book: The first book lays down general provisions which apply to the following books "General" The first book contains provisions on:

  • Scope
  • Requirements of the offense crimes and offenses, intent and negligence, lawful acts and blame, attempt, participation, criminality of the media agency relationships
  • Criminal complaints
  • Sanctions and measures fines, community service, imprisonment, conditional and partial probation, sentencing, decriminalization or termination of proceedings, therapeutic measures and custody, other measures
  • Execution of Penalties
  • Probation, transfers and voluntary social care
  • Limitation
  • Control of the enterprise
  • Rules in violations
  • Definitions

Specific provisions articles 111-332 of the Penal Code

Second Book: This specifies what actions are punishable The second book is divided into 20 titles that summarize the various crimes "Special Section":

  • Criminal acts against life and limb
  • Criminal acts against property
  • Criminal actions against the honor and the private sector
  • Crimes and crimes against freedom
  • Criminal acts against sexual integrity
  • Crimes and offenses against family
  • Community dangerous crimes and misdemeanors
  • Crimes and crimes against public health
  • Crimes and crimes against the public transport
  • Counterfeiting of currency, postage stamps, official marks, weights and measures
  • Forgery
  • Crimes and crimes against the public peace
  • Crimes against the interests of the international community
  • Crimes and crimes against the state and national defense
  • Crimes against the people's will
  • Offenses against public authority
  • Disruption of foreign relations
  • Crimes and offenses against the administration of justice
  • Offenses against the official and professional duty
  • Corruption
  • Violations of civil service legislation

Introduction and application of the law articles 333-392 of the Penal Code

Third Book: The third book mainly covers the powers of courts and defines the process requirements

See also

  • Swiss law
  • Swiss Civil Code
  • Swiss Code of Obligations
  • Crime in Switzerland

Literature

Zürich University

  • Andreas Donatsch, Brigitte Tag: Strafrecht I, Verbrechenslehre - 8 Auflage; Zürich 2006
  • Christian Schwarzenegger, Markus Hug, Daniel Jositsch: Strafrecht II, Strafen und Massnahmen - 8 Auflage; Zürich 2007
  • Jörg Rehberg, Niklaus Schmid, Andreas Donatsch: Strafrecht III, Delikte gegen den Einzelnen - 8 Auflage; Zürich 2003
  • Andreas Donatsch, Wolfgang Wohlers: Strafrecht IV, Delikte gegen die Allgemeinheit - 3 Auflage; Zürich 2004

University of Bern

  • Günter Stratenwerth: Schweizerisches Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil: Die Straftat - 3 Auflage; Bern 2005
  • Günter Stratenwerth: Schweizerisches Strafrecht, Allgemeiner Teil II: Strafen und Massnahmen - 2 Auflage; Bern 2006
  • Guido Jenny, Günter Stratenwerth: Schweizerisches Strafrecht, Besonderer Teil I: Straftaten gegen Individualinteressen - 6 Auflage; Bern 2003

University of Basel

  • Niggli / Wiprächtiger eds, Basler Kommentar Strafrecht I + II «Basler Kommentar», ISBN 978-3-7190-2660-8

References

  1. ^ "SR 311 Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch" official website in German, French, and Italian Berne, Switzerland 10 September 2016 Retrieved 2016-09-14 
  2. ^ "SR 3110 Swiss Civil Code of 21 December 1937 Status as of 1 July 2016" official website Berne, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Council 10 September 2016 Retrieved 2016-09-14 
  3. ^ sda, ed 29 October 2010 "Bedingte Geldstrafe bald abgeschafft" 20 Minuten in German Zurich, Switzerland Retrieved 2016-09-17 

External links

  • English semi-official translation:
    • SR 3110 Swiss Civil Code of 21 December 1937 Status as of 1 July 2016, official website
    • Legal text of the StGB, reduced to its essence PDF-Datei; 596 kB in German
  • Switzerland portal
  • Law portal

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    29.10.2014


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