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Swanzey, New Hampshire

swanzey new hampshire police department, swanzey new hampshire weather forecast
Swanzey is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 7,230 at the 2010 census2 In addition to the town center, Swanzey includes the villages of East Swanzey, West Swanzey, North Swanzey, and Westport


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


First granted in 1733 as Lower Ashuelot, Swanzey was one of the fort towns established by Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts, which then claimed the territory The town was the site of many battles during King George's War, and in 1747 was abandoned for three years It was regranted to 62 proprietors on July 2, 1753 by Governor Benning Wentworth as Swanzey, most probably because some early settlers had a connection to Swansea in Wales3 Situated on the Ashuelot River and connected by the Ashuelot Railroad, West Swanzey developed as a textile mill town, and East Swanzey produced wooden buckets for generations By 1859, the population was 2,1064

The town features four covered bridges, and was the home of theatrical trouper Denman Thompson, who gained a national reputation by his portrayal of the Yankee farmer, "Joshua Whitcomb", star of his stage play The Old Homestead Residents restage Thompson's melodrama every summer at a natural outdoor amphitheater called the Potash Bowl5

Because he vacationed in Swanzey during several summers, the town has claimed to be the location of a tree that inspired poet Joyce Kilmer 1886–1918 to write the popular 1913 poem "Trees" However, family accounts and documents establish that the poem was written in Mahwah, New Jersey678


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 453 square miles 117 km2, of which 450 sq mi 117 km2 is land and 04 sq mi 10 km2 is water, comprising 079% of the town Swanzey is drained by the Ashuelot River The town's highest point is the summit of Franklin Mountain at 1,423 feet 434 m above sea level, on the border with Winchester

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 10, New Hampshire Route 12 and New Hampshire Route 32


Historical population
1790 1,157
1800 1,271 99%
1810 1,400 101%
1820 1,716 226%
1830 1,816 58%
1840 1,755 −34%
1850 2,106 200%
1860 1,798 −146%
1870 1,626 −96%
1880 1,661 22%
1890 1,600 −37%
1900 1,570 −19%
1910 1,656 55%
1920 1,593 −38%
1930 2,066 297%
1940 2,262 95%
1950 2,806 240%
1960 3,626 292%
1970 4,254 173%
1980 5,183 218%
1990 6,236 203%
2000 6,800 90%
2010 7,230 63%
Est 2015 7,203 −04%
US Decennial Census10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 6,800 people, 2,666 households, and 1,874 families residing in the town The population density was 1511 people per square mile 584/km² There were 2,818 housing units at an average density of 626 per square mile 242/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9832% White, 018% African American, 024% Native American, 053% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 013% from other races, and 059% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 056% of the population

There were 2,666 households out of which 330% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 570% were married couples living together, 92% had a female householder with no husband present, and 297% were non-families 225% of all households were made up of individuals and 84% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 255 and the average family size was 297

In the town, the population was spread out with 251% under the age of 18, 70% from 18 to 24, 301% from 25 to 44, 249% from 45 to 64, and 130% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 973 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 922 males

The median income for a household in the town was $44,819, and the median income for a family was $51,500 Males had a median income of $32,421 versus $25,607 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,150 About 30% of families and 54% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24% of those under age 18 and 104% of those age 65 or over


  • Monadnock Regional High School

Sites of interestedit

  • Swanzey Historical Museum
  • West Swanzey Covered Bridge, built in 1832

Notable peopleedit

  • Loyal B Stearns, jurist and Oregon state representative
  • Denman Thompson, playwright and actor


  1. ^ "NORTH SWANZEY Zip Code NH" zip-codezcom Retrieved 4 May 2015 
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  3. ^ Read, Benjamin 1892 The History of Swanzey, New Hampshire, from 1734 to 1890 Salem, Massachusetts p 52 
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 661–663 
  5. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  6. ^ Federal Writers' Project for the Works Progress Administration of the State of New Hampshire New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State Boston: Houghton Mifflin & Co, 1938, 103
  7. ^ Kelly, Mike "Did Mahwah's trees inspire Joyce Kilmer's famous poem" in The Bergen Record 26 January 2013 Retrieved 18 June 2013
  8. ^ Associated Press "Doomed Oak Said Kilmer Poem Source" in The Berkshire Eagle 16 September 1963, 8
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Swanzey official website
  • Mt Caesar Union Library
  • Stratton Free Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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