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Sufi cosmology

sufi cosmology, indian cosmology
Sufi cosmology Arabic: الكوزمولوجية الصوفية‎‎ is a general term for cosmological doctrines associated with Sufism It is a Sufi approach which discusses the creation of man and the universe, which according to mystics are the fundamental grounds upon which Islamic religious universe is based According to Sufi cosmology, God's reason for the creation of this cosmos and humankind is the "manifestation" and "recognition" of Himself as it is stated in Hadith Qudsi – "I was a hidden Treasure; I desired to be recognized so I created the creature"1

Contents

  • 1 Emanation
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

Emanationedit

Islamic Sufis describe the Divine Descent and the creation of universe and humankind in the following stages, when Noor-e-Ahadi Light of One, coming out of His self-isolated oneness, intended to manifest Himself in multiplicity These stages are also termed as “Tanzalat-e-Satta Many saints have explained these Tanzalat-e-Satta in their books Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi has discussed them in his Arabic book called Tohfa Mursala2 They are also discussed in the exegesis of Fusoos-ul-Hikam, a book by Ibn Arabi3

  • Alam-i-HaHoot Realm of He-ness: The level of HaHoot refers to HaHooiyat The Unknowable and Incomparable world It is an Arabic term which pertains to the Divine's Essence prior to manifestation The spiritual stage related to it is called AhdiyatAlonehood This is the Realm of pre-existence and a level of non creation4 According to sufis, this state of Ahdiyat is incapable of being conceived, incapable of interpretation and is beyond all logical bounds At this stage Allah is all alone and hidden in his own veil and cannot be exemplified with anything Nothing exists here, neither the universe nor the creation Here the Zaat Divine essence and neither His attributes are revealed or manifested5
  • Alam-i-Yahoot Realm of First Manifestation: The spiritual stage pertaining to YaHoot is referred to as Wahdat Oneness YaHoot is the first level of manifestation of "Hoo" When the Divine Essence desired to manifest, He manifested Himself in the form of Noor-e-Mohammad Light of Muhammad Since YaHoot is a world of Oneness, so it clarifies that Noor of Mohammad is a manifestation of God’s Essence and is not a separate entity This is the first step towards Divine descent The creation has not started yet Here Hoo is called Allah which in Arabic means "the worshippable one", because there is a being in the form of Noor of Mohammad who worships Allah And the level is called yaHoot because there is an entity who would address Hoo as YaHoo O’Hoo
  • Alam-i-LaHoot Realm of Absolute Unity: The world of LaHoot is related to the level of Wahdiyat Unity Here the soul of Mohammad is manifested from the Noor of Mohammad Since this is a world of Unity so at this level Noor of Allah and Noor of Mohammad are in the same form Therefore, the soul of Mohammad is in fact the soul of Allah called Rooh-e-Qudsi The Divine Soul At this level the whole universe and its creation is hidden in Noor-e-Mohammad and is anxious to manifest itself

The above three levels are the levels of Unity and non-creation The presence of Hoo in HaHoot, YaHoot and LaHoot indicates Absolute Unity The creation takes place in the coming levels of Jabrut, Malakut and Nasut

  • Alam-i-Jabrut Realm of Power:Jabrut is an Arabic term which means 'bridge' or anything that connects two things It is called Jabrut because it connects the above three levels of non-creation and the coming levels of creation The level of Jabrut is related to the level of creation of souls of human beings Here Allah created the souls of human beings from Rooh-e-Qudsi The soul of human beings created from Rooh-e-Qudsi is called Rooh-e-Sultanithe Kingly soul The Divine attributes like knowledge, wisdom etc which were present in totality in Rooh-e-Qudsi at the above non-creation levels got divided into human beings Rooh-e-Sultani has attributes of angels because angels were created at the same level Here Rooh-e-Qudsi got concealed in the Rooh-e-Sultani
  • Alam-e-Malakut Realm of Intelligence: This level refers to the world of symbolic forms At this level the souls took a recognizable but immaterial and intangible form for the first time Here Rooh-e-sultani got concealed in the cover of Rooh-Nooranithe soul of celestial light The souls of animals, plants and all non-living things were also created at this levelDue to the creation of souls of animals at this level the human soul adopted beastal qualities like lust,greed, covet etc
  • Alam-i-Nasut Realm of Physical bodies: The level of Nasut refers to the physical world of material bodies The stage where foundations of the tangible world of matter are laid Here Rooh-e-Noorani got concealed in the cover of Rooh-e-Hewani the soul directly related to the physical body which was the breathed into the physical bodies of flesh and bones and non-living things The process of human creation got completed here and Allah manifested Himself completely in Humans by concealing in the covers of Rooh-e-Qudsi, Rooh-e-Sultani, Rooh-e-Noorani and Rooh-e-Hewani

See alsoedit

  • Sufi metaphysics
  • Sufi philosophy
  • Meaning of life

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Koslowski, Peter The Concept of God, the Origin of the World, and the Image of the Human in the World Religions p 99 
  2. ^ Tohfa Mursala by Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi yanabicom 
  3. ^ Hourani, Albert A History of the Arab Peoples 
  4. ^ "Sufi Understanding of Cosmology and Planes of Consciousness" 
  5. ^ Titus Burckhardt Introduction to Sufi Doctrine p 17 

External linksedit

  • Sufi cosmology and psychology

indian cosmology, indian cosmology and the four heavens, indian cosmology veda, islam cosmology, sufi cosmology, sufi cosmology diagram body


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