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Stoddard, New Hampshire

stoddard new hampshire county, stoddard new hampshire bicentennial coin
Stoddard is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,232 at the 2010 census1

Between 1842 and 1873, the town was home to four glass manufacturers The glass produced by these works, now known as Stoddard glass, is noted for its deep amber colors and design Stoddard glass products are highly prized by collectors2

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Stoddard glass
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

This territory was first granted in 1752 to Colonel Sampson Stoddard of Chelmsford, Massachusetts, and others as Monadnock Number 7 It was known locally as Limerick before being incorporated as Stoddard in 1774, in honor of Colonel Stoddard3

Colonel Stoddard was appointed to survey southwestern New Hampshire by the colonial government, receiving several land grants for the service One of his surveying assistants was Benjamin Pierce, father of US President Franklin Pierce Colonel Stoddard never lived in the town of Stoddard4

The town was first settled in 1768 by John and Martha Taggart, immigrants from Derry, Ireland Three years later, the Richardson family joined the Taggarts in Stoddard By 1774, the town had 24 residents5

The first census taken in Stoddard, in 1790, reported 701 residents6 The town's first schoolhouses were built in 17927 The first post office was established in 1822; Isaac Duncan was the first Postmaster7

In 1800, Stoddard's 1,148 residents outnumbered those of the nearby county seat of Keene During Stoddard's glass-manufacturing years, 800 people were employed by the industry8 After the Stoddard glass industry ended in the early 1870s, the town's population declined; by 1960, the census recorded 146 residents9 As of 2010update, the town had 1,232 residents1

Stoddard glassedit

Between 1840 and 1873, Stoddard was a center of glass manufacturing, home to four glass factories whose products are prized by collectors today The town's abundant forests fed the industry's need for the 1,200 °F 650 °C temperatures necessary to melt sand into glass Stoddard also had plenty of clear, fine sand The sand's trace minerals gave Stoddard glass its unique hues: manganese produced the olive green and amber colors most closely associated with Stoddard glass, and oxide of gold created a red-amber glass8

The glass houses were located in two settlements within Stoddard: Joseph Foster's and the South Stoddard Glass Company were located in South Stoddard, which was located near the present-day intersection of state Routes 9 and 123 The Granite Glass Company and the New Granite Glass Works were located in Mill Village, near the present town center10

Among the wide variety of glass pieces turned out by the glass houses were Masonic flasks, containers for liquor and patent medicines, and bottles for mineral water bottled in Saratoga Springs, New York11 However, the fame of Stoddard glass does not come primarily from these commercial items, but from the "off-blown" pieces made by glassblowers at the end of the workday using leftover glass These items, sometimes called "whimseys", could be anything desired by the glassblower, and were the property of the glassblower12

Several factors led to the demise of Stoddard's glass industry in the early 1870s Other manufacturers had mastered the chemistry needed to create clear glass in quantity; gas and coal were now viable fuels for glassworks, eliminating the need for nearby forests; and improvements in mechanical manufacturing techniques made hand-blown glass economically unviable13 The silica in Stoddard's sand prevented its use in making clear glass, which was in high demand after it became viable for bottles and glassware following the Civil War14

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 530 square miles 1373 km2, of which 509 sq mi 1318 km2 is land and 21 sq mi 54 km2 is water, comprising 402% of the town The western portion of the town is drained by tributaries of the Ashuelot River, which flows to the Connecticut River The central and eastern portions of town drain to the North Branch of the Contoocook River and eventually to the Merrimack River Major water bodies in the town include Highland Lake and Island Pond in the northeast and Granite Lake on the southern border

The Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway passes through the western side of the town near Center Pond and continues onward toward the highest point in Stoddard, the summit of Pitcher Mountain at 2,162 feet 659 m above sea level

The town is crossed by New Hampshire Route 9 from northeast to southwest, and by New Hampshire Route 123, which passes through the town center, from southeast to northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 701
1800 1,148 638%
1810 1,132 −14%
1820 1,203 63%
1830 1,159 −37%
1840 1,006 −132%
1850 1,105 98%
1860 944 −146%
1870 667 −293%
1880 553 −171%
1890 400 −277%
1900 367 −82%
1910 257 −300%
1920 213 −171%
1930 113 −469%
1940 218 929%
1950 200 −83%
1960 146 −270%
1970 242 658%
1980 482 992%
1990 622 290%
2000 928 492%
2010 1,232 328%
Est 2015 1,234 02%
US Decennial Census16

As of the census17 of 2000, there were 928 people, 400 households, and 268 families residing in the town The population density was 182 people per square mile 70/km² There were 939 housing units at an average density of 185 per square mile 71/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9688% White, 032% African American, 129% Native American, 043% Asian, 011% Pacific Islander, 022% from other races, and 075% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 054% of the population

There were 400 households out of which 228% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 585% were married couples living together, 43% had a female householder with no husband present, and 330% were non-families 253% of all households were made up of individuals and 93% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 232 and the average family size was 276

In the town, the population was spread out with 202% under the age of 18, 46% from 18 to 24, 295% from 25 to 44, 306% from 45 to 64, and 151% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 43 years For every 100 females there were 1049 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1025 males

The median income for a household in the town was $37,639, and the median income for a family was $48,125 Males had a median income of $31,343 versus $25,227 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,617 About 53% of families and 86% of the population were below the poverty line, including 103% of those under age 18 and 108% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Residents of Stoddard attending public high and middle schools go to Keene High School and Keene Middle School, respectively, in Keene Public elementary school students attend James M Faulkner Elementary School in Stoddard

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Redistricting Data Public Law 94-171 Summary File, Stoddard town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire" American FactFinder United States Census Bureau 2010 Retrieved April 9, 2011 
  2. ^ Stoddard Glass Historical marker no 52 Route 9, Stoddard, New Hampshire: State of New Hampshire 1968 Retrieved December 29, 2010 
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 655 
  4. ^ Field, Anne E 1975 On the Trail of Stoddard Glass Joseph Binko photos Dublin, New Hampshire: William L Bauhan p 16 ISBN 0-87233-021-4 
  5. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, pp 16–17
  6. ^ "Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States Taken in the Year 1790: New Hampshire" PDF Government Printing Office 1907 Retrieved April 11, 2011 
  7. ^ a b Field, Stoddard Glass, p 17
  8. ^ a b Field, Stoddard Glass, p 19
  9. ^ "Population of NH Towns and Counties 1960–2010" NH Office of Energy and Planning – State Data Center March 23, 2011 Retrieved April 11, 2011 
  10. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, p 26
  11. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, 28–37
  12. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, p 40
  13. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, pp 19–20
  14. ^ Field, Stoddard Glass, p 32
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  16. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 11, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Stoddard official website
  • Davis Library
  • James Faulkner Elementary School
  • Stoddard Rock Hoppers Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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