Spondylodiscitis


Spondylodiscitis is a combination of discitis inflammation of one or more intervertebral disc spaces and spondylitis inflammation of one or more vertebrae, the latter generally involving the areas adjacent to the intervertebral disc space1

Causesedit

Spondylodiscitis is the most common complication of sepsis or local infection, usually in the form of an abscess2 The main causative organisms are staphylococci and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but potential organisms include a large number of bacteria, fungi, zoonoses2 Spondylodiscitis frequently develops in immunocompromised individuals, such as by a cancer, infection, or by immunosuppressive drugs used for organ transplantations2

Diagnosisedit

The main methods to diagnose a spondylodiscitis are magnetic resonance imaging MRI, biopsy and microbiological tests such as PCR to determine an infectious cause2

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Page 147 in: Hinchcliffe, Ronald; Fritz Hefti; Jundt, Gernot; Freuler, F 2007 Pediatric Orthopedics in Practice Berlin: Springer ISBN 3-540-69963-5 
  2. ^ a b c d 1 Titlic, M; Josipovic-Jelic, Z 2008 "Spondylodiscitis" Bratislavske lekarske listy 109 8: 345–347 PMID 18837241 


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