Spending Reviewspending review, spending review significato
A Spending Review or occasionally Comprehensive Spending Review is a governmental process in the United Kingdom carried out by HM Treasury to set firm expenditure limits and, through public service agreements, define the key improvements that the public can expect from these resources1
Spending Reviews typically focus upon one or several aspects of public spending while Comprehensive Spending Reviews focus upon each government department's spending requirements from a zero base ie without reference to past plans or, initially, current expenditure The latter are named after the year in which they are announced – thus CSR07 completed in October 2007 applies to financial years 2008–2011
Other developed countries have similar review processes, eg Canada, New Zealand, The Netherlands,2 Italy, Ireland,3 and France France conducted its first comprehensive spending review called in French "la Revue Générale des Politiques Publiques" in 2008 The Netherlands have been carrying our spending reviews since 1981
- 1 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review
- 2 2010 Spending Review
- 3 References
- 4 External links
2007 Comprehensive Spending Reviewedit
The UK's 2007 Comprehensive Spending Review included 3 significant changes The first was that it represented the first test of the capacity of the Spending Review process to plan and deliver a discretionary fiscal consolidation in the UK The previous 4 Spending Reviews took place during a period of steady public growth in the economy from 37% in 1999–00 to 42% by 2007–08 As both the UK’s then fiscal rules the Golden rule and the sustainable investment rule began to bitevaguecitation needed, the UK government desired to halve the real rate of growth in public spending from 4% per annum over the last decade to 2% per annum over the next three years – a 05% below than the trend rate of growth of the economy A second noteworthy development in the 2007 CSR was a marked extension in the certainty that the UK system now provides to managerswho about their future budgets Finally, CSR07 saw the UK’s public service 110 largely departmental-based Public Service Agreements consolidated into 30 inter-departmental agreements
2010 Spending Reviewedit
A spending review for the years 2011/12 through to 2014/15 was announced by the coalition government This review was driven by a desire to reduce government spending in order to cut the budget deficit4
Chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne announced the details of the spending review on 20 October 20105 The cuts have been described as the biggest since World War II6 The review would lead to an £81 billion cut in public spending in the remaining 4 years of the parliament, with average departmental cuts of 19% In addition major changes in welfare were announced including £7 billion of extra welfare cuts, changes to incapacity benefit, housing benefit and tax credits and a rise in the state pension age to 66 from 20206 Public sector employees will face a £35 billion increase in public pension contributions
The Home Office faced cuts of 25%,7 local councils would face a yearly 7% cut in funding from central government each year until 20147 The Ministry of Defence faced cuts of around 8% In addition many other public sector bodies had cuts to their funding7 Although not part of government the BBC had its licence fee frozen for 6 years and will take on the funding of the BBC World Service, BBC Monitoring and S4C7 The Office for Budget Responsibility predicts that the spending review will lead to a loss of about 490,000 public sector jobs by 20157 The NHS will see a 04% increase in spending in real terms over the following 4 years7
A £200 million payment was announced to compensate savers in the collapsed savings society Presbyterian Mutual8
A report published in late 2013 by Trust for London and the London School of Economics and Political Science estimated that local government budgets in London had taken a 33% real terms cut in central government funding for local government between 2009/10 and 2013/149
- ^ Spending Reviews HM Treasury website in the UK Government Web Archive Retrieved 26 August 2013
- ^ "OECD journal, SPENDING REVIEWS"
- ^ "– Comprehensive Expenditure Report 2012 – 2014" wwwpergovie
- ^ An introduction to Spending Review HM Treasury website in the UK Government Web Archive Retrieved 26 August 2014
- ^ "Spending Review: Reaction to Osborne statement" BBC News 20 October 2010 Retrieved 9 March 2013
- ^ a b "Spending Review 2010" BBC News 20 October 2010 Retrieved 21 October 2010
- ^ a b c d e f "Spending review 2010:key points at a glance" London: Guardiancouk 20 October 2010 Retrieved 21 October 2010
- ^ £200m pledged for collapsed N Irish mutual Retrieved 9 March 2013
- ^ "Hard Times, New Directions, The Impact of the Local Government Spending Cuts in London" trustforlondonorguk
- Justin Tyson Implementing a 'Spending Review' -- Italy Seeks to Improve the Quality of Public Expenditure International Monetary Fund, 12 November 2007
- Richard Hughes United Kingdom Concludes Its Fifth Multi-Annual Spending Round International Monetary Fund, 5 May 2008
- HM Treasury - Spending Review 2010
- Guardian Special Report - Spending Review 2010
- 2004 Spending Review
- Spending Review and Autumn Statement 2015 Archived
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