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Spanish Wikipedia

spanish wikipedia, spanish wikipedia spain
The Spanish Wikipedia Spanish: Wikipedia en español is a Spanish-language edition of Wikipedia, a free, online encyclopedia It has 1,297,312 articles Started in May 2001, it reached 100,000 articles on March 8, 2006 and 1,000,000 articles on May 16, 2013 It is the 9th-largest Wikipedia as measured by the number of articles and has the 4th-largest number of edits

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Key dates
  • 3 Size and users
    • 31 Usage in Spain
  • 4 Differences from other Wikipedias
  • 5 Evaluation and criticism
  • 6 References
  • 7 Notes
  • 8 External links

History

In February 2002, Larry Sanger wrote an e-mail stating that Bomis was considering selling advertisements Edgar Enyedy, a user on the Spanish Wikipedia, criticized the proposal Jimmy Wales and Sanger responded by saying that they did not immediately plan to implement advertisements, but Enyedy began establishing a fork Enciclopedia Libre was established by February 26, 2002 Enyedy persuaded most of the Spanish Wikipedians into going to the fork By the end of 2002 over 10,000 articles were posted on the new site, and the Spanish Wikipedia was inactive for the rest of the year Andrew Lih wrote that "for a long time it seemed that Spanish Wikipeda would be the unfortunate runt left from the Spanish fork" The general popularity of Wikipedia attracted new users to the Spanish Wikipedia who were unfamiliar with the fork and these users came by June 2003 By the end of that year the Wikipedia had over 10,000 articles The size of the Spanish Wikipedia overtook that of the fork in the northern hemisphere fall of 2004

Lih stated in 2009 that the concepts of advertising and forking were still sensitive issues for the Wikipedia community because "It took more than a year for the Spanish Wikipedia to get back on its feet again" after the fork had been initiated

After the spin-off, the Spanish Wikipedia had very little activity until the upgrade to the Phase III of the software, later renamed MediaWiki, when the number of new users started to increase again Both projects continue to co-exist, but the Spanish Wikipedia is by far the more active of the two

Key dates

  • March 16, 2001: Jimmy Wales announced the internationalization of Wikipedia
  • May 11, 2001: The Spanish Wikipedia is established along with eight other wikis Its first domain was Spanishwikipediacom
  • May 21, 2001: The oldest known article, Países del Mundo English translation: Countries of the world, is created
  • February 26, 2002: many contributors left to form the Enciclopedia Libre Universal en Español, rejecting perceived censorship and the possibility of advertising on the Bomis-supported Wikipedia
Historical article counts The Spanish Wikipedia is shown in red; Enciclopedia Libre is blue
  • October 23, 2002: the domain eswikipediacom is changed to eswikipediaorg
  • June 30, 2003: the mailing list for the Spanish Wikipedia is created Wikies-l
  • October 6, 2003: first bot created on this Wikipedia Its user name is SpeedyGonzalez
  • July 18, 2004: the Spanish edition switches to UTF-8, allowing any character to be used directly in forms
  • December 9, 2004: it is decided that Wikipedia in Spanish will use free images only
  • August 24, 2006: three checkusers are elected They can examine IP addresses
  • December 11, 2006: following a vote, the Arbitration Committee, whose local name is Comité de Resolución de Conflictos CRC is created
  • June 11, 2007: last local image was erased, so all media are retrieved from Wikimedia Commons
  • September 1, 2007: first local chapter of Wikimedia Foundation is created in a Spanish-speaking country Argentina
  • December 13, 2008: it was decided to eliminate the stub template from Spanish Wikipedia
  • March 25, 2009: the first oversighters are elected They can delete edits so they cannot be seen even by regular administrators
  • April 15, 2009: the Arbitration Committee is dissolved after a vote
  • May 16, 2013, the Spanish Wikipedia became the seventh Wikipedia to cross the million article count

Size and users

The countries in which the Spanish Wikipedia is the most popular language version of Wikipedia are shown in red

It has the second largest number of users, after the English Wikipedia However, it is ranked eighth for number of articles, below other Wikipedias devoted to languages with smaller numbers of speakers, such as German, French, Cebuano, Dutch, Waray-Waray, Italian and Russian In terms of quality, parameters such as article size over 2 KB: 40% show it as the second out of the ten largest Wikipedias after the German one As of October 2012, Spanish Wikipedia is the fourth Wikipedia in terms of the number of edits, as well as the third Wikipedia by the number of page views

By country of origin, by September 2006, Spain was the main contributor to the Spanish Wikipedia 392% of edits It is followed by Argentina 107%, Chile 88%, the Netherlands 84%, Mexico 70%, Venezuela 51%, Peru 35%, the United States 31%, Colombia 27%, Uruguay 13% and Germany 11%

Among the countries where Spanish is an official language, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Spain and Venezuela have established local chapters of the Wikimedia Foundation

Usage in Spain

Following a study by Netsuus online market analysis enterprises on the use of Wikipedia in Spain, it was revealed that most users consult Spanish Wikipedia 97% compared to Wikipedias in other regional languages 217% for Wikipedia in Catalan, 064% in Galician and 026% in Basque

Differences from other Wikipedias

  • The Spanish Wikipedia only accepts free images, and has rejected fair use since 2004, after a public vote In 2006, it was decided to phase out the use of local image uploads and to exclusively use Wikimedia Commons for images and other media in the future
  • Unlike the French and English Wikipedias, the Spanish Wikipedia did not have an Arbitration Committee until January 2007 It comprises seven members, chosen by public vote
  • Some templates, like the navigation templates, have been deprecated, being the only Wikipedia where is forbidden to use template, being only possible to use the Categories, with all the problems it carries
  • Terminology in Spanish: The equivalent to the English Wikipedia's featured articles and good articles are Wikipedia:Artículos destacados and Wikipedia:Artículos buenos respectively Also, following a Wikipedia:Votaciones/2004/Cambio al nombre de la categoría "Administrador" on August 2004, administrators in the Spanish Wikipedia took the name of bibliotecarios librarians in English Other discarded options were usuarios especiales special users or basureros janitors

Evaluation and criticism

A comparative study by the Colegio Libre de Eméritos, made by Prof Manuel Arias Maldonado University of Malaga and published in 2010, compared some articles with those of the English and German Wikipedias It concluded that the Spanish version of Wikipedia was the least reliable of the three It found it to be more cumbersome and imprecise than the German and English Wikipedias, stated that it often lacked reliable sources, including much unreferenced data, and found it to be too dependent on online references

During Wikimania 2009, free-software activist Richard Stallman criticized the Spanish Wikipedia for restricting links to the Rebelionorg left-wing web site and allegedly banning users who had complained about what had happened Participants in the Spanish Wikipedia responded that Rebelionorg is primarily a news aggregator, that links to aggregators should be replaced with links to original publishers whenever possible, and that they considered the issue to be one of spam

According to a 2013 Oxford University study, five of the ten most disputed pages on the Spanish Wikipedia were football soccer clubs, including Club América, FC Barcelona, Athletic Bilbao, Alianza Lima, and Newell's Old Boys

References

  • Lih, Andrew The Wikipedia Revolution: How a Bunch of Nobodies Created the World's Greatest Encyclopedia Hyperion, New York City 2009 First Edition ISBN 978-1-4013-0371-6 alkaline paper

Notes

  1. ^ Lih, p 137
  2. ^ a b c d Lih, p 138
  3. ^ "Enciclopedia Libre Universal: Special Stats" in Spanish Enciclopediauses Retrieved 2012-06-18 
  4. ^ Estadísticas
  5. ^ "Wikipedia mailing list message: Alternative language wikipedias" Listswikimediaorg Retrieved 2012-06-18 
  6. ^ " new language wikis" wikimediaorg 
  7. ^ "Enciclopedia:Por qué estamos aquí y no en eswikipediaorg" in Spanish 2007-07-25 Retrieved 2 October 2010 
  8. ^ " Inauguracion de la lista" wikimediaorg 
  9. ^ a b es:Wikipedia:Votaciones/2004/Usar sólo imágenes libres
  10. ^ a b Votaciones/2006/Creación del Comité de resolución de conflictos
  11. ^ Consultas de borrado/Plantilla:Esbozo
  12. ^ Supresores/Votación/2009
  13. ^ Votaciones/2009/Sobre la disolución del Comité de Resolución de Conflictos
  14. ^ Erik Zachte 14 November 2011 "Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report - Wikipedia Page Views Per Country - Trends" Wikimedia Statistics Retrieved 19 January 2011 
  15. ^ "List of Wikipedias" wikimediaorg 
  16. ^ "Wikipedia Statistics Tables - Articles over 2Kb" Statswikimediaorg Retrieved 2012-06-18 
  17. ^ "Wikimedia Traffic Analysis Report - Page Edits Per Wikipedia Language - Breakdown" wikimediaorg 
  18. ^ "Page Views for Wikipedia, All Platforms, Normalized" wikimediaorg 
  19. ^ Edits by project and country of origin as described in Meta
  20. ^ "Especial: Lenguas Oficiales en Wikipedia" Netsuuscom Archived from the original on 2007-09-30 Retrieved 2007-07-26 
  21. ^ es:Wikipedia:Votaciones/2006/Cambiar políticas y reglas de uso de imágenes
  22. ^ es:Wikipedia:Plantillas de navegación
  23. ^ Manuel Arias Maldonado "Wikipedia: un estudio comparado" PDF in Spanish p 49 Retrieved 2010-06-16 
  24. ^ Cohen, Noam August 27, 2009 "A War of Words Over Wikipedia's Spanish Version" The New York Times Retrieved 2009-10-27 
  25. ^ Gross, Doug "Wiki wars: The 10 most controversial Wikipedia pages" Archive CNN July 24, 2013 Retrieved on July 26, 2013

External links

  • Media related to Spanish Wikipedia at Wikimedia Commons

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