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Song Car-Tunes

song car-tunes, max fleischer song car-tunes
Ko-Ko Song Car-Tunes, Song Car-Tunes, or some sources erroneously say Sound Car-Tunes, is a series of short three-minute animation films produced by Max Fleischer and Dave Fleischer between May 1924 and September 1927, pioneering the use of the "Follow the Bouncing Ball" device used to lead audiences in theater sing-alongs The Song Car-Tunes also pioneered the application of sound film to animation, four years before Paul Terry's Dinner Time released October 14, 1928 and Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie released November 18, 1928

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 List of Song Car-Tunes
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Sources
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Between 45 and 50 Song Car-tunes were produced and released between 1924 and 1927 The first, Come Take a Trip on My Airship was released March 9, 1924 Beginning in 1925, an estimated 16 Song Car-tunes were produced using the Phonofilm sound-on-film process developed by Lee DeForest beginning with Come Take a Trip on My Airship The remaining 31 titles were released silent, designed to be played with live music in theaters

The Fleischer brothers partnered with DeForest, Edwin Miles Fadiman, and Dr Hugo Riesenfeld to form Red Seal Pictures Corporation, which owned 36 theaters on the East Coast, extending as far west as Cleveland, Ohio In September 1926, the US division of DeForest Phonofilm and Red Seal Pictures Corporation filed for bankruptcy, and the Fleischers ended their use of the Phonofilm system, releasing their last sound Song Car-Tune, By the Light of the Silvery Moon 1927, just as the sound era was about to begin In early 1929, the Fleischers signed a Paramount Pictures contract Former Fleischer partner, Alfred Weiss re-released some of the silent Song Car-Tunes between 1929 and 1932 with new soundtracks, new animation, and new main titles that exploited the reputation of the popular song films with the elimination of the names of Max and Dave Fleischer

With the sound era established, the Fleischers revived the song film series as Screen Songs in February 1929 on the strength of being the holders of the original Patent on the concept Though Ko-Ko the Clown had been temporarily retired due to complications with the dissolution of the original Inkwell Studios, the "Bouncing Ball" was retained This new series ran a full seven minutes, with more animation than the early Song Car-Tunes, built around the theme of the featured song

The first films in the new series used standards such as The Sidewalks of New York released 5 February 1929 and Old Black Joe The series continued with new productions of songs previously released in the earlier series, such as Daisy Bell, Good Bye, My Lady Love, Mother Pin a Rose On Me, Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning, and Come Take a Trip in My Airshipand released by Paramount Pictures for nine years

Many of the Screen Songs featured popular stars of stage, radio, and records such as Ethel Merman, Rudy Vallee, Lillian Roth, The Mills Brothers, and the Boswell Sisters Starting in 1934, the Screen Songs series focused on the big bands of the "Swing Era", such as Abe Lyman, Shep Fields, Gus Arnheim, Hal Kemp, Jack Denny, Vincent Lopez, Henry King, Jay Freeman, Jerry Baline, Bert Block, Frank Dailey, and Jimmy Dorsey

The "Screen Songs" concept was revised in a special edition of the Technicolor Noveltoons series in 1945 with When G I Johnny Comes Home Again, and the series officially returned in 1947 with The Circus Comes to Clown and continued until 1951 Paramount attempted to revive the series in 1963 after the television success of Sing Along With Mitch with the cartoon Hobo's Holiday

The concept of the "Bouncing Ball" has become such an established cultural icon, that it has been used in television commercials to sell all sorts of products from sleeping tablets to cat food Just before retiring in 1968, Dave Fleischer used a form of the "Bouncing Ball" for the ending of Thoroughly Modern Millie where he shot cutout animation to "bounce" the head of Beatrice Lillie over the lyrics to the title song1

List of Song Car-Tunesedit

See Screen Songs for sound reissues in Cinephone and released independently by Alfred Weiss

  • Alexander’s Ragtime Band 1926
  • Annie Laurie 1926 sound2
  • By the Light of the Silvery Moon August 1926 sound3
  • Come Take a Trip in My Airship 1924
  • Coming Through the Rye September 1926 sound4
  • Daisy Bell May 1925 sound5
  • Darling Nelly Gray February 1926 sound6
  • Dixie November 19257
  • Goodbye My Lady Love June 1924 sound8
  • Has Anyone Here Seen Kelly March 1926 sound910
  • I Love a Lassie January 19261112
  • In the Good Old Summertime 192613
  • Margie October 1926 sound14
  • Mother, Mother, Mother Pin a Rose on Me December 1926 sound15
  • My Bonnie Lies over the Ocean September 1925
  • My Old Kentucky Home April 1926 sound16
  • My Wife's Gone to the Country 1925 sound17
  • Oh! How I Hate to Get Up in the Morning October 1926 sound18
  • Oh Mabel May 1924 sound19
  • Oh Suzanna 1925
  • Old Black Joe July 1926 sound20
  • Old Pal Dear Old Pal 1925 sound21
  • Pack Up Your Troubles 1925
  • Sailing Sailing Over the Bounding Main 1925
  • The Sheik of Araby 1926 sound
  • The Sidewalks of New York 1925 sound2223
  • Swanee River 192524
  • The Old Folks at Home 1925
  • Sweet Adeline June 1926 sound25
  • Ta-Ra-Ra-Boom-Dee-Aye February 19262627
  • Trail of the Lonesome Pine 1925
  • Toot Toot Tootsie 1926
  • Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys Are Marching May 1926 silent; sound re-issue28
  • Waiting for the Robert E Lee 1926
  • When I Leave This World Behind 1926
  • When I Lost You 1926 sound29
  • When the Midnight Choo-Choo Leaves for Alabam' 1926 sound30
  • Yak-A-Doola-Hick-A-Doola 1926 sound31

See alsoedit

  • History of animation
  • Sound film
  • Phonofilm
  • RCA Photophone

Sourcesedit

  • Leonard Maltin, Of Mice and Magic: A History of the American Animated Film 1980, revised 1987
  • Richard Fleischer, Out of the Inkwell: Max Fleischer and the Animation Revolution 2005
  • Ray Pointer, Max Fleischer's Ko-Ko Song Car-tunes with the Famous Bouncing Ball DVD 2002

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Pointer, Ray 2016 "The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer," McFarland & Co Publishers
  2. ^ SilentEra entry
  3. ^ SilentEra entry; one of the last of the Song Car-Tunes releasesd in Phonofilm
  4. ^ SilentEra entry
  5. ^ SilentEra entry
  6. ^ SilentEra entry
  7. ^ SilentEra says this is one of 17 Song Car-Tunes designed for live musical accompaniment in theaters
  8. ^ Goodbye My Lady Love 1924
  9. ^ 1926 animated version at IMDB
  10. ^ 1926 animated version at SilentEra
  11. ^ IMDB entry
  12. ^ SilentEra entry
  13. ^ SilentEra entry
  14. ^ SilentEra entry
  15. ^ SilentEra entry
  16. ^ SilentEra entry
  17. ^ SilentEra entry
  18. ^ SilentEra entry
  19. ^ Oh Mabel at SilentEra
  20. ^ SilentEra entry
  21. ^ SilentEra entry
  22. ^ The Sidewalks of New York 1925 at IMDB
  23. ^ 1925 film at SilentEra
  24. ^ SilentEra entry; one of 17 silent produced for live musical accompaniment
  25. ^ SilentEra entry
  26. ^ IMDB entry
  27. ^ SilentEra entry
  28. ^ SilentEra entry says originally released silent, may have been reissued 1928 by Weiss Brothers-Artclass Pictures
  29. ^ SilentEra entry
  30. ^ SilentEra entry
  31. ^ SilentEra entry

External linksedit

  • List of Early Sound Films 1894-1929 at Silent Era website

fleischer song car-tunes, ko-ko song car-tunes, max fleischer song car-tunes, song car-tunes


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