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Somniloquy

somniloquy, somniloquy pronunciation
Somniloquy or sleep-talking is a parasomnia that refers to talking aloud while asleep It can be quite loud, ranging from simple mumbling sounds to loud shouts and long frequently inarticulate speeches, and can occur many times during a sleep cycle1 As with sleepwalking and night terrors, sleeptalking usually occurs during the less-deep delta-wave NREM sleep stages or during temporary arousals therefrom

It can also occur during the deeper REM sleep stage, at which time it represents what sleep therapists call a motor breakthrough see sleep paralysis of dream speech: words spoken in a dream are spoken out loud Depending on its frequency, this may or may not be considered pathological All motor functions are typically disabled during REM sleep thus, motoric, ie, verbal elaboration of dream content, could be considered an REM behavior disorder see below

Sleep-talking can occur by itself or as a feature of another sleep disorder such as:

  • Rapid eye movement behavior disorder RBD - loud, emotional or profane sleep talking
  • Sleepwalking
  • Night terrors - intense fear, screaming, shouting
  • Sleep-related eating disorder SRED

Sleep-talking is very common and is reported in 50% of young children, with most of them outgrowing it by puberty, although in rare cases it may persist into adulthood about 4% of adults are reported to talk in their sleep It appears to run in families2 In 1966, researchers worked to find links between heredity and somniloquy Their research suggests the following:

  • Sleep-talking parents are more likely to have children who sleep-talk
  • Sleep talking can still occur, though much less commonly, when neither parent has a history of sleep talking
  • A large portion of parents begin to sleep-talk later in life without any prior history of sleep-talking during childhood or adolescence

Sleep-talking by itself is typically harmless; however, it can wake others and cause them consternation—especially when misinterpreted as conscious speech by an observer If the sleep-talking is dramatic, emotional, or profane it may be a sign of another sleep disorder see above Sleep-talking can be monitored by a partner or by using an audio recording device; devices which remain idle until detecting a sound wave are ideal for this purpose Polysomnography sleep recording shows episodes of sleep talking that can occur in any stage of sleep1

Contents

  • 1 In literature
  • 2 See also
  • 3 References
  • 4 External links

In literatureedit

Sleep-talking appears in Shakespeare's Macbeth Lady Macbeth, in a "slumbery agitation," is observed by a gentlewoman and doctor to walk in her sleep and wash her hands, and utter the famous line, "Out, damned spot! out, I say!" Act 5, Scene 13

Sleep-talking also appears in The Childhood of King Erik Menved, a 19th century historical romance by Danish author Bernhard Severin Ingemann4 In the story, a young girl named Aasé has the prophetic power of speaking the truth in her sleep In an 1846 English translation, Aasé is described thus:

She is somewhat palefaced; and, however blithe and sprightly she may be, she is, nevertheless, now and then troubled with a kind of dreaming fit But that will wear off as she gets older Her mother was so troubled before her; and I believe it runs in the family as I am not entirely free from it myself I do not give much heed to such dreaming now; but she has never yet said anything, while in this state, that has not proved in a manner true; though she can discern nothing, by night or day, more than others may do when they are in their senses

Walt Whitman wrote a now-lost novel based on Ingemann's romance, which he titled The Sleeptalker5

See alsoedit

  • Dion McGregor, noted 20th-century somniloquist

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b http://wwwwebmdcom/sleep-disorders/talking-in-your-sleep Talking in Your Sleep
  2. ^ Arkin, Arthur M 1981 Sleep Talking Psychology and Psychophysiology L Erlbaum Associates pp 40–41 ISBN 0-89859-031-0 
  3. ^ Shakespeare, William "Macbeth" Shakespeare Online Amanda Mabillard Retrieved 21 February 2017 
  4. ^ Ingemann, Bernhard Severin 1846 The Childhood of King Erik Menved: An Historical Romance London: Bruce and Wyld p 11 Retrieved 21 February 2017 
  5. ^ White, William March 1963 "Whitman's First "Literary" Letter" American Literature 35 1: 83–85 JSTOR 2923025 

External linksedit

  • OSF Healthcare
  • The Sleep Well
  • Somniloquies in the form of albums and books by Bryan Lewis Saunders
  • Filmmaker Adam Rosenberg's four-minute film of himself sleeptalking
  • Compilation of sleep-talking in popular culture at TVTropesorg

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    Somniloquy beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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