São Vicente, São Paulo


São Vicente after Saint Vincent of Saragossa, the patron Saint of Lisbon, Portugal is a coastal municipality at southern São Paulo, Brazil It is part of the Metropolitan Region of Baixada Santista3 The population is 355,542 2015 est in an area of 14789 square kilometres 5710 square miles1

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Noted places
  • 4 Population history
  • 5 Noted residents
  • 6 International relations
  • 7 Bibliography
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

It was the first permanent Portuguese settlement in the Americas4 and the first capital of the Captaincy of São Vicente, roughly the present state of São Paulo Established as a proper village in 1532 by Martim Afonso de Sousa on what was then the Porto dos Escravos "Port of the Slaves", operated by three Portuguese colonists who trafficked on slaves captured by allied tribes, São Vicente is titled Cellula Mater Mother Cell of Brazil for being the first organized town in the country The first City Council of all the Americas was democratically elected and established in São Vicente on August 22, 15325

A battle took place here on 3 February 1583 when three English warships attempting to trade with the Portuguese, was set upon by three Spanish galleons The Spanish ships were repelled and retreated leaving one galleon sunk6

Geographyedit

São Vicente is located on the western half of coastal São Vicente Island, being mostly a bedroom community for the larger and wealthier neighbouring port and commercial city of Santos on the island's eastern half5 A small north-south hill range separates for the most part the two cities' urban areas, but they are contiguous in the north and on a narrow beach strip in the south A narrow strip of land of the basin of the small Cubatão River extends west out of the central area of São Vicente, north and parallel to the municipality of Praia Grande

São Vicente Suspension Bridge, linking the island to Praia Grande on the mainland, was constructed in 1914; a second link, the Mar Pequeno Bridge, was opened in 1981 São Vicente is linked to the capital city of São Paulo by the Imigrantes Highway and to the southern coast by the Manuel da Nóbrega Highway São Vicente has a small fishing industry in its portion on the mainland, where there are a few small settlements

Noted placesedit

The Monument of 500 years of Brazil Monumento dos 500 anos do Brasil is a viewing platform on Porchat Island, an islet which extends from the south of São Vicente Island The platform was designed by the architect Oscar Niemeyer 1907-2012 It faces roughly north in an imaginary line to the National Congress in Brasília, completed by Niemeyer and others in 19607 The municipality contains part of the 901 hectares 2,230 acres Xixová-Japuí State Park, created in 19938

Population historyedit

Year Population
2003 314,312
2004 321,474
2015 355,542

Noted residentsedit

São Vicente is the birthplace of soccer player Robinho

International relationsedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in South America

São Vicente is twinned with:

  • Naha, Okinawa, Japan9

Bibliographyedit

  • "Do Litoral ao Planalto" História do Brasil: Área Vicentina 
  • Lawrence, Rachel January 2010 Alyse Dar, ed Brazil Seventh ed Apa Publications GmbH & Co / Discovery Channel pp 183–204 

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  2. ^ http://wwwpnudorgbr/arquivos/ranking-idhm-2010pdf
  3. ^ Assembleia Legislativa do Estado de São Paulo, Lei Complementar Nº 815
  4. ^ Rachel Lawrence: 2010, Page 183
  5. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica Chicago, Ill: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc 
  6. ^ Wilgus, Alva Curtis 1941 The Development of Hispanic America Farrar & Rinehart, Incorporated p 181 
  7. ^ "São Vicente e Suas Atrações" in Portuguese Prefeitura Municipal de São Vicente Retrieved 2016-06-28 
  8. ^ PES Xixová-Japuí in Portuguese, ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-11-28 
  9. ^ Naha Sister Cities

External linksedit

  • in Portuguese São Vicente's official home page
  • in Portuguese Portal Nosso São Paulo
  • in Portuguese São Vicente São Paulo Brazil


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