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Smart TV

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A smart TV, sometimes referred to as connected TV or hybrid TV, is a television set with integrated Internet and interactive "Web 20" features Smart TV is a technological convergence between computers and flatscreen television sets and set-top boxes Besides the traditional functions of television sets and set-top boxes provided through traditional broadcasting media, these devices can also provide Internet TV, online interactive media, over-the-top content OTT, as well as on-demand streaming media, and home networking access123

Smart TV should not be confused with Internet TV, IPTV or with Web TV Internet TV refers to receiving television content over the Internet instead of traditional systems terrestrial, cable and satellite although Internet itself is received by these methods Internet Protocol television IPTV is one of the Internet television technology standards for use by television broadcasters Web television is a term used for programs created by a wide variety of companies and individuals for broadcast on Internet TV

In smart TVs, the operating system is preloaded or is available through the set-top box The software applications or "apps" can be preloaded into the device, or updated or installed on demand via an app store or app marketplace, in a similar manner to how the apps are integrated in modern smartphones45678

The technology that enables smart TVs is also incorporated in external devices such as set-top boxes and some Blu-ray players, game consoles, digital media players, hotel television systems and smartphones and other network-connected interactive devices that utilize television-type display outputs910 These devices allow viewers to search, find and play videos, movies, TV shows, photos and other content from the Web, on a cable TV channel, on a satellite TV channel, or on a local storage drive


  • 1 Background
  • 2 Definition
  • 3 Functions
  • 4 Features
  • 5 Technology
    • 51 Platforms
    • 52 Social networking
    • 53 Advertising
  • 6 Security and privacy
  • 7 Restriction of access
  • 8 Market share
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links


A first patent was published in 199411 and extended the following year12 for an "intelligent" television system, linked with data processing systems, by means of a digital or analog network Apart from being linked to data networks, one key point is its ability to automatically download necessary software routines, according to a user's demand, and process their needs The mass acceptance of digital television in late 2000s and early 2010s greatly improved smart TVs Major TV manufacturers have announced production of smart TVs only, for their middle-end to high-end TVs in 2015131415 Smart TVs are expected to become the dominant form of television by the late 2010s At the beginning of 2016, Nielsen reported that 29 percent of those with incomes over $75,000 a year had a smart TV16


Smart TVs on display

A smart TV device is either a television set with integrated Internet capabilities or a set-top box for television that offers more advanced computing ability and connectivity than a contemporary basic television set Smart TVs may be thought of as an information appliance or the computer system from a handheld computer integrated within a television set unit, as such smart TV often allows the user to install and run more advanced applications or plugins/addons based on a specific platform Smart TVs run complete operating system or mobile operating system software providing a platform for application developers11718

Smart TV platforms or middleware have a public Software development kit SDK and/or Native development kit NDK for apps so that third-party developers can develop applications for it, and an app store so that the end-users can install and uninstall apps themselves The public SDK enables third-party companies and other interactive application developers to “write” applications once and see them run successfully on any device that supports the smart TV platform or middleware architecture which it was written for, no matter who the hardware manufacturer is

Smart TVs deliver content such as photos, movies and music from other computers or network attached storage devices on a network using either a Digital Living Network Alliance / Universal Plug and Play media server or similar service program like Windows Media Player or Network-attached storage NAS, or via iTunes It also provides access to Internet-based services including traditional broadcast TV channels, catch-up services, video-on-demand VOD, electronic program guide, interactive advertising, personalisation, voting, games, social networking, and other multimedia applications19 Smart TV enables access to movies, shows, video games, apps and more Some of those apps include Netflix, Spotify, YouTube, and Amazon20


Smart TV devices also provide access to user-generated content either stored on an external hard drive or in cloud storage and to interactive services and Internet applications, such as YouTube, many using HTTP Live Streaming also known as HLS adaptive streaming21 Smart TV devices facilitate the curation of traditional content by combining information from the Internet with content from TV Providers Services offer users a means to track and receive reminders about shows22 or sporting events,23 as well as the ability to change channels for immediate viewing Some devices feature additional interactive organic user interface / natural user interface technologies for navigation controls and other human interaction with a Smart TV, with such as second screen companion devices,2425 spatial gestures input like with Xbox Kinect,2627 and even for speech recognition for natural language user interface28


LG Smart Tv using the web browser Smart Tv and its features

Smart TV develops new features to satisfy consumers and companies, such as new payment processes LG and PaymentWall have collaborated to allow consumers to access purchased apps, movies, games, and more using a remote control, laptop, tablet, or smartphone This is intended for an easier and more convenient way for checkout



See also: List of smart TV platforms and middleware software

Smart TV technology and software is still evolving, with both proprietary and open source software frameworks already available These can run applications sometimes available via an 'app store' digital distribution platform, interactive on-demand media, personalized communications, and have social networking features29303132

There are many Smart TV platforms used for individual purposes Smart TV owners desire the most successful platform possible for their Smart TV For this reason, platforms are ranked from best to worst HbbTV, provided by the Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV association, CE-HTML, part of Web4CE, OIPF, part of HbbTV, and Tru2way are framework platforms managed by technology businesses

Android TV, Boxee, Firefox OS, Frog, Google TV, Horizon TV, httvLink, Inview, Kodi Entertainment Center, MeeGo, Mediaroom, OpenTV, Opera TV, Plex, Roku, RDK, which is Reference Development Kit, Smart TV Alliance, ToFu Media Platform, Ubuntu TV, and Yahoo! GoTV are framework platforms managed by individual companies

Current Smart TV platforms used by vendors are Amazon, Apple, Google, Haier, Hisense, Hitachi, Insigna, LG, Microsoft, Netgear, Panasonic, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony, TCL, TiVO, Toshiba, Sling Media, and Western Digital Sony, Panasonic, Samsung, LG, and Roku TV are some platforms ranked under the best Smart TV platforms33

Social networkingedit

See also: Social media and television

Some smart TV platforms come prepackaged, or can be optionally extended, with social networking technology capabilities The addition of social networking synchronization to smart TV and HTPC platforms may provide an interaction with both on-screen content and other viewers than is currently available to most televisions, while simultaneously providing a much more cinematic experience of the content than is currently available with most computers34


Some smart TV platforms also support interactive advertising, addressable advertising with local advertising insertion and targeted advertising,35 and other advanced advertising features such as ad telescoping36 using VOD and DVR, enhanced TV for consumer call-to-action and audience measurement solutions for ad campaign effectiveness3738 The marketing and trading possibilities offered by Smart TVs are sometimes summarized by the term t-commerce Taken together, this bidirectional data flow means that smart TVs can be and are used for clandestine observation of the owners39 Even in sets that are not configured off-the-shelf to do so, default security measures are often weak and will allow hackers to easily break into the TV40

Security and privacyedit

There is evidence that a smart TV is vulnerable to attacks Some serious security bugs have been discovered, and some successful attempts to run malicious code to get unauthorized access were documented on video There is evidence that it is possible to gain root access to the device, install malicious software, access and modify configuration information for a remote control, remotely access and modify files on TV and attached USB drives, access camera and microphone41 There have also been concerns that hackers may be able to remotely turn on the microphone on a smart TV and be able to eavesdrop on private conversations

Anticipating growing demand for an antivirus for a smart TV, some security software companies are already working with partners in digital TV field on the solution At this moment it seems like there is only one antivirus for smart TVs available Ocean Blue Software partnered with Sophos and developed first cloud based antimalware system “Neptune” Also antivirus company Avira has joined forces with digital TV testing company Labwise to work on the software that would protect against potential attacks42 The privacy policy for Samsung's Smart TVs has been called Orwellian a reference to George Orwell and the dystopian world of constant surveillance he depicted in 1984, and compared to Telescreens because of eavesdropping concerns4344 Samsung introduced GAIA, a security system for smart TV GAIA will be included in all 2016 smart TV line-up45

Hackers have misused Smart TV's abilities such as operating source codes for applications and its unsecured connection to the Internet Passwords, IP address data, and credit card information can be accessed by hackers and even companies for advertisement A company caught in the act is Vizio Fortunately, there are a number of ways to stop or prevent this, which are unsubscribing from Vizio, updating and installing firmware and latest patches, checking manual, features, and settings, using a smartphone device or computer in place of bank-related activities, downloading security apps, setting up individual networks, not using the camera, not checking messages, being cautious when browsing, using Smart TV strictly for entertainment and disconnecting from the Internet if it is not use, and lastly contacting the manufacturer for help or further information

Restriction of accessedit

Internet websites can block smart TV access to content at will, or tailor the content that will be received by each platform46 Google TV-enabled devices were blocked by NBC, ABC, CBS, and Hulu from accessing their Web content since the launch of Google TV in October 2010 Google TV devices were also blocked from accessing any programs offered by Viacom’s subsidiaries47

Market shareedit

According to a report from the researcher NPD In-Stat, only about 12 million US households have their Web-capable TVs connected to the Internet, although In-Stat estimates about 25 million US TV households own a set with the built-in network capability Also, In-Stat predicts that 100 million homes in North America and western Europe will own television sets that blend traditional programs with internet content by 201648

The amount of households having Internet connected to the Internet has rapidly increased over the years Many households use Smart TV platforms such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Hulu 52% of households get subscriptions from these platforms 43% of adults stream monthly 43% of pay-TV subscribers get Netflix 19% of Netflix subscribers share their Netflix subscription with other people outside of their households 10% of adults have shown interest in HBO Now, which is $1499 per month without subscription to a pay-TV service49

See alsoedit

  • 10-foot user interface
  • Digital Living Network Alliance - DLNA
  • Digital media player
  • Enhanced TV
  • Home theater PC
  • Hotel television systems
  • Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV
  • Interactive television
  • List of mobile software distribution platforms
  • List of smart TV platforms and middleware software
  • Over-the-top content
  • PC-on-a-stick
  • Second screen
  • Smartphone
  • Space shifting
  • Telescreen
  • Tivoization
  • TV Genius


  1. ^ a b Steve Kovach December 8, 2010 "What Is A Smart TV" Businessinsidercom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  2. ^ Jeremy Toeman 41 October 20, 2010 "Why Connected TVs Will Be About the Content, Not the Apps" Mashablecom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  3. ^ Sunday, October 24, 2010 October 24, 2010 "Internet TV and The Death of Cable TV, really" Techcrunchcom Retrieved January 17, 2012  CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  4. ^ "Smart TV competition heats up market" Asianewsnetnet Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  5. ^ "Smart TV Shower Opens Smart Life" Koreaittimescom October 7, 2010 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  6. ^ Chacksfield, Marc May 12, 2010 "Intel: Smart TV revolution 'biggest since move to colour' – The wonders of widgets" Techradarcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  7. ^ "Google, With Intel and Sony, Unveils Software for 'Smart' TVs" Bloomberg BusinessWeek May 20, 2010 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  8. ^ Katzmaier, David September 8, 2010 "Poll: Smart TV or dumb monitor" Newscnetcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  9. ^ Intel and Smart TV intelcom Retrieved on November 11, 2010
  10. ^ "Roku 2: Same Old But Still Good, Same Old" Gizmodocom August 4, 2011 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  11. ^ "espacenet – Original document" Worldwideespacenetcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  12. ^ "espacenet – Bibliographic data" Worldwideespacenetcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  13. ^ Dieter Bohn "All of Sony's new smart TVs run on Android TV" The Verge Vox Media Retrieved June 17, 2015 
  14. ^ "CES 2015: New Samsung Smart TVs Will Be Powered by Tizen OS" Tech Times Retrieved June 17, 2015 
  15. ^ "LG to show off webOS 20 smart TV at CES 2015" CNET CBS Interactive Retrieved June 17, 2015 
  16. ^ Winslow, George January 4, 2016 "CES 2016: Five Things to Watch" Broadcasting & Cable: 10–14 
  17. ^ Previous post Next post September 7, 2010 "Android Holds the Key to Samsung's Smart TV Plans" Wired Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  18. ^ Previous post Next post May 20, 2010 "Google Introduces Google TV, New Android OS" Wired Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  19. ^ "A first look at Google TV's new apps" Gigaomcom September 15, 2011 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  20. ^ "Samsung Smart TV - TV Has Never Been This Smart" Samsung Electronics America Retrieved 2016-09-30 
  21. ^ "Netgear unveils NeoTV Streaming Player, takes another shot at the smart TV market" Engadgetcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  22. ^ "BuddyTV debuts Google TV app, with iPad and iPhone link" GeekWire October 28, 2011 Retrieved July 12, 2012 
  23. ^ "Thuuz Android App for Google TV Gives DISH Customers Instant Alerts of Most Exciting Moments in Sports" Bloomberg January 8, 2012 Retrieved July 12, 2012 
  24. ^ http://techcrunchcom/2012/06/04/microsoft-introduces-second-screen-feature-xbox-smartglass/ Microsoft Introduces Second-Screen Feature, Xbox SmartGlass
  25. ^ http://mashablecom/2012/06/04/xbox-smartglass/ Xbox SmartGlass Brings the Second Screen to Games and Videos
  26. ^ Robinson, Blake 2010-11-04 "Lastfm Gesture Controls for Xbox Kinect" Mashablecom Retrieved 2011-10-19 
  27. ^ Narcisse, Evan 2011-12-08 "Wave Hello: Microsoft's Requiring Kinect Functionality for All Future Apps Built for Xbox 360" Kotakucom Retrieved 2012-03-12 
  28. ^ http://appleinsidercom/articles/13/01/10/2013-smart-tvs-dismissed-as-not-that-smart-leaving-opportunity-for-apple 2013 smart TVs dismissed as 'not that smart,' leaving opportunity for Apple
  29. ^ Devindra Hardawar December 8, 2010 "Why your TV is the new app battleground" Venturebeatcom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  30. ^ BBC News – Google launches smart TV service bbccouk 2010-05-20 Retrieved on November 11, 2010
  31. ^ Stan Schroeder 230 May 17, 2010 "Google, Intel and Sony to Introduce Smart TV" Mashablecom Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  32. ^ "Opinion: Will Google's Smart TV Finally Bring Apps and Web Browsing To The Living Room" Socialtimescom May 17, 2010 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  33. ^ "The 5 best Smart TV platforms in the world 2016" TechRadar Retrieved 2016-11-04 
  34. ^ "TVs get smart with Internet access in 2011" Abc15com August 23, 2010 Retrieved January 17, 2012 
  35. ^ Daniel Cooper "Sky's AdSmart brings targeted advertising to your TV" Engadget AOL Retrieved June 17, 2015 
  36. ^ "Ad Telescoping" Retrieved June 17, 2015 
  37. ^ "Nagra and Sigma partnered on advanced advertising" October 3, 2011 - Cheseaux, Switzerland, and Toronto, Canada
  38. ^ ""NAGRA-OpenTV and Time Warner Cable Media Extend Advanced Advertising Partnership" March 5, 2012 - Cheseaux, Switzerland" Retrieved 10 September 2016 
  39. ^ "Is your TV spying on YOU" 
  40. ^ "Your Smart TV Could Be Hacked to Spy On You" 
  41. ^ Niemietz; et al "Not so Smart: On Smart TV Apps" PDF International Workshop on Secure Internet of Things Retrieved 15 September 2015 
  43. ^ "Samsung smart TV policy allows company to listen in on users" The Independent Feb 9, 2015 Retrieved Feb 9, 2015 
  44. ^ Not in front of the telly: Warning over 'listening' TV BBC News, 2015
  45. ^ "Samsung Electronics announces GAIA, a Powerful Smart TV Security Solution for 2016 and Beyond" Retrieved 10 September 2016 
  46. ^ "Big Networks Block Web Shows From Google TV" New York Times October 21, 2010 Retrieved December 4, 2010 
  47. ^ "Comedy Central, MTV now blocking Google TV" CNETcom November 22, 2010 Retrieved December 4, 2010 
  48. ^ "100 Million TVs will have internet connections by 2016" 
  49. ^ "US Connected-TV Penetration Passes 50% | Multichannel" wwwmultichannelcom Retrieved 2016-11-29 

External linksedit

  • Samsung smart Tvs in Saudi Arabia | KSA
  • Samsung smart Tvs in Dubai, UAE & Gulf

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