Slender lorises Loris are a genus of loris native to India and Sri Lanka The slender loris spends most of its life in trees arboreal, traveling along the top of branches with slow and precise movements It is found in tropical rainforests, scrub forest, semi deciduous forest and swamps The species have lifespans of 15 years and are nocturnal Slender lorises generally feed on insects, reptiles, shoots of plants and fruits Locally, they are known as Devanga Pilli "దేవాంగ పిల్లి" in Telugu, kaadu paapa "ಕಾಡು ಪಾಪ" in Kannada, kutti thevangu in Tamil and Malayalam, and unahapuluwa in Sri Lanka
- 1 Taxonomy
- 2 Threats
- 3 Gallery
- 4 Characteristics
- 5 References
There are two known species:
|Image||Scientific name||Common Name||Distribution|
|Loris tardigradus||Red slender loris||Sri Lanka|
|Loris lydekkerianus||Gray slender loris||India and Sri Lanka|
According to biologists, poaching activity has led to the steady decline of the species in Tamil Nadu Native people have always believed that all parts of the slender loris have some medicinal or magical powers This has contributed greatly to the decline of the slender loris In addition, slender lorises are illegally smuggled to supply a growing exotic pet trade Along the western region of Tamil Nadu, there is a vigorous clampdown on illegal poaching of slender lorises
Destruction of tropical rain forest habitat is also contributing to declines in population
Red slender loris
Grey slender loris
Red slender loris
The red slender loris favors lowland rainforests up to 700 m in altitude, tropical rainforests and inter-monsoon forests of the south western wet-zone of Sri Lanka Masmullah Proposed Forest Reserve harbors one of few remaining red slender loris populations, and is considered a biodiversity hotspot The most common plant species eaten was Humboldtia laurifolia, occurring at 676 trees/ha, with overall density at 1077 trees/ha H laurifolia is vulnerable and has a mutualistic relationship with ants, providing abundant food for lorises Reports from the 1960s suggest that it once also occurred in the coastal zone, however it is now thought to be extinct there
The red slender loris differ from its close relative the gray slender loris in its frequent use of rapid arboreal locomotion It forms small social groups, containing adults of both sexes as well as young animals This species is among the most social of the nocturnal primates During daylight hours the animals sleep in groups in branch tangles, or curled up on a branch with their heads between their legs The groups also undertake mutual grooming and play at wrestling The adults typically hunt separately during the night They are primarily insectivorous but also eat bird eggs, berries, leaves, buds and occasionally invertebrates as well as geckos and lizards To maximize protein and nutrient uptake they consume every part of their prey, including the scales and bones They make nests out of leaves or find hollows of trees or a similar secure place to live in
- ^ "Checklist of CITES Species" CITES UNEP-WCMC Retrieved 18 March 2015
- ^ Groves, CP 2005 Wilson, DE; Reeder, DM, eds Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press p 122 ISBN 0-801-88221-4 OCLC 62265494
- ^ Loris and potto subspecies - data reviews
- ^ "Men arrested hiding loris in underwear at Delhi airport" BBC News 10 September 2012
- ^ "Saving the Loris" Archived from the original on 12 April 2012 Retrieved 21 May 2013
- ^ "Slender loris" April 2012 Archived from the original on 2013-04-20 Retrieved 2012-11-29
- ^ a b "Slender loris - Introspective World" anintrospectiveworldblogspotca Retrieved 2016-07-17
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