Skirmish of Pastrengo (1848)


The Skirmish of Pastrengo was fought between the Piedmontese and Austrian army on 30 April 1848, in the course of the First Italian War of Independence

Contents

  • 1 Prelude
  • 2 The Skirmish
  • 3 Aftermath
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources

Preludeedit

The Austrian forces were deployed in a way that threatened any Piedmontese attack against the fortress of Peschiera del Garda, and against Verona Therefore, the Piedmontese High Command decided to act energetically against it to neutralize this threat, with the II Corps commanded by General Ettore Gerbaix De Sonnaz, supported by the reserve division10

Although some sources claimed that the troops of the Kingdom of Sardinia were for the most part volunteers from regions of northern Italy,6 in fact those consisted of four brigades of the Piedmontese regular army10 Among the troops at Pastrengo, there were recorded, 1,000 volunteers from Parma, 150 volunteers from Piacenza and 400 students from Pavia and Turin5

The Skirmishedit

The Piedmontese attack, while done with superior forces, was executed rather poorly, in frontal actions and without taking adequate advantage of the numerical superiority, nor with proper reconnaissance done before the battle On the right the brigade "Savoia" proceeded slowly, hampered by the unknown terrain; on the center and right the brigades "Cuneo" and "Piemonte" met with better success, and after three hours at 14:00 the Piedmontese line began to advance Despite attempts by the Austrian commander to delay it, the offensive proceeded up to the pontoon-bridge on the river Adige After this success, however, the Piedmontese stopped and did not advance further11

As documented by the New monthly magazine: Vol 83, 1848: 12

"On the 30th of April, what is called in the bulletin issued from the headquarters of the Sardinian army, "the first battle between the two armies of Italy," was fought The end proposed was to occupy Bussolengo, Pastrengo, and Piovezzana, and to attempt to force the Adige The affair commenced at half-past eleven, Am The Italian troops succeeded in driving the Austrians from all the positions which they occupied at Pastrengo, and in gaining the heights which command the Adige"

Aftermathedit

While a Piedmontese victory, it was not a complete success, since Marshal Radetzki still had full use of the vital road that connected him to Trento and the Empire; had this been cut, the Austrian situation would have become critical13

As documented by the New monthly magazine: Vol 83, 1848: 12

"During the night of the 30th, Bussolengo was taken by the Sardinians, and the passage of the Adige effected at Pontone"

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Young, Francis 1864 Garibaldi: his life and times London 
  2. ^ Hamilton Sears, Edmund 1900 An outline of political growth in the nineteenth century New York 
  3. ^ Gallenga, Antonio Carlo Napoleone 1851 Italy in 1848 London 
  4. ^ Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty 1849 Correspondence respecting the affairs of Italy: Part II London 
  5. ^ a b c d Meyer-Ott, Wilhelm 1848 Die kriegerischen Ereignisse in Italien im Jahre 1848-1849 Zurich 
  6. ^ a b c d Freiherr von Schönhals, Karl 1852 Errinerungen Stuttgart 
  7. ^ a b c d e Aus der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Hof- und Staatsdruckerei 1851 Der Feldzug Der Oesterreichischen Armee In Italien Im Jahre 1848 Vienna 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Berkeley, George Fitz-Hardinge 1940 Italy in the Making January 1st 1848 to November 16th 1848 Cambridge University Press 
  9. ^ a b Fabris, Cecilio 1898 Gli avvenimenti militari del 1848 e 1849 Turin 
  10. ^ a b Pieri, p 210
  11. ^ Pieri, p 210-1
  12. ^ a b Campbell, Thomas 1848 New monthly magazine: Vol 83 London 
  13. ^ Pieri, p 211

Sourcesedit

  • Pieri, Piero 1962 Storia militare del risorgimento: guerre e insurrezioni Torino: Giulio Einaudi  |access-date= requires |url= help

Coordinates: 45°29′22″N 10°48′36″E / 4548944°N 1081000°E / 4548944; 1081000



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