Skarszewy Kashubian: Skarszewò, German: Schöneck in Westpreußen is a small town 40 kilometres 25 miles south of Gdańsk in Starogard Gdański County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, northern Poland Located between Kościerzyna and Tczew Population: 6 809 30 June 2005 In 2005 the town was given the title the Pearl of Pomerania
19 villages belong to the rural-municipal commune of Skarszewy together: 13,934 inhabitants, 30 June 2005:
Bączek, Bolesławowo, Bożpole Królewskie, Czarnocin, Demlin, Godziszewo, Jaroszewy, Junkrowy, Kamierowo, Kamierowskie Piece, Koźmin, Malary, Mirowo Duże, Nowy Wiec, Obozin, Pogódki
The old town is enclosed by fragments of the 14th century stone walls and a Gothic parish Church of St Michael the Archangel which dates from the l4th century with well-preserved furnishings from the baroque era
In the town square is the fountain Griffin Pomorski with three griffins holding the emblem of St John Skarszew on a platter At the top were placed reproductions of three coats Skarszew: from 1198 when the town belonged to the Knights Hospitaller; from 1320 when Skarszewy acquired civic rights and the current coat of arms
- 1 History
- 2 International relations
- 21 Twin towns – Sister cities
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Between 1629 and 1655 the city was devastated by the Swedes, and large fires in the years 1708, 1714, 1731 destroyed almost all the buildings
Under the Treaty of Versailles Skarszewy, was reassigned to Poland The Blue Army Poland commanded by General Józef Haller entered Skarszewy on 30 January 1920, ending 148 years of Prussian rule
During WW II, Soviet aircraft repeatedly bombed the city and on March 8, 1945 the Red Army's East Pomeranian Offensive burned parts of the city, causing the destruction of up to 40% of the buildings in Skarszew
- 1198 - first mentioned as a seat of Knights Hospitaller
- 1320 - Schöneck obtains town rights
- 1370 - the Order of St John sells Schöneck to the Teutonic Order
- 1466 - Second Peace of Thorn 1466: Schöneck becomes a part of Royal Prussia, Poland
- 1772 - annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia
- 1818-1920 - part of the Kościerzyna county Berent county within Western Prussia Province
- 1920, 10 January - part of the Second Polish Republic
- 1939-1945 - annexed by the Third Reich
- 1945 - Poland
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Coordinates: 54°04′N 18°26′E / 54067°N 18433°E / 54067; 18433
International relationsSee also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland
In 1996, Skarszewy was twinned with Sandy in Bedfordshire, England Each year over summer, students from Sandy Upper School, Stratton Upper School in Biggleswade and Dame Alice Harpur School in Bedford travel to Skarszewy for twelve days to teach English to some of the younger generation of the town
Twin towns – Sister cities
Skarszewy is twinned with:
- Sandy, United Kingdom
- Leck, Germany
- ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2016-03-04 Retrieved 2015-09-04
- Skarszewy Municipal website
- Polish Gothic Castles Association
|Town and seat||
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