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Siemiatycze

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Siemiatycze Belarusian: Сямятычы, Podlachian: Simjatyčy, Ukrainian: Сім'ятичі is a town in north-eastern Poland, with 15,209 inhabitants 2004 It is situated in the Podlaskie Voivodeship since 1999; previously it was in Białystok Voivodeship 1975–98 It is the capital of Siemiatycze County

The history of Siemiatycze dates back to the mid-16th century, when the village was part of the Podlasie Voivodeship of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania In 1542, King Sigismund II Augustus granted town charter to Siemiatycze, and with the 1569 Union of Lublin, it became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

For centuries Siemiatycze remained property of several Polish-Lithuanian magnate families The town, conveniently located along the Bug River, and near local administrative centers at Drohiczyn and Mielnik, became a popular market place, where farmers sold their produce Disastrous Swedish invasion of Poland 1655-60 did not bring widespread destruction to Siemiatycze The town continued to prosper, at the expense of other municipalities of the region of Podlachia, all of which burned to the ground by the Swedish, Transilvanian and Russian invaders

In the 18th century, Siemiatycze was among most developed towns of the region At that time it belonged to the Sapieha family, which founded the town hall, hospital, synagogue, Christian monastery, palace with a museum and other buildings In 1807 Siemiatycze was annexed by the Russian Empire, and during January Uprising, the Battle of Siemiatycze took place here, after which most of the town was destroyed, together with the Jabłonowski Palace, which has never been rebuilt

Siemiatycze was to a large extent destroyed during World War II, and its Jewish community was almost completely murdered by Germans in the Holocaust After the war, the population of the town shrank to 4000

Education

  • Nadbużańska Szkoła Wyższa

International relations

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland

Twin towns — Sister cities

Siemiatycze is twinned with:

  • Castrolibero, Italy
  • Zehdenick, Germany

Coordinates: 52°27′N 22°53′E / 52450°N 22883°E / 52450; 22883

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    29.10.2014


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