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Shōwa Day

shōwa day, what is shōwa day
Shōwa Day 昭和の日, Shōwa no Hi is a Japanese annual holiday held on April 29 It honors the birthday of Emperor Shōwa Hirohito, the reigning emperor from 1926 to 19891 The purpose of the holiday is to encourage public reflection on the turbulent 63 years of Hirohito's reign

Coincidentally, Shōwa Day happens on the same date that in 1946 the Allies' International Military Tribunal for the Far East condemned key officials of the Imperial Hirohito government during World War II to death, including former Prime Minister Hideki Tojo


Emperor Hirohito died on January 7, 1989 April 29 was subsequently no longer celebrated as The Emperor's Birthday but instead as Greenery Day, part of Japan's Golden Week After a series of failed legislative attempts beginning in 2000,citation needed the April 29 holiday was finally renamed Shōwa Day in May 2007, and Greenery Day was moved from April 29 to May 4

According to the then-main opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan which backed the bill for the first time after many years of refusal, the holiday encourages public reflection on the turbulent 63 years of Hirohito's reign rather than glorifying the emperor himself2 Hirohito's reign saw, among other things, the end of the Taishō Democracy, the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria, a period of "government by assassination" including the attempted coups of May 15, 1932 and February 26, 1936, the rise of the totalitarian Taisei Yokusankai, World War II, the post-war occupation, and the Japanese post-war economic miracle

Years April 29 May 4
before 1985 The Emperor's Birthday Non-holiday
1985–1988 The Emperor's Birthday National day of rest
1989–2006 Greenery Day National day of rest
2007–present Shōwa Day Greenery Day

See alsoedit

  • Holidays of Japan
  • Japanese calendar


  1. ^ "Golden Week" Japan-guidecom 2009-05-13 Retrieved 2010-02-05 
  2. ^ BBC news report Japan names day after Hirohito BBC News, May 13, 2005

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