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Shizuoka, Shizuoka

shizuoka shizuoka city, shizuoka shizuoka prefecture
Shizuoka 静岡市, Shizuoka-shi, Japanese: shìzúꜜòkà is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, and the prefecture's second-largest city in both population and area It has been populated since prehistoric times

The city's name is made up of two kanji, 静 shizu, meaning "still" or "calm"; and 岡 oka, meaning "hills"2 In 1869, Shizuoka Domain was first created out of the older Sunpu Domain, and that name was retained when the city was incorporated in 1885 In 2003, Shizuoka merged with Shimizu City now Shimizu Ward, briefly becoming the largest city by land area in Japan In 2005, it became one of Japan's "designated cities"

Contents

  • 1 Geography
    • 11 Basic data
    • 12 Bordering municipalities
    • 13 Climate
  • 2 Nature
    • 21 Mountains
    • 22 Rivers
    • 23 Lakes
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Administration
    • 41 Wards
    • 42 Administrative district "image colours"
    • 43 Ward offices
    • 44 Mayors since 2003 merger
  • 5 History
    • 51 Ancient history
    • 52 Pre-modern Shizuoka
    • 53 From the Meiji period to World War II
    • 54 Post-war Shizuoka
  • 6 Economy
    • 61 Agriculture
    • 62 Fishery
    • 63 Products
  • 7 Cuisine
  • 8 Culture
    • 81 Sport
  • 9 Transportation
    • 91 Rail
    • 92 Highways
    • 93 Airports
  • 10 Education
    • 101 Colleges and universities
    • 102 Primary and secondary education
  • 11 Tourism
    • 111 Museums
  • 12 Media
    • 121 Print media
    • 122 Broadcast media
      • 1221 Television
      • 1222 Cable television
      • 1223 Radio
  • 13 Major attractions
  • 14 Historic spots
    • 141 In Aoi Ward
    • 142 In Suruga Ward
    • 143 In Shimizu Ward
  • 15 Notable people
  • 16 Sister and friendship cities
    • 161 Twin cities
      • 1611 Overseas
      • 1612 Within Japan
    • 162 Friendship citiesclarification needed
      • 1621 Overseas
      • 1622 Within Japan
  • 17 City song
  • 18 References
  • 19 External links

Geographyedit

Shizuoka City lies in central Shizuoka Prefecture, about halfway between Tokyo and Nagoya along the Tōkaidō Corridor, between Suruga Bay to the south and the Minami Alps in the north Shizuoka had the largest area of any municipality in Japan after merging with Shimizu City in April 2003, until February 2005, when Takayama in Gifu Prefecture superseded it by merging with nine surrounding municipalities

The total area is 1,41190 km2 54514 sq mi3 Shizuoka is the 5th largest city in Japan in terms of geographic area after Takayama, Hamamatsu, Nikkō, and Kitami It is also the 2nd largest city in Shizuoka Prefecture in terms of both geographic area and population after Hamamatsu, but ranks higher as an Urban Employment Area,4 and leads as a metropolitan area and business region

The fan-like shape of the Shizuoka Plain and Miho Peninsula were formed over the ages by the fast-flowing Abe River, carrying along collapsed sand and earth These areas form the foundations of the city today5 The isolated Mount Kunō separates the Suruga coastline from the Shimizu coastline

Basic dataedit

  • Area of densely populated region: 10399 km2
  • Urban planning area: 23480 km2
  • Area zoned for urbanization: 1040 km2

Bordering municipalitiesedit

Climateedit

On the south-central Pacific coast Shizuoka has a humid subtropical climate Köppen climate classification Cfa, which is hot and humid in the summers and rarely snows in winter6 It is close to the warm Kuroshio Current and is wet even by Japanese standards with only slightly less precipitation than Kanazawa on the opposite side of Honshū, but it is paradoxically the sunniest of Japan's major cities owing to the absence of summer fog and its sheltered location from the northwesterly winds off the Sea of Japan Further north, the mountainous Ikawa area is part of the Japanese snow country, where there are ski areas

Climate data for Shizuoka, Shizuoka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 257
783
262
792
266
799
333
919
380
1004
383
1009
384
1011
387
1017
371
988
339
93
280
824
245
761
387
1017
Average high °C °F 115
527
120
536
148
586
195
671
230
734
257
783
295
851
308
874
279
822
231
736
184
651
140
572
209
696
Daily mean °C °F 67
441
73
451
103
505
149
588
188
658
220
716
257
783
270
806
241
754
189
66
139
57
90
482
165
617
Average low °C °F 18
352
25
365
57
423
104
507
147
585
188
658
227
729
238
748
208
694
150
59
94
489
41
394
125
545
Record low °C °F −68
198
−58
216
−46
237
−14
295
51
412
125
545
154
597
169
624
106
511
39
39
−17
289
−51
228
−68
198
Average rainfall mm inches 716
2819
1022
4024
2125
8366
2372
9339
2215
872
2833
11154
2797
11012
2454
9661
3043
1198
1718
6764
1328
5228
596
2346
2,3219
91413
Average rainy days 113 121 174 160 166 197 204 177 194 169 124 99 1898
Average relative humidity % 574 580 627 684 726 785 797 779 764 721 678 616 694
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2064 1854 1903 1846 1887 1394 1624 2046 1535 1603 1707 1985 2,1448
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency7
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency8

Natureedit

Mount Aino, one of the 100 Famous Japanese Mountains, and the fourth tallest peak in Japan The hydroelectric Hatanagi-I Dam—tallest concrete gravity dam in the world

Mountainsedit

  • Mount Aino 間ノ岳, Aino-dake
  • Mount Shiomi 塩見岳, Shiomi-dake
  • Mount Warusawa 悪沢岳荒川岳, Warusawa-dake Arakawa-dake
  • Mount Akaishi 赤石岳, Akaishi-dake
  • Mount Hijiri 聖岳, Hijiri-dake
  • Mount Tekari 光岳, Tekari-dake
  • Mount Yanbushi 山伏, Yanbushi
  • Mount Daimugen 大無間山, Daimugen-zan
  • Mankan Pass 満観峠, Mankan-tōge
  • Mount Mafuji 真富士山, Mafuji-san
  • Mount Jūmai 十枚山, Jūmai-san
  • Mount Ryūsō 竜爪山, Ryūsō-zan
  • Mount Shizuhata 賤機山, Shizuhata-yama
  • Mount Yatsu 谷津山, Yatsu-yama
  • Mount Yahata 八幡山, Yahata-san
  • Mount Udo Nihondaira 有度山日本平, Udo-san Nihondaira
  • Mount Kajiwara 梶原山, Kajiwara-yama
  • Mount Satta Satta Pass 薩埵山薩埵峠, Satta-yama Satta-tōge
  • Mount Hamaishi 浜石岳, Hamaishi-dake
  • Mount Ōmaru 大丸山, Ōmaru-yama
  • Mount Ōhira 大平山, Ōhira-yama

Riversedit

  • Ōi River 大井川, Ōi-gawa upstream
  • Abe River 安倍川
  • Warashina River 藁科川, Warashina-gawa
  • Mariko River 丸子川, Mariko-gawa
  • Tomoe River 巴川, Tomoe-gawa
  • Ōya River Drainage Ditch 大谷川放水路, Ōya-gawa Hōsui-ro
  • Nagao River 長尾川, Nagao-gawa
  • Fuji River 富士川, Fuji-kawa
  • Okitsu River 興津川, Okitsu-gawa
  • Ōzawa River 大沢川, Ōzawa-gawa
  • Ihara River 庵原川, Ihara-gawa
  • Yamakiri River 山切川, Yamakiri-gawa
  • Nakagōchi River 中河内川, Nakagōchi-gawa
  • Ōhashi River 大橋川, Ōhashi-gawa
  • Kogōchi River 小河内川興津川支流, Kogōchi-gawa

Lakesedit

  • Lake Ikawa 井川湖, Ikawa-ko Ikawa Dam
  • Lake Hatanagi 畑薙湖, Hatanagi-ko Hatanagi-I Dam
  • Asahata Marsh Asahata Anti-flood Pond 麻機沼麻機遊水地, Asahata-numa Asahata Yūsuichi
  • Kujira Pond 鯨ヶ池, Kujira-ike
  • Udosaka Pond 有東坂池, Udosaka-ike
  • Futatsu Pond Oshika Pond 二ツ池小鹿池, Futatsu-ike Oshika-ike
  • Funakoshi Dike 船越堤, Funakoshi-tsutsumi

Demographicsedit

As of the end of April 2015, the city had an estimated population of 715,7529 and a population density of 507 persons per km2

Demographic Population As of
Male 348,801 January 20159
Female 366,951
Households 306,990
Foreign 8,010 December 20149
Total 715,752 February 20129

Administrationedit

Wardsedit

Wards of Shizuoka Aoi Ward 葵区, Aoi-ku Administrative center, made up of the former Shizuoka north of the Tōkaidō Main Line excluding Osada district Suruga Ward 駿河区, Suruga-ku Former Shizuoka south of the Tōkaidō Main Line and Osada district Shimizu Ward 清水区, Shimizu-ku Former city of Shimizu and towns of Kanbara and Yui

Administrative district "image colours"edit

On 22 December 2006, colours and logos were established for each of the wards10

Aoi Ward ■ Aoi Ward Green
Suruga Ward ■ Suruga Ward Red
Shimizu Ward ■ Shimizu Ward Blue

Ward officesedit

  • Shizuoka City Office/Aoi Ward Office:
    5-1 Ōtemachi, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka-shi 420-8602
    • Aoi Ward Ikawa Branch Office:
      656-2 Ikawa, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka-shi 428-0504
  • Suruga Ward Office:
    10-40 Minamiyahata-chō, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka-shi 422-8550
    • Suruga Ward Osada Branch Office:
      13-1 Kami-Kawahara Suruga-ku, Shizuoka-shi 421-0132
  • Shimizu City Office/Shimizu Ward Office:
    6-9 Asahi-chō, Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka-shi 424-8701
    • Shimizu Ward Kanbara Branch Office:
      1-21-1 Kanbara Shinden, Shimizu-ku, Shizuoka-shi 421-3211

Mayors since 2003 mergeredit

Mayors of Shizuoka
Term Name Start Finish
1–2 Zenkichi Kojima 14 April 2003 12 April 2011
3–4 Nobuhiro Tanabe 13 April 2011 current

Historyedit

Ancient historyedit

The area that is now the city of Shizuoka has been inhabited since prehistoric times Numerous kofun have been found within the city limits, and the Toro archaeological site indicates that a major Yayoi period circa 400 BC–300 AD settlement existed in what is now part of the central city area

Suruga was established as a province of Japan in the early Nara period At some point between the year 701 and 710, the provincial capital was relocated from what is now Numazu, to a more central location on the banks of the Abe River at a location named Sunpu 駿府 a contraction of "Suruga no Kokufu" 駿河の国府 or alternatively "Fuchū" 府中

Pre-modern Shizuokaedit

During the Muromachi period, Sunpu was the capital of the Imagawa clan The Imagawa were defeated at the Battle of Okehazama, and Sunpu was subsequently ruled by Takeda Shingen, followed by Tokugawa Ieyasu However, Toyotomi Hideyoshi relocated Ieyasu, and installed Nakamura Kazutada to rule Sunpu After the Toyotomi were defeated in the Battle of Sekigahara, Ieyasu recovered Sunpu, reassigning it to his own retainer, Naitō Nobunari in 1601 This marked the start of Sunpu Domain

Reconstructed building at the Toro archeological site

In April 1606, Ieyasu officially retired from the post of Shogun, and retired to Sunpu, where he established a secondary court, from which he could influence Shogun Tokugawa Hidetada from behind the scenes Subsequently, aside for brief periods, Sunpu was tenryō territory under direct administration by the Shogunate, ruled by the Sunpu jōdai 駿府城代, an appointed official based in Sunpu

Reconstructed Tatsumi yagura of Sunpu Castle

From the Meiji period to World War IIedit

In 1869, after the fall of the Tokugawa shogunate, the former shogunal line, headed by Tokugawa Iesato was sent to Sunpu and assigned the short-lived Sunpu Domain The same year, Sunpu was renamed "Shizuoka" Shizuoka Domain became Shizuoka Prefecture with the abolition of the han system in 1871, which was expanded in 1876 through merger with the former Hamamatsu Prefecture and western portions of Ashigaru Prefecture in 1876 Shizuoka Station on the Tōkaidō Main Line was opened on 1 February 1889 The same day, a fire burned down most of downtown Shizuoka

The modern city was founded on 1 April 1889 At the time, the population was 37,681, and Shizuoka was one of the first 31 cities established in Japan

An electric tram service began in 1911 In 1914, due to heavy rains caused by a typhoon, the Abe River flooded, inundating the downtown area11 In the national census of 1920, the population of Shizuoka was 74,093 The area of the city continued to expand through the 1920s and 1930s through merger with outlying towns and villages In 1935, the city was struck by a 64 magnitude earthquake, resulting in much damage Although soon rebuilt, a large fire in 1940 again destroyed much of the center of the city

During World War II, Shizuoka lacked targets of major military significance, and was initially only lightly bombed during several American air raids However, in a major firebombing raid of June 19, 1945, the city suffered an extreme amount of damage with high civilian casualties

Post-war Shizuokaedit

The area of the city continued to expand through the 1950s and 1960s through merger with outlying towns and villages On 1 October 1964, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen began services to Shizuoka, and on 25 April 1969 the city was connected to the Tōmei Expressway On 7 July 1974, the Abe River flooded, and landslides occurred during heavy rains, killing 23 peoplecitation needed On 16 August 1980, a major gas leak in an underground shopping center near Shizuoka Station resulted in an explosion, killing 15 people and seriously injuring 233 others The Shizuoka City Hall moved to new premises in 1986 On 1 April 1992, Shizuoka was designated a core city by the central government, giving it increased autonomy12

The 1 April 2003 merger with Shimizu City current Shimizu Ward greatly expanded the area and population of Shizuoka,13 which then became a designated city on 1 April 2005,14 and was divided into three wardscitation needed

Despite being somewhat geographically isolated from the rest of the city, the town of Kanbara from Haibara District was merged into Shizuoka on 31 March 2006,15 becoming part of Shimizu Ward On 1 November 2008, the town of Yui also from Haibara District was also merged into Shimizu Ward16

Economyedit

A map showing Shizuoka Metropolitan Employment Area
  • Shizuoka has 35,579 businesses as of 20123
  • Employment by industry: Agriculture 01%, Manufacturing: 269%, Service 730%
  • Greater Shizuoka, Shizuoka Metropolitan Employment Area, has a GDP of US$458 billion as of 20101718

Fuji Dream Airlines is headquartered in Aoi-ku, Shizuoka19

Agricultureedit

Green tea Varieties such as Motoyama and Yabukita are grown in all corners of the city, and the varieties grown especially in the Warashina area in Aoi Ward and the Ryōgōchi area of Shimizu Ward are known for their high quality Strawberries "Stonewall strawberries" 石垣いちご, ishigaki ichigo are strawberries that grow in holes on inclined stone walls, grown especially along an 8 km 5 mi stretch of Kunō Kaidō route 150, also known as "Strawberry Road", along the coast of Suruga Bay20 Wasabi  especially in areas such as Utōgi in Aoi Ward Mandarin orange and other citrus fruits especially Satsuma, a seedless and easy-peeling citrus mutant, known as mikan みかん or formally unshū mikan ウンシュウミカン21222324 Lotus roots especially in the Asahata area of Aoi Ward Roses especially in the Ihara and Okitsu areas in Shimizu Ward Peaches especially in the Osada area

Fisheryedit

Shimizu Port boasts the largest haul of tuna in all Japancitation needed Kanbara Harbour enjoys a prosperous haul of sakura ebi, and Mochimune Harbour enjoys a prosperous haul of shirasu sardines

Productsedit

Abekawa Mochi is a type of rice cake or mochi made with kinako soy flour that is a specialty of Shizuoka

Shizuoka has a long history of being involved in the craft industries going back over 400 years ago, using trees, including hinoki cypress The model industry goes back to the late 1920s when wood was used to produce model toys, using sashimono woodworking joinery techniques, purely for educational purposes Craftsmen later moved on to lighter woods including balsa, but following the war, with the importation of US built scale models, many companies either turned to plastic models to compete or went under2526

The town has since become internationally notable for its plastic scale model kits27 and is resident to long-established companies such as Aoshima, Fujimi, Hasegawa, and Tamiya Another model brand, Bandai, produces its Gundam models exclusively at its Bandai Hobby Center plant in the town since its inception28 The city hosts the long-running Shizuoka Hobby Show annually in May at Twin Messe Shizuoka29

Cuisineedit

Oden a Japanese dish consisting of several ingredients such as boiled eggs, daikon radish, konnyaku, and processed fish cakes stewed in a light, soy-flavoured dashi broth Oden in Shizuoka uses a dark coloured broth flavoured with beef stock and dark soy sauce All ingredients are skewered Dried, ground fish sardine, mackerel, or katsuobushi and aonori powder edible seaweed are sprinkled on top before eating Gyoza Soba noodles Seafood Zōni soup rice cakes in a broth cooked with vegetables, popular at New Year Tororo A grated yam soup Chojiya, a tororo restaurant founded in 1598 in Mariko-juku area of Shizuoka, west of the Abe River, was made famous by Hiroshige when he depicted it in his series of ukiyo-e prints of the 53 stops along the Tōkaidō

Cultureedit

There are three main festivals on Shizuoka's calendar

Shizuoka Festival 静岡まつり, Shizuoka Matsuri The city's April festival during the high point of the year for cherry blossoms A flower-viewing procession imitates the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu's custom of taking daimyo feudal lords to Sengen Shrine to view the cherry blossoms Abekawa Fireworks 安倍川花火, Abekawa Hanabi A gigantic fireworks display held upstream on Shizuoka's Abe River in late July Daidogei World Cup 大道芸ワールドカップ, Daigougei Waarudo kappu Street Performance World Cup Probably the biggest event on Shizuoka's Calendar, it is an annual international busker's festival, held in November It includes various shows such as juggling, pantomime, magic, etc Performers come from around the world and perform throughout the central part of the city as well as in some peripheral locations From 2005, it expanded from a 3-day to a 4-day festival

Sportedit

With the Shimizu merger, Shimizu S-Pulse became the major soccer club in the city Recently, however, a new rival club, Fujieda MYFC From nearby Fujieda, has been rising in the regional league ranks as a contender for a place in the Japan Football League The city hosted the official Asian Basketball Championship for Women in 1995 and 1999

Transportationedit

Shizuoka Station North exit

Railedit

Shizuoka lies on the Tōkaidō Main Line, the JR Central main railway line from Tokyo to Osaka, and is well-served by the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, limited express and regional trains The central station of Shizuoka is in the city centre Shizuoka also has an LRT line, the Shizuoka Railway, administered by the Shizuoka Railway Co, Ltd at Shizuoka Station The under construction Chūō Shinkansen will pass through the mountainous areas of the city However, the line is not planned to have a station in Shizuoka for the time being

  • Central Japan Railway Company – Tōkaidō Shinkansen
    • Shizuoka
  • Central Japan Railway Company - Tōkaidō Main Line
    • Shin-Kambara  Kambara  Yui  Okitsu  Shimizu  Kusanagi  Higashi-Shizuoka  Shizuoka  Abekawa  Mochimune 
  • Shizuoka Railway – Shizuoka Railway Shizuoka-Shimizu Line
    • Shin-Shizuoka - Hiyoshichō - Otowachō - Kasugachō - Yunoki - Naganuma - Furushō - Ken-Sōgō Undōjō - Kenritsu Bijutsukanmae - Kusanagi - Mikadodai - Kitsunegasaki - Sakurabashi - Irieoka - Shin-Shimizu
  • Ōigawa Railway – Ōigawa Railway Ikawa Line
    • Kanzō - Ikawa

Highwaysedit

  • Shin-Tōmei Expressway
  • Tōmei Expressway
  • Chūbu-Ōdan Expressway under construction
  • National Route 1
  • National Route 52
  • National Route 149
  • National Route 150
  • National Route 362

Airportsedit

The nearest airport is Shizuoka Airport, situated between Makinohara and Shimada

Educationedit

Colleges and universitiesedit

The main campus of Shizuoka University Shizuoka University National university, founded 1949 Main campus in Suruga Ward Abbreviated to 静大 Shizudai University of Shizuoka Public university whose main campus is in Suruga Ward, close to Kusanagi Station Tokai University Shimizu campus of the Tokyo-based private university Tokoha Gakuen University Private university founded in 1946 Shizuoka Eiwa Gakuin University Co-educational private university in Suruga Ward, founded by missionaries from the Methodist Church of Canada with the support of the Shizuoka prefectural government First institution in Shizuoka Prefecture to offer secondary education for girls, it became a four-year coeducational university in 2002 University of Shizuoka Junior College Junior college in Suruga Ward, affiliated with University of Shizuoka Tokai University Junior College Junior college in Aoi Ward, affiliated with Tokai University Tokoha Gakuen Junior College Junior college in Aoi Ward, affiliated with Tokoha Gakuen University

Primary and secondary educationedit

Shizuoka has 91 elementary schools, 57 middle schools and 27 high schools In addition there are 29 vocations schools and 12 public libraries

Tourismedit

See also: Tourism in Japan

Museumsedit

  • Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art
  • Museum of Natural and Environmental History, Shizuoka

Mediaedit

The headquarters of Shizuoka Broadcasting System SBS and the Shizuoka Shimbun newspaper

Print mediaedit

The Shizuoka Shimbun is the area's primary newspaper

Broadcast mediaedit

Televisionedit

  • NHK Shizuoka Analogue Channel 9; Digital Channel 1
  • NHK Shizuoka Educational Channel Analogue Channel 2; Digital Channel 2
  • Shizuoka Broadcasting System SBS Analogue Channel 11; Digital Channel 6
  • TV Shizuoka Analogue Channel 35; Digital Channel 8
  • Shizuoka Daiichi Television Analogue Channel 31; Digital Channel 4
  • Shizuoka Asahi Television Analogue Channel 33; Digital Channel 5

Cable televisionedit

Shizuoka Cable Television Dream Wave Shizuoka

Radioedit

  • NHK1 882 kHz
  • NHK2 639 kHz FM888 MHz
  • SBS 1404 kHz
  • K-MIX 792 MHz
  • FM-Hi!769 MHz
  • Marine Pal FM Shimizu 763 MHz
  • Guzen Media Japan—A podcast and vidcast based in Shizuoka, Japan30

Major attractionsedit

  • Nihondaira
  • Miho no Matsubara

Historic spotsedit

In Aoi Wardedit

Shizuoka Sengen Shrine Shizuoka Sengen Shrine A collection of Shinto shrines that was patronised by powerful warrior clans since ancient times, most notably the Tokugawa clan Sunpu Park/Sunpu Castle ruins The castle of the Imagawa and Tokugawa clans, originally built in 1599, was destroyed in 1869 Today, only the moats remain The rest was turned into a park, and is now a popular place for hanami

In Suruga Wardedit

Toro Late Yayoi archaeological site notable as the first archaeological site excavated in Japan in which remains of a 1st-century AD Yayoi-era wet-rice Paddy fields were found Kunōzan Tōshō-gū Shinto shrine that was the original burial place of Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu, and the oldest of the Tōshō-gū shrines in Japan The main festival of the shrine is held annually on 17 April, although its spring festival from 17–18 February is a larger event31 Mariko-juku Twentieth of the fifty-three stations of the old Tōkaidō road, an old travel route during the Edo period

In Shimizu Wardedit

Hiroshige's Mariko-juku Miho Peninsula Famous for the scenic Miho no Matsubara 三保の松原, Miho Pine Grove, renowned as a seashore with beautiful green pine trees and white sands spanning over seven kilometers, designated as one of New Three Views of Japan 新日本三景, Shin Nihon Sankei Also known as the scene of the legend of Hagoromo, which is based on the traditional swan maiden motif

Notable peopleedit

  • Princess Akishino - princess in the Japanese Imperial Family
  • Yoshitaka Amano - illustrator and animator, designed the characters for the early Final Fantasy video game series
  • Kazuyoshi Hoshino – racecar driver
  • Daisuke Ichikawa – professional football player
  • Shohei Ikeda – professional football player
  • Toru Irie – professional football player
  • Teruyoshi Ito – professional football player
  • Yahiro Kazama – professional football player
  • Naoya Kikuchi – professional football player
  • Hiroki Kobayashi – professional football player
  • Tomoaki Kuno – professional football player
  • Hidetaka Miyazaki – video game director and designer, creator of the Souls video game series32
  • Fumitake Miura – professional football player
  • Kazuyoshi Miura – professional football player
  • Yasutoshi Miura – professional football player
  • Koki Mizuno – professional football player
  • Hisashi Mizutori – Olympic gold medal gymnast
  • Kazuyori Mochizuki – professional football player
  • Shigeyoshi Mochizuki – professional football player
  • Riyo Mori - Miss Universe Japan 2007, Miss Universe 2007
  • Yusuke Mori – professional football player
  • Ushiomaru Motoyasu – sumo wrestler
  • Jun Muramatsu – professional football player
  • Go Oiwa – professional football player
  • Katsumi Oenoki – professional football player
  • Takeshi Oki – professional football player
  • Keisuke Ota – professional football player
  • Toshihide Saito – professional football player
  • Momoko Sakura – cartoonist, creator of Chibi Maruko-chan
  • Yuya Sano – professional football player
  • Masanori Sekiya – racecar driver
  • Hideaki Sena – novelist and pharmacologist
  • Keisuke Serizawa – textile designer
  • Masatoshi Shima – inventor of the microprocessor
  • Kotobuki Shiriagari – Manga artist
  • Tadashi Suzuki – Stage director
  • Yūichi Suzumoto - novelist
  • Toranosuke Takagi – racecar driver
  • Nobuhiro Tanabe – politician
  • Yoshito Usui - creator of Crayon Shin-chan comics
  • Takahiro Yamazaki – professional baseball player
  • Kaito Yamamoto – professional football player
  • Takahiro Yamanishi – professional football player
  • Kotaro Yamazaki – professional football player
  • Takuya Yokoyama – professional football player

Sister and friendship citiesedit

Shizuoka has twin and friendship relationships with several cities3334

Twin citiesedit

Overseasedit

  • Stockton, California, United States 35 since 16 October 1959
  • Omaha, Nebraska, United States35 since 1 April 1965
  • Shelbyville, Indiana, United States35 since 3 November 1989
  • Cannes, France36 since 5 November 1991

Within Japanedit

  • Muroran, Hokkaidō since 24 December 1976
  • Jōetsu, Niigata since 12 October 1995

Friendship citiesclarification needededit

Overseasedit

  • Huế, Vietnam since 12 April 2005

Within Japanedit

  • Saku, Nagano since 12 October 1989

City songedit

Watashi no Machi, Shizuoka わたしの街 静岡37

  • Written: 13 April 2005
  • Lyrics: Citizen competition entry
  • Music, additions: Kei Ogura
  • Arranged: Shin Kawabe
  • Eri Itō sang on the CD release

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Foreign Languages" The City of Shizuoka Retrieved 2012-03-02 
  2. ^ Room, Adrian Placenames of the World, pages 344–345 McFarland, 2006 ISBN 978-0-7864-2248-7
  3. ^ a b http://wwwcityshizuokajp/000163754pdf
  4. ^ Urban Employment Area UEA Code Table 2004 retrieved 2011-05-06
  5. ^ Kojima, Zenkichi "Abe River: The Crytal Waters that Gave Rise to a City for the Ages" Secretariat of the 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit The proceedings of the 1st Asia-Pacific Water Summit, page 242 World Scientific, 2008 ISBN 978-981-283-327-3
  6. ^ Snow depth for Shizuoka
  7. ^ 平年値(年・月ごとの値) in Japanese Japan Meteorological Agency Retrieved 2011-10-07 
  8. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値) in Japanese Japan Meteorological Agency Retrieved 2011-10-07 
  9. ^ a b c d "Shizuoka City statistics" PDF in Japanese City of Shizuoka April 2015 Retrieved 2016-01-04 
  10. ^ District Image Colours and Logo Marks
  11. ^ Inoue, Kimio "The landslide dam and outburst floods at Warabino area of the Abe River in 1914" Journal of the Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering, Vol61,No2,2008 Japan Society of Erosion Control Engineering Retrieved 5 January 2016 
  12. ^ 1 List of Core Cities, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  13. ^ Shizuoka city home page, Shimizu merger documents
  14. ^ Hook, Glenn D Decoding Boundaries in Contemporary Japan, page 148 Taylor & Francis, 2011 ISBN 978-0-415-60044-6
  15. ^ City mergers seen tailing off as the initial excitement fades | The Japan Times
  16. ^ 2 Shizuoka city home page, Yui merger documents
  17. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto "Metropolitan Employment Area MEA Data" Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo 
  18. ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data
  19. ^ "会社概要" Fuji Dream Airlines Retrieved on 20 May 2009
  20. ^ What is cool and hot in this season – Strawberry Picking around Kuno
  21. ^ Hanelt, Peter; et al 2001 Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops except ornamentals Springer p 1033 ISBN 3-540-41017-1 
  22. ^ Wiersema, John Harry; León, Blanca 1999 World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference CRC Press p 136 ISBN 0-8493-2119-0 
  23. ^ "Plant Name Details: Rutaceae Citrus unshiu Marcow" International Plant Names Index 
  24. ^ "Taxon: Citrus unshiu Marcow" Germplasm Resources Information NetworkGRIN, United States Department of Agriculture 
  25. ^ Amazoncouk: Master Modeler: Creating the Tamiya Style: Shunsaku Tamiya, Giles Murray: Books
  26. ^ 田宮模型の仕事: Creating the Tamiya Style By Shunsaku Tamiya
  27. ^ Business & Industry
  28. ^ Tour of Gundam Model Factory “Bandai Hobby Center” in Shizuoka - GIGAZINE
  29. ^ Record of Past International Conferences
  30. ^ http://guzenmediajapancom/
  31. ^ Plutschow, Herbe Matsuri: The Festivals of Japan RoutledgeCurzon 1996 ISBN 1-873410-63-8
  32. ^ Parkin, Simon "Bloodborne creator Hidetaka Miyazaki: ‘I didn’t have a dream I wasn’t ambitious'" The Guardian Retrieved 8 May 2015 
  33. ^ International Sister Cities & Friendship Cities ‐ 静岡市 Shizuoka website retrieved 8 July 2008
  34. ^ Domestic Sister Cities & Friendship Cities ‐ 静岡市 Shizuoka website retrieved 8 July 2008
  35. ^ a b c "US-Japan Sister Cities by State" Asia Matters for America Honolulu, HI: East-West Center Retrieved 20 November 2015 
  36. ^ "International Exchange" List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures Council of Local Authorities for International Relations CLAIR Retrieved 21 November 2015 
  37. ^ 市歌 City Song in Japanese City of Shizuoka 2007 Retrieved 2011-05-09 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Shizuoka City official website and other languages
  • Daidogei World Cup in Shizuoka
  • Know Shizuoka - The independent guide

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