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Sherman County, Oregon

sherman county oregon sheriff's office, sherman county oregon school district
Sherman County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,765,1 making it the second-least populous county in Oregon The county seat is Moro,2 and the largest city is Wasco The county is named for William Tecumseh Sherman, a Union general in the American Civil War

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and infrastructure
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated place
    • 63 Other unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References

Historyedit

A grain elevator along Gordon Ridge Road, Sherman County Old grain elevator in Kent A grain elevator at Highway 97 and Rosebush Lane, Sherman County

As the pioneers felt crowded in the new settlements of western Oregon, they turned east to the Columbia Plateau for new opportunities The county's first white settler was William Graham, who located at the mouth of the Deschutes River in 18583 Homesteaders, eager for land, arrived in the 1880s by steamboat, stagecoach and wagon Soon farmers received government patents

As the population grew, so did the sentiment for independence from Wasco County3 Sherman County was created on February 25, 1889, out of the northeast corner of Wasco County The county's borders have been changed only once, in 1891, when the Legislative Assembly moved the county line 18 miles 29 km farther south into Wasco County

The town of Wasco was designated the county seat by the Legislative Assembly although this designation was contested between Wasco and Moro Following the addition of a portion of Wasco County, Moro became the eventual winner

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 831 square miles 2,150 km2, of which 824 square miles 2,130 km2 is land and 75 square miles 19 km2 09% is water4

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Wasco County - southwest
  • Gilliam County - east
  • Klickitat County, Washington - north

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 1,792
1900 3,477 940%
1910 4,242 220%
1920 3,826 −98%
1930 2,978 −222%
1940 2,321 −221%
1950 2,271 −22%
1960 2,446 77%
1970 2,139 −126%
1980 2,172 15%
1990 1,918 −117%
2000 1,934 08%
2010 1,765 −87%
Est 2016 1,710 −31%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161
From 2000 to 2007, Sherman County lost 41% of its population, the second-lowest growth rate in the state

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 1,934 people, 797 households, and 545 families residing in the county The population density was 2 people per square mile 1/km² There were 935 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile 0/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9359% White, 021% Black or African American, 140% Native American, 047% Asian, 279% from other races, and 155% from two or more races 486% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 205% were of German, 173% American, 117% English, 87% Irish and 53% Norwegian ancestry

There were 797 households out of which 2990% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5850% were married couples living together, 650% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3150% were non-families 2870% of all households were made up of individuals and 1410% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 297

In the county, the population was spread out with 2640% under the age of 18, 580% from 18 to 24, 2340% from 25 to 44, 2610% from 45 to 64, and 1830% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 42 years For every 100 females there were 10290 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10500 males

The median income for a household in the county was $35,142, and the median income for a family was $42,563 Males had a median income of $31,207 versus $21,579 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,448 About 1230% of families and 1460% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2020% of those under age 18 and 770% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,765 people, 777 households, and 492 families residing in the county11 The population density was 21 inhabitants per square mile 081/km2 There were 918 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile 042/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 934% white, 16% American Indian, 02% black or African American, 02% Asian, 01% Pacific islander, 27% from other races, and 18% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 56% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 226% were German, 165% were English, 130% were Irish, and 49% were American13

Of the 777 households, 230% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 512% were married couples living together, 75% had a female householder with no husband present, 367% were non-families, and 305% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 227 and the average family size was 284 The median age was 482 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $41,354 and the median income for a family was $52,361 Males had a median income of $42,768 versus $32,386 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,688 About 139% of families and 200% of the population were below the poverty line, including 382% of those under age 18 and 99% of those age 65 or over14

Government and infrastructureedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 720% 732 199% 202 82% 83
2012 661% 678 311% 319 28% 29
2008 606% 634 368% 385 27% 28
2004 629% 694 353% 390 18% 20
2000 639% 679 307% 326 54% 57
1996 446% 476 416% 444 138% 147
1992 380% 424 324% 362 296% 330
1988 546% 555 428% 435 26% 26
1984 675% 828 324% 398 01% 1
1980 579% 677 333% 389 89% 104
1976 511% 567 443% 491 46% 51
1972 649% 677 316% 330 35% 36
1968 593% 646 353% 384 54% 59
1964 365% 494 635% 859 00% 0
1960 566% 659 434% 506 00% 0
1956 615% 671 385% 420 00% 0
1952 675% 747 321% 355 05% 5
1948 532% 532 454% 454 14% 14
1944 477% 475 520% 518 03% 3
1940 461% 575 537% 670 02% 3
1936 278% 337 679% 823 44% 53
1932 380% 423 598% 665 22% 24
1928 664% 759 328% 375 09% 10
1924 559% 756 271% 367 169% 229
1920 656% 893 311% 423 34% 46
1916 469% 717 488% 747 43% 66
1912 349% 244 331% 232 320% 224
1908 583% 437 336% 252 81% 61
1904 711% 701 165% 163 124% 122

The Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Norcor, a short-term jail, serves Sherman, Gilliam, Hood River, and Wasco counties16

Economyedit

Sherman County is predominantly an agricultural county, its economy receiving some aid from ranching and tourism Its farms primarily produce wheat and barley It is also home to the Biglow Canyon Wind Farm, the largest project of its kind in Oregon17

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Grass Valley
  • Moro county seat
  • Rufus
  • Wasco

Census-designated placeedit

  • Biggs Junction

Other unincorporated communitiesedit

  • De Moss Springs
  • Erskine
  • Harmony
  • Kent
  • Klondike
  • Locust Grove
  • McDonald
  • Monkland
  • Rutledge

See alsoedit

  • Oregon portal
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Sherman County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ a b In the beginning, Sherman County Historical Society and Museum
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ "Norcor Home" Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Retrieved on November 22, 2011
  17. ^ Hill, Gail Kinsey Wind farm in gorge may blow others away The Oregonian August 1, 2005

Coordinates: 45°25′N 120°41′W / 4541°N 12069°W / 4541; -12069

‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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Sherman County, Oregon


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