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Shelby County, Ohio

shelby county ohio health department, shelby county ohio court records
Shelby County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,4232 Its county seat is Sidney3 Its name honors Isaac Shelby, former governor of Kentucky4

Shelby County comprises the Sidney, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Dayton-Springfield-Sidney, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Communities
    • 51 City
    • 52 Villages
    • 53 Townships
    • 54 Census-designated places
    • 55 Unincorporated communities
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The Algonquian-speaking Shawnee Native Americans had come into the area in the 18th century, displacing the Ojibwa-speaking Ottawa of the Anishinaabeg, a related language group who moved northwest The Shawnee were joined by the Iroquois, Seneca and Mingo peoples as well, displaced by colonial encroachment to the east In 1792 the European-American pioneer John Hardin was killed by the Shawnee in Shelby County Early settlers named the first county seat of Hardin after him

Shelby County was created in 1819 from Miami County For many years it contained Minster, New Bremen, etc; these were included in Auglaize County when it was created from Shelby and Allen counties

In 1846, a group of 383 free blacks from Virginia, called the "Randolph Slaves", settled in the county, most at Rumley They had been freed by the 1833 will of the Virginia planter John Randolph of Roanoke He provided money for their transportation and resettlement on land in a free state56 Their gaining freedom was delayed by court challenges to Randolph's will, but the families were freed and traveled in 1846 Randolph had provided that those over the age of 40 were given 10 acres each for resettlement7 A contemporary history described Rumley in the following way: "There are 400 Negroes half the population of Van Buren Township as prosperous as their white neighbors and equal to the whites in morals, religion and intelligence"8

In 1900 survivors and descendants formed the Randolph Ex-Slaves Association later they changed the name to the Randolph Slave Association and held their first reunion at Midway Park near Piqua Sixty-two of the original settlers attended who had been born in Virginia into slavery After being manumitted, they had come to Ohio as small children with their families They were called the "Old Dominions" after the nickname of Virginia; the "Buckeyes" were those descendants born in Ohio Over the years, the reunions were also held at Troy and the Shelby County Fairgrounds, with 100-300 attending9

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles 1,060 km2, of which 408 square miles 1,060 km2 is land and 30 square miles 78 km2 07% is water10

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Auglaize County north
  • Logan County east
  • Champaign County southeast
  • Miami County south
  • Darke County west
  • Mercer County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 2,106
1830 3,671 743%
1840 12,154 2311%
1850 13,958 148%
1860 17,493 253%
1870 20,748 186%
1880 24,137 163%
1890 24,707 24%
1900 24,625 −03%
1910 24,663 02%
1920 25,923 51%
1930 24,924 −39%
1940 26,071 46%
1950 28,488 93%
1960 33,586 179%
1970 37,748 124%
1980 43,089 141%
1990 44,915 42%
2000 47,910 67%
2010 49,423 32%
Est 2016 48,623 −16%
US Decennial Census12
1790-196013 1900-199014
1990-200015 2010-20132

2000 censusedit

As of the census16 of 2010, there were 49,423 people, 18,488 households, 263 persons per household There were 20,185 housing units The racial makeup of the county was 951% White, 21% Black or African American, 02% Native American, 10% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 14% from other races, and 16% from two or more races 01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 18,488 households out of which 3690% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6070% were married couples living together, 930% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2580% were non-families 2200% of all households were made up of individuals and 890% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 263 and the average family size was 313

In the county, the population was spread out with 2860% under the age of 18, 820% from 18 to 24, 2930% from 25 to 44, 2170% from 45 to 64, and 1220% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 9860 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9640 males

The median income for a household in the county was $48,475, and the median income for a family was $51,331 Males had a median income of $36,212 versus $24,470 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,255 About 530% of families and 670% of the population were below the poverty line, including 830% of those under age 18 and 530% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 49,423 people, 18,467 households, and 13,409 families residing in the county17 The population density was 1212 inhabitants per square mile 468/km2 There were 20,173 housing units at an average density of 495 per square mile 191/km218 The racial makeup of the county was 947% white, 19% black or African American, 09% Asian, 02% American Indian, 01% Pacific islander, 05% from other races, and 19% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13% of the population17 In terms of ancestry, 398% were German, 110% were Irish, 92% were American, and 78% were English19

Of the 18,467 households, 360% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 569% were married couples living together, 104% had a female householder with no husband present, 274% were non-families, and 230% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 264 and the average family size was 309 The median age was 379 years17

The median income for a household in the county was $48,475 and the median income for a family was $58,473 Males had a median income of $41,924 versus $30,487 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,948 About 89% of families and 119% of the population were below the poverty line, including 181% of those under age 18 and 75% of those age 65 or over20

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results21
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 780% 18,590 178% 4,243 42% 996
2012 717% 17,142 265% 6,343 18% 418
2008 671% 15,924 309% 7,316 20% 478
2004 709% 16,204 286% 6,535 05% 116
2000 634% 12,476 335% 6,593 31% 601
1996 478% 8,773 367% 6,729 156% 2,860
1992 443% 8,854 263% 5,262 295% 5,895
1988 700% 12,198 291% 5,065 09% 162
1984 751% 13,509 240% 4,315 09% 159
1980 543% 8,988 388% 6,425 68% 1,131
1976 539% 8,011 432% 6,414 29% 434
1972 618% 9,089 321% 4,721 61% 893
1968 476% 7,248 426% 6,479 99% 1,499
1964 342% 5,190 658% 10,004
1960 561% 8,766 439% 6,866
1956 677% 9,452 323% 4,515
1952 627% 8,957 373% 5,333
1948 437% 5,406 561% 6,939 03% 32
1944 558% 7,084 443% 5,622
1940 539% 7,130 461% 6,105
1936 337% 4,482 534% 7,110 129% 1,715
1932 336% 4,281 651% 8,299 13% 161
1928 521% 5,975 475% 5,448 03% 37
1924 444% 4,359 493% 4,840 63% 617
1920 488% 5,452 505% 5,642 07% 82
1916 373% 2,352 603% 3,801 24% 148
1912 273% 1,613 560% 3,305 167% 984
1908 401% 2,646 587% 3,879 12% 80
1904 447% 2,737 537% 3,286 16% 97
1900 387% 2,482 598% 3,837 16% 100
1896 384% 2,488 607% 3,941 09% 59
1892 371% 2,062 583% 3,244 46% 256
1888 397% 2,447 583% 3,597 20% 124
1884 406% 2,420 587% 3,496 07% 39
1880 405% 2,274 591% 3,320 04% 20
1876 387% 1,985 613% 3,141
1872 424% 1,717 571% 2,311 04% 18

Communitiesedit

Municipalities and townships of Shelby County Sidney as seen from the east

Cityedit

  • Sidney county seat

Villagesedit

  • Anna
  • Botkins
  • Fort Loramie
  • Jackson Center
  • Kettlersville
  • Lockington
  • Port Jefferson
  • Russia

Townshipsedit

  • Clinton Township
  • Cynthian Township
  • Dinsmore Township
  • Franklin Township
  • Green Township
  • Jackson Township
  • Loramie Township
  • McLean Township
  • Orange Township
  • Perry Township
  • Salem Township
  • Turtle Creek Township
  • Van Buren Township
  • Washington Township

Census-designated placesedit

  • Newport

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Houston
  • Kirkwood
  • Maplewood
  • McCartyville
  • Montra
  • Mount Jefferson
  • Pemberton
  • St Patrick
  • Swanders
  • Tawawa
  • Uno

Notable peopleedit

  • Paul Lauterbur, chemist and Nobel Prize laureate
  • J Edward Russell, former US Representative from Ohio
  • Bill Steinkemper, American football player

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Shelby County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Shelby County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Archived from the original PDF on 2007-05-08 Retrieved 2007-04-28 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Shelby County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ Peter Finkelman, "Thomas Jefferson and Anti-Slavery: The Myth Goes On", Virginia Historical Quarterly, Vol 102, No 2 April 1994, p 222, accessed 14 March 2011
  6. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "Randolph, John" Encyclopædia Britannica 11th ed Cambridge University Press 
  7. ^ David Lodge, "John Randolph and His Slaves", Shelby County Historical Society, 1998, accessed 15 March 2011
  8. ^ David Lodge, "Rumley", from Howe's History of Ohio 1846, Shelby County Historical Society, 1998, accessed 15 March 2011
  9. ^ David Lodge, "Randolph Slaves Reunion", Shelby County Historical Society, 1998, accessed 15 March 2011
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  12. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  14. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2011-05-14 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  21. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

  • County website
  • Census Information for Shelby County, Ohio
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 40°20′N 84°12′W / 4033°N 8420°W / 4033; -8420

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Shelby County, Ohio


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