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Shelburne, New Hampshire

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Shelburne is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 372 at the 2010 census1 It is located in the White Mountains, and part of the White Mountain National Forest is in the south Shelburne is home to Leadmine State Forest The Appalachian Trail crosses the town

Shelburne is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

View at Shelburne c 1915

First granted in 1769 by Governor John Wentworth, the town was named for William Petty Fitzmaurice, Earl of Shelburne He was a supporter of independence for the American colonies, and at his insistence, King George III recognized the independence of the United States The town was first settled in 1771,2 and incorporated on December 13, 1820, when Shelburne voters chose to keep the name It included Shelburne Addition until that was set off and incorporated in 1836 as Gorham3

On August 3, 1781, the town was attacked by a party of six Indians, who had earlier raided Bethel and Gilead, Maine They killed one man and took another into captivity The rest of the inhabitants fled to Hark Hill, where they spent the night before sheltering in Fryeburg3

Shelburne provided excellent soil for farming on either side of the Androscoggin River, but not far from the stream it becomes mountainous The Atlantic and St Lawrence Railroad, which opened to Gorham on July 23, 1851, and later became the Grand Trunk Railway, passed through the southern part of the town In 1859, the population was 4803

Located at the northern end of the Mount Washington Valley, Shelburne has a beautiful grove of birch trees, popular with artists and photographers, dedicated to the town's soldiers who served in World War II4

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 488 square miles 126 km2, of which 479 sq mi 124 km2 is land and 09 sq mi 23 km2 is water, comprising 184% of the town Shelburne is drained by the Androscoggin River Part of the Mahoosuc Range is in the north, while the northern end of the Carter-Moriah Range is to the south The highest point in Shelburne is on the town's southern boundary at 3,970 feet 1,210 m above sea level, just a few steps north of the 4,049-foot 1,234 m summit of Mount Moriah

The town is crossed by US Route 2

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 31
1800 45 452%
1810 176 2911%
1820 205 165%
1830 312 522%
1840 350 122%
1850 480 371%
1860 318 −337%
1870 259 −186%
1880 252 −27%
1890 336 333%
1900 283 −158%
1910 305 78%
1920 178 −416%
1930 196 101%
1940 190 −31%
1950 184 −32%
1960 226 228%
1970 199 −119%
1980 318 598%
1990 437 374%
2000 379 −133%
2010 372 −18%
Est 2015 349 −62%
US Decennial Census6
Looking up Androscoggin, from Lead-Mine Bridge, Shelburne, NH; stereographic card by John P Soule

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 379 people, 156 households, and 114 families residing in the town The population density was 79 people per square mile 31/km² There were 197 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile 16/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9736% White, 026% Native American, 026% Asian, 026% from other races, and 185% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 106% of the population

There were 156 households out of which 314% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 679% were married couples living together, 26% had a female householder with no husband present, and 269% were non-families 205% of all households were made up of individuals and 64% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 285

Mt Adams, from Lead-Mine Bridge, Shelburne, NH

In the town, the population was spread out with 235% under the age of 18, 45% from 18 to 24, 214% from 25 to 44, 343% from 45 to 64, and 164% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 45 years For every 100 females there were 1060 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1071 males

The median income for a household in the town was $44,375, and the median income for a family was $59,375 Males had a median income of $36,000 versus $22,188 for females The per capita income for the town was $24,899 About 29% of families and 37% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 135% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Matt Bevin, businessperson and Governor of Kentucky R; 2015-
  • John N Philbrook, Maine legislator

See alsoedit

  • White Mountain art

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ George Drew Merrill, History of Coös County, New Hampshire; W A Fergusson & Co, Syracuse, N Y 1888
  3. ^ a b c Austin J Coolidge & John B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  4. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau profile
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Shelburne official website
  • Shelburne Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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