Shangjing Longquanfu Chinese: 上京龍泉府 or Sanggyeong Yongcheonbu Hangul: 상경용천부, also known as Shangjing 上京 or Sanggyeong 상경, 上京, Huhan/Holhan Fortress 홀한성, 忽汗城, is an archaeological site in Ning'an, Heilongjiang, China It was the capital of the Balhae Bohai Kingdom in 756–785 and 793–926
The site is located in about 3 kilometres 19 mi from the modern town of Dongjingcheng 东京城, and the ruined city is also colloquially called "Dongjingcheng" The site has been protected since the 1960s The Chinese government has established the Bohai Shangjing National Archaeological Park and an archaeological museum at the site
- 1 Dimension
- 2 History
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Shangjing was modelled after Chang'an, capital of the Chinese Tang dynasty It was about one fifth of the size of Chang'an, measuring 468 kilometres 291 mi from east to west, and 347 kilometres 216 mi from north to south It was composed of the outer city, the inner city, and the palace city which enclosed five palaces It is one of the best preserved medieval capital cities in the world
Balhae was founded at the Dongmo Mountain by Dae Jo-yeong However, Balhae set up five capitals to rule its territories, and also transferred the main seat of the government several times because stabilizing and strengthening central rule over various ethnic tribes in its realm, which was expanded temporarily In 756, during the reign of King Mun, Shangjing Longquanfu was established as the permanent capital near Lake Jingpo, south of today's Ning'an, Heilongjiang, China
- List of provinces of Balhae
- ^ a b c "渤海上京考古遗址公园（第二批国家考古遗址公园）" in Chinese Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences 25 April 2014
- ^ in Korean "Sanggyeong Yongcheonbu", Naver encyclopedia
Coordinates: 44°07′50″N 129°08′30″E / 441306°N 1291417°E / 441306; 1291417
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