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Seneca County, Ohio

seneca county ohio board of elections, seneca county ohio health department
Coordinates: 41°08′N 83°08′W / 4113°N 8313°W / 4113; -8313

Seneca County, Ohio

Seal

Location in the US state of Ohio

Ohio's location in the US
Founded April 1, 1824
Named for the Seneca nation
Seat Tiffin
Largest city Tiffin
Area
  Total 553 sq mi 1,432 km2
  Land 551 sq mi 1,427 km2
  Water 18 sq mi 5 km2, 03%
Population
  2010 56,745
  Density 103/sq mi 40/km²
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website wwwsenecacoorg

Seneca County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,7451 Its county seat is Tiffin2 The county was created in 1820 and later organized in 18243 It is named for the Seneca Indians4

Seneca County comprises the Tiffin, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Findlay-Tiffin, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Government and politics
    • 51 County officials
  • 6 Transportation
    • 61 Major highways
    • 62 Other highways
    • 63 Airports
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Census-designated places
    • 75 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 Places of interest
  • 9 Natural history
  • 10 See also
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

The county was barely inhabited until the 1830s, but by 1860 its population had massively increased to about half the current number of inhabitants It grew slowly thereafter, with periods of more marked increase towards the end of the 19th century, during the Great Depression and the post–World War II baby boom In 1980 it was censused at 61,901, and has been declining since Since about 2000, the county's population declines by about 100–300 persons annually, mainly due to a migration deficit of about 300 persons annually This decline is projected to continue in the future5

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 553 square miles 1,430 km2, of which 551 square miles 1,430 km2 is land and 18 square miles 47 km2 03% is water6

Almost 80% of the county's total area is agricultural land Some 10% is covered by forest, and the rest is mostly taken up by built-up areas and to a slightly lesser extent by pastureland5

The terrain of Seneca County is nearly level, gently sloping from about 290 meters ASL in the southeast to about 210 m ASL at the edge of the erstwhile Great Black Swamp in the northwest Most of the county's area is located between 230 and 260 m ASL however Almost the entire county belongs to the Sandusky River drainage basin; the river itself bisects the county from north to south slightly west of its middle, running through Tiffin as it does so There is some steeper terrain along the rivers's course, formed by the occasional ravine of its tributaries7

Despite the presence of the Great Lakes which make for a somewhat milder climate in the region, Seneca County has a rather continental climate, namely after removal of the forests which once covered most of it upset the microclimate Winters can be harsh, with plentiful snowfall due to lake-effect snow, and summers are often hot and sometimes oppressively humid, bordering on subtropical The mostly featureless surface can result in rather extreme wind chill In a 1906 description, the local climate was actually described as "rather unhealthful"7

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Sandusky County north
  • Huron County east
  • Crawford County southeast
  • Wyandot County southwest
  • Hancock County west
  • Wood County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 5,159
1840 18,128 2514%
1850 27,104 495%
1860 30,868 139%
1870 30,827 −01%
1880 36,947 199%
1890 40,869 106%
1900 41,163 07%
1910 42,421 31%
1920 43,176 18%
1930 47,941 110%
1940 48,499 12%
1950 52,978 92%
1960 59,326 120%
1970 60,696 23%
1980 61,901 20%
1990 59,733 −35%
2000 58,683 −18%
2010 56,745 −33%
Est 2016 55,353 −25%
US Decennial Census9
1790-196010 1900-199011
1990-200012 2010-20131

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000,13 there were 58,683 people, 22,292 households, and 15,738 families residing in the county The population density was 107 people per square mile 41/km² There were 23,692 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile 17/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9504% White, 176% Black or African American, 018% Native American, 038% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 139% from other races, and 125% from two or more races 336% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 22,292 households out of which 3340% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5610% were married couples living together, 1020% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2940% were non-families 2470% of all households were made up of individuals and 1060% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 256 and the average family size was 304

In the county, the population was spread out with 2600% under the age of 18, 1040% from 18 to 24, 2720% from 25 to 44, 2240% from 45 to 64, and 1410% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 9800 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9570 males

The median income for a household in the county was $38,037, and the median income for a family was $44,600 Males had a median income of $32,387 versus $22,383 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,027 About 610% of families and 900% of the population were below the poverty line, including 960% of those under age 18 and 720% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,745 people, 21,774 households, and 14,870 families residing in the county14 The population density was 1030 inhabitants per square mile 398/km2 There were 24,122 housing units at an average density of 438 per square mile 169/km215 The racial makeup of the county was 937% white, 23% black or African American, 06% Asian, 02% American Indian, 13% from other races, and 19% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 44% of the population14 In terms of ancestry, 476% were German, 104% were Irish, 89% were American, and 82% were English16

Of the 21,774 households, 314% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 516% were married couples living together, 113% had a female householder with no husband present, 317% were non-families, and 263% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 249 and the average family size was 297 The median age was 388 years14

The median income for a household in the county was $42,573 and the median income for a family was $51,216 Males had a median income of $39,494 versus $30,286 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,976 About 87% of families and 119% of the population were below the poverty line, including 179% of those under age 18 and 83% of those age 65 or over17

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results18
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 613% 14,825 306% 7,404 81% 1,954
2012 523% 13,243 448% 11,353 30% 747
2008 502% 13,823 475% 13,087 23% 643
2004 589% 15,886 406% 10,957 06% 148
2000 569% 13,863 391% 9,512 40% 976
1996 413% 9,713 427% 10,044 160% 3,754
1992 373% 9,763 355% 9,280 272% 7,107
1988 585% 13,704 406% 9,504 10% 222
1984 670% 16,520 321% 7,905 09% 217
1980 609% 14,172 314% 7,303 77% 1,784
1976 521% 11,730 447% 10,074 32% 712
1972 608% 13,939 357% 8,180 35% 799
1968 523% 12,040 390% 8,970 87% 2,010
1964 396% 9,536 604% 14,518
1960 612% 15,772 388% 10,001
1956 739% 17,728 261% 6,260
1952 715% 17,750 285% 7,060
1948 589% 11,493 407% 7,954 04% 77
1944 709% 15,137 291% 6,224
1940 686% 16,272 315% 7,464
1936 447% 9,953 404% 8,982 149% 3,324
1932 423% 9,007 559% 11,894 18% 383
1928 619% 13,369 377% 8,136 04% 82
1924 533% 9,641 348% 6,290 119% 2,160
1920 544% 10,064 442% 8,175 14% 261
1916 385% 4,301 578% 6,451 37% 409
1912 231% 2,362 496% 5,082 273% 2,796
1908 431% 4,959 533% 6,138 36% 415
1904 508% 5,291 457% 4,757 36% 372
1900 442% 4,904 536% 5,946 22% 240
1896 435% 4,988 554% 6,347 11% 130
1892 415% 4,195 532% 5,378 53% 537
1888 431% 4,165 541% 5,232 28% 271
1884 437% 4,004 541% 4,950 22% 205
1880 446% 4,008 539% 4,845 15% 132
1876 456% 3,793 543% 4,515 02% 15
1872 471% 3,128 522% 3,462 07% 48

Government and politicsedit

See also: Ohio county government

County officialsedit

Office Name Party
Commissioner Holly Stacy Republican
Commissioner Fred Zoeller Republican
Commissioner Mike Kerschner Republican
Prosecutor Derek W DeVine
Sheriff William Eckelberry Republican
Clerk of Courts Jean Eckelberry Republican
Recorder Michael Dell Republican
Treasurer Damon Alt Republican
Engineer Mark Zimmerman Republican
Coroner Mark Akers Republican
Auditor Julie Adkins Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Steve Shuff Republican
Common Pleas Court Judge Michael Kelbley Democrat
Juvenile Court Judge Jay A Meyer Republican

1920

Transportationedit

Major highwaysedit

  • US Route 23
  • US Route 224

Other highwaysedit

  • State Route 4
  • State Route 12
  • State Route 18
  • State Route 19
  • State Route 53
  • State Route 67
  • State Route 100
  • State Route 101
  • State Route 162
  • State Route 228
  • State Route 231
  • State Route 587
  • State Route 590
  • State Route 635
  • State Route 778

Airportsedit

  • Bandit Field Airdrome
  • Fostoria Metropolitan Airport
  • Seneca County Airport
  • Weiker Airport

Communitiesedit

Map of Seneca County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Citiesedit

  • Fostoria partly
  • Tiffin county seat

Villagesedit

  • Attica
  • Bettsville
  • Bloomville
  • Green Springs partly
  • New Riegel
  • Republic

Townshipsedit

  • Adams
  • Big Spring
  • Bloom
  • Clinton
  • Eden
  • Hopewell
  • Jackson
  • Liberty
  • Loudon
  • Pleasant
  • Reed
  • Scipio
  • Seneca
  • Thompson
  • Venice

Census-designated placesedit

  • Bascom
  • Flat Rock
  • Fort Seneca
  • Kansas
  • McCutchenville
  • Melmore
  • Old Fort

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Adrian
  • Alvada
  • Amsden
  • Angus
  • Berwick
  • Caroline
  • Carrothers
  • Center
  • Cooper
  • Cromers
  • Fireside
  • Frank
  • Frenchtown
  • Iler
  • Ink
  • Longley
  • Lowell
  • Maple Grove
  • Omar
  • Reedtown
  • Rehoboth
  • Rockaway
  • Saint Stephens
  • Scipio
  • Siam
  • Springville
  • Swander
  • Watson
  • West Lodi

Places of interestedit

  • Seneca Caverns

Natural historyedit

Before widespread settlement, the area of Seneca County was for the most part woodland Besides the fringe of the Great Black Swamp in the northwest, there was also an extensive area of marshland in the Bloomville area as well as smaller patches of swamp terrain which were formed due to the county's essentially level terrain7 Native American inhabitants and later settlers used the region mainly for hunting fur animals, with little agriculture of note until the early 19th century

Starting in the early-mid 19th century, the county's area was subject to wholesale deforestation This led to massive alteration of much of the local wildlife, with grassland and farmland animals replacing the native woodland fauna Migrant waterbirds, in ancient times commonly encountered throughout the region as they foraged in the swamps on their way south, are nowadays rare and concentrate on the few remaining waterbodies large enough to sustain them The passenger pigeon Ectopistes migratorius had several roosting and probably nesting places in the county when it was still wooded Removal of the forest had driven the birds away by the 1860s, foreshadowing its eventual total extinction due to large-scale logging which rendered this species unable to sustain the massive hunting pressure7

Several species of waterbirds, formerly frequently encountered during migration, are only rarely seen nowadays These include, for example, the common loon Gavia immer, American wigeon Anas americana, redhead Aythya americana, canvasback Aythya valisneria, and several species of mergansers7

Landbirds were apparently less seriously affected; apart from the passenger pigeon, the ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus, wild turkey Meleagris gallopavo, golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos and marsh wren Cistothorus palustris had essentially or completely disappeared by 1900 However, it is not known how many of the numerous species of New World warblers, most of which today only occur only as transient migrants, formerly bred in Seneca County7

The Eskimo curlew Numenius borealis, possibly extinct today, occurred as a transient in Ohio until about 1900; to what extent it migrated through Seneca County is not well known but even if it did it is unlikely that it was often seen after deforestation had gotten underway in earnest The extinct Carolina parakeet Conuropsis carolinensis – or probably individuals of the western subspecies, the Louisiana Parakeet C c ludovicianus – may have on occasion have occurred in Seneca County as a vagrant before 1862721

The only record of the long-billed murrelet Brachyramphus perdix in Ohio comes from Seneca County A stray individual of this North Pacific auk was observed and photographed between November 12–18, 1996 The rare Kirtland's warbler Setophaga kirtlandii is again increasing in numbers and may occasionally range as far north as Seneca County721

The introduced house sparrow Passer domesticus is common since at least the late 19th century The ring-necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus, another species introduced from Europe, never seems to have become really plentiful, though it has been a breeding resident since at least 1901721

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Seneca County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 14, 2015 
  4. ^ Ohio State University Extension Data Center 2006: Seneca County data Version of 2006-FEB-09 Retrieved 2007-APR-28
  5. ^ a b Ohio Department of Development, Office of Strategic Research 2007: Ohio County Profiles: Seneca County
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Henninger, WF 1906 "A Preliminary List of the Birds of Seneca County, Ohio" PDF Wilson Bulletin 18 2: 47–60 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  19. ^ Seneca County government
  20. ^ Seneca County Republican Party county elected officials
  21. ^ a b c Ohio Ornithological Society 2004: Annotated Ohio state checklist Version of April 2004

External linksedit

  • A Centennial Biographical History of Seneca County, Ohio Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co, 1902
  • County website
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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