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Seediq people

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The Seediq sometimes Sediq, or Seejiq, pronounced: ˈsəədʑɪq ; Chinese: 賽德克族 are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in Nantou County and Hualien County Their language is also known as Seediq

They were officially recognised as Taiwan's 14th indigenous group on 23 April 2008 Previously, the Seediq, along with the closely related Truku people, were classified as Atayal2

Contents

  • 1 Background
  • 2 Major events
    • 21 Wushe events 霧社事件
    • 22 Shin Cheng events 新城事件
    • 23 Truku war 太魯閣之役
    • 24 Renzhiguan events 人止關事件 1902
    • 25 Zimeiyuan incident 姊妹原事件 1903
  • 3 In the media
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Backgroundedit

The Seediq are recognized as Taiwan’s 14th indigenous group They were officially recognized on 23 April 2008 Though recognized relatively late, there are records of the Seediq from the Qing dynasty During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, anthropologists found that the Seediq and Atayal people share cultural similarities; in particular, the importance of face tattoos and the “chucao” tradition of headhunting The more heads collected, the more prestige in the community

The Seediq are also closely related to the Truku people Both peoples have the same origin and culture, but separated early on due to migration

During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, the anthropologist Kanori Inō 伊能 嘉矩 recognized all the indigenous communities around Puli 埔里 as Atayal people, including the Seediq This is because he was unable to visit all the communities in Puli mountain area and was not able to observe the differences between the Atayal and Seediq Even though Seediq people were not initially recognized, later anthropologists believe that the Seediq are different enough from the Atayal people to be classified as a separate indigenous groupcitation needed

Seediq people were made up of three groups: the Tgdaya 德克塔雅群; 德克達雅群; 德固達雅群, Toda 都達群; 道澤群, and Truku 德路固群 The Truku in eastern Taiwan who split from the Seediq call themselves Truku people

During the Wushe Incident Seediq Tkdaya under Mona Rudao revolted against the Japanese while the Truku and Toda did not The rivalry between the Seediq Tkdaya against the Toda and Truku was aggravated by the Wushe Incident, since the Japanese had long played them off against each other Tkdaya land was given to the Truku and Toda by the Japanese after the incident

Major eventsedit

Wushe events 霧社事件edit

Main article: Wushe Incident

Starting from 1897, the Japanese began a road building program that brought them into the indigenous people's territory This was seen as invasive Contacts and conflicts escalated and some indigenous people were killed In 1901, in a battle with the Japanese, indigenous people defeated 670 Japanese soldiers As a result of this, in 1902, the Japanese isolated Wushe

Between 1914 and 1917, Japanese forces carried out an aggressive 'pacification' program killing many resisting people At this time, the leader of 馬赫坡社, Mona Rudao, tried to resist rule by Japan, but he failed twice because his plans were divulged At his third attempt, he organized seven out of twelve groups to fight against the Japanese forces

Shin Cheng events 新城事件edit

Main article: zh:新城事件

When Japanese soldiers raped some indigenous women, two leaders and twenty men killed thirteen Japanese soldiers345678910

Truku war 太魯閣之役edit

Main article: zh:太魯閣戰爭

The Japanese wanted to take over the Truku group After eight years of investing the area, they attacked Two thousand of the indigenous people resisted111213141516171819 The Japanese used 200 machine guns and 10,000 soldiers against the Aboriginals, but grievous wounds were inflicted upon the Japanese Governor-General Sakuma Samata during the war and caused his eventual death2021

Renzhiguan events 人止關事件 1902edit

After taking over the plain, Japanese gained control of Wushe Some of the Tgdaya people who resisted the Japanese were shot Because of this, fighting broke out again222324

Zimeiyuan incident 姊妹原事件 1903edit

In 1903 the Japanese launched a punitive expedition to seek revenge for their earlier loss at Renzhiguan2526272829

In the mediaedit

The Seediq people were featured prominently in the 2011 Taiwanese historical drama Seediq Bale which depicted the 1930 Wushe Incident along with the earlier 1902 人止關 and 1903 姊妹原30 The Wushe Incident was depicted three times in movies including in 1957 in the film 青山碧血 Qing Shan bi xue,31 It was also depicted in the 2003 TV Drama Dana Sakura w:zh:風中緋櫻

Notable peopleedit

  • Iwan Nawi, Deputy Minister of Council of Indigenous Peoples

See alsoedit

  • Demographics of Taiwan
  • Taiwanese aborigines

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "賽德克族"1, 行政院原住民族委員會,2015年/12月10日查閱
  2. ^ Shih, Hsiu-chuan; Loa, Iok-sin 24 April 2008 "Sediq recognized as 14th tribe" Taipei Times Retrieved 12 June 2016 
  3. ^ 新城事件 - 臺灣原住民歷史語言文化大辭典網路版
  4. ^ 新城事件歷史現場變遷
  5. ^ 新城事件
  6. ^ 新城天主堂 - 花蓮觀光資訊網> 太魯閣地區> 熱門景點
  7. ^ 花蓮縣文化局> 文化資產
  8. ^ 文化視野:太魯閣事件的開端:新城事件- 台灣立報
  9. ^ 太魯閣族抗日戰役史- 和平國小台灣母語日暨原住民資源網
  10. ^ 104年台灣原住民族史含概要、大意-看這本就夠了
  11. ^ 臺灣原住民族文化知識網 歷史事件
  12. ^ 太魯閣戰爭百年回顧
  13. ^ 被遺忘的戰役_太魯閣戰役mpg - YouTube
  14. ^ 太魯閣戰役電影粉絲團 - 【影片】百年血淚!被
  15. ^ 太魯閣事件 - 臺灣原住民歷史語言文化大辭典網路版
  16. ^ 太魯閣戰爭 - 臺灣原住民歷史語言文化大辭典網路版
  17. ^ 太魯閣 - 臺灣原住民數位博物館
  18. ^ 2014年「太魯閣族抗日戰爭紀念系列活動」官方網站- 本站消息
  19. ^ 2014年「太魯閣族抗日戰爭紀念系列活動」官方網站- Dxgal o
  20. ^ Tsai 2005, p 12
  21. ^ Tsai 2009, p 134
  22. ^ 國立自然科學博物館-> 賽德克-巴萊特展-> 事件-> 人止關
  23. ^ 人止關事件 - 臺灣原住民歷史語言文化大辭典網路版
  24. ^ 寫真霧社事件台灣多樣性知識網焦點特展
  25. ^ 國立自然科學博物館-> 賽德克-巴萊特展-> 事件-> 姊妹原事件
  26. ^ 姐妹原事件 - 臺灣原住民歷史語言文化大辭典網路版
  27. ^ 眉溪部落姜仁和耆老-姊妹原事件-數位典藏與學習聯合目錄
  28. ^ 姊妹原事件 - VCenter - 您的影音中心- 數位典藏國家型計畫
  29. ^ 真相.巴萊: 《賽德克・巴萊》的歷史真相與隨拍札記 Seediq Bale 5
  30. ^ darryl January 4, 2012 "Subjective, objective and indigenous history: Seediq Bale’s take on the Wushe Incident" Savage Minds 
  31. ^ Lee 2012, p 395
  • Sediq recognized as 14th group - Taipei Times, 24 April 2008
  • RTIorg

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