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Seattle Art Museum

seattle art museum, seattle art museum exhibits
The Seattle Art Museum commonly known as "SAM" is an art museum located in Seattle, Washington, USA It maintains three major facilities: its main museum in downtown Seattle; the Seattle Asian Art Museum SAAM in Volunteer Park on Capitol Hill, and the open Olympic Sculpture Park on the central Seattle waterfront, which opened on January 20, 2007

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Exhibitions
  • 3 Collection
    • 31 Return of looted art
  • 4 Libraries
    • 41 Dorothy Stimson Bullitt Library
    • 42 McCaw Foundation Library of Asian Art
  • 5 Facilities
    • 51 Main facility
    • 52 Modern Art Pavilion
    • 53 Seattle Asian Art Museum
    • 54 Olympic Sculpture Park
  • 6 Management
    • 61 Governance
    • 62 Funding
    • 63 Attendance
  • 7 Notes
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The "Art Ladder": the main staircase of the 1991 Venturi building, now integrated into the expanded SAM as a free public space

The SAM collection has grown from 1,926 pieces in 1933 to nearly 25,000 as of 2008 Its original museum provided an area of 25,000 square feet 2,300 m2; the present facilities provide 312,000 square feet 29,000 m2 plus a 9-acre 36 ha park Paid staff have increased from 7 to 303, and the museum library has grown from approximately 1,400 books to 33,252

SAM traces its origins to the Seattle Fine Arts Society organized 1905 and the Washington Arts Association organized 1906, which merged in 1917, keeping the Fine Arts Society name In 1931 the group renamed itself as the Art Institute of Seattle The Art Institute housed its collection in Henry House, the former home, on Capitol Hill, of the collector and founder of the Henry Art Gallery, Horace C Henry 1844–192812

Richard E Fuller, president of the Seattle Fine Arts Society, was the animating figure of SAM in its early years During the Great Depression, he and his mother, Margaret MacTavish Fuller, donated $250,000 to build an art museum in Volunteer Park on Seattle's Capitol Hill The city provided the land and received ownership of the building Carl F Gould of the architectural firm Bebb and Gould designed an Art Deco/Art Moderne building for the museum, which opened June 23, 1933 The Art Institute collection formed the core of the original SAM collection; the Fullers soon donated additional pieces The Art Institute was responsible for managing art activities when the museum first opened Fuller served as museum director into the 1970s, never taking a salary12

SAM joined with the National Council on the Arts later NEA, Richard Fuller, and the Seattle Foundation in part, another Fuller family endeavor to acquire and install Isamu Noguchi's sculpture Black Sun in front of the museum in Volunteer Park It was the NEA's first commission in Seattle3 In 1983–1984, the museum received a donation of half of a downtown city block, the former J C Penney department store4 on the west side of Second Avenue between Union and Pike Streets They eventually decided that this particular block was not a suitable site: that land was sold for private development as the Newmark Building, and the museum acquired land in the next block south5 On December 5, 1991, SAM reopened in a $62 million6 downtown facility designed by Robert Venturi7 The next year, one of Jonathan Borofsky's Hammering Man sculptures was installed outside the museum as part of Seattle City Light's One Percent for Art program8 Hammering Man would have been installed in time for the museum's opening, but on September 28, 1991, as workers attempted to erect the piece, it fell, was damaged, and had to be returned to the foundry for repairs9 Hammering Man was used in a guerrilla art installation on Labor day in 1993 when Jason Sprinkle and other local artists attached a 700 lb 320 kg ball and chain to the leg of the sculpture10 In 1994 the Volunteer Park facility reopened as the Seattle Asian Art Museum In 2007 the Olympic Sculpture Park opened to the public, culminating an 8-year process8

Exhibitionsedit

Among the museum's notable exhibitions besides the aforementioned Treasures of Tutankhamun were a 1954 exhibition of 25 European paintings and sculptures from the Samuel H Kress Foundation; these pieces were donated to SAM in 1961 A 1959 Van Gogh exhibit drew 126,100 visitors That same year, SAM organized a retrospective of the work of Northwest School painter Mark Tobey that traveled to four other US museums Tobey's works and highlights of SAM's Asian collection were featured under the museum's aegis at the Century 21 Exposition the 1962 Seattle World's Fair A Jacob Lawrence retrospective in 1974 honored a giant of African American art who had settled in Seattle four years earlier Leonardo Lives 1997 featured the Codex Leicester, the last manuscript of Leonardo da Vinci in private hands, which had then been recently purchased by Bill Gates11

Collectionedit

As of June 2008, the SAM collection includes nearly 25,000 pieces Among them are Alexander Calder's Eagle 1971 and Richard Serra's Wake 2004, both at the Olympic Sculpture Park; the aforementioned Hammering Man; Cai Guo-Qiang's Inopportune: Stage One 2004, a sculpture constructed from cars and sequenced multi-channel light tubes on display in the lobby of the SAM Downtown; The Judgment of Paris c 1516-18 by Lucas Cranach the Elder; Mark Tobey's Electric Night 1944; Yéil X'eenh Raven Screen c 1810, attributed to the Tlingit artist Kadyisduaxch'; Do-Ho Suh's Some/One 2001; and a coffin in the shape of a Mercedes Benz 1991 by Kane Quaye of Ghana While SAM's collections of modern and ethnic art are notable, its collection of more-traditional European painting and sculpture is quite thin, and the Museum relies on traveling exhibitions rather than its own collection to fill that notable gap Nevertheless, there are early Italian paintings by Dalmasio Scannabecchi, Puccio di Simone, Giovanni di Paolo, Luca Di Tomme, Bartolomeo Vivarini, and Paolo Uccello There are paintings by V Sellaer, Jan Molenaer, Emanuel De Witte, Luca Giordano, Luca Carlevaris, Armand Guillaumin, and Camille Pissarro This museum also has a large collection of Twentieth Century American paintings by Jacob Lawrence and Mark Tobey There is an appreciable collection of Aboriginal Australian Art

Return of looted artedit

The museum returned a painting by Henri Matisse to the heirs of 1930s French-Jewish impressionist and post-impressionist art dealer Paul Rosenberg that had been looted by Nazis in World War II, after having requested that the family sue in order to reach a legal settlement that included another art dealer So in October 1997, Rosenberg's family filled suit in District Court, to recover the painting Odalisque 1927 or 1928 It was the first lawsuit against an American museum concerning ownership of Nazi plunder during World War II Then museum director Mimi Gardner Gates brokered an 11th hour settlement that returned the artwork, after which the museum sued the gallery which had sold it the painting in the 1950s12 Author Héctor Feliciano said it was only the second instance in the US of a museum returning looted art13

Librariesedit

The Seattle Art Museum contains the Dorothy Stimson Bullitt Library and the McCaw Foundation Library of Art

Dorothy Stimson Bullitt Libraryedit

The Dorothy Stimson Bullitt Library was founded in 1991 As of 2011 it contained 20,000 books and subscribed to 100 periodicals It specializes in African art, contemporary art, decorative ars, European art, Modern art, and photography14

McCaw Foundation Library of Asian Artedit

The McCaw Foundation Library of Asian Art was founded in 1933 As of 2011 it contained 15000 book volumes and subscribed to 100 periodicals It specializes in Asian art14

Facilitiesedit

Main facilityedit

The museum's main collection moved to its present location on First Avenue in December 1991; the museum's original building became the Seattle Asian Art Museum in 1994 The building, a limestone-covered rectangle with a streak of tile and terra cotta around its outside,6 is located at University Street and First Avenue, and was completed by Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates at 150,000 square feet 14,000 m2 with a $28,100,000 budget15

Seattle Art Museum expansion

In 2006, the Seattle Art Museum began expanding its 1991 location in a joint effort with Washington Mutual WaMu; the enlarged building was originally known as the WaMu Center The expansion actually began in July 2004 Several pieces had to be temporarily moved to prevent them from being damaged due to vibrations during construction This would have been the initial foundation phase of the WaMu Center In addition to reworking the Venturi building, SAM now takes up the first four floors of a 16-floor building designed by Portland, Oregon architect Brad Cloepfil SAM also owns the next eight floors, which WaMu originally rented; Washington Mutual owned the top four floors As SAM expands in the future, it can take over one or more of the rented floors16

Because of the construction, the museum's downtown location was closed from January 5, 2006 to May 5, 2007 The expanded building offers 70 percent more gallery space, an expanded museum store, and a new restaurant In anticipation of the expansion, over a thousand new pieces, with a total value over a billion dollars, were donated to the collection17

Washington Mutual's 2008 failure and subsequent acquisition by JPMorganChase resulted in Northwestern Mutual purchasing WaMu's share of the building September 9, 2009, and renaming it the Russell Investments Center Currently, Russell Investments, a Northwestern Mutual subsidiary, is headquartered there, having relocated from Tacoma, Washington

Admission to the SAM's indoor facilities is free on the first Thursday of each month; SAM also offers free admission the first Saturday of the month And even the normal admission is suggested, meaning that the museum would like visitors to pay the complete admission but if they can not pay fully they can still enjoy the museum18

Modern Art Pavilionedit

After the Century 21 Exposition, the fairgrounds became Seattle Center, and the UK Pavilion became the Modern Art Pavilion of the museum It remained in use until 19873

Seattle Asian Art Museumedit

Main article: Seattle Asian Art Museum

The Seattle Asian Art Museum SAAM has been located since 1994 in the original 1933 Deco/Moderne SAM facility in Volunteer Park on Seattle's Capitol Hill

Olympic Sculpture Parkedit

Main article: Olympic Sculpture Park

The Olympic Sculpture Park is a 9-acre 36 ha free and open public park on the Seattle waterfront just north of downtown It opened on January 20, 20071920

Managementedit

Governanceedit

Kimerly Rorschach was hired in 2012 to lead the Seattle Art Museum21

Fundingedit

The Seattle Art Museum only receives 4% of its funding from the government; the rest of its operating costs are covered by ticket fees and its membership base As of 2014, the museum has a $23 million budget22 As a result of the banking crisis, the museum in 2009 lost $58 million in annual rental and related income from its tenant Washington Mutual It faced an accumulated debt of $56 million dating back from when the museum and Washington Mutual partnered on a new downtown building they intended to share After the bank was sold to JPMorgan Chase in 2008, it left the museum with eight floors of office space, at a cost of about $58 million a year2324 Help came in the form of grants from the JPMorgan Chase and the Gates Foundation25 The museum’s endowment for art purchases is currently at less than $78 million26

Attendanceedit

While the number of visitors has grown, the pattern is more complicated: 346,287 people visited the museum in its first year; in 1978 the traveling exhibit Treasures of Tutankhamun shown in the facility at Seattle Center drew 13 million visitors in a mere four months; 2007 attendance was 797,12727 In 2010, the exhibition "Picasso: Masterpieces from the Musée National Picasso, Paris" drew more than 405,000 people and was the museum's most-attended exhibition since it moved to its downtown location from Volunteer Park in 1991 In SAM's history, only the 1978 King Tut exhibition, held at Seattle Center, ranked higher in attendance28

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b Dave Wilma, "Seattle Art Museum opens in Volunteer Park on June 23, 1933", historylinkorg, accessed March 11, 2007
  2. ^ a b "SAM at 75", p 11
  3. ^ a b "SAM at 75", p 12
  4. ^ "SAM at 75", p 13
  5. ^ Ferdinand M De Leon, Money Troubles Cloud Opening Of New Seattle Art Museum, Seattle Times, December 1, 1991 Accessed online 19 June 2008
  6. ^ a b Timothy Egan December 10, 1991, Museum By Venturi Opens In Seattle New York Times
  7. ^ David Wilma, Seattle Art Museum opens downtown on December 5, 1991, HistoryLink, September 5, 2001 Accessed online 19 June 2008
  8. ^ a b "SAM at 75", p 14–15
  9. ^ David Wilma, Seattle Art Museum's Hammering Man falls on September 28, 1991, HistoryLink, September 5, 2001 Accessed online 19 June 2008
  10. ^ "Jason Sprinkle, 1969-2005: Celebrated acts of guerrilla art caused notoriety, changed him" Seattle Post-Intelligencer 2005-05-24 Retrieved 2013-05-18 
  11. ^ "SAM at 75", p 12–14
  12. ^ "SAM to Return Matisse Odalisque to Rosenbergs" Association of Art Museum Directors June 14, 1999 Retrieved 2006-09-08 
  13. ^ Felicia R Lee June 16, 1999, Seattle Museum to Return Looted Work The New York Times
  14. ^ a b American Library Directory 2 64th ed Information Today, Inc 2011–2012 pp 2568–2576 ISBN 978-1-57387-411-3 
  15. ^ "Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates website" Retrieved 2006-08-06 
  16. ^ Sheila Farr, With a new home and new art, will museum gain new profile, Seattle Times, May 1, 2007 Accessed online 7 May 2007
  17. ^ Sheila Farr, Seattle Art Museum gets $1 billion infusion of art, Seattle Times, March 31, 2007 Accessed online 7 May 2007
  18. ^ "Seattle Weekly: Pay What You Can at SAM" Retrieved 2009-02-23 
  19. ^ Seattle Art Museum press release
  20. ^ Seattle Parks Department official site
  21. ^ Hilarie M Sheets March 7, 2014, Study Finds a Gender Gap at the Top Museums New York Times
  22. ^ Hilarie M Sheets March 7, 2014, Study Finds a Gender Gap at the Top Museums New York Times
  23. ^ Jason Edward Kaufman April 15, 2009, Troubles deepen for museums: layoffs, budget cuts and cancelled shows The Art Newspaper
  24. ^ Janet I Tu May 26, 2010, Budget forces Seattle Art Museum to close for 2 weeks next year Seattle Times
  25. ^ Javier Pes and Helen Stoilas April 5, 2012, US museums rebuild but fears of relapse linger The Art Newspaper
  26. ^ Judith H Dobrzynski March 14, 2012, How an Acquisition Fund Burnishes Reputations New York Times
  27. ^ "SAM at 75", p 10, 13
  28. ^ Janet I Tu May 10, 2011, Seattle Art Museum director Derrick Cartwright is resigning Seattle Times

Referencesedit

  • "SAM at 75", in the unnamed newsletter of the Seattle Art Museum, June 2008, 10–15

External linksedit

  • Seattle portal
  • Official website
  • Olympic Sculpture Park Construction An unofficial journal

Coordinates: 47°36′26″N 122°20′17″W / 4760722°N 12233806°W / 4760722; -12233806 Seattle Art Museum

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