Thu . 19 Apr 2019

Saxon Switzerland National Park

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Saxon Switzerland National Park German: Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz, is a National Park in the German Free State of Saxony near the capital city of DresdenIt covers two areas of 935 km² 361 mi² in the heart of the German part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains which is called the Saxon Switzerland German: Sächsische Schweiz

The National Park adjoins Bohemian Switzerland National Park Czech: České Švýcarsko in the Czech Republic


  • 1 Geography
    • 11 Location
    • 12 Landscape
    • 13 Western region
    • 14 Eastern region
  • 2 Tourism and recreation
  • 3 Information posts
  • 4 Points of interest
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links



The National Park is the centre of a natural area of almost 710 km² 274 mi² This region is called Saxon Switzerland and is cultivated by humans in many places Some smaller towns and villages like Bad Schandau or Königstein in the district of Sächsische Schweiz are part of this region

The core area of the National Park has a quiescent area of 40% and is covered almost completely by forest The status of National Park, which grants the highest natural protection in Germany, was established in 1990 It lies – in two geographically separate areas – within the district of Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge


Saxon Switzerland is an intensively fissured and rocky canyon landscape The highest peak of the National Park is at 556 metres 1,814 feet above sea level but only in short distance to the valley of the Elbe river at 110 to 120 metres 360 to 390 feet It offers several different habitats and microclimate zones due to its strong vertical division The National Park still hosts some forms of forest without human intervention, which is an exception in central Europe The special forms of mountain forest and gorge forest are endangered in Europe generally Because of the saboulus soil and the fissures many places in that area are dryer than normally in the temperate zone and offers rough conditions This makes this area so special

Western region

This region includes the Bastei area, the Lilienstein and the Polenz valley In the west it is bordered by Wehlen and Lohmen, in the north by Lohmen and Hohnstein, in the east by Hohnstein and Goßdorf and in the south by Porschdorf, Rathen and Wehlen The municipality of Waitzdorf lies entirely within the western region Important peaks are the Lilienstein 415 m, the Bastei 305 m, the Hockstein and the Brand 317 m The Grünbach and the associated lake of Amselsee and the Polenz are the only waterbodies of note

Eastern region

The eastern region includes the area of the Schrammsteine rocks, the Großer Winterberg mountain, the Großer Zschand valley and the hinterland of Saxon Switzerland Hinterer Sächsischen Schweiz To the west it is bordered by Bad Schandau and Altendorf and to the north by Altendorf, Ottendorf and Hinterhermsdorf To the east and south it is bordered by the Bohemian Switzerland National Park From Schmilka to Bad Schandau the Elbe forms the southern boundary of this region Important peaks are the Großer Winterberg 556 m, the Kuhstall 337 m and the Raumberg 459 m The Kirnitzsch is the only waterbody of note

Tourism and recreation

A fern grove along one of the many hiking trails in the area

The National Parks is, in some cases, in conflict with tourism and recreation One objective is to raise the inviolate area to 75%, which means limiting the areas of hiking and climbing Today there are some 400 km 250 mi of hiking paths, 499 km 310 mi of biking paths, and 755 climbing locations with around 12,600 possibilities of climbing routes The National Park is part of a larger region that serves as a recreation area close to Dresden Bad Schandau has a station in the EuroCity network and is some 45 minutes away from Dresden by Dresden S-Bahn

Information posts

  • National Park Headquarters
    • National Park Centre in Bad Schandau
    • National Park Office in Bad Schandau
  • Information posts
    • Schweizerhaus on the Bastei
    • Amselfall mountain hut
    • Log cabin on the Brand
    • Eishaus on the Großer Winterberg
    • Armoury in the Großer Zschand
    • Haus Beize and Waldhusche in Hinterhermsdorf

Points of interest

  • Pflanzengarten Bad Schandau, a regional botanical garden

See also

  • Bohemian Switzerland


  1. ^ Topografische Karte und Begleitheft Sächsisch-Böhmische Schweiz, Landesvermessungsamt Sachsen, Dresden 2003, ISBN 3-89679-361-6
  2. ^ http://wwwgesetze-im-internetde/bundesrecht/natpsschweizv/gesamtpdf
  3. ^ http://wwwnationalpark-saechsische-schweizde/service/service/Infostellen

External links

  • Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz

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Saxon Switzerland National Park Information about

Saxon Switzerland National Park

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