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Salivary gland–like carcinoma of the lung

Salivary gland–like carcinomas of the lung generally refers a class of rare cancers that arise from the uncontrolled cell division mitosis of mutated cancer stem cells in lung tissue They take their name partly from the appearance of their abnormal cells, whose structure and features closely resemble those of cancers that form in the major salivary glands parotid glands, submandibular glands and sublingual glands of the head and neck1 Carcinoma is a term for malignant neoplasms derived from cells of epithelial lineage, and/or that exhibit cytological or tissue architectural features characteristically found in epithelial cells21

This class of primary lung cancers contains several histological variants, including mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the lung, adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lung, epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma of the lung, and other even more rare variants 1


Lung cancer is a large and exceptionally heterogeneous family of malignancies3 Over 50 different histological variants are explicitly recognized within the 2004 revision of the World Health Organization WHO typing system "WHO-2004", currently the most widely used lung cancer classification scheme1 Many of these entities are rare, recently described, and poorly understood4 However, since different forms of malignant tumors generally exhibit diverse genetic, biological, and clinical properties — including response to treatment — accurate classification of lung cancer cases are critical to assuring that patients with lung cancer receive optimum management56

Under WHO-2004, lung carcinomas are divided into 8 major taxa:1

  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Small cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Large cell carcinoma
  • Adenosquamous carcinoma
  • Sarcomatoid carcinoma
  • Carcinoid tumor
  • Salivary gland-like carcinoma


  1. ^ a b c d e Travis, William D; Brambilla, Elisabeth; Muller-Hermelink, H Konrad; et al, eds 2004 Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of the Lung, Pleura, Thymus and Heart PDF World Health Organization Classification of Tumours Lyon: IARC Press ISBN 92-832-2418-3 Retrieved 27 March 2010 
  2. ^ Travis WD, Travis LB, Devesa SS January 1995 "Lung cancer" Cancer 75 1 Suppl: 191–202 PMID 8000996 doi:101002/1097-01421995010175:1+<191::AID-CNCR2820751307>30CO;2-Y 
  3. ^ Roggli VL, Vollmer RT, Greenberg SD, McGavran MH, Spjut HJ, Yesner R June 1985 "Lung cancer heterogeneity: a blinded and randomized study of 100 consecutive cases" Hum Pathol 16 6: 569–79 PMID 2987102 doi:101016/S0046-81778580106-4 
  4. ^ Brambilla E, Travis WD, Colby TV, Corrin B, Shimosato Y December 2001 "The new World Health Organization classification of lung tumours" Eur Respir J 18 6: 1059–68 PMID 11829087 doi:101183/090319360100275301 
  5. ^ Rossi G, Marchioni A, Sartori1 G, Longo L, Piccinini S, Cavazza A 2007 "Histotype in non-small cell lung cancer therapy and staging: The emerging role of an old and underrated factor" Curr Resp Med Rev 3: 69–77 doi:102174/157339807779941820 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  6. ^ Vincent MD August 2009 "Optimizing the management of advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a personal view" Curr Oncol 16 4: 9–21 PMC 2722061  PMID 19672420 doi:103747/cov16i4465 

External linksedit

  • Lung Cancer Home Page The National Cancer Institute site containing further reading and resources about lung cancer
  • 1 World Health Organization Histological Classification of Lung and Pleural Tumours 4th Edition 2004

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