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Rye, New Hampshire

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Rye is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 5,298 at the 2010 census1


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 In culture
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


The first settlement in New Hampshire, originally named Pannaway Plantation, was established in 1623 at Odiorne's Point2 by a group of fishermen led by David Thompson An early settler in Rye was William Berry Prior to its incorporation in 1726 as a parish of New Castle, Rye was called Sandy Beach and included land in New Castle, Portsmouth, Greenland and Hampton3

Rock formation near Odiorne Point


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 367 square miles 951 km2, of which 126 square miles 326 km2 is land and 241 square miles 624 km2 is water, comprising 6565% of the town4 The town is located on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean and includes four of the nine islands known as the Isles of Shoals, which lie approximately 10 miles 16 km out from the mainland The highest point in Rye is the summit of Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet 46 m above sea level, on the town's border with Greenland

The unincorporated community of Rye Beach is in the southern part of the town Rye Beach has its own US post office, as well as its own zoning enforcement and planning regulations5


Historical population
1790 865
1800 890 29%
1810 1,020 146%
1820 1,127 105%
1830 1,172 40%
1840 1,205 28%
1850 1,295 75%
1860 1,199 −74%
1870 993 −172%
1880 1,111 119%
1890 978 −120%
1900 1,142 168%
1910 1,014 −112%
1920 1,196 179%
1930 1,081 −96%
1940 1,246 153%
1950 1,982 591%
1960 3,244 637%
1970 4,083 259%
1980 4,508 104%
1990 4,612 23%
2000 5,182 124%
2010 5,298 22%
Est 2015 5,375 15%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 5,182 people, 2,176 households, and 1,462 families residing in the town The population density was 4107 people per square mile 1585/km² There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 2096 per square mile 809/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9871% White, 014% African American, 008% Native American, 046% Asian, 010% from other races, and 052% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 062% of the population

There were 2,176 households out of which 269% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 572% were married couples living together, 76% had a female householder with no husband present, and 328% were non-families 272% of all households were made up of individuals and 120% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 235 and the average family size was 287

In the town, the population was spread out with 222% under the age of 18, 35% from 18 to 24, 253% from 25 to 44, 300% from 45 to 64, and 190% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 44 years For every 100 females there were 908 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 882 males

The median income for a household in the town was $63,152, and the median income for a family was $74,956 Males had a median income of $51,131 versus $34,327 for females The per capita income for the town was $36,746 About 16% of families and 35% of the population were below the poverty line, including 54% of those under age 18 and 09% of those age 65 or over


As of 2004, 1,345 registered voters in Rye were Democrats and 1,815 were registered Republicans 1

In August 2001, a group of townspeople from Newington and Rye made a plea in protest to the state legislature to consider allowing the town to secede from the state due to disproportionate property tax laws which had been passed by the state in 1997 to balance the state's education economy9 The dispute was largely quelled by the lack of support for the movement, as only 52 of Newington's 700+ and 100 of Rye's 5,000 residents signed the petition The property tax issue itself quieted as Governor Craig Benson announced in 2003 the property taxes would be cut almost by half by 2008


Children who live in Rye can attend public schools in town from kindergarten through eighth grade School Administrative Unit 50 SAU-50 is the school district that serves Rye, as well as the towns of Greenland, Newington, and New Castle High school students from Rye attend Portsmouth High School

Rye Elementary School is home to kindergarten through fifth grade and is the first and largest school students from Rye will attend in SAU-50 All grades are co-ed and the school has an 11 to 1 student per teacher ratio with three hundred and thirty students enrolled in October 2013 Rye Junior High handles grades six, seven, and eight The neighboring town of New Castle sends its students to Rye Junior High after sixth grade, but only contributes a few students to each year's seventh grade class All grades are coed and contain two hundred and twenty students as of October 2013 with a ratio of nine students to each teacher

There are two private pre-schools in the town Rye Country Day is the larger of the two pre-schools in town, currently enrolling one hundred and forty students as of October 2013 The second, The Children's House Montessori school, is located at 80 Sagamore Road and has a student per teacher ratio of eleven to one

Learning Skills Academy is a private non-profit school catering to students with learning capabilities The organization has a location at 1237 Washington Road in Rye and accepts students in fifth through eleventh grade, as well as third 32 kids make up the student body at the Rye location as of October 2013

Notable peopleedit

  • Craig Benson, 79th governor of New Hampshire
  • William Berry, first settler of Rye
  • Dan Brown, author The Da Vinci Code10
  • Scott Brown, former US senator from Massachusetts
  • Judd Gregg, 76th governor of New Hampshire and US senator11
  • Chip Kelly, head football coach, San Francisco 49ers12
  • Dave O'Brien, ESPN play-by-play announcer, radio voice of the Boston Red Soxcitation needed
  • Herbert Philbrick, advertising executive and business owner in Rye; paid by the FBI to infiltrate the Communist Party USA in the 1940s see: I Led Three Lives
  • Laurence Tosi, Chief Financial Officer of Airbnbcitation needed
  • Liv Tyler, actress and daughter of Steven Tylercitation needed

In cultureedit

Rye was the setting in part of the short story "Marjorie Daw" by Thomas Bailey Aldrich 1836-190713



  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Charles W Brewster "Old Pannaway:First NH Settlement" SeacoastNHcom Retrieved 2008-08-01 
  3. ^ Parsons, pg 38
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Rye town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 15, 2011 
  5. ^ "Rye Beach Village District" Retrieved 2017-03-17 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  9. ^ Burnett, Carl August 14, 2001 "Many NH towns protest taxes" The Dartmouth Retrieved 2007-01-26 
  10. ^ Carbone, Gina July 27, 2008 "Release date reportedly set for Dan Brown's new book" Seacoast Online Retrieved March 7, 2017 
  11. ^ Leah Goldman July 20, 2011 "Check Out The House Goldman Sachs Advisor Judd Gregg Is Trying To Sell For $49 Million" Business Insider Retrieved May 7, 2012 
  12. ^ Cresta, Joey January 9, 2014 "Eagles coach Chip Kelly looks to expand his Rye home" Portsmouth Herald 
  13. ^ "Marjorie Daw" Retrieved Feb 9, 2016 


  • Parsons, Langdon B 1905 History of the Town of Rye New Hampshire Concord, NH: Rumford Printing Co

External linksedit

  • Town of Rye official website
  • Rye Historical Society and Town Museum
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Rye Junior High School
  • Rye Reflections senior journal 2005-2010
  • Fort Dearborn from American Forts Network
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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