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Ruth Hanna McCormick

ruth hanna mccormick, ruth hanna mccormick simms
Ruth McCormick Simms née Ruth Hanna; March 27, 1880 – December 31, 1944 was a United States Representative from Illinois and active in the women's suffrage movement


  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Family tree
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 Sources
  • 7 External links

Early life and educationedit

Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms was the daughter of Senator Mark Hanna and the wife of Senator Joseph Medill McCormick and later of Congressman Albert Gallatin Simms, hence her maiden name, Ruth Hanna, and name upon death, Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms, are also seen in the literature

McCormick was born in Cleveland, Ohio where she attended Hathaway Brown School Later, she attended The Masters School in Dobbs Ferry, New York and the Miss Porter's School in Farmington, Connecticut She owned and operated a dairy and breeding farm near Byron, Illinois and was the publisher and president of the Rockford Consolidated Newspapers in Rockford, Illinois

In 1903 she married Joseph "Medill" McCormick They had three children:

  • Ruth "Bazy" McCormick Miller Tankersley, 1921–2013 She was publisher of the Washington Times-Herald and founded Al-Marah Arabians, a breeding and training farm for Arabian horses now in Tucson, Arizona, which is still operating1
  • Katrina McCormick 1913–2011, who married Courtland Dixon Barnes, Jr2
  • John Medill McCormick, called "Johnny," died in a mountain-climbing accident in 1938

Medill served in both the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate prior to his death at age 47 on February 25, 19253 Although not publicized as such at the time, his death was considered a suicide4


Ruth McCormick served as the chairman of the first woman’s executive committee of the Republican National Committee, and an associate member of the national committee 1919-1924, in the latter year becoming the first elected national committeewoman from Illinois and served until 1928 She was an active worker for the suffrage amendment from 1913 until the United States Constitution was amended From 1913 to 1914, she served as head of the Congressional Committee for the National American Woman Suffrage Association NAWSA She took over leadership from Alice Paul, who went on to form the Congressional Union as a separate national suffrage organization During her time as leader of the Congressional Committee, she produced an eight-reel melodrama Your Girl and Mine, which was intended to help gain support for the suffrage movement The film never circulated broadly, despite critical praise from contemporary film reviewers, because the distribution agreement between NAWSA and the World Film Company fell apart shortly after the premiere in 1914 and the film was confined to private screenings

McCormick was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-first Congress and served from March 4, 1929 to March 3, 1931 for the House of Representatives, at-large from Illinois She was not a candidate for renomination in 1930 since she received the Republican nomination for United States Senator in which election she was unsuccessful She resumed her newspaper interests In 1932, she married Albert Gallatin Simms, of New Mexico, who was also a Member of the Seventy-first Congress and resided in Albuquerque, New Mexico5 She moved to New Mexico with Simms to a ranch in northern Albuquerque The property would become Los Poblanos, designed by John Gaw Meem in the Pueblo Revival Style In 1932, she founded Sandia School, later becoming the Sandia Preparatory School In 1938, she founded Manzano Day School Albuquerque Academy’s land was donated by the Simms’ and Albuquerque Little Theatre was also founded by Ruth6 She ran a radio station and two newspapers in this period and later purchased a 250,000–acre cattle and sheep ranch in Colorado5 She developed pancreatitis following a fall from a horse in 1944,5 and died in Chicago, Illinois on December 31, 1944 She was buried in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Family treeedit

See alsoedit

  • Biography portal
  • Women in the United States House of Representatives
  • Woman's World's Fair


  1. ^ Parkinson, Mary Jane 1998  and Ride Away Singing Arabian Horse Owners Foundation ISBN 978-1-930140-00-4 
  2. ^ McCormick, Katrina June 15, 1935 "Katrina McCormick Weds Courtland Dixon Barnes, Jr" PDF Syracuse Herald Retrieved 10 March 2013 
  3. ^ "National Affairs: Medill McCormick" Time magazine March 9, 1925 Retrieved January 9, 2011 
  4. ^ United States Congress "Ruth Hanna McCormick id: M000369" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 
  5. ^ a b c http://historyhousegov/People/Listing/M/McCORMICK,-Ruth-Hanna-M000372/
  6. ^ Urig, Kelly 2015-07-20 New Mexico Chiles: History, Legend and Lore Arcadia Publishing ISBN 9781625853530 


  • United States Congress "Ruth Hanna McCormick id: M000372" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 
  • Miller, Kristie Ruth Hanna McCormick: A Life in Politics, 1880-1944 Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1992
  • Miller, Kristie “Ruth Hanna McCormick and the Senatorial Election of 1930” Illinois Historical Journal, 81 Autumn 1988: 191-210
  • Hasara, Karen "McCormick unsung heroine in US politics" Illinois Issues XIX 7 July 1993: 28
  • Shore, Amy "Producing a National Suffrage Imaginary" Suffrage and the Silver Screen Unpublished Dissertation: New York University, 2003

External linksedit

  • Ruth Hanna McCormick at Find a Grave
US House of Representatives
Preceded by
Henry Rathbone
Member of the US House of Representatives
from Illinois's at-large congressional district
Seat A

Succeeded by
William Dieterich
Party political offices
Preceded by
Charles Deneen
Republican nominee for US Senator from Illinois
Class 2

Succeeded by
Otis Glenn

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Ruth Hanna McCormick

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