Rural Municipality of Gimli


Gimli is a rural municipality located in the Interlake region of south-central Manitoba, Canada, on the western shore of Lake Winnipeg It is about 75 kilometres 47 mi north of the provincial capital Winnipeg The rural municipality's population in the Canada 2016 Census was 6,181

The town of Gimli and surrounding districts were once an Icelandic ethnic block settlement, and the area, known as New Iceland, is home to the largest concentration of people of Icelandic ancestry outside Iceland It also has significant Ukrainian and German communities, at 12% and 6% respectively

The Town of Winnipeg Beach lies adjacent to its southeast corner, on the shores of Lake Winnipeg, between it and the Rural Municipality of St Andrews to the south

Contents

  • 1 Communities
  • 2 History
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Arts and culture
  • 6 Climate
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Communities

This is a map of the Rural Municipalities of Manitoba with the RM of Gimli highlighted in blue
  • Arnes
  • Camp Morton
  • Gimli
  • Husavik
  • Sandy Hook

History

Gimli Viking statue commemorating Icelandic heritage The statue was built in 1967 and unveiled by the President of Iceland in the same year The statue site was then upgraded in 2017, Canada's bicentennial year

Gimli was founded by a large group of Icelandic settlers who arrived in New Iceland on Lake Winnipeg in the 1870s Beyond the borders of Manitoba as it was then, this settlement fell within the District of Keewatin, until 1881 when Manitoba was enlarged In 1876 the community was hit by a severe outbreak of smallpox Originally organized as a self-administering "Icelandic reserve" directly responsible to Ottawa, the settlers of New Iceland developed a unique constitution of by-laws for local government which remained in effect until they adopted provincial municipal government in 1887 The initial status of New Iceland as a "reserve" remained in effect until 1899

In the Gimli Glider incident on 23 July 1983, an Air Canada Boeing 767 en route from Montreal to Edmonton ran out of fuel and made an unpowered landing on a decommissioned runway converted to a drag strip at Gimli Industrial Park Airport, a former RCAF base near Gimli with no control tower and no fire trucks available A reenactment of the incident aired on Discovery Channel's Mayday series and on Syfy's Urban Legends series

The Town of Gimli amalgamated with the Rural Municipality of Gimli on January 1, 2003

Economy

There are over 100 commercial fishers in Gimli, catching white fish and pickerel During the summer months, tourism is a major industry, as thousands of summer cottagers fill the town of Gimli, especially on weekends Hotels, restaurants and stores cater to the summer visitors

Two of the largest employers in Gimli are the Gimli Distillery and Faroex a division of Sigma Industries The Gimli Distillery opened in 1968 The plant employs 72 people with an annual payroll of almost $4 million The operation is situated on two quarters of land and comprises a production building, barrel filling and dumping, and 46 warehouses to store the maturing whiskies The plant, the source of Crown Royal whisky, produces the company's global Canadian whisky requirement Faroex Ltd, established in 1981, produces composite components for use in the agricultural, automotive, consumer and military supply industries Their first product was a flooring and support framing system made from plastic and fibreglass, used in hog production

Smaller companies include Interlake Agencies, a local real estate and insurance company that started in Gimli in 1962 and is now the largest seller of real estate in the Interlake region and one of the largest independent real estate companies in Manitoba

Demographics

Ethnic Origins
Population Percentage
Icelandic 1,510 265
English 1,385 243
Ukrainian 1,265 222
Scottish 1,070 188
German 985 173
Irish 830 146
Polish 830 146
Canadian 670 118
Year Pop ±%
1981 2,237 —    
1986 2,458 +99%
1996 3,124 +271%
2001 3,501 +121%
2006 5,797 +656%
2011 5,845 +08%
2016 6,181 +57%

The Rural Municipality of Gimli had a population of 6,181 as of the Canada 2016 Census, an increase of 57% since the last census in 2011 The average age of RM of Gimli residents was 514 years old, this was well over the provincial average of 394 The percentage of the population 65 years or older was 335% of the population, this was nearly double the provincial average of 156% of the population in the age bracket

Gimli residents claim Icelandic heritage as the largest part of their ethnic background with 265% of the entire rural municipality claiming some Icelandic background, or 1,510 people Close behind are those that claim English and Ukrainian background at 243% and 222% respectively

Arts and culture

The community of Gimli in the rural municipality as seen from above

Gimli celebrates its heritage with the Icelandic Festival on August long weekend The first Icelandic festival in Manitoba was held in Winnipeg in 1890; it was held there annually until 1931, and since 1932 has been held in Gimli

The celebration showcases the work of local artists in downtown Gimli Tourists are able to purchase anything from jewellery to paintings and Viking and Icelandic memorabilia A popular sight in the town is the pier which extends from the downtown shoreline out onto Lake Winnipeg and features the Gimli Seawall Gallery, a cement wall 977 feet 298 m long featuring 72 murals which depict the history and stories of the community

The Gimli Film Festival is held annually; it features a 11-metre 36 ft outdoor screen on Lake Winnipeg The Gimli Model Fest and R/C Airshow is an annual R/C hobby showcase, the largest in mid-Canada; its Sunday afternoon air show includes jets with miniature turbine jet engines, warbirds, aerobatics, R/C combat and a kids' candy drop

Mid-June 2011 saw the arrival of CJ 1075, a local radio station featuring a mixture of both country and classical rock The station is located in the Lakeview Hotel, broadcasting in Gimli and the surrounding Interlake area

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Gimli has a humid continental climate with vast temperature differences between summer and winter, owing to its relatively northerly latitude and distance to coastlines As a result, summers are warm and sometimes hot, with winters sometimes being bitterly cold

Gimli has a sunny climate, with an average of 318 days with measurable sunshine per year The municipality has warm summers; however, the close proximity to Lake Winnipeg cools the summer temperature compared to locations further inland Winter moderation from the lake is eliminated because Lake Winnipeg freezes over in winter due to the cold continental tendencies Spring and autumn are short seasons, but contain comfortable temperatures

Climate data for Gimli, Manitoba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C °F 82
468
81
466
150
59
292
846
361
97
367
981
350
95
375
995
365
977
261
79
228
73
63
433
375
995
Average high °C °F −128
9
−93
153
−18
288
82
468
163
613
216
709
249
768
232
738
169
624
95
491
−11
30
−105
131
71
448
Daily mean °C °F −182
−08
−148
54
−73
189
27
369
106
511
161
61
192
666
175
635
116
529
48
406
−52
226
−154
43
18
352
Average low °C °F −235
−103
−203
−45
−128
9
−29
268
47
405
105
509
135
563
118
532
63
433
00
32
−92
154
−203
−45
−35
257
Record low °C °F −412
−422
−394
−389
−344
−299
−256
−141
−95
149
−13
297
28
37
05
329
−158
36
−164
25
−343
−297
−394
−389
−412
−422
Average precipitation mm inches 222
0874
173
0681
300
1181
300
1181
498
1961
941
3705
697
2744
642
2528
667
2626
383
1508
276
1087
225
0886
5325
20965
Average rainfall mm inches 03
0012
03
0012
88
0346
198
078
476
1874
941
3705
697
2744
642
2528
656
2583
303
1193
53
0209
18
0071
4078
16055
Average snowfall cm inches 276
1087
217
854
241
949
114
449
22
087
0
0
0
0
0
0
11
043
84
331
266
1047
250
984
1481
5831
Average precipitation days ≥ 02 mm 123 92 95 81 99 127 117 116 111 100 94 124 1276
Average rainy days ≥ 02 mm 030 035 25 56 95 127 117 116 109 82 23 053 761
Average snowy days ≥ 02 cm 139 97 85 37 10 005 0 0 045 26 86 136 620
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1193 1412 1903 2475 2844 2896 3191 2718 1748 1411 949 1024 2,3764
Source: Environment Canada

Notable people

  • David Arnason: writer and English professor born in Gimli
  • Leo Kristjanson: economist and president of the University of Saskatchewan from 1980 to 1989
  • Gunnar Thorvaldson: Conservative senator, Senate of Canada
  • John MacDonald: Canadian musician
  • Vilhjálmur Stefánsson: ethnologist and Arctic explorer
  • Eric Stefanson: retired Manitoba Progressive Conservative politician born in Gimli
  • W D Valgardson: writer and professor
  • George Johnson: physician and former Minister of Education and Health in Manitoba, as well as the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
  • Hans Wuthrich: world renowned curling ice technician
  • Peter Bjornson: Politician, Teacher, Governor General's Award winner and former Minister of Education in Manitoba

See also

  • Gimli Industrial Park Airport
  • Gimli Glider
  • Gimli High School

References

  1. ^ a b "Close-Up: The Canadian town known as 'New Iceland'" BBC News 11 June 2011 
  2. ^ a b c "Manitoba Communities: Gimli Rural Municipality" Manitoba Historical Society Retrieved 2017-08-08 
  3. ^ "Gimli: The Evolution of a Community" Rural Municipality of Gimli Retrieved 26 January 2013 
  4. ^ http://wwwdfo-mpogcca/sch/Forum/foru111_epdf broken link
  5. ^ Faroex
  6. ^ Interlake Agencies
  7. ^ a b "RM of Gimli Demographics" Statistics Canada Retrieved 10 August 2017 
  8. ^ a b "RM Gimli Census profile" Statistics Canada Retrieved 2017-08-10 
  9. ^ Icelandic Festival of Manitoba
  10. ^ Seawall, Gimli Art Club
  11. ^ Gimli Film Festival
  12. ^ Gimli Model Fest and R/C Airshow
  13. ^ CJ 1075
  14. ^ Lakeview Hotel
  15. ^ a b "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000" Environment Canada Retrieved March 19, 2012 

External links

  • Official website
  • RM of Gimli Municipal Heritage Advisory Committee
  • Map of Gimli RM at Statcan
  • Gimli CommunityInfo


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