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Ross County, Ohio

ross county ohio board of elections, ross county ohio health department
Ross County is a county located in the Appalachian region of the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 78,0642 Its county seat is Chillicothe,3 the first and third capital of Ohio Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania4

Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected area
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government
    • 41 County officials
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Education
    • 61 Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 City
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Census-designated places
    • 75 Other unincorporated communities
    • 76 Ghost town
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

As of 1848, Ross County was described as having almost "one hundred enclosures of various sizes, and five hundred mounds" by Ephraim George Squier and Edwin Hamilton Davis in their book, Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley They describe the Indian-built earthworks as ranging from five to 30 feet in size, and enclosures of one to 50 acres large5

Geographyedit

Countryside northeast of Chillicothe on State Route 180

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 693 square miles 1,790 km2, of which 689 square miles 1,780 km2 is land and 38 square miles 98 km2 06% is water6 Ross County is the second-largest county by land area in Ohio, after Ashtabula County, as well as the fifth-largest by total area

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Pickaway County north
  • Hocking County northeast
  • Vinton County east
  • Jackson County southeast
  • Pike County south
  • Highland County southwest
  • Fayette County northwest

National protected areaedit

  • Hopewell Culture National Historical Park

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1800 8,540
1810 15,514 817%
1820 20,619 329%
1830 24,068 167%
1840 27,460 141%
1850 32,074 168%
1860 35,071 93%
1870 37,097 58%
1880 40,307 87%
1890 39,454 −21%
1900 40,940 38%
1910 40,069 −21%
1920 41,556 37%
1930 45,181 87%
1940 52,147 154%
1950 54,424 44%
1960 61,215 125%
1970 61,211 00%
1980 65,004 62%
1990 69,330 67%
2000 73,345 58%
2010 78,064 64%
Est 2016 77,000 −14%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20132

2000 censusedit

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 73,345 people, 27,136 households, and 19,185 families residing in the county The population density was 106 people per square mile 41/km² There were 29,461 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile 17/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9174% White, 620% Black or African American, 031% Native American, 035% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 019% from other races, and 120% from two or more races 058% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 27,136 households out of which 3270% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5520% were married couples living together, 1110% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2930% were non-families 2490% of all households were made up of individuals and 1030% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 250 and the average family size was 297

In the county, the population was spread out with 2400% under the age of 18, 860% from 18 to 24, 3160% from 25 to 44, 2360% from 45 to 64, and 1220% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 10830 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10900 males

The median income for a household in the county was $37,117, and the median income for a family was $43,241 Males had a median income of $35,892 versus $23,399 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,569 About 910% of families and 1200% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1510% of those under age 18 and 1020% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 78,064 people, 28,919 households, and 19,782 families residing in the county13 The population density was 1133 inhabitants per square mile 437/km2 There were 32,148 housing units at an average density of 466 per square mile 180/km214 The racial makeup of the county was 907% white, 62% black or African American, 04% Asian, 03% American Indian, 03% from other races, and 21% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 10% of the population13 In terms of ancestry, 270% were German, 152% were Irish, 125% were American, and 105% were English15

Of the 28,919 households, 328% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 502% were married couples living together, 126% had a female householder with no husband present, 316% were non-families, and 262% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 248 and the average family size was 295 The median age was 398 years13

The median income for a household in the county was $42,626 and the median income for a family was $50,081 Males had a median income of $42,721 versus $32,374 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,595 About 131% of families and 173% of the population were below the poverty line, including 247% of those under age 18 and 82% of those age 65 or over16

Governmentedit

See also: Ohio county government

County officialsedit

County officials are:

  • County Auditor Tom Spetnagel Jr D
  • County Board of Elections
    • Stephen A Madru D
    • Beth Neal D
    • Don Fuller R
    • Ron Fields R
  • Clerk of Courts Ty D Hinton D
  • Board of Commissioners
    • James M Caldwell R president
    • Doug Corcoran D
    • Steve Neal D
  • Ross County Court of Common Pleas:
    • Judge William J "Jhan" Corzine III D
    • Judge Scott Nusbaum R
    • Probate and Juvenile Court Judge Richard G Ward R
    • Magistrate John Di Cesare
  • County Coroner John Gabis D
  • County Engineer Charles R OrtmanR
  • County Prosecutor Matthew Schmidt R
  • County Recorder Kathleen "Kathy" Dunn D
  • County Treasurer Jerald A "Jerry" Byers D
  • County Sheriff George Lavender R

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results17
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 610% 18,652 339% 10,356 51% 1,557
2012 498% 15,008 483% 14,569 19% 583
2008 525% 16,759 453% 14,455 22% 711
2004 544% 17,231 441% 13,978 15% 462
2000 527% 13,706 448% 11,662 25% 648
1996 399% 10,286 490% 12,649 111% 2,862
1992 398% 10,825 385% 10,452 217% 5,896
1988 604% 14,563 385% 9,271 12% 279
1984 666% 17,015 314% 8,020 20% 513
1980 555% 13,251 392% 9,355 53% 1,253
1976 505% 11,477 472% 10,743 23% 531
1972 712% 15,573 269% 5,879 20% 436
1968 507% 11,284 309% 6,873 184% 4,089
1964 431% 9,623 569% 12,704
1960 609% 14,075 391% 9,036
1956 637% 13,036 363% 7,418
1952 610% 13,431 390% 8,585
1948 521% 10,398 477% 9,524 02% 42
1944 535% 11,424 465% 9,928
1940 486% 11,780 514% 12,447
1936 438% 9,817 557% 12,503 05% 121
1932 473% 9,575 521% 10,542 05% 110
1928 646% 11,179 350% 6,062 04% 67
1924 539% 8,431 385% 6,028 76% 1,194
1920 565% 9,330 427% 7,063 08% 133
1916 478% 4,857 507% 5,154 16% 159
1912 368% 3,600 459% 4,494 173% 1,698
1908 497% 5,432 487% 5,325 16% 174
1904 546% 5,472 438% 4,387 16% 163
1900 516% 5,463 476% 5,035 08% 88
1896 523% 5,562 467% 4,967 10% 101
1892 492% 4,632 477% 4,489 31% 296
1888 507% 4,942 470% 4,584 23% 221
1884 503% 4,830 492% 4,723 05% 50
1880 508% 4,734 489% 4,551 03% 32
1876 484% 4,177 514% 4,431 02% 21
1872 496% 3,650 504% 3,711 01% 5

Ross is a generally Republican county in Presidential and Congressional elections, although Democratic candidates perform fairly well in the county The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, while Bill Clinton won a plurality in Ross in 1996 In 2008, Republican John McCain won 53% of the county's vote

Ross is part of Ohio's 2nd and 15th congressional districts, which are held by Republicans Brad Wenstrup and Steve Stivers, respectively

Educationedit

Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Centeredit

Pickaway-Ross lies in the Northern part of the county Students from the following affiliated Ross and Pickaway county districts at the vocational school

  • Adena Local School District Ross County
  • Chillicothe City School District Ross County
  • Huntington Local School District Ross County
  • Paint Valley Local School District Ross County
  • Southeastern Local School District Ross County
  • Unioto Local School District Ross County
  • Zane Trace Local School District Ross County
  • Circleville City School District Pickaway County
  • Logan Elm Local School District Pickaway County
  • Westfall Local School District Pickaway County

Communitiesedit

Map of Ross County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

Cityedit

  • Chillicothe county seat

Villagesedit

  • Adelphi
  • Bainbridge
  • Clarksburg
  • Frankfort
  • Kingston
  • South Salem

Townshipsedit

  • Buckskin
  • Colerain
  • Concord
  • Deerfield
  • Franklin
  • Green
  • Harrison
  • Huntington
  • Jefferson
  • Liberty
  • Paint
  • Paxton
  • Scioto
  • Springfield
  • Twin
  • Union

Census-designated placesedit

  • Andersonville
  • Bourneville
  • Richmond Dale also known as "Richmondale"

Other unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Alma
  • Anderson
  • Austin
  • Bainbridge
  • Bourneville
  • Brownsville
  • Deadman Crossing
  • Denver
  • Frenchtown
  • Fruitdale
  • Greenland
  • Hallsville
  • Harper
  • Higby
  • Hopetown
  • Humboldt
  • Kinnikinnick
  • Lattaville
  • Lickskillet
  • Londonderry
  • Lyndon
  • Massieville
  • Metzger
  • Mooresville
  • Musselman
  • Nipgen
  • North Fork Village
  • Pinhook
  • Pleasant Grove
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Pride
  • Roxabell
  • Schooley
  • Slate Mills
  • Spargursville
  • Storms
  • Summithill
  • Tucson
  • Vigo
  • Yellowbud

Ghost townedit

  • Knockemstiff

Notable peopleedit

  • John Purdue - founding benefactor of Purdue University
  • Frederick Madison Roberts - great-grandson of Sally Hemings and Thomas Jefferson, first African-American elected to office on the West Coast elected to California Assembly in 1918, and "dean of the assembly" who helped found the University of California at Los Angeles

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Ross County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ross County History" Ross County, Ohio Retrieved 2008-05-21 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Ross County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Retrieved 2007-04-28 dead link
  5. ^ Squier, EG 1848 Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution p 57 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 10, 2015 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Ross County Government's website
  • Ross County Commissioners
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 39°20′N 83°04′W / 3933°N 8306°W / 3933; -8306

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