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Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm


The Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift is an exempt Latin Catholic ecclesiastical bishopric in Sweden and the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation

Its cathedral episcopal see is Saint Erik Katolska Domkyrkoförsamlingen, in Sweden's capital city, Stockholm The former Catholic cathedrals 'domkyrka' in Linköping, Lund, Skara, Strängnäs, Uppsala archiepiscopal, Västerås and Växjö have all been turned into Lutheran churches, like the World Heritage Site Nederluleå kyrka Nederluleå kyrka in Gammelstaden

The diocese of Stockholm, which belongs to no ecclesiastical province but forms an episcopal conference with its Nordic neighbours, includes 44 parishes and covers the entire country of Sweden

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Antecedents
    • 12 See of Stockholm
  • 2 Statistics
  • 3 Episcopal ordinaries
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References and Notes
  • 6 Sources and external links

History

Antecedents

Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden

In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which – at its third session – it divided among the nuncio of Brussels for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway, the nuncio at Cologne much of Northern Germany and the nuncio to Poland Sweden-Finland, and Mecklenburg

In 1688 Sweden became part of the Apostolic Vicariate of the Nordic Missions The German Paderborn bishops functioned as administrators of the apostolic vicariate

See of Stockholm

  • When a new Catholic missionary jurisdiction was established, it was not at any of the ancient episcopal sees but an Apostolic prefecture of Sweden in 1781, created out of parts of the Nordic Missions comprising then Sweden and Finland
  • On 23 September 1783 the apostolic prefecture was promoted to the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden, seated in the Swedish capital Stockholm, entitled to a titular bishop but apparently until 1862 without this actual rank The Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden also included Finland between 1783 and 1809 then passed to the Russian-imperial Mohilev Archdiocese
  • and the southern areas of Norway between 1834 and 7 August 1868 thereafter Mission sui juris of Norway, later Apostolic Prefecture of Norway, whereas Norway north of the polar circle formed part of Sweden vicariate from 1834 to 1855, then becoming the Apostolic Prefecture of the North Pole
  • On 29 June 1953 the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden was promoted to Roman Catholic Diocese Stockholm, named after its see, while the same diocesan status was given in Norway to the new bishopric of Oslo
  • It enjoyed Papal visits by Pope John Paul II in June 1989 and by Pope Francis in October/November 2016

Statistics

As per 2014 it pastorally served 106,831 Catholics 11% of 9,651,531 total on 450,000 km² 44 parishes and 13 missions with 159 priests 78 diocesan, 81 religious, 31 deacons, 269 lay religious 96 brothers, 173 sisters and 9 seminarians

Episcopal ordinaries

all Roman Rite

Apostolic Vicars of Sweden
  1. Nicolaus Oster 1783–1790
  2. Rafael d'Ossery 1790–1795
  3. Paolo Moretti 1795–1804
  4. Jean Baptiste Gridaine 1805–1833
  5. Jacob Laurentius Studach born Switzerland 18330810 – death 18730509, Titular Bishop of Orthosia 18620522 – 18730509
  6. Father Johan Georg Huber 18740901 – death 18860325
  7. Albert Bitter 18860727 – retired 19221009, Titular Bishop of Doliche 18930615 – 19221009; emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Soltania 19221009 – death 19261219
  8. Johannes Erik Müller born Germany 19221009 – 19530629 see below, Titular Bishop of Lorea 19221009 – 19530629
    1. Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic: Knut Ansgar Nelson, English Benedictine Congregation EBC born Denmark 19470811 – 19530629, see below next Coadjutor Bishop 19530629 – succession 19571001
Exempt Bishops of Stockholm
  1. Johannes Erik Müller see above 19530629 – retired 19570801; emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Pompeiopolis in Cilicia 19570801 – death 19650405
  2. Knut Ansgar Nelson, EBC see above 19571001 – retired 19620702, succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Bilta 19470811 – 19571001 first as Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Sweden 19470811 – 19530629, restyled Coadjutor Bishop of Stockholm 19530629 – 19571001; next emeritate as Titular Bishop of Dura 19620702 – death 19900331
  3. John E Taylor born USA 19620702 – death 1976, also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference 1970 – 1973
  4. Hubertus Brandenburg 19771121 – retired 19981117, died 2009; previously Titular Bishop of Strathearn 19741212 – 19771121 as Auxiliary Bishop of Diocese of Osnabrück Germany 19741212 – 19771121
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: William Kenney, Passionists CP born England, UK 19870513 – 20061017, Titular Bishop of Midica 19870513 – ; next Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Birmingham England 20061017 –
  5. Anders Arborelius 19981117 – , also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference 200510 – 20150909, Vice-President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference 20150909 –

See also

  • Catholicism portal
  • List of Roman Catholic dioceses in Europe

References and Notes

  1. ^ a b c "Stockholms Katolska Stift" Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm Retrieved 28 August 2011 
  2. ^ One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo Turku since 1550

Sources and external links

  • GCatholic, with Google map - data for all sections
  • Official website
  • Catholic-Hierarchyorg


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