Thu . 18 Dec 2018

Roman Catholic Diocese of Perpignan-Elne


The Roman Catholic Diocese of Perpignan–Elne Latin: Dioecesis Elnensis; French: Diocèse de Perpignan–Elne; Catalan: Bisbat de Perpinyà–Elna is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France The diocese comprises the Department of Pyrénées-Orientales This see continues the old Diocese of Elne, which was renamed and had its see relocated at Perpignan, in 1601 after a papal bull of Pope Clement VIII Its territory brought together the Diocese of Elne, part of the Spanish Diocese of Urgel known as French Cerdagne, three cantons of the Diocese of Alet, and two villages of the Diocese of Narbonne

The Diocese of Elne was a suffragan of the Diocese of Narbonne until 1511 Pope Julius II made the Diocese of Elne directly subject to the Holy See in 1511, but on 22 January 1517 Pope Leo X reversed the policy, and the Diocese of Elne became again a suffragan of the Diocese of Narbonne In 1482, by virtue of a Decree of the Council of Trent, Pope Gregory XIII made it a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Tarragona After 1678 it was again a suffragan of the Diocese of Narbonne

The department of Pyrénées-Orientales was united in 1802 to the Diocese of Carcassonne The diocese was to be reestablished by the Concordat of 11 June 1817, but the French Parliament did not approve the treaty The Diocese of Perpignan was therefore re-established by papal bull in 1822, and was made suffragan to the Archdiocese of Albi Its see is the Perpignan Cathedral French: Basilique-Cathédrale de Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Perpignan; Catalan: Catedral de Sant Joan Baptista de Perpinyà

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Bishops
    • 21 To 1000
    • 22 1000 to 1300
    • 23 1300 to 1500
    • 24 From 1500
  • 3 Bishops of Perpignan
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 Bibliography
    • 61 Reference works
    • 62 Studies
  • 7 External links

History

The Diocese of Elne is created in the 6th century The first known Bishop of Elne is Dominus, mentioned in 571 in the Chronicle of John of Biclarum Among others are Cardinal Ascanio Maria Sforza 1494–95, Cardinal Caesar Borgia 1495–98, Cardinal Francisco Lloris y de Borja 1499-1506, Cardinal Jacques de Serra 1506–12, Cardinal Girolamo Doria 1530–33; and Bishop Olympe-Philippe Gerbet 1854–64

The Cathedral of Elne eleventh century and the adjoining cloister are rich examples of elaborate medieval ornamentation In the later Middle Ages, and under the influence of Roman Law, Roussillon witnessed revivals of slavery; this is proved by numerous purchase deeds of Muslim and Christian slaves, dating back to the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries

The diocese honours especially St Vincent de Collioure, martyr end of the third century; and St Eulalia and St Julia, virgins and martyrs end of third century In memory of former ties with the metropolis of Tarragona, the Church of Perpignan honours several Spanish saints: St Fructuosus, Bishop of Tarragona, and his deacons Augurius and Eulogius, martyred at Tarragona in 259; some martyrs of the Diocletian persecution end of third century; Justa and Rufina of Seville; Felix and Narcissus of Gerona; Aciselus and Victoria of Cordova; Leocadia, of Toledo; St Ildefonsus 607-67, Archbishop of Toledo

After becoming Bishop of Elne in 1495, Caesar Borgia decides to raise the taxes on the clergy, resulting in an uprising in 1497 Those same taxes are cut in two the following year, after the clergy complained to the king

The Benedictine Dom Briard 1743-1828, who continued the series of Historiens de France, belonged to Perpignan At Perpignan Pope Benedict XIII Pedro de Luna held a council 1 November 1408, to rally his partisans; they gradually melted away and on 1 February 1409, the eighteen remaining bishops advised the antipope to send ambassadors to Pisa to negotiate with Pope Gregory XII

Numerous councils were held at Elne: in 1027 the Synod of Toulouges, 1058, 1114, 1335, 1337, 1338, 1339, 1340, and 1380 The council held in 1027 decreed that no one should attack his enemy from Saturday at nine o'clock to Monday at one; and that Holy Mass be said for the excommunicated for a space of three months, to obtain their conversion The author of l'Art de verifier les Dates wrongly maintains that the Council of Elvira was held at Elne

The chief places of pilgrimage of the diocese are: Notre-Dame du Château d'Ultréra, at Sorède; Notre-Dame de Consolation, at Collioure; Notre-Dame de Font Romeu, at Odeillo; Notre-Dame de Forca-Réal, near Millas; Notre-Dame de Juigues, near Rivesaltes; the relics of Sts Abdon and Sennen at Arles on the Tech

Bishops

To 1000

  • Domnus c 571
  • Benenatus c 589
  • Acutulus c 633 to 638
  • Witaricus c 656
  • Clarus c 683
  • Wenedurius 783–788
  • Ramnon 825–826
  • Salomó 832–836
  • Audesinus 860–885
  • Riculf I 885–915
  • Almeraldus Elmerald, Elmerat 916–920
  • Wadaldus Guadaldus de Empuries-Rosselló 920–947
  • Riculf II 947–966
  • Suniarius I 967–977
  • Hildesindus 979–991
  • Berenguer de Cerdanya-Besalú 993–994 son of Oliba Cabreta
  • Fredelo 994–999
  • Berenguer de Cerdanya-Besalú 999–1003 second time

1000 to 1300

  • Fredelo 1003–1007 second time
  • Oliva de Besora 1009–1014
  • Berenguer III de Sendred de Gurb 1019–1030
  • Suniari II 1031
  • Berenguer IV 1032–1053
  • Artal I 1054–1061
  • Suniari III 1062
  • Ramon I 1064–1086
  • Artal II 1087–1096
  • Armengol 1097–1111
  • Petrus Bernardi Pere Bernat 1113–1129
  • Udalgà de Castellnou 1130–1147
  • Artal III 1148–1171
  • Guillem Jordà 1172–1186
  • Berenguer V 1187
  • Guillem de Céret 1187–1197
  • Artal IV 1200–1201
  • Guillem de Ortafa 1202–1209
  • Ramon de Vilallonga 1212–1216
  • Gualter 1217–1221
  • Arnald de Serrallonga 1223–1224
  • Ramon III 1225–1229
  • Bernat de Berga 1230–1259
  • Berenguer de Cantallops 1259–1280
  • Bernat de Sala 1280–1281
  • Berenguer de Sainte-Foi 1282–1289
  • Ramon de Costa 1289–1310

1300 to 1500

  • Raimundus Costa Ramón V 1311–1312
  • Guillerm de Castelló, OSB 1313–1317
  • Berenguer d'Argilaguers 1317–1320
  • Berenguer Batlle 1320–1332
  • Guido de Terrena 1332–1342
  • Pere Seguier 1342–1346
  • Bernat Hug de Santa Artèmia 1347–1348
  • Bernat Fournier 1348–1350
  • Estebe Malet 1350–1351
  • Francesc de Montoliu 1352–1354
  • Joan Jouffroi 1354–1357
  • Ramon de Salgues 1357–1361
  • Petrus de Flanella Pere de Planella 1361–1371
  • Petrus de Cima, OMin Pere Cima 1371–1377
  • Ramon d'Escales 1377–1380
  • Dalmatius Dalmaci 1380–1384
  • Bartholomeus Peyroni Bartolomeu Peyró, OCarm 1384–1408
  • Raymond de Castella Ramon de Descatllar y de Palassol 1408 transferred to Gerona
  • Francisco Ximenes Francesc Eiximenis, O Min 1408–1409
  • Alphonsus de Tous Alfons d'Eixea 1409–1410
  • Jerònim d'Ocó 1410–1425
  • Joan de Casanova 1425–1431
  • Galcerà d'Albert 1431–1453
  • Joan de Margarit 1453–1462
  • Antoni de Cardona 1462–1467
  • Joan Pintor 1468–1470
  • Charles de Saint-Gelais Carles de Sant Gelai 1470–1473
  • Charles de Martigny Carles de Martiny 1475–1494
  • Ascanio Maria Sforza 1494–1495 never took possession
  • Cesar Borja 1495–1498 never consecrated
  • Francisco Lloris y de Borja 1499–1506

From 1500

  • Santiago de Serra y Cau 1506–1513
  • Juan Castellanos de Villalba 1513–1515
  • Bernardo de Mesa, OP 1517–1524
  • Guillermo Valdenese 1524–1529
  • Fernando Valdés 1529–1530 transferred to Orense
  • Cardinal Girolamo Doria 1530–1532 Administrator
  • Jaime de Rich, OSB 1534–1537
  • Jeronimo de Requesens 1537–1542
  • Fernando de Loaces y Pérez, OP 1542–1543
  • Pedro Agustín 1543–1545
  • Miguel Despuig 1545–1555
  • Rafael Ubach 1555–1558
  • Lope Martínez de Lagunilla 1558–1567
  • Pedro Martir Coma, OP 1568–1578
  • Joan Terès i Borrull 1579–1586
  • Pedro Bonet de Santa María 1586–1588
  • Agustín Gaillart, OSB 1588
  • Luis de Sans i Codol 1588
  • Fernando de Valdés Salas 1589–1598 also Bishop of Vic
  • Onofre Reart 1599–1608 name change

Bishops of Perpignan

  • Joan de Palau
  • Antonio Gallart y Traginer 1609–1612
  • Francisco de Vera Villavicencio, O de la Merced 1613–1616
  • Federico Cornet 1617
  • Ramón Ivorra 1617–1618
  • Rafael Ripoz, OP 1618–1620
  • Francisco de Santjust y de Castro, OSB 1621–1622
  • Pedro Magarola Fontanet 1622–1627
  • Francisco López de Mendoza 1627–1629
  • Gregorio Parcero de Castro, OSB 1630–1634
  • Gaspar Prieto Orduña, O de M 1636–1637
  • François Perez Roy Francisco Pérez Roy, Francesc Pères i Roi 1638–1643 transferred to Guadix
    • Joseph du Vivier de Saint-Martin 1643 Vicar-General, not Bishop
  • Vacant 1643–1668
  • Vincent de Margarit, OP 1668–1672
    • Jean-Louis de Bruelh 1673–1675 Bishop-elect
    • Jean-Baptiste d`Étampes de Valençay 1675–1680
  • Louis Habert de Montmort 1682–1695
  • Jean Hervé Basan de Flamenville 1695–1721
  • Antoine Boivin de Vaurouy 1721
  • Vacant 1721–1726
  • Jean Mathias Barthélemy de Gramont de Lanta 1726–1743
  • Charles-François-Alexandre de Cardevac D'Havrincourt 1743–1783
  • Jean Gabriel D’Agay 1783–1788
  • Antoine-Félix de Leyris D'Esponchez 1788–1790 1801
    • Gabriel Deville 1791–1793 Constitutional Bishop of Pyrénées Orientales
    • Dominique-Paul Villa Constitutional Bishop 1798–1801
  • Jean-François de Saunhac-Belcastel 1822–1853
  • Philippe-Olympe Gerbet 1853–1864
  • Etienne-Emile Ramadié 1864–1876
  • Joseph-Frédéric Saivet 1876–1877
  • Jean-Auguste-Emile Caraguel 1877–1885
  • Noël-Mathieu-Victor-Marie Gaussail 1886–1899
  • Jules-Louis-Marie de Carsalade du Pont 1899–1932
  • Henri-Marius Bernard 1933–1959
  • Joël-André-Jean-Marie Bellec 1960–1971
  • Henry-Camille-Gustave-Marie L'Heureux 1972–1981
  • Jean-Berchmans-Marcel-Yves-Marie-Bernard Chabbert, OFM 1982–1996
  • André Louis Fort 1996–2002
  • André Marceau 2004–2014 transferred to Nice
  • Norbert José Henri Turini installed 18 January 2015

See also

  • Catholic Church in France
  • List of Catholic dioceses in France

References

  1. ^ "Diocese of Perpignan-Elne" Catholic-Hierarchyorg David M Cheney Retrieved February 29, 2016
  2. ^ "Diocese of Perpignan-Elne" GCatholicorg Gabriel Chow Retrieved February 29, 2016
  3. ^ Or diocese of Elna, Catalan name
  4. ^ Perpignan-Elne Diocese
  5. ^ Gallia christiana VI 1739, Instrumenta, pp 492-497
  6. ^ Gallia christiana VI 1739, p 1030
  7. ^ Cárdenas, Fabricio 2014 66 petites histoires du Pays Catalan in French Perpignan: Ultima Necat ISBN 978-2-36771-006-8 OCLC 893847466 
  8. ^ Kathleen G Cushing 2005 Reform and the Papacy in the Eleventh Century: Spirituality and Social Change Manchester UK: Manchester University Press p 48 ISBN 978-0-7190-5834-9 
  9. ^ The meeting, which was a judicial assembly, summoned by mandate of Pope Paschal II, and presided over by Bishop Petrus Bernardi of Elne, was held on 2 January 1114: J D Mansi ed, Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio Tomus XXV, pp 90-91
  10. ^ Jean Capeille, Dictionnaire de biographies roussillonnaises 1914
  11. ^ He was present at the Third Council of Toledo: Frank Riess 2013 Narbonne and Its Territory in Late Antiquity: From the Visigoths to the Arabs New York: Routledge p 162 ISBN 978-1-317-09070-0 
  12. ^ Bishop Clarus sent his Vicar Veremundus to the Council of Toledo in 683 Gallia christiana VI, p 1032
  13. ^ Gallia christiana VI, p 1038-1039
  14. ^ Puiggari, pp 19-21
  15. ^ As Bishop-elect he was summoned to Rome by Pope Honorius, who planned to sort out the chaos in the Duchy of Narbonne: Rebecca Rist 2009 The Papacy and Crusading in Europe, 1198-1245 London: Bloomsbury Publishing p 84 ISBN 978-1-4411-7952-4  Bishop Gualterus was consecrated in Rome by Pope Honorius: Puiggari, p 41
  16. ^ Bishop Raymond, under orders from the Archbishop of Narbonne, and with materials and instructions provided by Pope Clement V, conducted trials of the Templars of Mas Deu The bishop's court exonerated them Malcolm Barber 2012 The Trial of the Templars Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press pp 237–239 ISBN 978-1-107-39466-7 
  17. ^ Eubel, Hierarchia catholica I, p 238
  18. ^ Eubel, I, p 262
  19. ^ The transfer of Raimundus de Castella from Elne to Gerona was approved in Consistory by Pope Benedict XIII of the Avignon Obedience on 19 December 1408 He died on 5 May 1415: Eubel, I, p 262 He had been bishop of Elne for less than three months
  20. ^ Francesc was confessor to King Peter III of Aragon He was invited by Benedict XIII to the Council of Perpignan in 1408 He was made Patriarch of Jerusalem and Bishop of Elne 19 December 1408 He died on 23 January 1409, after a reign of five weeks Mary Carruthers; Jan M Ziolkowski 2003 The Medieval Craft of Memory: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures University of Pennsylvania Press p 189 ISBN 0-8122-1881-7 
  21. ^ Alfonso was Canon of Barcelona when his appointment to Elne was approved in Consistory by Benedict XIII on 15 May 1409 He was transferred to the diocese of Vich on 23 May 1410: Eubel, I, p 526 He had been Bishop of Elne for 53 weeks
  22. ^ Casanova was named a cardinal on 8 November 1430 by Pope Martin V: Eubel I, p 34 He received the red hat and the titulus of S Sisto from Eugenius IV on 11 July 1431 He died in Florence on 1 March 1436
  23. ^ Francisco José Morales Roca 1999 Prelados, abades mitrados, dignidades capitulares y caballeros de las órdenes militares habilitados por el brazo eclesiástico en las cortes del principado de Cataluña: dinastias de Trastamara y de Austria : siglos XV y XVI 1410-1599 in Spanish Tomo I Madrid: Ediciones Hidalguia p 77 ISBN 978-84-89851-15-3 
  24. ^ Puiggari, pp 77-78 In March 1458 he was sent by King John II of Aragon to congratulate Pope Pius II on his election He was named Bishop of Gerona on 23 September 1461: Eubel, II, p 159
  25. ^ Puiggari, p 79 On 15 November 1462 Cardona was named Councillor to the King of France, with an annual pension of 1,500 livres Tournois
  26. ^ Puiggari, p 80 Pintor took possession of his diocese in June 1479 He died on 28 February 1470 in the Episcopal Palace in Perpignan
  27. ^ Puiggari, pp 80-81 He resigned in 1475, and was named titular bishop of Maragha in Persia: Eubel, II, p 185
  28. ^ Puiggari, pp 81-84 Martigny was Louis XI's resident ambassador in England from 1477 to 1480, when he was brought to trial for treason, for having exceeded his powers and signed an unfavorable treaty It was actually a diplomatic maneuver on the part of Louis XI to avoid acceptance of the treaty: S H Cuttler 2003 The Law of Treason and Treason Trials in Later Medieval France Cambridge University Press pp 232– ISBN 978-0-521-52643-2  He continued his diplomatic work for Louis XI and for Charles VIII
  29. ^ Salvador Miranda, Librarian Emeritus, Florida International University, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of May 31, 1503 Lloris, a nephew of Pope Alexander VI, acted as Commissary General of the papal armies of Alexander VI for Cesare Borgia
  30. ^ Eubel, III, p 192
  31. ^ Matute y Gaviria, Justino 1886 Memorias de los obispos de Marruecos y demás auxiliares de Sevilla ó que en ella han ejercido funciones episcopales in Spanish Sevilla: En la oficina de El Órden pp 32–34  He had previously been Auxiliary Bishop of Seville and titular Bishop of Medaura Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p 227
  32. ^ "Bishop Rafael Ripoz, OP" Catholic-Hierarchyorg David M Cheney Retrieved November 24, 2016
  33. ^ Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p 198: 3 August 1643
  34. ^ Tolra de Bordas, p 223 It is said that he was designated by Louis XIII to succeed Perez Roy, but Louis XIII died on 14 May 1643, before the actual vacancy
  35. ^ Nominated by Louis XIV on 4 May 1668, approved by Clement X on 12 November 1668: Ritzler, V, p 193
  36. ^ De Bruelh was appointed by Louis XIV, but he died before ever receiving his bulls of appointment from Rome: Puiggari, p 114
  37. ^ He was nominated by Louis XIV, but was transferred to Marseille before he ever visited Perpignan-Elne: Puiggari, p 115 He is not listed by Ritzler, V, p 193 In the struggle between Innocent XI and Louis XIV, the Pope was refusing to confirm royal appointments In addition, the Pope wanted to transfer Elne-Perpignan from being a suffragan to direct control from Rome Michaud, II, pp 319-320; III, p 139 Étampes did not receive his bulls for Marseille until 1682: Ritzler, p 260, where there is no mention of Elne-Perpignan
  38. ^ Habert was appointed by Louis XIV on 2 November 1680; he was not consecrated, however, until 12 August 1682, since his bulls were not signed until 12 January 1682: Puiggari, p 116 Ritzler, V, p 193
  39. ^ Bishop Basan was nominated by Louis XIV on 8 September 1695, and approved by Pope Innocent XII in Consistory on 12 December 1695 He died on 5 January 1721 Ritzler, Hierarchia catholica V, p 194, and n 4
  40. ^ Paul Pisani 1907 Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel 1791-1802 in French Paris: A Picard et fils pp 396–400  He publicly renounced the Catholic faith on 29 November 1793, and died on 17 May 1796
  41. ^ Pisani, pp 400-403 He died in 1814
  42. ^ His death notice: L'Ami de la religion in French 162 Paris: Librairie Ecclésiastique d'Adrien le Clerc et cie 1853 p 682 
  43. ^ Gérard Colvy, "Gallicans et Ultramontains Mgr Ramadié successeur de Mgr Gerber à Perpignan 1864," Jean-Dominique Durand; Régis Ladous 1992 Histoire religieuse: histoire globale, histoire ouverte : mélanges offerts à Jacques Gadille in French Paris: Editions Beauchesne pp 301–316, at p 305 ISBN 978-2-7010-1245-2 
  44. ^ Eugène Cortade 1994 Juli de Carsalade du Pont: bisbe de Perpinyà i defensor de Catalunya in Catalan Curial ISBN 978-84-7256-968-3 
  45. ^ David M Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy: Bishop Andre Marceau Retrieved: 2016-07-25
  46. ^ Bishop of Cahors, 2004-2014 David M Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy: Bishop Norbert José Henri Turini Retrieved: 2016-07-25

Bibliography

Reference works

  • Gams, Pius Bonifatius 1873 Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz  pp 599–601 Use with caution; obsolete
  • Eubel, Conradus ed 1913 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link in Latin pp 238–239
  • Eubel, Conradus ed 1914 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link in Latin p 150
  • Eubel, Conradus ed; Gulik, Guilelmus 1923 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link p 192
  • Gauchat, Patritius Patrice 1935 Hierarchia catholica IV 1592-1667 Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana Retrieved 2016-07-06  pp 181–182
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus 1952 Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V 1667-1730 Patavii: Messagero di S Antonio Retrieved 2016-07-06  pp 193–194
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus 1958 Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI 1730-1799 Patavii: Messagero di S Antonio Retrieved 2016-07-06  p 206
  • Sainte-Marthe, Denis de; Hauréau, Barthélemy 1739 Gallia Christiana: In Provincias Ecclesiasticas Distributa, De provincia Narbonensi in Latin Tomus sextus VI Paris: Typographia Regia pp 1030–79, Instrumenta, 474–97 

Studies

  • Barthélemy, Édouard de 1857 Etude sur les établissements monastiques du Roussillon: Diocèse d'Elne-Perpignan in French Paris: A Aubry 
  • Beaulieu, Ernest-Marie de, OMinCap 1903 Les Sanctuaires de la Vierge en Roussillon 2 vols Perpignan: impr de C Latrobe 
  • Borrallo, Joseph 1909 Promenades archéologiques Première promenade archéologique: Elne et sa cathédrale in French Perpignan: Impr de Barrière 
  • Brutails, Jean-Auguste 1886, "Étude sur l'esclavage en Roussillon du XIIe au XVIIe siècle," Nouvelle revue historique de droit français et étranger in French 10 Paris: L Larose 1886 pp 388–427 
  • Brutails, Jean-Auguste 1887 Monographie de la cathédrale et du cloître d'Elne in French Perpignan: Latrobe 
  • Devic, Claude; Vaissete, J 1876 Histoire générale de Languedoc in French Tome quatrième Toulouse: Édouard Privat pp 339–358 
  • Duchesne, Louis 1907 Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule: I Provinces du Sud-Est Paris: Fontemoing  second edition in French
  • Gazanyola, Jean de; Guiraud de Saint Marsal, Raymond Marc Antoine 1857 Histoire du Roussillon in French Perpignan: J B Alzine 
  • Hefele, Karl Joseph 1871 Histoire des conciles d'après les documents originaux: 870-1085 in French Tome VI 870-1085 Paris: Adrien le Clere et Cie, Libraires-Éditeurs 
  • Michaud, Eugène 1883 Louis XIV et Innocent XI: d'après les correspondances diplomatiques inédites du Ministère des affaires étrangères de France in French 4 vols Paris: G Charpentier 
  • Puiggari, Pierre 1842 Cataloque biographique des évêques d'Elne: avec six portraits in French Perpignan: J B Alzine 
  • Tolra de Bordas, Joseph 1884 L'Ordre de Saint-François d'Assise en Roussillon, fragments et récits sur l'histoire ecclésiastique du diocèse d'Elne in French Paris: V Palmé 
  • Torreilles, Philippe 1896 Perpignan pendant la révolution, 1789-1800 in French Vols 1-2 Perpignan: Ch Latrobe 
  • Vidal, Pierre 1887 Elne historique et archéologique in French Perpignan: imp de l'Indépendant 
  • Toreilles, Perpignan pendent la Revolution 3 vols, 1896–97

External links

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 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed 1913 "article name needed" Catholic Encyclopedia New York: Robert Appleton 

Coordinates: 42°42′02″N 2°53′44″E / 4270056°N 289556°E / 4270056; 289556


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