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Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reims

roman catholic archdiocese of reims cathedral, roman catholic archdiocese of reims champagne
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Reims Latin: Archidioecesis Remensis; French: Archidiocèse de Reims is an archdiocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France Erected as a diocese around 250 by St Sixtus, the diocese was elevated to an archdiocese around 750 The archbishop received the title "primate of Gallia Belgica" in 1089

In 1023, Archbishop Ebles acquired the Countship of Reims, making him a prince-bishop; it became a duchy and a peerage between 1060 and 1170

The archdiocese comprises the arrondissement of Reims and the département of Ardennes while the province comprises the région of Champagne-Ardenne The suffragan dioceses in the ecclesiastical province of Reims are Amiens; Beauvais, Noyon, and Senlis; Châlons; Langres; Soissons, Laon, and Saint-Quentin; and Troyes The archepiscopal see is located in the cathedral of Notre-Dame de Reims, where the Kings of France were traditionally crowned In 2014 it was estimated that there was one priest for every 4,760 Catholics in the diocese

Pope John Paul II appointed Thierry Romain Camille Jordan as Archbishop of Reims in 1999 On June 28, 2013, Pope Francis appointed Father Bruno Feillet as an Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese of Reims1

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Ordinaries
    • 21 Bishops of Reims
    • 22 Archbishops of Reims
      • 221 To 1000
      • 222 1000-1300
      • 223 1300-1500
      • 224 1500-1800
      • 225 From 1800
  • 3 Auxiliary bishops
  • 4 References
  • 5 Sources
    • 51 Episcopal lists
    • 52 Studies
    • 53 For further reading
  • 6 External links
  • 7 See also

Historyedit

Reims was taken by the Vandals in 406

According to Flodoard, on Holy Saturday, 497, Clovis was baptized and anointed by Archbishop Remigius of Reims in the cathedral of Reims2

In 719 the city took up arms against Charles Martel, who besieged the city, took it by assault, and devastated it

The First Council of Reims took place in 625, under the presidency of Archbishop Sonnatius It produced at least twenty-five canons3

In 816, Pope Stephen IV crowned Louis the Pious as Emperor at Reims

On 28 January 893, Charles III "the Simple' was crowned King of West Francia at Reims

King Robert I was consecrated and crowned 'Rex Francorum' at Saint-Remi in Reims on 29 June 922 by Archbishop Hervée4

Hugh Capet was crowned at Reims on Christmas Day 988, by Archbishop Adalberon5 In 990 the city was attacked by Charles of Lorraine, the rival of Hugues Capet, who seized the city and devastated the area

In 1049, from 3 to 5 October, a Council of the Church took place at Reims under the presidency of Pope Leo IX, with twenty bishops and some fifty abbots in attendance The Pope was in Reims for the dedication of the church of the monastery of Saint-Rémi, in fulfilment of a promise made to Abbot Herimar6

In 1657, the Chapter of the Cathedral of Reims contained nine dignities and sixty-four Canons7 The dignities included: the Major Archdeacon Archdeacon of Reims, the Minor Archdeacon Archdeacon of Champagne, the Provost,8 the Dean,9 the Cantor, the Treasurer, the Vicedominus, the Scholasticus, and the Poenitentiarius10 There were also a number of Collegiate Churches in the diocese, whose clergy were led by Canons: Saint-Symphorien in Reims a Dean and 20 prebends; Saint-Timothée in Reims 12 prebends; Saint-Côme in Reims 4 prebends; Sainte-Nourrice in Reims 11 prebends; Saint-Pierre aux Dames in Reims 4 prebends; Mézières a Dean, a Treasurer and 12 prebends; Braux 12 prebends; Montfaucon a Provost and Canons; and Avenay 6 prebends11

The two archdeacons were already in existence in 877, when they are mentioned at the head of the Capitulations issued by Archbishop Hincmar They were both appointees of the Archbishop12

In addition to the right to nominate the Archbishop of Reims since the Concordat of Bologna in 1516, the King enjoyed the right to name the Abbot of Haut-Villiers OSB, Sainte-Baste OSB, Mouson OSB, Saint-Nicaise de Reims OSB, Saint-Pierre-de-Reims OSB, Saint-Remi de Reims OSB, Saint-Thierry lez Reims OSB, Chery OCist, Elem OCist, Igny OCist, Signy OCist, Vau-le-Roy OCist, Saint-Denis-de-Reims OSA, Esparnay-sur-Marne OSA, Belle-Val Praemonst, Chaumont en Porcien Praemonst, Sept Fontaines Praemonst, and Vau-Dieu Praemonst13

Ordinariesedit

Bishops of Reimsedit

  • St Sixtus14 c 260
  • St Sinicius Sinice15 c 280
  • St Amantius Amanse16 c 290
  • Imbetausius17 before 300–c 314
  • Aprus Aper18 328–350
  • Maternianus19 350–359
  • Donatianus20 361–390
  • Viventius21 390–394
  • Severus22 394–400
  • Nicasius of Rheims23 probably 400–407 but perhaps -451
  • Barucius24
  • Barnabas25
  • Bennagius26 –459
  • Saint Remigius Remi27 459–533
  • Romanus28 ca 533-535
  • Flavius29 c 535
  • Mappinus30 c 549
  • Egidius31 573–590
  • Romulph32 590–613
  • Sonnatius33 613–c 627
  • Leudigisil34
  • Angelbert35 c 630
  • Lando36
  • Nivard37 before 657–673
  • Reolus38 673–c 689
  • Rigobert39 c689– after 720
  • Milo 715–744
  • Abel40 ca 743/744–748

Archbishops of Reimsedit

To 1000edit

  • Tilpin41 748-795
  • vacant 795-81242
  • Wulfaire 812-816
  • Ebbo 816-835
  • vacant43 835-840
  • Ebbo 840-841, again
  • vacant 841-845
  • Hincmar44 845-882
  • Fulk the Venerable 882-900
  • Hervaeus45 900-922
  • Seulf 922-925
  • Hugh of Vermandois46 925-931
  • Artaud 931-940
  • Hugh of Vermandois 940-946, again
  • Artaud 946-961, again
  • Odelric 962-969
  • Adalberon47 969-988
  • Arnoul 988-991; son of Lothair of France
  • Gerbert of Aurillac 991-996; later Pope Sylvester II
  • Arnoul 996-1021, again

1000-1300edit

  • Ebles I of Roucy 1021–1033; count of Roucy, count of Reims, 1023–1033
  • Guy of Châtillon 1033–1055
  • Gervaise of Bellême48 1055–1067
  • Manasses I49 1069–1080
  • Renaud du Bellay50 1083–1096
  • Manasses II 1096–1106
  • Gervaise of Rethel51 1106
  • Raoul le Vert 1106–112452
  • Rainaldus de Martigny53 1125–1138
  • Samson de Mauvoisin 1140–116154
  • Henry 1162–1175; son of Louis VI of France55
  • Guillaume de Blois Guillaume aux Blanches Mains56 1176–1202
  • Guy Paré 1204 – 30 July 120657
  • Albericus de Humbert 1207 – 24 December 121858
  • Guillaume de Joinville 24 April 1219 – 6 November 122659
  • Henry of Dreux 18 April 1227 – 6 July 124060
  • Juhel de Mathefelon 20 March 1245 – 18 December 125061
  • Thomas de Beaumes 4 March 1251 – 15 February 126362
  • Jean de Courtenay-Champignelles 15 July 1266 – 17 August 127063
  • Pierre Barbet 17 April 1273 – 3 October 129864
  • Robert de Courtenay-Champignelles 10 April 1299 – 3 March 132465

1300-1500edit

  • Guillaume de Trie66 1324–1334
  • Jean de Vienne67 1335–1351
  • Hugues d'Arcy68 1351–1352
    • Humbert, OP69 1352–1355 Administrator
  • Jean de Craon70 1355–1373
  • Louis Thesart71 14 April 1374 – 12 October 1375
  • Richard Picque72 12 November 1375 – 6 December 1389
  • Ferry Cassinel73 29 January 1390 – 26 May 1390 Avignon Obedience
  • Guy de Roye74 1391–1409
  • Simon of Cramaud75 2 July 1409 – 1413
  • Pierre Trousseau76 2 May 1413 - 16 December 1413
  • Renaud of Chartres77 2 January 1414 – 1444
  • Jacques Juvenal des Ursins 9 October 1444 – 3 March 144978
  • Jean Juvenal des Ursins 3 March 1449 – 14 July 147379
  • Pierre de Montfort-Laval 1474–149380
  • Robert Briçonnet 1493–149781
  • Guillaume Briçonnet 1497–150782

1500-1800edit

  • Cardinal Charles Dominique de Carreto83 16 September 1507 – 28 March 1509
  • Cardinal Robert de Lenoncourt84 28 March 1509 – 25 September 1532
  • Cardinal Jean de Lorraine85 1533–1550
  • Charles of Guise86 1538–1574
  • Cardinal Louis I of Guise87 1574–1588
  • Cardinal Nicolas de Pellevé88 1588–1594
  • Philippe du Bec89 1594–1605
  • Cardinal Louis II of Guise90 1605–1621
  • Gabriel de Sainte-Marie OSB William Gifford91 1623–1629
  • Henry of Guise92 1629–1641
  • Léonore d'Étampes de Valençay 1641–1651
  • Henri de Savoie93 1651–1659
  • Cardinal Antonio Barberini94 1657/1667 – 4 August 1671
  • Charles Maurice Le Tellier95 1668/1671 – 22 February 1710
  • François de Mailly96 1 December 1710 – 13 September 1721
  • Armand Jules de Rohan-Guéméné97 6 July 1722 – 28 August 1762
  • Charles Antoine de La Roche-Aymon98 1763–1777
  • Alexandre-Angélique de Talleyrand-Périgord99 1777–1816

From 1800edit

  • vacant
  • Jean-Charles de Coucy100 1801–1824
  • Jean-Baptist-Marie-Anne-Antoine de Latil101 1824–1839
  • Thomas-Marie-Joseph Gousset102 1840–1866
  • Jean-Baptiste François Anne Thomas Landriot103 1867–1874
  • Benoit-Marie Langénieux104 1874–1905
  • Louis Luçon105 1906–1930
  • Emmanuel Célestin Suhard 1930–1940
  • Luigi Agostino Marmottin 1940–1960
  • Gabriel Auguste François Marty 1960–1968
  • Émile André Jean-Marie Maury106 1968–1972
  • Jacques Eugène Louis Ménager 1973–1988
  • Jean Marie Julien Balland107 1988–1995
  • Gérard Denis Auguste Defois 1995–1998
  • Thierry Jordan From 1999

Auxiliary bishopsedit

  • Abel de Saint-Brieuc 1483108

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Feillet, a native of Caudéran, France Gironde and a priest of the Archdiocese of Cambrai, had been serving as a teacher of philosophy and moral theology in Mauretania, then as Archdiocesan Director of Lifelong Learning, and as Pastor/Dean of the urban agglomeration of Valenciennes, France Conference des Évêques de France, Eglise catholique en France, Mgr Bruno Feillet: Biographie, retrieved: 2017-01-30
  2. ^ Regnault, chanoine de Saint-Symphorien de Reims 1722 Histoire des sacres et couronnemens de nos rois, faits à Reims, á commencer par Clovis, jusqu'á Louis XV: Avec un recueil du formulaire le plus moderne qui s'observe au sacre & couronnement des rois de France; contenant toutes les prieres, cérémonies, & oraisons in French Reims: Regnaud Florentain pp 2–3  Godefroid Kurth 1896 Clovis in French Tome I Manne fils pp 326–358, esp 340–349 
  3. ^ C J Hefele, A History of the Councils of the Church Volume IV Edinburgh: T & T Clark 1895, pp 444-447
  4. ^ The Annals of Flodoard of Reims, 916–966, eds & trans Steven Fanning: Bernard S Bachrach New York; Ontario, Can: University of Toronto Press, 2011, pp 6-7 Regnault, Histoire des sacres et couronnemens de nos rois, pp 50-52
  5. ^ Léo Hamon 1988 L'élection du chef de l'Etat en France de Hugues Capet à nos jours: Entretiens d'Auxerre 1987 in French Editions Beauchesne pp 26–29 ISBN 978-2-7010-1163-9 
  6. ^ JD Mansi ed, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIX, pp 727-746 C J Hefele, Histoire des conciles Tome VI Paris: Adrien Le Clerc 1871, pp 299-312
  7. ^ Ritzler, V, p 332, note 1
  8. ^ Gallia christiana IX, pp 165-172 The Provost was appointed by the Archbishop
  9. ^ Gallia christiana IX, pp 171-176 The Dean was elected by the Chapter
  10. ^ The "Pouille of 1362" names the dignities, and also states that there were sixty-four prebends: Longdon, p 55 The Canons were appointed by the Archbishop Pouille general, pp 1-2 Gallia christiana IX, pp 163-164
  11. ^ Longdon, pp 56-57
  12. ^ Longdon, p xiii
  13. ^ Pouille Royal 1648, pp 136-137
  14. ^ Sixtus: Flodoard Canon of Reims 894–966 states that Sixtus was consecrated Archbishop by Saint Peter the Apostle and head of the Church, and sent along with his friends Sinicius and Memmius Flodoard, "Historia ecclesiae Remensis", Book I, chapter 3, in: J P Migne ed, Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CXXXV Paris 1853, p 32 Fisquet, p 5-6 Duchesne, p 80, no 1
  15. ^ Fisquet, p 6 Duchesne, p 80, no 2
  16. ^ Fisquet, pp 6-7 Duchesne, p 81, no 3
  17. ^ Imbertus: Fisquet, p 7 C Munier, Concilia Galliae, A 314 – A 506 Turnholt: Brepols 1963, p 14 line 37: Inbetausius episcopus, Primigenius diaconus, de civitate Remorum Duchesne, p 81, no 4
  18. ^ Aper: Fisquet, p 7 Duchesne, p 81, no 5
  19. ^ Maternianus: Fisquet, pp 7-8 Duchesne, p 81, no 6
  20. ^ Donatianus: Fisquet, p 8 Duchesne, p 81, no 7
  21. ^ Viventius: Fisquet, p 8 Duchesne, p 81, no 8
  22. ^ Severus: Fisquet, p 8 Duchesne, p 81, no 9
  23. ^ Nicasius killed by the Vandals or Huns, either in 407 or 451 He founded the first cathedral Fisquet, p 9 Duchesne, p 81, no 10
  24. ^ Barucius: Duchesne, p 81, no 11-12
  25. ^ Barnabas: Duchesne, p 81, no 13
  26. ^ Bennagius: Duchesne, p 81, no 14
  27. ^ Remigius: Fisquet, pp 10-17 Duchesne, pp 81-82, no 15
  28. ^ Fisquet, pp 17-18
  29. ^ Flavius was present in 535 at the Council of Auvergne Clermont C De Clercq, Concilia Galliae, A 511 – A 695 Turnholt: Brepols 1963, p 111: Flavus in Christi nomine episcopus ecclesiae Reminse Duchesne, p 82, no 17
  30. ^ Fisquet, p 18
  31. ^ Fisquet, pp 19-22
  32. ^ Fisquet, p 22
  33. ^ Sonnatius had been Archdeacon of Reims before his elevation to the episcopacy Fisquet, pp 22-23
  34. ^ Leudegisilus is known from Flodoard, Historia ecclesiae Remensis, Book II, chapter 6, where he is made a contemporary of King Dagobert, who died in 639 Duchesne, p 84, no 22
  35. ^ Angelbertus is known from Flodoard, Historia ecclesiae Remensis, Book II, chapter 6 Duchesne, p 84, no 23
  36. ^ Lando is known from Flodoard, Historia ecclesiae Remensis, Book II, chapter 6 Duchesne, p 84, no 24
  37. ^ Nivardus or Nivo is attested in 657, 664, 667, and 673 Duchesne, p 84, no 23
  38. ^ Reolus had been Count of Champagne before becoming Archbishop He is attested in 674, 678, and 687 Duchesne, p 85, no 26
  39. ^ Rigobertus was exiled to Gascony by Charles Martel in 717 Duchesne, p 85-86, no 27
  40. ^ Duchesne, p 86, no 28
  41. ^ In legend, Tilpinus became the Turpin of the Chanson de Roland Before his elevation, Tulpin had been a monk and Treasurer of Saint-Denis Duchesne, pp 86-87, no 29
  42. ^ Hincmar of Reims says that Charlemagne left the See of Reims vacant for nine years Duchesne, p 87
  43. ^ Archbishop Ebo was deposed at the Council of Thionville on 4 March 835 because of his participation in the revolt of the sons of the Emperor Louis the Pious He was rehabilitated by Lothair at the Council of Engelheim in August 840 JD Mansi ed, Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV Venice 1769, pp 773-780 Duchesne, p 87
  44. ^ Rachel Stone and Charles West, ed 2015 Hincmar of Rheims: Life and work Manchester University Press pp 44–59 ISBN 978-1-78499-188-3  Jean Devisse 1976 Hincmar, archevêque de Reims 1: 845-882 in French 2 vols Paris: Librairie E Droz 
  45. ^ Hervée was the son of Ursus, Count of Champagne He was consecrated on 6 July 900 by Riculfus, Bishop of Soissons He consecrated King Robert I of France at Saint-Remi in Reims on 29 June 922 Fisquet, pp 49-52
  46. ^ Hugh was the son of Herbert II of Vermandois, who had taken Charles the Simple a prisoner and seized the ecclesiastical principality of Reims It was an easy task to have his son elected ArchbishopPaul Collins 2014 The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century PublicAffairs p 165 ISBN 978-1-61039-368-3 
  47. ^ M Bur, "Adalbéron, archévêque de Reims reconsidéré," in: M Parisse and X Barral i Altet edd, Le roi de France et son royaume autour de l' an mil: Actes du colloque, Hugues Capet 987-1987 Paris 1992, 55-63
  48. ^ John S Ott 2015 Bishops, Authority and Community in Northwestern Europe, c1050–1150 Cambridge University Press pp 160–171 ISBN 978-1-107-01781-8  Fisquet, pp 72-74
  49. ^ Manasses de Gournay, not the son of Manasses le Chauve, Vidame de Reims He purchased the Archbishopric In 1077, after many complaints, Gregory VII ordered his Apostolic Legate Hugues de Die to conduct an inquiry Manasses was summoned to the Council of Autun, but he did not appear, and was suspended from his functions He appealed to Pope Gregory, who ordered Hugues de Die and Abbot Hugues of Cluny to investigate further Manasses was summoned to the Council of Lyon in 1078 to demonstrate his innocence, but instead he attempted to bribe Bishop Hugues to make a favorable report to the Pope He was deposed in 1080, and Pope Gregory approved the sentence Manasses died in Rome in 1092 Fisquet, pp 74-76
  50. ^ Renaud was the son of Bellay III, Seigneur de Montreuil His widowed mother married Geoffrey Martel, Comte d'Anjou Renaud had been Treasurer of Saint-Martin-de-Tours and Archdeacon of Reims Shortly after his election at Terracina on 12 March 1088, Pope Urban II, who had been a Canon of Reims, invited Archbishop Renaud to Italy to discuss the problems of the French church; he returned in 1090 In 1092 he presided at the Council of Soissons On 20 March 1093, he held another Council at Reims, which received complaints against the Count of Flanders, who was seizing the property of deceased clerics Another Council was held at Reims between 17 and 20 September 1094, attended by twenty-three bishops He also subscribed the acts of the Council of Soissons Mont-Saint-Marie in 1095, and he was present at the celebrated Council of Clermont in November 1095 He died on 21 January 1096 Fisquet, pp 76-78
  51. ^ Gervais, a younger brother of Baldwin du Bourg, who became King of Jerusalem He was nominated by Philip I of France over the Provost of Reims, Raoul le Vert, but condemned by the Council of Troyes in 1107 William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea Book XII, chapter 1, states that Gervais inherited the County of Rethel after Baldwin had given it to his brother Manasses and Manasses had died Gervais resigned the Archbishopric of Reims and married, which was contrary to Canon Law Sainte-Marthe and the Benedictines of Saint-Maur do not admit Gervais into the list of the Archbishops of Reims in Gallia christiana Tome IX, pp 80-81
  52. ^ Raoul le Vert was finally permitted to take his oath to the King on Christmas Day, 1108, thanks to the intervention of Ivo of Chartres and Lambert of Arras, thereby ending the conflict over the See of Reims Gallia christiana Tome IX, pp 80-82 Cusimano, p 184, n 5
  53. ^ Martigny: Gallia christiana Tome IX, pp 82-84
  54. ^ The Court of Champagne as a Literary Center, John F Benton, Culture, Power and Personality in Medieval France, ed Thomas N Bisson, Bloomsbury, 1991, 6 n9
  55. ^ Gislebertus of Mons, Chronicle of Hainaut, transl Laura Napran, The Boydell Press, 2005, 68 note 288
  56. ^ Guillaume was the son of Theobald II of Champagne Gislebertus of Mons 1904 Leon Vanderkindere, ed La chronique de Gislebert de Mons in Latin and French Bruxelles: Commission royale d'histoire pp 40–41, and Tableau XVII 
  57. ^ Guy Paré or Paray was born at Paray-le-Monial diocese of Autun He was abbot of Notre-Dame du Val Paris He was elected Abbot of Citeaux in April 1193 In 1199 he was named a cardinal by Pope Innocent III He was Suburbicarian Bishop of Palestrina 1200-1204, and was sent as Apostolic Legate to Emperor Otto IV He took possession of the diocese of Reims in 1205 Sent on a mission to Flanders, he died at Gand on 30 July 1206 of the pestilence Fisquet, pp 97-98 Eubel, I, pp 3 no 3; 419
  58. ^ Alberic, Archdeacon of Paris, was preferred by Pope Innocent III after a contested election, at the plea of Eudes de Sully, Archbishop of Paris He took possession of the diocese on 1 July 1207, and was consecrated on 8 July Fisquet, pp 99-101 Eubel, I, p 419
  59. ^ Guillaume was the son of Geoffrey IV, and nephew of Guy de Joinville, Bishop of Châlons-sur-Marne He had been Bishop of Langres and Peer of France He took possession of the diocese of Reims on 10 June 1219 Fisquet, pp 101-103 Eubel, I, pp 307, 419
  60. ^ The Crusade of Theobald of Champagne and Richard of Cornwall: 1239-1241, Sidney Painter, A History of the Crusades, Vol 2, ed Kenneth M Setton, Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W Hazard, University of Wisconsin Press, 1969, p 466 Eubel, I, p 419
  61. ^ Juhel de Mathefelon not Yves de St_Martin had been Archbishop of Tours Fisquet, pp 106-110 Eubel, I, pp 419, 503
  62. ^ Thomas de Beaumes Beaumetz was a cousin of his predecessor Henri de Dreux He was consecrated in May 1249 by Itier de Mauni, Bishop of Laon Eubel, I, p 419
  63. ^ Jean de Courtenay: Fisquet, pp 111-113 Eubel, I, p 419
  64. ^ Pierre Barbet or Barbette had been Archdeacon of Dunois in the Church of Chartres, and Canon of Noyon He attended the Second Council of Lyons in 1274 On 24 July 1275 he crowned Queen Marie de Brabant in the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris On 7 April 1278 he held a provincial council against the pretensions of Canons to issue interdicts Fisquet, pp 113-116 Eubel, I, p 419
  65. ^ Robert de Courtenay was nephew of Jean de Courtenai, Archbishop of Reims, and of Robert de Courtenai, Bishop of Orléans Robert had been Canon and Archdeacon of Reims before being named Archbishop He took possession of the See on 8 September 1299 He held a council in Reims on 30 September 1302 to address a letter of Boniface VIII against Canons of cathedrals who abused their authority On 3 January 1304 he held a Council at Compiegne for the reform of the clergy Fisquet, pp 116-120 Eubel, I, p 419
  66. ^ Guillaume de Trie was the son of Thibaud de Trie, Seigneur de Vaumain; his brother Matthieu became a Marshal of France Guillaume had been Preceptor of King Philip IV of France Fisquet, pp 118-120
  67. ^ Jean de Vienne: Fisquet, pp 120-122
  68. ^ Hugues d'Arcy: Fisquet, pp 122-123
  69. ^ Humbert, Dauphin de Viennois, sold his inheritance to Philip VI, King of France, and entered the Dominican Order On December 25 1350 he was ordained a priest at Avignon by Pope Clement VI On 1 January 1351 he was consecrated a bishop, and given the title of Patriarch of Alexandria In March 1352 he was named Administrator of the diocese of Reims; he was never the Archbishop He resigned his functions on 22 February 1355 He died in the Dominican convent at Clermont on 25 May 1355 His memorial inscription names him Patriarch of Alexandria, not Archbishop of Reims Gallia christiana IX, pp 127-129 Fisquet, pp 124-126
  70. ^ Fisquet, pp 126-128
  71. ^ Thesart: Eubel, I, p 419
  72. ^ Picque: Eubel, I, p 419
  73. ^ Cassinel: Eubel, I, p 419
  74. ^ Guy de Roye: Gallia christiana IX, pp 132-133 Fisquet, pp 132-135 Eubel, I, p 419
  75. ^ Simon Cramaud had been Patriarch of Alexandria, and Administrator of the diocese of Carcassone He was appointed Archbishop of Reims by the Pisan pope Alexander V He was created a cardinal priest by John XXIII 14 April 1413 Fisquet, pp 136-139 Eubel, I, p 419
  76. ^ Pierre had been Canon of Bourges He became Archdeacon of Paris and Master of Requests of Charles VI He was appointed Bishop of Poitiers on 25 July 1409, and granted his bulls on September 11 by Pope Alexander V He was granted his bulls for Reims on 2 May 1413, following the promotion of Simon Cramaud to the cardinalate He died on 16 December 1413 Fisquet, p 139 Eubel, I, pp 399, 419
  77. ^ Renaud had been Dean of the Cathedral Chapter of Beauvais From 28 March to 6 August 1424 he served as Chancellor of France by Charles VII Charles sent him as ambassador to Pope Martin V in 1425 On 8 November 1428 he was again named Chancellor of France On 17 July 1429 he consecrated Charles VII as King of France On the king's request Pope Eugene created Archbishop Renaud of Chartres a cardinal on 18 December 1439 He died on 4 April 1444 Auguste Vallet de Viriville 1863 Histoire de Charles VII: roi de France et de son époque 1403-1461 in French Vve J Renouard pp 95–100  Fisquet, pp 139-143 Eubel, I, p 419; II, pp 7 no 4; 222 note 1
  78. ^ Jacques Juvenal was transferred to the titular See of Antioch on 3 March 1449: Eubel, II, pp 89, 222
  79. ^ Jean Juvenal: Eubel, II, p 222-223
  80. ^ Pierre de Montfort: Eubel, II, p 222
  81. ^ Robert Briçonnet: Eubel, II, p 222
  82. ^ Guillaume Briçonnet was named a cardinal by Pope Alexander VI on 16 January 1495: Eubel, II, pp 23, 222
  83. ^ On 28 March 1509 Carreto was transferred to the diocese of Tours 1509-1514 Eubel, III, p 284, 321
  84. ^ Lenoncourt had been Archbishop of Tours Eubel, III, p 284, 321
  85. ^ Jean was the son of René II, Duke of Lorraine Eubel, III, p 284
  86. ^ Charles de Guise was a son of Claude, Duke of Guise, and nephew of his predecessor, Jean de Lorraine He was named a cardinal by Pope Paul III on 27 July 1547 Eubel, III, p 30, no 65; p 284
  87. ^ Louis de Guise was a son of Francis, Duke of Guise, and a nephew of his predecessor, Charles of Guise He was named a cardinal by Pope Julius III on 22 December 1553 Eubel, III, p 33, no 18; p 284
  88. ^ Pellevé was named a cardinal by Pope Pius V on 17 May 1570 Eubel, III, p 44, no 17; p 284
  89. ^ Eubel, III, p 284
  90. ^ Louis de Guise was a son of Henry I, Duke of Guise, and nephew of Louis I, Archbishop of Reims He was created a cardinal by Pope Paul V on 2 December 1615 Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p 12 no 32; p 295
  91. ^ Gifford was already an auxiliary bishop of Reims and titular Bishop of Arcadiopolis Thrace; he had been consecrated in September 1618 at Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris by Bishop Charles de Balzac of Noyon It is said that his promotion was in part due to the influence of Abbess Marie de Lorraine and Archbishop Louis de Guise: S Ropartz, "Un livre de controverse contre les Calvinistes," Revue de Bretagne serie 5, Vol 11 in French Tome 42 1877 pp 194–203 , at 202  On 17 June 1619 he resigned his position of Prebend and Theologian of the Church of St Malo E Hautcoeur 1899 Histoire de l'Église collegiale et du Chapitre de Saint-Pierre de Lille Mémoires Société d'études de la province de Cambrai, Tome VI in French Tome troisieme Paris: A Picard pp 25–36  L Hicks, "The Exile of Dr William Gifford from Lille in 1606," Recusant History 1 1964, 214-238 Joseph Bergin 1996 The Making of the French Episcopate, 1589-1661 Yale University Press pp 21, 441–442, 630–631 ISBN 978-0-300-06751-4  Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, pp 91 and 295
  92. ^ Henri de Guise-Lorraine was a nephew of Louis II, son of Charles, Duke of Guise He was 14 years old when appointed, and was neither ordained nor consecrated He resigned the diocese in order to inherit the dukedom
  93. ^ Fisquet, pp 186-188
  94. ^ Cardinal Barberini was a nephew of Pope Urban VIII, and had spent years in exile in France during the reign of Pope Innocent X Pamphili He had been named Bishop of Poitiers on 16 August 1652 by King Louis XIV, but he never was granted his bulls by the Pope He returned to Rome for the Conclave of 18 January–7 April 1655, where he played his part as Cardinal Camerlengo and French agent The new Pope, Alexander VII Chigi named Barberini Bishop of Frascati 1655–1661 On 24 June 1657 Louis XIV named him Archbishop of Reims, but Barberini did not obtain his bulls during Alexander VII's lifetime because he was unwilling to resign the office of Camerlengo in favor of the Pope's nephew He finally received his bulls from Pope Clement IX on 18 July 1667 Barberini took possession of the diocese of Reims on 4 October by proxy, took his oath to the King on 2 November, and made his solemn entry into his diocese on 22 December He died on 3/4 August 1671 Fisquet, pp 188-190 Gauchat, IV, p 295, with note 8 Ritzler, V, p 332 with note 3
  95. ^ Le Tellier was the second son of Michel Le Tellier, Secretary of State and Chancellor of France He was named titular Bishop of Nazianzus Turkey and Coadjutor Archbishop for Cardinal Barberini on 3 September 1668 Joseph Gillet 1881 Charles-Maurice Le Tellier: archevêque-duc de Reims; étude sur son administration et son influence in French Paris: Hachette et cie  Jean, p 306 Ritzler, V, p 332 with note 4
  96. ^ De Mailly had previously been Archbishop of Arles He was created a cardinal by Pope Clement XI on 29 November 1719 Jean, p 306 Ritzler, V, p 333 with note 5
  97. ^ Rohan had two suffragan bishops Auxiliary bishops: François-Joseph Robuste 1728–1729, and Henri Hachette des Portes 1753-1771 Jean, p 306 Ritzler, V, p 333 with note 6
  98. ^ La Roche-Aymon was born in the diocese of Limoges in 1696, and had a doctorate in theology Paris 1724 He was a Canon of Mâcon, and served as Vicar-General of Limoges He had been titular Bishop of Sarepta and Auxiliary Bishop of Limoges 1725–1730, Bishop of Tarbes 1730–1740, Archbishop of Toulouse 1740–1752, and Archbishop of Narbonne 1752–1763 He was nominated Archbishop of Reims by King Louis XV on 5 December 1762, and was approved preconized on 24 January 1763 by Pope Clement XIII He was created a cardinal on 16 December 1771 by Pope Clement XIV He died on 27 October 1777 Jean, p 307 Ritzler, V, p 345 with note 3; VI, pp 27 no 6; 301 with note 3; 356, with note 2; 392 with note 2
  99. ^ Alexandre de Talleyrand was a younger brother of Charles-Daniel, Comte de Perigord; and uncle of Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, Bishop of Autun and sometime French Foreign Minister Alexandre de Talleyrand refused the oath to the Constitution, and his See was determined to be vacant from 1790; he emigrated, and refused to resign in 1801 On the return of the Bourbons he was named Archbishop of Paris, from 1817–1821 Jean, p 307-308 Ritzler, VI, p 356, with note 3
  100. ^ Coucy: A Frézet, in: Société bibliographique France 1907, L'épiscopat français pp 498-499
  101. ^ Latil was born in 1761 at îles Sainte-Marguerite en Provence He studied at Saint-Sulpice in Paris During the French Revolution the Comte de Latril fled, but was arrested at Montfort-l'Amaury in 1792 and imprisoned for some time; released, he sought refuge in Colmar In 1798 he became Chaplain to the Comte d'Artois After his return he was named titular Bishop of Amyclae, and Coadjutor Bishop of Chartres, and on 1 October 1817 Bishop of Chartres Fisquet 1864, La France pontificale: Chartres, pp 221-224 A Frézet, in: Société bibliographique France 1907, L'épiscopat français pp 499-500
  102. ^ Gousset: J Gousset 1903 Le cardinal Gousset: sa vie, ses ouvrages, son influence in French Besançon: Henri Bossanne  A Frézet, in: Société bibliographique France 1907, L'épiscopat français pp 500-503
  103. ^ Landriot: A Frézet, in: Société bibliographique France 1907, L'épiscopat français , pp 503-505
  104. ^ Langénieux was born at Villefranche Rhône in 1824 He studied in the Minor Seminary in Paris under Dupanloup, and at Saint-Sulpice He served as curé in several Parisian parishes, until being named Vicar General and Archdeacon of Notre-Dame by Archbishop Guibert in 1871 He was appointed Bishop of Tarbes on 19 June 1873, and approved preconized on 25 July He was nominated to be Archbishop of Reims by the French government on 11 November 1874, and approved preconised by Pope Pius IX on 21 December 1874 He was created a cardinal by Pope Leo XIII in the consistory of 7 June 1886 A Frézet, in: Société bibliographique France 1907, L'épiscopat français , pp 503-505; 613-614
  105. ^ Louis Luçon was born in the village of Maulevrier, near Angers In 1853, he entered the Collège de Cholet He was named Chaplain of Saint-Louis-des-Français in Rome in 1873, where he obtained a doctorate in theology and in Canon Law He returned to two successive curateships He was appointed Bishop of Belley Ain by decree of 8 November 1887, which was approved preconized on 25 November He was consecrated at Notre-Dame de Cholet in French on 8 February 1888 by Bishop Charles-Emile Freppel of Angers He was enthroned on 24 February His most notable achievement was the elevation of the Curé of Ars, Jean-Marie Vianney, to sainthood He was named Archbishop of Reims on 1 January 1905, during the conflict between Church and State that led to the Law of Separation of 1905 He was expelled from his episcopal palace in December 1906 He was named a cardinal in 1907 by Pope Pius X, and participated in the Conclave of 1914 to elect his successor He was absent from Reims when the Cathedral, struck by German bombs, was set afire and heavily damaged He died on 28 May 1930 François Cochet 2001 Première Guerre mondiale: dates, thèmes, noms in French Levallois-Perret: Studyrama pp 133–134 ISBN 978-2-84472-117-4  François Cochet 1993 Rémois en guerre: 1914-1918 in French Nancy: Presses Universitaires de Nancy pp 117–124 ISBN 978-2-86480-660-8  Martin Bräuer 2014 Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 in German Berlin: De Gruyter p 1906 ISBN 978-3-11-026947-5 
  106. ^ Maury was born in 1907 and ordained in 1932 He served as Apostolic Delegate in Africa 1959, Internuncio in Senegal from 1961 to 1965, and then Nuncio in the ex-Belgian Congo, Ruanda and Burundi from 1965 to 1968
  107. ^ Balland was born at Bué Cher near Sancerre in the diocese of Bourges in 1934 He studied at the French Seminary in Rome He was named Vicar General of Bourges in 1980, and Bishop of Dijon in 1982 He was Archbishop of Reims from 1988 to 1995, when he was transferred to Lyon He died of lung cancer on 1 March 1998, ten days after having been named a cardinal by Pope John Paul II, and a week after his reception of the gold ring and title of San Pietro in Vincoli See: François Wenz-Dumas, in the journal Libération, 2 March 1998 mort-de-mgr-balland-cardinal, retrieved: 2017-01-31
  108. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: "Bishop Abel de Saint-Brieuc, OP" retrieved January 30, 2016

Sourcesedit

Episcopal listsedit

  • Gams, Pius Bonifatius 1873 Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz  Use with caution; obsolete
  • Eubel, Conradus ed 1913 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link in Latin
  • Eubel, Conradus ed 1914 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link in Latin
  • Eubel, Conradus ed; Gulik, Guilelmus 1923 Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 second ed Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list link
  • Gauchat, Patritius Patrice 1935 Hierarchia catholica IV 1592-1667 Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana Retrieved 2016-07-06 
  • Longnon, Auguste 1908 Pouillés de la province de Reims Recueils des historiens de la France: Pouilles in French and Latin Tome VI, 1 partie Paris: Imprimerie nationale 
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus 1952 Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V 1667-1730 Patavii: Messagero di S Antonio Retrieved 2016-07-06 
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus 1958 Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI 1730-1799 Patavii: Messagero di S Antonio Retrieved 2016-07-06 
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus 1968 Hierarchia Catholica medii et recentioris aevi sive summorum pontificum, S R E cardinalium, ecclesiarum antistitum series A pontificatu Pii PP VII 1800 usque ad pontificatum Gregorii PP XVI 1846 in Latin Volume VII Monasterii: Libr Regensburgiana 
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Pirminus Sefrin 1978 Hierarchia catholica Medii et recentioris aevi A Pontificatu PII PP IX 1846 usque ad Pontificatum Leonis PP XIII 1903 in Latin Volume VIII Il Messaggero di S Antonio 
  • Pięta, Zenon 2002 Hierarchia catholica medii et recentioris aevi A pontificatu Pii PP X 1903 usque ad pontificatum Benedictii PP XV 1922 in Latin Volume IX Padua: Messagero di San Antonio ISBN 978-88-250-1000-8 
  • Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae: Repertoire prosopographique des évêques, dignitaires et chanoines de France de 1200 a 1500 Vol 3 Diocèse de Reims Turnhout: Brepols, 1998
  • Pouillé général, contenant les bénéfices appartenans à la nomination au collaboration du Roy: Archevesche de Reims in French Paris: Chez Gervais Alliot 1648 

Studiesedit

  • Anselme Histoire Généalogique et Chronologique des Pairs de France Vol 2
  • Boussinecq, Georges and Laurent, Gustave Histoire de Reims des origines jusqu'à nos jours 1933 ISBN 2-86516-001-7
  • Cerf, Charles 1861 Histoire et description de Notre-Dame de Reims in French Tome I: Histoire Reims: Imp P Dubois 
  • Cusimano, Richard, ed, and Suger, Abbot of Saint Denis The Deeds of Louis the Fat Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press, 1992
  • Histoire de Reims Pierre Desportes, ed 1983 ISBN 2-7089-4722-2
  • Duchesne, Louis 1915 Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule, Tome III Paris: E de Boccard pp 76–88  in French
  • Fisquet, Honoré 1864 La France pontificale Gallia Christiana: Metropole de Reims: Reims in French Paris: Etienne Repos 
  • Jean, Armand 1891 Les évêques et les archevêques de France depuis 1682 jusqu'à 1801 in French Paris: A Picard 
  • Le Moigne, Frédéric; Christian Sorrel 2016 Les évêques français de la Séparation au pontificat de Jean-Paul II in French Paris: Editions du Cerf ISBN 978-2-204-12086-9 
  • Memoire pour le chapitre de l'eglise metropolitaine de Reims, et autres appellans comme d'abus des ordonnances de m l'Archeveque de Reims, des 5 octobre & 9 decembre 1716 & 20 mars 1717 in French Paris: chez Francois Jouenne 1717 
  • Sainte-Marthe, Denis de 1751 Gallia christiana, in provincias ecclesiasticas distributa in Latin Tomus nonus 9: de provincia Remensi Paris: ex Typographia regia pp 1–332 
  • Société bibliographique France 1907 L'épiscopat français depuis le Concordat jusqu'à la Séparation 1802-1905 Paris: Librairie des Saints-Pères 

For further readingedit

  • Glenn, Jason 2004 Politics and History in the Tenth Century: The Work and World of Richer of Reims Cambridge University Press ISBN 978-0-521-83487-2 

External linksedit

  • in French Centre national des Archives de l'Église de France, L’Épiscopat francais depuis 1919, retrieved: 2016-12-24
  • Official website in French
  • Diocese of Reims at catholic-hierarchyorg

See alsoedit

  • Catholic Church in France
  • Council of Reims

Coordinates: 49°15′13″N 4°02′03″E / 4925361°N 403417°E / 4925361; 403417

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