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Rindge, New Hampshire

rindge new hampshire on map, rindge new hampshire birth records
Rindge is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 6,014 at the 2010 census1 Rindge is home to Franklin Pierce University, the Cathedral of the Pines, and part of Annett State Forest

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Native American inhabitants
    • 12 Settlement by European colonists
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Native American inhabitantsedit

The land in and around Rindge was originally inhabited by ancestors of the Abenaki tribe of Native Americans Archeological evidence from nearby Swanzey indicates that the region was inhabited as much as 11,000 years ago coinciding with the end of the last glacial period As much as half of the Western Abenakis were victims of a wave of epidemics that coincided with the arrival of Europeans in the late 16th and early 17th centuries Later, many of the Western Abenaki present in southwestern New Hampshire chose to relocate to Canada during Colonial times, primarily due to their allegiance with the French during the French and Indian Wars

Settlement by European colonistsedit

In the eighteenth century, Massachusetts granted unappropriated land to veterans of Sir William Phipps' 1690 expedition against French-held Canada as compensation for services Whole townships were granted to certain military companies and became known as "Canada" townships Granted in 1736 by Governor Jonathan Belcher to soldiers from Rowley, Massachusetts, Rindge was first known as Rowley-Canada2 But the Masonian proprietors were making competing claims to the area, and in 1740 commissioners of the Crown decided that the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire lay south of Rowley-Canada3 Consequently, it was re-granted in 1749 by Governor Benning Wentworth as Monadnock No 1, or South Monadnock The town would be incorporated in 1768 by Governor John Wentworth as Rindge, in honor of Captain Daniel Rindge of Portsmouth, one of the original grant holders, and the one who represented New Hampshire's claim to the land before the king4

Captain Abel Platts is credited as being Rindge's first temporary settler, arriving in 1738 to take possession of his family's land grant5 But disputes about the grants, combined with the outbreak in 1744 of King George's War, made it untenable to remain in Rindge, so early settlers abandoned it Platts and others returned in 1752, and starting in 1758, settlement increased steadily6 There were 1,274 residents by 1859, when water powered industries included three gristmills, thirteen sawmills, thirteen shingle mills, six stave mills, two planing mills, and several clapboard mills2

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 400 square miles 104 km2, of which 372 sq mi 96 km2 is land and 28 sq mi 73 km2 is water, comprising 693% of the town Rindge is located in a hilly upland lake region Hubbard Pond is in the northeast, Contoocook Lake on the northern boundary, Pearly Lake is in the northwest, and Lake Monomonac is on the southern boundary The town is located on a regional watershed divide and is the headwaters for two river systems The Contoocook River flows north to the Merrimack River, thence to the Gulf of Maine, and the North Branch of the Millers River flows southwest to the Connecticut River, thence to Long Island Sound78 Rindge's highest point is on its eastern border, on the lower slopes of Pratt Mountain, where the elevation reaches 1,505 feet 459 m above sea level

Rindge is home to the villages of Rindge Center, East Rindge, Converseville, and West Rindge The town is crossed by US Route 202 and New Hampshire Route 119

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,143
1800 1,196 46%
1810 1,226 25%
1820 1,298 59%
1830 1,269 −22%
1840 1,161 −85%
1850 1,274 97%
1860 1,231 −34%
1870 1,107 −101%
1880 934 −156%
1890 996 66%
1900 855 −142%
1910 706 −174%
1920 643 −89%
1930 610 −51%
1940 629 31%
1950 707 124%
1960 941 331%
1970 2,175 1311%
1980 3,375 552%
1990 4,941 464%
2000 5,451 103%
2010 6,014 103%
Est 2015 5,853 −27%
US Decennial Census10
Welcome to Rindge

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 5,451 people, 1,502 households, and 1,138 families residing in the town The population density was 1466 people per square mile 566/km2 There were 1,863 housing units at an average density of 501 per square mile 193/km2 The racial makeup of the town was 9721% White, 116% African American, 015% Native American, 033% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 040% from other races, and 073% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 088% of the population 151% were of English, 112% Finnish, 110% Irish, 95% French, 93% French Canadian, 89% American and 75% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000

There were 1,502 households of which 383% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 654% were married couples living together, 66% had a female householder with no husband present, and 242% were non-families 186% of all households were made up of individuals and 53% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 287 and the average family size was 330

In the town, the population was spread out with 241% under the age of 18, 263% from 18 to 24, 220% from 25 to 44, 198% from 45 to 64, and 77% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 24 years For every 100 females there were 1035 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1024 males

The median income for a household in the town was $50,494, and the median income for a family was $52,500 Males had a median income of $36,268 versus $27,204 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,495 About 43% of families and 76% of the population were below the poverty line, including 115% of those under age 18 and 33% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Rindge belongs to the Jaffrey-Rindge Cooperative School District, which has a total of four schools Rindge is also the home of Franklin Pierce University

Colleges and universities
  • Franklin Pierce University
Public high schools
  • Conant High School located in Jaffrey
Public middle and grade schools
  • Rindge Memorial School
  • Jaffrey Grade School located in Jaffrey
  • Jaffrey-Rindge Middle School located in Jaffrey
Private schools
  • Hampshire Country School

Sites of interestedit

Rindge Meetinghouse
  • Annett Wayside Park, part of Annett State Forest, includes picnic tables, toilets, and a hiking trail to Black Reservoir
  • Cathedral of the Pines, a national memorial for all American war dead The location had been selected by Lieutenant Sanderson Sloane and his wife as the place to build their home when he returned from World War II A cathedral was created by his parents, Dr and Mrs Douglas Sloane, after learning that their son was lost when the bomber he flew was shot down over Germany on February 22, 1944
  • Rindge Historical Society
  • The Rindge Meeting House, built in 1796, is one of the largest town meeting houses in northern New England and one of the few civic buildings in the region that still straddles the separation of church and state The building is owned by the town, and the second floor is leased to the First Congregational Church, which uses it for services and other church functions The first floor is still used for town functions such as Zoning Board meetings as well as community functions such as fairs, Scout meetings, exercise classes, and the like

Notable peopleedit

  • George P Barker, state congressman from New York
  • Addison Gardiner, Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals and lieutenant governor of New York
  • Enoch Hale, militia colonel
  • Nathan Hale, military officer
  • Amasa Norcross, US congressman
  • Edward Payson, preacher
  • Mary Lee Ware, farmer, philanthropist, patron sponsor of Harvard's Glass Flowers collection
  • Marshall Pickney Wilder, merchant, amateur horticulturalist, and politician

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 632–633 
  3. ^ Stearns, Ezra History of the Town of Rindge Boston: George Ellis, 1875, Reprinted by Phoenix Publishing, 1988 p 37
  4. ^ Stearns, p 35
  5. ^ "HISTORY OF RINDGE, CHESHIRE COUNTY, NEW HAMPSHIRE" wwwnhsearchrootscom Retrieved 2008-03-07 
  6. ^ Stearns, p 66–67
  7. ^ US Geological Survey "Rindge, USGS Monadnock Mountain NH Topo Map" TopoQuestcom Retrieved 2008-06-29 
  8. ^ Town of Rindge "Master Plan, Chapter 3: Natural Resources" PDF Retrieved 2008-03-07 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Rindge official website
  • Ingalls Memorial Library
  • Rindge Chamber of Commerce
  • Jaffrey-Rindge Cooperative School District
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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