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Richard Erdoes

richard erdoes, richard erdoes biography
Richard Erdoes Hungarian Erdős, German Erdös was born in Frankfurt,1 7 July 1912, and died in Santa Fe, 16 July 2008 He was an artist, photographer, illustrator and author He described himself as "equal parts Austrian, Hungarian and German, as well as equal parts Catholic, Protestant and Jew"2


  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Published works
  • 4 Honors and awards
  • 5 References

Early lifeedit

Erdoes was born in Frankfurt, Germany, to Maria Josefa Schrom on July 7, 1912 His father, Richárd Erdős Sr, was a Jewish Hungarian opera singer who had died a few weeks earlier in Budapest on 9 June 19123 After his birth, his mother lived with her sister, the Viennese actress Leopoldine “Poldi” Sangora,4 and Erdoes grew up traveling with them from one engagement to another in Germany and Austria


He was a student at the Berlin Academy of Art in 1933, when Adolf Hitler came to power He was involved in a small underground paper where he published anti-Hitler political cartoons which attracted the attention of the Nazi regime He fled Germany with a price on his head Back in Vienna, he continued his training at the Kunstgewerbeschule, the University of Applied Arts, Vienna5 He also wrote and illustrated children's books and worked as a caricaturist for Tag and Stunde, anti-Nazi newspapers After the Anschluss of Austria in 1938 he fled again, first to Paris, where he studied at the Academie de la Grande Chaumiere, and then London, England before journeying to the United States He married his first wife, fellow artist Elsie Schulhof d xxxx in London, shortly before their arrival in New York City

In New York City, Erdoes enjoyed a long career as a commercial artist, and was known for his highly detailed, whimsical drawings He created illustrations for such magazines as Stage, Fortune, Pageant, Gourmet, Harper's Bazaar, Sports Illustrated, The New York Times, Time, National Geographic and Life Magazine, where he met his second wife, Jean Sternbergh d 1995 who was an art director there The couple married in 1951 and had three children6 Erdoes also illustrated many children's books

An assignment for Life in 1967 took Erdoes to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation for the first time, and marked the beginning of the work for which he would be best known Erdoes was fascinated by Native American culture, outraged at the conditions on the reservation and deeply moved by the Civil Rights Movement that was raging at the time He wrote histories, collections of Native American stories and myths, and wrote about such voices of the Native American Renaissance as Leonard and Mary Crow Dog and John Fire Lame Deer7 The Erdoes' New York City apartment was a well known hub of the American Indian Movement AIM in the early 1970scitation needed and he became involved in the legal defense of several AIM memberscitation needed In 1975 the family moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico where Erdoes continued to write and remained active in the movement for Native American civil rights

His papers are preserved at the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library at Yale University8

Published worksedit

As author:

  • Musicians Around the World xxxx
  • Peddlers and Vendors Around the World 1967
  • Policeman Around the World xxxx
  • The Sun Dance People: The Plains Indians Their Past and Present 1972, by Richard Erdoes
  • The Rain Dance People: The Pueblo Indians, Their Past and Present 1976
  • Sound of Flutes 1976
  • Woman Who Dared 1978
  • Native Americans: The Navajos 1979
  • Native Americans 1982
  • Native Americans: The Pueblos 1983
  • The Richard Erdoes Illustrated Treasury of Classic Unlaundered Limericks 1984
  • Crying for a Dream: The World through Native American Eyes 1990
  • Tales from the American Frontier 1992
  • AD 1000: Living on the Brink of Apocalypse 1994
  • Saloons of the Old West 1997
  • Legends and Tales of the American West 1998

As illustrator:

  • The Cat and The Devil 1964 by James Joyce
  • Come over to My House 1966 by Theo LeSieg pen name of Theo Geisel aka Dr Seuss9
  • The Spotted Stones 1978 by Silvio Bedini

As editor, collector or collaborator:

  • Lame Deer, Seeker of Visions 1972, together with John Fire Lame Deer
  • American Indian Myths and Legends 1984, with Alfonso Ortiz 9780394507965 Book 9781564310293 Audiocassette
  • Lakota Woman 1991 by Mary Crow Dog
  • Crow Dog: Four Generations of Sioux Medicine Men 1996, with Leonard Crow Dog
  • American Indian Trickster Tales 1999, with Alfonso Ortiz
  • Ojibwa Warrior: Dennis Banks and the Rise of the American Indian Movement 2005, with Dennis Banks
  • Ohitika Woman 2009, with Mary Brave Bird

Honors and awardsedit

  • American Institute of Graphic Arts
  • Viennese Museum of Applied Arts
  • Art Directors Club of New York
  • Society of Illustrators
  • American Book Award, Before Columbus Foundation 1991 - for Lakota Woman
  • Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art 199910


  1. ^ Barnes & Noble 1988,1995, Richard Erdoes: AD 1000 Living on the Brink of Apocalypse
  2. ^ Phillips, Zlata Fuss German Children's and Youth Literature in Exile 1933-1950 2001 p70 "Richard Erdös 1912 b July 7, 1912, Vienna, AHM Exile: 1940 USA Richard Erdös was born on July 7, 1912, in Vienna political domination of the National Socialists made it dangerous for Richard Erdös, a Jew, to remain in Europe"
  3. ^ Hungarian book review: Volumes 16-18; Volumes 16-18 Magyar Könyvkiadók és Könyvterjesztők Egyesülése, 1974 "A booklet is added in English, German and Russian giving details on the history of the Budapest Opera House opened in 1884, who died as long ago as 1905, or of Richárd Erdős, who died in 1912 in his thirties, or of Mihaly Takats,
  4. ^ http://wwwimdbcom/name/nm0762714/
  5. ^ "Erdoes, Richard 1912– - Contemporary Authors, New Revision Series" Encyclopediacom Retrieved 2012-08-13 
  6. ^ "The adventurous life of the prize-winning illustrator, photographer, and author, Richard Erdoes - "Inyan Wasicun"" Nuclear-freecom Retrieved 2012-03-05 
  7. ^ Beauvais, Archie B 2008-07-24 "Author Richard Erdoes dies at home at age 96" Lakota Country Times Archived from the original on December 14, 2011 Retrieved 2012-03-05 
  8. ^ "Yale Finding Aid Database : Guide to the Richard Erdoes Papers" Drslibraryyaleedu:8083 2008-07-16 Retrieved 2012-08-13 
  9. ^ Winter, Ariel S 2010-04-22 "We Too Were Children, Mr Barrie: RICHARD ERDOES AND THE LOST DR SEUSS" Wetoowerechildrenblogspotcom Retrieved 2012-03-05 
  10. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" pdf in German p 1305 Retrieved 13 February 2013 

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