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Republic of China Navy

republic of china navy, republic of china navy ships
The Republic of China Navy ROCN; Chinese: 中華民國海軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Hǎijūn is the maritime branch of the Republic of China Armed Forces The ROC Navy's primary mission is to defend ROC territories and the sea lanes that surround Taiwan against a blockade, attack, or possible invasion by the People's Liberation Army Navy of the People's Republic of China Operations include maritime patrols in the Taiwan Strait and surrounding waters, as well as counter-strike and counter-invasion operations during wartime The Republic of China Marine Corps functions as a branch of the Navy

The ship prefix for ROCN combatants is ROCS Republic of China Ship; an older usage is CNS Chinese Navy Ship


  • 1 Organization
    • 11 Republic of China Navy Command Headquarters
  • 2 History
    • 21 1914–1949
    • 22 1949–Present
  • 3 Equipment
    • 31 Combatants
    • 32 Aircraft
    • 33 Marine Corps
  • 4 Procurement
  • 5 Bases
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


Republic of China Navy Command Headquartersedit

The Navy CHQs 中華民國國防部海軍司令部 is subordinate to the General Staff, the Minister of Defense, and the ROC President

  • Internal units: Personnel, Combat Readiness & Training, Logistics, Planning, Combat Systems, General Affairs, Comptroller, Inspector General, Political Warfare
  • Naval Fleets Command 艦隊指揮部
  • 124th Fleet: Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City
  • 131st Fleet: Keelung City, Taiwan Province
  • 146th Fleet: Magong City, Penghu County, Taiwan Province
  • Amphibious Fleet 151st Fleet, Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City
  • 168th Fleet: Suao, Yilan County, Taiwan Province
  • 192nd Fleet Navy Minesweeper Fleet: Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City
  • 256th Submarine Squadron: Zuoying District, Kaohsiung City
  • 261st Squadron
  • Hai ChiaoSea Dragon PGMG Guided Missile Boat/Craft Group 海蛟大隊
1st Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat at Suao naval base 2nd Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat 3rd Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Hai Ou-class missile boat Dvora class 4th Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 10 Hai Ou-class missile boat Dvora class 5th Hai Chiao Guided Missile Boat/Craft Squadron of 11 Kuang Hua VI-class missile boat23
  • Hai Feng Shore Based Anti-ship Missile Group 海鋒大隊, operates 6 batteries of fixed/mobile HF-2 anti-ship missiles
  • 7th Hai Feng Shore Based Anti-ship Missile Squadron 海鋒大隊第七中隊, Haulien, Eastern Taiwan456
  • Aviation Command operates from Pingtung, Tsoying, and Hualien AB
  • Naval Aviation, at Pingtung, will receive 12 P-3C 2013/2014
  • 1st ASW Aviation Group
  • 133rd Squadron: S-2T, at Pingtung
  • 134th Squadron: S-2T, at Pingtung
  • 2nd ASW Aviation Group
  • 701st Helicopter Squadron Light, S-70CM-1, at Hualien
  • 702nd Helicopter Squadron Light, S-70CM-2, at Tsoying
  • 501st Helicopter Squadron Light, 500MD ASW, at Tsoying
  • Maintenance Group
  • 1st Maintenance Squadron Pingtung
  • 2nd Maintenance Squadron Tsoying
  • 3rd Maintenance Squadron Hualien
  • Marine Corps Command 陸戰隊指揮部
  • Education, Training and Doctrine Command 教育訓練暨準則發展司令部
  • Logistics Command 後勤司令部
  • Naval Academy, Hydrographic & Oceanographic Bureau, Shipbuilding Development Center, Communication Systems, General Service



ROC Taiwan Navy

Ministry of Defense
Republic of China Marine Corps
Rank insignia
History and Traditions
Naval history of China
Orders, Decorations and Medals
List of orders, decorations and medals
Order of Blue Sky and White Sun


See also: Naval history of China ROCN delegation in Washington DC, 1930

The precursor to the modern ROC Navy was established as the Ministry of the Navy in the Provisional Government of the Republic of China in 1911 following the overthrow of the Qing dynasty During the period of warlordism that scarred China in the 1920s and 1930s the ROCN remained loyal to the Kuomintang government of Sun Yat-sen instead of the warlord government in Beijing During that time and throughout World War II, the ROCN concentrated mainly on riverine warfare as the poorly equipped ROCN was not a match to Imperial Japanese Navy over ocean or coast10

Following World War II, a number of Japanese destroyers and decommissioned US ships were transferred to the ROC Navy During the Chinese Civil War, the ROCN was involved in the protection of supply convoys and the withdrawal of the ROC Government and over 1 million refugees to Taiwan in 1949 The subsequent reorganization and reestablishment of the Navy after evacuation to Taiwan is referenced in the lyrics of the post 1949 ROC Navy Song "The New Navy" 新海軍


Following the relocation of the ROC government to Taiwan, the ROCN was involved in a number of commando attack escorts, evacuation and transport of more displaced soldiers and later to provide patrols and resupply operations to Kinmen and Matsu in the Taiwan Strait and South China Sea offshore islands

Since the 1990s the Navy has grown in importance as the emphasis of the ROC's military doctrine moves towards countering a possible People's Republic of China PRC blockade, as well as offshore engagement The ROCN has been working hard to expand its capability in electronic and anti-submarine warfare, as well as the replacement of its current antiquated fleet8 However local shipbuilder CSBC still lacks the technology to build modern submarines11


See also: List of ships of the Republic of China Navy ROC Navy Kang Ding-class Lafayette-class frigate with S-70C helicopter

Traditionally, most ROCN equipment is purchased from the United States, though several ships have been built domestically under licence or through domestic development The ROCN has also purchased Lafayette-class frigates from France and Zwaardvis-class submarines from the Netherlands as well as four US Kidd-class renamed Keelung destroyers originally intended for Iran

Despite the ROCN refurbishing and extending the service life of its vessels and equipment, it has suffered from procurement difficulties due to pressures exerted by the PRC It has only two useful submarines The US has approved sales of eight new diesel powered submarines but lacks the manufacturing capability to make the engines; at the same time, threats from the PRC prevent the necessary technology transfer from other countries Furthermore, the Legislative Yuan did not approve the budget and thereby slowed the opportunity to procure the badly needed underwater defense capability

In 2003 the US Government suggested buying four Nazario Sauro-class refurbished submarines from Italy, that reportedly agreed to sell them plus an additional four other submarines, following their decommissioning by the Italian Navy However, Taipei rejected the offer, saying it wanted new submarines

On 12 September 2007, an arms notification was sent to the United States Congress concerning an order for 12 P-3C Orion patrol aircraft and 3 "spare aircraft", along with an order for 144 SM-2 Block IIIA surface-to-air missiles12 A contract was awarded to Lockheed Martin to refurbish the 12 P-3C Orion aircraft for the ROC on 13 March 2009, with deliveries to start in 201213

In 2008, the ROCN set out to acquire an improved anti-ship capability On 26 August, an arms notification was sent to Congress for an order for 60 air-launched Harpoon Block II missiles for the 12 P-3C14 At least a portion of these missiles will be installed on the navy's Hai Lung-class submarines

On 29 January 2010, the US government announced 5 notifications to the US Congress for arms sales to the ROC In the contracts total 6392 billion USD, ROC Navy will get 2 Osprey-class minehunters for 105 million USD, 25 Link 16 terminals on ships for 340 millions, 10 ship- and 2 air-launched Harpoon L/II for 37 million USD1516

The ROC Navy already has 95 older Harpoon missiles in its inventory for the 8 Knox-class frigates, 22 newer RGM-84L for the 4 Kidd-class destroyers, 32 sub-launched Harpoon II on order for the 2 Hai Lung-class submarines, and with 60 air-launched Harpoon Block II anti-ship missile on order for the 12 P-3Cs, plus the newly announced 10 ship-launched and 2 air-launched Harpoon II/L sales17

On 31 August 2010, it was announced for next year's defense budget, ROCN planned to lease 1 or 2 more Newport-class tank landing ships LST from the United States, but the 900-ton stealth corvette plan was put on hold, due to lack of funds18 That same year, On 29 September, the US Congress passed a resolution, authorizing the US Government for the sale of 1 more Osprey-class minehunter to the ROC19

Other ongoing local upgrade programs include locally designed and built Ching Chiang class of 12 patrol ships that were designed back in the 1990s to carry 4 HF-1 anti-ship missiles on board but only the lead ship of the class had them Since 2006, 7 ships of this class were upgraded to carry 4 HF-2/3 with W-160 fire control radar from Wu Chin III program as well as Honeywell H-930 MCS CDS stripped from 7 retired Yang class Wu Chin 3 anti-air warfare destroyers In 2010 more ships of this class were undergoing this same upgrade program but using CSIST produced fire control radars instead Currently 4 different variants exist within this class, the original Ching Chiang patrol ship constructed with 4 HF-1 1 existing in this configuration

On 29 December 2010, 2 LSTs 中肇、中治戰車登陸艦 and 4 remaining of Adjutant-class coastal minehunters were retired20

In 2011, the navy retired several vessels On 31 October, all 8 PCL in the 124th Fleet were retired21 On 28 December, the 2 Lung Jiang-class PSMM Mk5 guided missile patrol boats PGG 601 and PPG 602 of the 131st Fleet were retired from ROC Navy service, after entering service in 1978 and 1981 respectively22

On 15 April 2014, the Defence Minister Yen Ming announced that the United States will help Taiwan to build its own diesel-electric attack submarines SSKs Taiwan is looking to build eight submarines indigenously whilst also actively seeking to purchase diesel-electric submarines from other nations The submarines would greatly improve the Navy's defensive capabilities23 It has been reported that in November 2014 Taiwan will announce a 20-year modernisation plan to replace the entire fleet The plan is for four destroyers of 10,000 tons, 10–15 catamaran frigates of 3,000 tons, new amphibious ships and 4–8 submarines of 1,200–3,000 tons The submarines may be built with a foreign partner but the surface ships would all be domestic designs2425


Destroyers 4 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Kee Lung-class  United States destroyer 4 Ex-Kidd-class-class
Frigates 20 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Cheng Kung-class  Taiwan frigate 8 Ex-Oliver Hazard Perry-class
Chi Yang-class  United States frigate 6 Ex-Knox-class
Kang Ding-class  France frigate 6 French-built La Fayette-class
Fast Attack Missile Crafts 31 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Kuang Hua VI-class  Republic of China missile boat 31 Delivery began 2003
Submarines 2 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Chien Lung-class  Netherlands diesel-electric submarine 2 Based on Zwaardvis-class submarine
Hai Shih-class  United States diesel-electric submarine 2 Training
Patrol Ships 12 in service & corvette 1 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Ching Chiang-class  Republic of China patrol ship 12 naval Kuang Hua III program
Tuo Chiang-Class  Republic of China corvette 1 on 14 March 2014 26
Minesweepers 9 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Yung Feng-class  Germany minesweeper 4 ex-MWW-50 class
Yung Yang-class  United States minesweeper 3 ex-Aggressive class
Yung Ching-class  United States minesweeper 2 ex-Osprey class
Amphibious Ships 10 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Newport-class  United States tank landing ship 2 ex-USN USS Manitowoc LST-1180 and USS Sumter LST-1181
Chung Hai-class  United States tank landing ship 6 Landing Ship, Tank LST-1
Kaohsiung-class  United States tank landing ship 1 ex-USS Dukes County LST-735 LST-542 class tank landing ship
Shi Hai-class  United States dock landing ship 1 ex-USS Pensacola LSD-38 Anchorage-class dock landing ship
Auxiliary Ships 10 in service
Class Origin Type In service Notes
Pan Shi-class  Republic of China fast combat support ship 1 AOE-532
Wu Yi-class  Republic of China fast combat support ship 1 AOE-530
Ta Kuan-class  Italy research ship 1 oceanographic measurement
Ta Hu-class  United States rescue and salvage ship 2 ARS-552 ex-USS Grapple
Ta Tung-class  United States fleet tug 5 ATF-548 ex-USS Chickasaw


Aircraft 28 in service
Aircraft Origin Type In service27 Notes
Sikorsky S-70CM-1/2 Thunderhawk  United States SAR ASW Naval utility helicopter 19 Out of 10+11 ordered
Hughes 500MD/ASW Defender  United States ASW Naval utility helicopter 9 Out of original 13 ordered
Lockheed P-3C Orion  United States Maritime patrol aircraft 12 Re-built ex-US Navy aircraft and replaced ROCN Grumman S-2 Trackers
Lockheed EP-3E Orion  United States signals reconnaissance 3 Spare P-3C airframes acquired for future conversion to EP-3E Aries I of II platform

Marine Corpsedit

Republic of China Marine Corps:


2 Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates to be ordered282930


  • Tsoying Naval Base – 1st Naval District HQ, largest naval base in Taiwan and naval airfield near Kaohsiung
  • Tsoying Naval Airfield and Naval Yard – Tsoying District
  • Makung Naval Base Makung, Pescadores – 2nd Naval District HQ – home to attack squadrons, training centre and naval yard
  • Keelung Naval Base, Keelung – 3rd Naval District HQ, home to northern patrol and transport squadrons and small naval yard
  • Suao Naval Base, Su-ao, Yilan – East Coast Command and supports Keelung Naval Base

All remaining bases are small naval stations supporting PCL class small patrol boats and Fast Attack Boat:

  • Anping Naval Base, Anping
  • Hsinchu Naval Base, Hsinchu
  • Hualien Naval Base, Hualien
  • Kenting Naval Base, Hengchun
  • Tamshui Naval Base, Tamshui
  • Wu Chi Naval Base, Wuqi District

See alsoedit

  • List of active Republic of China Navy ships
  • Ministry of National Defense Republic of China
  • Republic of China Naval Academy
  • Political status of Taiwan
  • Republic of China Navy rank and rating insignia for the rank and rating system of the ROCN Marine Corps included


  1. ^ "New defense minister urges alert over Chinese espionage" focustaiwantw Retrieved 30 January 2016 
  2. ^ "First KH-6 squadron entered service as 5th Sea Dragon Squadron" Central News Agency Retrieved 2010-05-18 
  3. ^ "First KH-6 squadron entered service" pchomecomtw Retrieved 2010-05-18 
  4. ^ "Red Roof Tiles and White Walls, Hidden Missile Base Next To Hotel" United Daily News Retrieved 2010-12-23 
  5. ^ "Navy opens missile base in eastern Taiwan to media" The China Post Retrieved 2010-12-23 
  6. ^ "ROC Navy opens missile base in eastern Taiwan to media" China Defense Blog Retrieved 2010-12-23 
  7. ^ "Navy – Overview" GlobalSecurityorg Retrieved 2006-03-08 
  8. ^ a b "2004 National Defense Report" PDF ROC Ministry of National Defense 2004 Archived from the original PDF on March 11, 2006 Retrieved 2006-03-05 
  9. ^ "Combat Units Under the ROC Navy Fleet HQ" Taiwanmilitaryorg Retrieved 2006-03-08 
  10. ^ "歷史傳承 History" ROC Navy Retrieved 2006-03-08 dead link
  11. ^ "Navy questions CSBC's capability to build submarines" ROC Central News Agency March 14, 2012
  12. ^ "Pentagon could make 22 billion dollar arms sales to Taiwan" Yahoo! news 2007-09-13 Retrieved 2007-09-13 dead link
  13. ^ "US in deal to refurbish aircraft for Taiwan" Washington Post 2009-03-13 Retrieved 2007-09-13 dead link
  14. ^ Jennings, Ralph 2008-08-27 "US to sell anti-ship missiles to Taiwan" Reuters 
  15. ^ "USDA New Release" PDF dscamil 2010-01-29 Archived from the original PDF on 2011-07-21 Retrieved 2010-01-29 
  16. ^ "USDA New Release" PDF dscamil 2010-01-29 Archived from the original PDF on 2011-07-21 Retrieved 2010-01-29 
  17. ^ "armstradesipriorg" armstradesipriorg Retrieved 2010-01-10 
  18. ^ "Next Year Defense Budget Believed To Be Lowest In 5 Years" United Daily newspaper 2010-08-31 Retrieved 2010-09-12 
  19. ^ "US Congress approved sales of mine hunter to Taiwan" United Daily News 2010-09-30 Retrieved 2010-09-30 
  20. ^ "6 Navy ships retired" Youth Daily News 2010-12-29 Retrieved 2010-12-29 
  21. ^ "All 8 Navy PCL Retired Into History" Military News Agency 2011-10-31 Archived from the original on 2012-04-25 Retrieved 2011-11-01 
  22. ^ "2 Lung Jiang Missile Guided Patrol Boats Retired" United Daily News 2011-12-28 Retrieved 2012-01-03 
  23. ^ "US to Help Taiwan Build Attack Submarines" The Diplomat 2014-04-15 Retrieved 2014-10-30 
  24. ^ Minnick, Wendell 20 September 2014 "Taiwan Previews Major Naval Acquisition Plan" Defense News 
  25. ^ https://wwwreuterscom/article/us-taiwan-defence-idUSKBN1770CE
  26. ^ http://wwwjanescom/article/35351/taiwan-launches-first-carrier-killer-stealth-missile-corvette
  27. ^ "Naval Aviation Command" Globalsecurityorg Retrieved 2007-07-16 
  28. ^ "US plans to sell warships to Taiwan" Yahoo News Retrieved 2015-12-17 
  29. ^ Pike, John "Taiwan to buy Perry-class frigates from US" globalsecurityorg Retrieved 4 July 2016 
  30. ^ "Taiwan’s Force Modernization: The American Side" Defense Industry Daily 21 July 2015 Retrieved 30 January 2016 

External linksedit

  • ROC Navy website
  • Globalsecurityorg report on the ROC Navy

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