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Reinhart Dozy

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Reinhart Pieter Anne Dozy Leiden, Netherlands, 21 February 1820 – Leiden, 29 April 1883 was a Dutch scholar of French Huguenot origin, who was born in Leiden He was a scholar of Arabic language, history and literature


  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Works
  • 3 Assessment
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


The Dozys, like other contemporary French families, emigrated to the Low Countries after the revocation of the edict of Nantes, but some of the former appear to have settled in the Netherlands as early as 1647 Dozy studied at the University of Leiden, obtained the degree of doctor in 1844, was appointed an extraordinary professor of history in 1850, and professor in 1857 Dozy was a correspondent of the Royal Institute between 1848 and 1851 He became a member of the successor institute, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, in 18551


The first results of Dozy's extensive studies in Oriental literature, Arabic language and history, manifested themselves in 1847, when he published a translation from Abdelwahid al-Marrakushi, born 1185, resident in South Spain between 1208 and 1217, leaving then for Egypt and visiting Mecca in 1221, dated 1224, Kitab al-mujib fi talkhis akhbar ahl al-Maghrib under the title The history of the Almohads, preceded by a sketch of the history of Spain from the time of the conquest till the reign of Yusuf ibn Tashfin, and of the history of the Almoravids, printed again in 1881 and reprinted in 1968

His other works include:

  • Scriptorum Arabum loci de Abbaditis 1846–1863, 3 vols,
  • His edition of 13th century Marrakech historian Ibn Idhari's History of Africa and Spain 1848–1852, 3 vols, translation of a Leiden library manuscript purchased at Morocco in the 17th century titled Al-Bayan al-Mughrib
  • Of Ibn-Badrun's Historical Commentary on the Poem of Abd al-Majid ibn Abdun 1848, and
  • His Dictionnaire détaillé des noms des vêtements chez les Arabes 1845, a work crowned by the Dutch Institute

His most famous work was:

  • Histoire des Musulmans d'Espagne, jusqu'à la conquête de l'Andalousie par les Almoravides, 711-1110 1861; 2nd ed, 1881 read, a graphically written account of Moorish dominion in Spain, which shed new light on many obscure points
  • Recherches sur l'histoire et la littérature de l'Espagne pendant le moyen âge 2 vols, 1849; 2nd and 3rd ed, completely recast in 1860 and 1881 form a supplement to his Histoire des Mussulmans, in which he exposes the many tricks and falsehoods of the monks in their chronicles, and effectively demolishes a good part of the Cid legends

As an Arabic scholar Dozy wrote:

  • Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes 1877–1881, 2 volumes and
  • Glossaire des mots espagnols et portugais, dérivés de l'arabe, edited with W H Engelmann of Leipzig 1861; 2nd ed, 1869, and a similar list of Dutch words derived from the Arabic
Tabula Rogeriana, for king Roger II of Sicily, circa 1154, by Muhammad al Idris Notice the sketches of the Black Sea, Spain, Italy, the Red Sea and the Caspian Sea towards the lower part of the map

Dozy also edited:

  • Ahmed Mohammed al-Maqqari's Analectes sur l'histoire et la littérature des Arabes d'Espagne 1855–1861, 2 vols, and, in conjunction with his friend and successor, Michael Jan de Goeje, at Leiden:
  • al-Idrisi's Description de l'Afrique et de l'Espagne 1866
  • Calendrier de Cordoue de l'année 961; texte arabe et ancienne traduction latine 1874
  • Het Islamisme Islamism; 1863, 2nd ed, 1880; French translation is a popular exposition of Islam, of a more controversial character; and
  • De Israelieten te Mekka "The Israelites at Mecca", 1864 became the subject of a rather heated discussion in Jewish circles


According to Edward Said, despite the "enormous labors" represented by Dozy's work, it was characterized by an "impressive antipathy to the Orient, Islam, and the Arabs"2


  1. ^ "RPA Dozy 1820 - 1883" Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences Retrieved 24 January 2016 
  2. ^ Edward W Said 2006 Orientalism Penguin Books India p 151 
  • Hugh Kennedy, Muslim Spain and Portugal  : A Political History of al-Andalus, Longman, 1996 ISBN 0-582-49515-6
  • Roger Collins, "The Arab Conquest of Spain, 710–797, Blackwell, 1989 ISBN 0-631-19405-3
  • Kenneth Baxter Wolf: Conquerors and Chroniclers of Early Medieval Spain`` Liverpool University Press, Liverpool 1999, revised edition from the 1990 edition See: http://sitesgooglecom/site/canilup/kenneth_baxter_wolf
  • Ahmed Siraj: L'Image de la Tingitane L'historiographie arabe medievale et l'Antiquite nord-africaine École Française de Rome, 1995 ISBN 2-7283-0317-7 Short biographical note on Ibn Idhari al-Marrakushi
  • N Levtzion & JFP Hopkins, Corpus of early Arabic sources for West African history, Cambridge University Press, 1981, ISBN 0-521-22422-5 reprint: Markus Wiener, Princeton, 2000, ISBN 1-55876-241-8 Short biographical note and English translation of extracts from Al-Bayan al-Mughrib
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "article name needed" Encyclopædia Britannica 11th ed Cambridge University Press 

External linksedit

  • Works by Reinhart Dozy at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Reinhart Dozy at Internet Archive

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