Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange


Réginald Marie Garrigou-Lagrange, OP 1877–1964 was a French Catholic theologian He has been noted as a leading neo-Thomist of the 20th century, along with Jacobus Ramírez, Édouard Hugon, and Martin Grabmann1 He taught at the Dominican Pontifical University of St Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in Rome from 1909 to 1960 Here he wrote his magnum opus, The Three Ages of the Interior Life Les Trois Ages de la Vie Interieure in 1938

In 1918 Garrigou initiated courses in sacred art, mysticism, and aesthetics at the Angelicum2 influencing future liturgical artists such as Marie Alain Couturier, who studied theology there from 1930 to 1932 3

Contents

  • 1 Life
  • 2 Thought
  • 3 Influence
  • 4 Works
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 Further reading
  • 8 External links

Lifeedit

He was born Gontran-Marie Garrigou Lagrange on February 21, 1877, in Auch, near Toulouse France While studying medicine at Bordeaux he experienced what he described as a religious conversion after reading Life, Science, and Art by the Breton writer Ernest Hello 1828–85 He joined the French Dominicans, studied and taught at Le Saulchoir, before moving to Rome, where he lectured at the Angelicum from 1909 until his retirement in 1960 In 1917 a special professorship in ascetical and mystical theology was created for him at the Angelicum, the first of its kind anywhere in the world4

Thoughtedit

He is best known for his spiritual theology His magnum opus in the field is The Three Ages of the Interior Life Les Trois Ages de la Vie Interieure,5 in which he propounded the thesis that infused contemplation and the resulting mystical life are in the normal way of holiness of Christian perfection This influenced the section entitled "Chapter V: The Universal Call to Holiness in the Church" in the Second Vatican Council's Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, Lumen gentium6

His great achievement was to synthesise the highly abstract writings of St Thomas Aquinas with the experiential writings of St John of the Cross, attempting to show they are in perfect harmony with each other7

Father Garrigou-Lagrange, the leading proponent of "strict observance Thomism", attracted wider attention when in 1946 he wrote against the Nouvelle Théologie theological movement, criticising it as Modernist8 He is also said to be the drafter of Pope Pius XII's 1950 encyclical Humani generis, subtitled "Concerning Some False Opinions Threatening to Undermine the Foundations of Catholic Doctrine"9

Influenceedit

The Osservatore Romano, Dec 9-10, 1950 lists Garrigou-Lagrange among the names of the preparatory commission for the definition of the Assumption of Mary10

Garrigou-Lagrange taught many eminent Catholic theologians during his academic career at the Angelicum

Garrigou-Lagrange also supervised the doctoral research of Marie-Dominique Chenu, who being ordained in 1919, completed his doctorate in theology in 1920 with a dissertation entitled De contemplatione11 In the period between World War II and the Cold War Garrigou-Lagrange was the "torchbearer of orthodox Thomism" against Modernism12 In 1926 he served as the definitive consulter to Pope Pius XI in declaring John of the Cross a doctor of the church13

He is commonly held to have influenced the decision in 1942 to place the privately circulated book Une école de théologie: le Saulchoir Étiolles 1937 by Marie-Dominique Chenu OP on the Vatican's "Index of Forbidden Books" as the culmination of a polemic within the Dominican Order between the Angelicum supporters of a speculative scholasticism and the French revival Thomists who were more attentive to historical hermeneutics14

Garrigou-Lagrange gave the retreat in Paris which attracted Yves Congar to leave the diocesan seminary in order to join the Dominicans15 Later, Congar's methodology was suspected of Modernism because it seemed to derive more from religious experience than from syllogistic analysis16

Garrigou-Lagrange also supervised the doctoral research of Maurice Zundel who completed his dissertation in 1927 with a dissertation entitled L'Influence du nominalisme sur la pensée chrétienne17

Perhaps the most famous of his students was the future Pope John Paul II, who was supervised by Garrigou-Lagrange for his doctoral research in the mid-1940s at the Angelicum, and whose encyclical Fides et Ratio is attributed to his training under the learned Dominican

He died February 15, 1964 in Rome The International Dominican Foundation IDF established Réginald de Rocquois Foundation in his memory, at Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, where he taught most of his career, which grants annual Réginald de Rocquois scholarships18

Worksedit

He produced 28 books and hundreds of articles Among the most famous works are:

Commentaries on the Summa Theologica of St Thomas Aquinas
  • The One God, commentary on Summa Theologica I1-26 Softcover
  • The Trinity and God the Creator, commentary on Summa Theologica I27-119 Softcover
  • Beatitude 1951, commentary on Summa Theologica I-II1-54 Softcover
  • Grace 1947, commentary on Summa Theologica I-II109-114 scanned version Softcover
  • The Theological Virtues - Vol 1: Faith 1948, commentary on Summa Theologica II-II1-16
  • Christ the Saviour 1945, commentary on Summa Theologica III1-26, 31-59 Softcover
Theological works
  • Christian Perfection and Contemplation according to St Thomas Aquinas and St John of the Cross 1923
  • God, His Existence and Nature: A Thomistic Solution of Certain Agnostic Antinomies 1914
  • See also Pierre Duhem's appendix to it: "Note sure la valeur des principes de l'inertie et de la conservation de l'énergie"
  • Life Everlasting
  • Life Everlasting and Immensity of the Soul 1947
  • The Love of God and the Cross of Jesus 1929 Softcover, Volume 1 Softcover, Volume 2
  • Predestination 1936
  • The Priest in Union with Christ 1948
  • Providence 1932
  • The Three Ages of the Interior Life: Prelude of Eternal Life 1938, synthesis of Christian Perfection and Contemplation and Love of God and the Cross of Jesus online
  • The Three Ways of the Spiritual Life 1938
  • Essenza e attualità del tomismo 1945 Italian
Marian works
  • The Mother of the Saviour and our Interior Life 1948
Philosophical works
  • Reality: A Synthesis of Thomistic Thought Softcover Hardcover Free Audiobook
  • Principles of Catholic Apologetics, translated and rearranged by Thomas Joseph Walshe from Fr Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange's De Revelatione see below
Works in Latin originals
  • De Revelatione per Ecclesiam Catholicam proposita – Theologia Fundamentalis secundum S Thomae Doctrinam Volume I & Volume II
Works in Spanish translated
  • Dios: Su existencia solución tomista de las antinomias agnósticas Volumen I & Volumen II
  • El realismo del principio de finalidad
  • El Salvador y su amor por nosotros
  • El Sentido Común Original in French: Le sens commun
  • El Sentido del Misterio
  • La Madre del Salvador y nuestra vida interior
  • La Predestinacion de los Santos y la Gracia
  • La providencia y la confianza en Dios
  • La Santificacion del Sacerdote
  • La síntesis tomista
  • Las tres edades de la vida interior
  • La Unión del sacerdote con Cristo Sacerdote y Victima
  • La vida eterna y La profundidad del alma
Other
  • Works by or about Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange in libraries WorldCat catalog
  • Complete bibliography
  • Nearly all his works in Latin, English, French, Italian, and Spanish are downloadable here19

See alsoedit

  • Consecration and entrustment to Mary

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Romero Carrasquillo, Francisco J 2007-06-16 "Maritain's Thought and Fr Garrigou-Lagrange" Ite ad Thomam: "Go to Thomas!" Retrieved 2013-06-17 
  2. ^ Christopher J Renz September 2009 In This Light Which Gives Light: A History of the College of St Albert the Great 1930-1980 Dominican School pp 44– ISBN 978-1-883734-18-3 
  3. ^ http://weblibraryyaleedu/sites/default/files/files/CouturierCollectionpdf Accessed 4 Dec, 2014
  4. ^ Michael L Coulter; Richard S Myers; Joseph A Varacalli 2012 Encyclopedia of Catholic Social Thought, Social Science, and Social Policy: Supplement Scarecrow Press pp 124– ISBN 978-0-8108-8266-9 
  5. ^ The Three Ages of the Interior Life Online text
  6. ^ Mullady, Brian, OP "Rehabilitation of Garrigou-Lagrange" Retrieved 2012-07-26  CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  7. ^ "A saint in Heaven", by Fr Thomas Crean, http://wwwchristendom-awakeorg/pages/thomas-crean/saint-in-heavenhtm Accessed 4-10-2012
  8. ^ See “Where is the New Theology Leading Us” See also his later article "The structure of the encyclical Humani generis" and
  9. ^ Carrasquillo, Francisco J Romero 2010-10-23 "Quaeritur: Who are the Post-Conciliar Traditional Catholic Thomists" Ite ad Thomam: "Go to Thomas!" "Maritain's Thought and Fr Garrigou-Lagrange" Retrieved 2011-06-19 
  10. ^ http://wwwtsmuedu/readers/content/pdf/12/124/1244pdf Accessed 2-6-2013
  11. ^ Praeambula Fidei: Thomism And the God of the Philosophers, Ralph McInerny, 2006, https://booksgooglecom/booksid=3FY1gtVu37sC&pg=PA108 Accessed May 24, 2012; Nouvelle Théologie and Sacramental Ontology: A Return to Mystery, Hans Boersma, 2009, 136 https://booksgooglecom/booksid=514HmFl5y9AC&pg=PA136#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed May 24, 2012
  12. ^ http://wwwtreccaniit/enciclopedia/le-eredita-2-i-postumi-della-crisi-modernista_Cristiani-d'Italia/ Accessed 10 September 2013
  13. ^ http://wwwavvenireit/Cultura/Pagine/il-tomista-assaltoaspx Accessed 17 Feb, 2014
  14. ^ http://wwwtreccaniit/enciclopedia/le-eredita-2-i-postumi-della-crisi-modernista_Cristiani-d'Italia/ Accessed 10 September 2013; Y Congar, Chrétiens désunis Principes d’un œcuménisme catholique, Paris 1937; The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism, 304, https://booksgooglecom/booksid=7DmZB8fy_wcC&pg=PA303#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed November 13, 2012; https://booksgooglecom/booksid=3FY1gtVu37sC&pg=PA38#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed 10 September 2013
  15. ^ Fergus Kerr, Twentieth-Century Catholic Theologians, Blackwell, 2007, p10
  16. ^ http://wwwtreccaniit/enciclopedia/le-eredita-2-i-postumi-della-crisi-modernista_Cristiani-d'Italia/ Accessed 10 September 2013; Y Congar, Chrétiens désunis Principes d’un œcuménisme catholique, Paris 1937; The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism, 304, https://booksgooglecom/booksid=7DmZB8fy_wcC&pg=PA303#v=onepage&q&f=false Accessed November 13, 2012
  17. ^ http://wwwannesigierqcca/zundel/biographiehtml Accessed 26 August 2013
  18. ^ "IDF Serving the Dominican Order and the Church" PDF IDF News, International Dominican Foundation July 2012 Retrieved 2014-07-23 
  19. ^ The server is not always on, so if the link times out, try again later

Further readingedit

  • Garrigou-Lagrange, Réginald 2013 The Essence & Topicality of Thomism ISBN 9781304416186 
  • Nichols, Aidan 2008 Reason with piety: Garrigou-Lagrange in the service of Catholic thought Naples, FL: Sapientia Press of Ave Maria University ISBN 9781932589498 
  • Peddicord, Richard 2004 The sacred monster of Thomism : an introduction to the life and legacy of Reginald Garrigou-Lagrange South Bend Ind: St Augustine's Press ISBN 978-1-58731-752-1 

External linksedit

  • "A Saint in Heaven" by Fr Thomas Crean, OP
  • Audiobook of his Reality, digitally read at a fast pace
  • Complete bibliography of all his works Italian
  • The Last Battle of Lagrange by Fr Albert Kallio, OP


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