Tue . 18 Oct 2018

Reg Parnell

reg parnell, reg parnell racing driver
Reginald "Reg" Parnell 2 July 1911 – 7 January 1964 was a racing driver and team manager from Derby, England He participated in seven Formula One World Championship Grands Prix, achieving one podium, and scoring a total of nine championship points

Parnell, as both a driver and a team manager, had a considerable influence on post-war British motorsport until his premature death in 1964 Parnell raced at Brooklands and was banned following an accident with Kay Petre which ended her racing career Before the war he bought up racing cars Once the hostilities had ceased he sold them to form the basis of post-war racing entries He later raced a whole host of cars before turning to management and taking Aston Martin into Formula 1 Parnell went on to run the Yeoman Credit Racing team with the help of his son Tim who later raced in Formula 1 himself

Contents

  • 1 Early career
  • 2 Post WWII
  • 3 Formula One
  • 4 Sportscars
  • 5 Later years
  • 6 Team management
  • 7 Death
  • 8 Racing record
    • 81 Career highlights
    • 82 Complete Formula One World Championship results
    • 83 Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results
    • 84 Complete 12 Hours of Sebring results
    • 85 Complete Mille Miglia results
  • 9 References
  • 10 Further reading

Early career

Parnell came from a family which ran a garage business in Derby In 1933, he was a spectator when Donington Park held its first motor race, and he decided to try the sport By 1935, he bought an old 2-litre Bugatti single-seater for just £25 It broke its rear axle in the paddock at its first meeting, but buying spare parts for the Bugatti was too expensive, so it was replaced with a MG Magnette K3 Parnell had secured wins at both Brooklands and Donington Park, but in 1937 he lost his licence following a practice accident for the 500 Mile race, at Brooklands He misjudged an overtaking move on Kay Petre, when he lost control of the MG, crashing into her Austin 7 from behind, causing it to roll She crashed badly and was seriously injured She never raced competitively again Although she put the incident down to "bad luck", the RAC revoked Parnell's racing license for two years This meant that he was unable to race

The ban meant in effect that, during 1938, Parnell found himself unable to race his cars, he soon discovered that lending the cars to other drivers was an excellent way of being involved in racing His later abilities as a team manager were probably developed during this period With his licence restored in 1939, Parnell was back with 49-litre Bugatti-engined single-seater, known as the BHW He was particularly successful with this BHW at Donington Park Meanwhile, he started to construct his own car for voiturette the pre-war version of Formula Two, known as the Challenger, however with the outbreak of World War II, the best years of his career were wasted

During the war years, Parnell finished the Challenger and built up a comprehensive collection of racing machinery, which included Alfa Romeo, ERA, Riley, Delage, MG and Maserati models He also sold race cars, with many famous and less famous racing machines passing through his hands, whilst making a name for himself in the business This did not prevent Parnell from driving as soon as the war ended

Post WWII

He returned to racing as soon as he could in 1946 in a variety of machinery, most notably a Maserati 4CLT, then an ERA A-type alongside several Delages and Rileys As for the Challenger, it was sold This proved to be a poor year for mechanical reliability, although in his Maserati 4CLM, he did finished second behind Prince Bira in the Ulster Trophy, faround the street of Dundrod There was only one motor racing events held on English soil in 1946, and this took place at Gransden Lodge, with Parnell winning the main race of the event, the Gransden Lodge Trophy

An ex-Reg Parnell Maserati 4CLT "San Remo", in the Donington Collection museum, Leicestershire, England

In 1947, Parnell was Britain's most successful racing driver, for which he won the BRDC's Gold Star He began the year by winning two ice races in Sweden, with his ERA A-type, before returning to Britain, to win the Jersey Road Race in the Maserati 4CLT He would have also won in Ulster, had his recently acquired ERA E-type, not broken a de Dion tube The following year, Parnell would again win the Gold Star He took his new Maserati 4CLT/48 to Zandvoort and finished third in the circuit's inaugural meeting He won the Goodwood Trophy at the first-ever meeting at Sussex circuit, was second in the Penya Rhin Grand Prix and fifth in the Gran Premio d'Italia Parnell maintained this success into 1949 with the Maserati, gaining many successes at Goodwood, earning him the nickname, "Emperor of Goodwood", and raced at almost every major circuit across Europe He also competed in the early-season races in South America

It was in Sweden that Parnell shows true British ingenuity He was there for the 1947 Swedish Winter Grand Prix at Rommehed, which he duly won, leading an ERA clear sweep of the podium, as the only three cars to finish Their chief rivals – the French – were stranded miles away from the circuit, on a ship stuck fast in the ice The organiser decided to rerun the event as the Stockholm Grand Prix, on Lake Vallentuna Meanwhile, between the two races Parnell had the idea of fitting twin rear wheels to his ERA to improve its road-holding on the ice When he arrived at the race, the lead French driver, Raymond Sommer immediately objected but Parnell had checked the rules beforehand and found that there was nothing to preclude twin rear wheels Despite temperatures of −15° Fahrenheit, Parnell's extra wheels really made the difference, as he skated to victory

Formula One

The following season, he received a tremendous accolade, he was asked to drive the fourth works Alfa Romeo, in the inaugural World Championship Formula One race at Silverstone, finishing in an excellent third place and a place on the podium, behind and on the same lap as his teammates Giuseppe Farina and Luigi Fagioli He would be the only British driver even to be selected to race with the all-conquering factory

Whilst racing his Maserati, under the Scuderia Ambrosiana banner, he then became involved with BRM, initially as a test driver of the original V16 and later as the team's lead driver of the BRM Type 15, although BRM did not make many appearances He remained under contract to BRM for 1951, but raced his Maserati because BRM could never get him a car, first with a win in the Chichester Cup at Goodwood, then having to retire in the Gran Premio di San Remo When the BRM did work, it was at Goodwood that the car had its first victories when Parnell won the Woodcote Cup, then the Goodwood Trophy later the same day

Tony Vandervell's modified Ferrari 375, used by Parnell between 1952 and 1954, in the Donington Collection museum, Leicestershire, England

After the trip in Italy, Tony Vandervell approached him which saw Parnell driving Vandervell's Thinwall Special a highly modified Formula One Ferrari 375 in numerous F1 races He left a star-studded field standing in conditions so bad that the BRDC International Trophy final raced through hail, lightning and heavy rain With poor visibility and the track under as much as six inches of water, the race had to be stopped after six laps due to Silverstone being flooded and too dangerous to continurst When the race was abandoned, Parnell was in the lead; no official winner was declared, so it was not until two months later in the 1951 British Grand Prix referred to the Alfas suffered their first real defeat After the race Reg said, "It's a pity it was stopped as I would have liked the race to have continued I was a minute ahead of the Italians and I am sure they would not have made this up It was like aquaplaning in an ice-cold tub, but in the cockpit it was very hot and steamy so that at 80mph I only had a dim outline of the comers and only the outlines of spray telling me that another car was in front"

Vandervell immediately entered Parnell for the Festival of Britain Trophy at Goodwood, just a few weeks later Parnell won the first heat and breaking the outright lap record on his first lap, from a standing start, from Farina and his 4CLT He would go on and win the final, after a tremendous battle with Farina

Parnell was back in the 4CLT at Dundrod for the Ulster Trophy Following his defeat at Goodwood, Farina arrived with a works Alfa Romeo 158 At the start, the Italian had the better start and took the lead with Parnell running second This was a tactical move, as the Farina knew that he would have to stop for fuel, whereas Parnell could run the race without stopping As Farina exited the pits, Parnell shot past into the lead, but just one lap later, the Farina ate up Parnell's 3-second lead, passed him and won the race with Parnell taking second

At the Grand Prix de l'ACF, BRM announced they would race at Reims-Gueux with Parnell, so Vandervell offered the Thinwall Special to Brian Shawe-Taylor However, as the BRM failed to show up, and Shawe-Taylor was clearly at the same level as Parnell, Vandervell offered the Thinwall to Parnell, who finished fourth After finishing second at Goodwood, he ended his season by taking the Scottish Grand Prix, at Winfield

June 1952, over 25,000 spectators squeezed into Boreham to see Parnell take his only Formula Two victory abroad a Cooper –Bristol T20

Sportscars

an Aston Martin DB3S, similar to the model, Parnell took numerous race wins, on the Goodwood Hill

Following his success into the 1950 RAC British Grand Prix, Parnell was signed by Aston Martin, taking a DB2 to sixth place in to 24 Heures du Mans, partnered by Charles Brackenbury second in class He followed this up with a class win fourth overall in the RAC Tourist Trophy, held around the narrow lanes of Dundrod

In 1952, Parnell enjoyed more class success with the DB2, taking wins at Silverstone and Boreham; at Goodwood, he unhesitatingly assumed duties as team manager for Aston Martin, following a pit fire seriously injured John Wyer This was a foretaste of things to come The success continued into 1953 At that year's Mille Miglia despite driving on the ignition switch after a broken throttle had to be wired up fully open, he and navigator, Louis Klemantaski finished in fifth place in their DB3 This was the highest ever finish by a British car at the great Italian classic This result followed his second place in the 12 Hours of Sebring He was also second at the RAC Tourist Trophy, and victorious in the Goodwood Nine Hours

Later years

In 1954, in addition to his commitments for Aston Martin, Parnell continued to drive his own Ferrari 625 in numerous Formula One events, winning at Goodwood, Snetterton and Crystal Palace The following season, he secured more victories for Aston Martin, before an unsuccessful sortie to New Zealand with an experimental single-seater Aston Martin During 1956 Whit Monday at Crystal Palace, Parnell crashed Rob Walker's Connaught B-type, suffering a broken collar-bone and a badly cut knee He recovered from this and returned to New Zealand, with the Scudeia Ambrosiana entered Ferrari 555/860, winning the both New Zealand Grand Prix and the Dunedin Trophy, early 1957

He was successful in other formulae but at the end of 1957 he decided to retire at the age of just 45 His last international race was the New Zealand Championship Road Race, at Ryal Bush where he finished second in a Ferrari 555/860

Team management

He became the team manager of Aston Martin, a move which led him to oversee a famous 1–2 in 1959 24 Hours of Le Mans, when Roy Salvadori and Carroll Shelby led home Maurice Trintignant and Paul Frère The company then decided to enter Formula One and Parnell led the team but at the end of 1960 the programme was abandoned

In 1961 the Samengo-Turner brothers Paul, William & Fabian asked Parnell to take over the management of the Yeoman Credit Racing Team sponsorship deal from Ken Gregory of the British Racing Partnership During the 1961 Formula One season, he ran two Cooper T53 Low-Line–Climax cars for John Surtees and Roy Salvadori, who between them collected a handful of championship points For the 1962 season the team was renamed Bowmaker-Yeoman Racing, and in place of the Coopers, ran Lola Mk4 chassis, again powered by Climax engines Surtees and Salvadori remained with the team, but Salvadori had a nightmare season, failing to finish a single race Surtees fared much better, however, scoring 19 points and finishing in fourth place in the Drivers' Championship During the season he also gave Parnell his first podium finishes as manager – with second places in both the British and German events – and took pole position at the season-opening Dutch Grand Prix

After the Bowmakers withdrew from F1 at the end of 1962, Parnell set up a team in his own name Reg Parnell Racing was still in the early stages of development in its premises in Hounslow, running a car of the young driver, Chris Amon

Dr Bartrip wrote that Parnell "could prepare a car meticulously and was as astute judge of a driver, identifying the potential of such talented prospects as John Surtees, Chris Amon, and Mike Hailwood"

Death

For the 1964 season, Parnell had commissioned a design for a new car, when he died from peritonitis at the age of only 52 after a routine appendix operation went wrong Parnell's son Tim, also a racing driver, took over the team management and developed a strong working relationship with BRM during the late 1960s

Racing record

Career highlights

Season Series Position Team Car
1946 Gransden Lodge Trophy 1st Maserati 4CL
Ulster Trophy 2nd Maserati 4CL
1947 Swedish Winter Grand Prix 1st ERA A-Type
Stockholm Grand Prix 1st ERA A-Type
Jersey Road Race 1st Maserati 4CL
Nîmes Grand Prix 3rd Maserati 4CL
Nice Grand Prix 3rd Maserati 4CL
1948 Goodwood Trophy 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Gran Premio de Penya Rhin 2nd Maserati 4CLT/48
Jersey Road Race 3rd Maserati 4CL
Grand Prix de Zandvoort 3rd Maserati 4CLT
1949 Richmond Trophy 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Chichester Cup 1st Maserati 4CLT
Woodcote Cup 1st Maserati 4CLT
Goodwood Trophy 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Goodwood International 2nd Maserati 4CLT
Copa de Acción San Lorenzo 2nd Scuderia Ambrosiana Maserati 4CLT
1950 Richmond Trophy 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Woodcote Cup 1st Owen Racing Organisation BRM Type 15
Goodwood Trophy 1st Owen Racing Organisation BRM Type 15
Jersey Road Race 2nd Maserati 4CLT
Nottingham Trophy 2nd Maserati 4CLT
RAC British Grand Prix 3rd Alfa Romeo SpA Alfa Romeo 158
FIA World Championship of Drivers 9th Alfa Romeo SpA
Scuderia Ambrosiana
Alfa Romeo 158
Maserati 4CLT/48
1951 Chichester Cup 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Festival of Britain Trophy 1st GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
BRDC International Trophy 1st GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
Castletown Trophy 1st Maserati 4CLT/48
Scottish Grand Prix 1st GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
Ulster Trophy 2nd GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
Woodcote Cup 2nd GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
Goodwood Trophy 2nd GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
FIA World Championship of Drivers 10th GA Vandervell
Owen Racing Organisation
Ferrari 375 Thinwall Special
BRM Type 15
1952 West Essex CC Formula 2 Race 1st Archie Bryde Cooper-Bristol T20
Silverstone International 2nd David Brown Aston Martin DB2
Daily Graphic Trophy 2nd Owen Racing Organisation BRM Type 15
Boreham International 3rd Maserati 4CLT
Woodcote Cup 3rd Owen Racing Organisation BRM Type 15
1953 British Empire Trophy 1st Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
Charterhall International 1st Aston Martin Ltd Aston Martin DB3S
Goodwood Nine Hours 1st David Brown Aston Martin DB3S
Grand Prix, 12 Hours of Sebring 2nd Aston Martin Ltd Aston Martin DB3
RAC Tourist Trophy 2nd Aston Martin Ltd Aston Martin DB3S
Silverstone International 3rd Aston Martin Ltd Aston Martin DB3
1954 Lavant Cup 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
Whitsun Trophy 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
Crystal Palace Trophy 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
August Bank Holiday Cup 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
RedeX Trophy 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
International Gold Cup 2nd Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
Daily Telegraph 200 2nd Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500
Aintree International 3rd Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
1955 Silverstone International 1st Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
Charterhall International 1st Aston Martin DB3S
Oulton Park International 1st Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
British Empire Trophy 3rd Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
Goodwood International 3rd Eq Endeavour Cooper-Connaught T39
1956 Southland Road Race 1st Aston Martin DB3S
New Zealand Championship Road Race 2nd Aston Martin DB3S
Production Car Grand Prix de Spa-Francorchamps 2nd Aston Martin Aston Martin DB3S
1957 New Zealand Grand Prix 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 555/860
Dunedin Road Race 1st Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 555/860
New Zealand Championship Road Race 2nd Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 555/860

Complete Formula One World Championship results

key

GBR
3
MON 500 9th 4
Scuderia Ambrosiana Maserati 4CLT/48 Maserati Straight-4 SUI
DNA
BEL FRA
Ret
ITA
DNA
1951 GA Vandervell Ferrari 375 Thinwall Ferrari V12 SUI 500 BEL
DNA
FRA
4
10th 5
BRM Ltd BRM P15 BRM V16 GBR
5
GER ITA
DNS
ESP
DNA
1952 AHM Bryde Cooper T20 Bristol Straight-6 SUI 500 BEL FRA GBR
7
GER NED ITA NC 0
1954 Scuderia Ambrosiana Ferrari 500/625 Ferrari Straight-4 ARG 500 BEL FRA GBR
Ret
GER SUI ITA ESP NC 0

Complete 24 Hours of Le Mans results

2nd
1951 Aston Martin Ltd David Hampshire Aston Martin DB2 S30 208 7th 3rd
1952 Aston Martin Ltd Eric Thompson Aston Martin DB3 S30 DNF
Transmission
1953 Aston Martin Ltd Peter Collins Aston Martin DB3S S30 16 DNF
Accident
1954 David Brown Roy Salvadori Aston Martin DB3S S50 222 DNF
Head gasket
1955 Aston Martin Lagonda Ltd Dennis Poore Lagonda DP166 S50 93 DNF
Out of fuel
1956 David Brown Tony Brooks Aston Martin DBR1 S30 246 DNF
Gearbox

Complete 12 Hours of Sebring results

2nd
1st
1954 Aston Martin Ltd Roy Salvadori Aston Martin DB3S S30 24 DNF
Engine
1956 David Brown & Sons, Ltd Tony Brooks Aston Martin DB3S S30 169 DNF
Engine

Complete Mille Miglia results

^ abcd Steve Small, "The Guinness Complete Grand Prix Who's Who" Guinness, ISBN 0-851127029, 1994
  • ^ Motor Sport, October 1937, Page 435
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i "Reg Parnell Profile – Drivers – GP Encyclopedia – F1 History on Grandprixcom" Grandprixcom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o http://wwwuniquecarsanspartscomau/race_drivers_reg_parnellhtm
  • ^ a b c d e f g h i "8W – What – Thinwall Special" 8wforixcom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b c d e f g Peter Swinger, "Motor Racing Circuits in England" Ian Allan Publishing, ISBN 978 0 7110 3104 3, 2005
  • ^ Geoff Tibballs, "Motor-Racing's Strangest Races" Robson Books, ISBN 1 86105 411 4, 2001
  • ^ a b c d e "Reg Parnell" Historicracingcom 1951-05-05 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ http://wwwracingsportscarscom/driver/results/Reg-Parnell-GBhtml
  • ^ "1957 Other Races" Sergentcomau Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ Parnell
  • ^ Mark Smith 2013-05-31 "Reg Parnell | Derbyshire Record Office" Recordofficewordpresscom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b c d e f g h http://wwwchicanef1com/queryplaction=Submit&exact=on&driver=Reg%20Parnell&classi=1&nc=nc
  • ^ a b c d e f http://wwwchicanef1com/queryplaction=Submit&exact=on&driver=Reg%20Parnell&classi=2&nc=nc
  • ^ a b c d http://wwwchicanef1com/queryplaction=Submit&exact=on&driver=Reg%20Parnell&classi=3&nc=nc
  • ^ Darren Galpin "1948 Formula Libre Races" Teamdancom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b Darren Galpin "1949 Formula Libre Races" Teamdancom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Goodwood International 1949" Racing Sports Cars 1949-09-17 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^
  • ^ "British GP, 1950 Race Report - GP Encyclopedia - F1 History on Grandprixcom" Grandprixcom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 Drivers & Constructors Standings | FIA Formula One World Championship 1950 | ESPNcouk" Enespncouk Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b c d Darren Galpin "1951 Formula Libre Races" Teamdancom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "III BRDC International Trophy STATS F1" Statsf1com 1951-05-05 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 Drivers & Constructors Standings | FIA Formula One World Championship 1951 | ESPNcouk" Enespncouk Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 2 1952 – Boreham" Formula2net Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Silverstone International 1952" Racing Sports Cars 1952-10-05 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b Darren Galpin "1952 Formula Libre Races" Teamdancom Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Boreham International 1952" Racing Sports Cars 1952-02-08 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^
  • ^
  • ^ "9 h Goodwood 1953" Racing Sports Cars 1953-08-22 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Sebring 12 Hours 1953" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Tourist Trophy 1953" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Silverstone International 1953" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1954 – Lavant Cup, 1904" Formula2net 2005-09-10 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1954 – Goodwood, 0706" Formula2net 2005-09-19 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1954 – August Trophy, 0208" Formula2net 2005-10-10 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1954 – RedeX Trophy, 1408" Formula2net 2005-10-11 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1954 – Gold Cup, 0708" Formula2net 2005-10-11 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ http://wwwteadmdancom/archive/www2/flibre/
  • ^ "Aintree International 1954" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Silverstone International 1955" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Charterhall International 1955" Racing Sports Cars Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Oulton Park International 1955" Racing Sports Cars 1955-08-27 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "British Empire Trophy 1955" Racing Sports Cars 1955-02-04 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Goodwood International – Sports under 1500 cc 1955" Racing Sports Cars 1955-05-30 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ a b c d "Visiting International Motor Racing Drivers P" Sergentcomau Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Grand Prix Spa 1956" Racing Sports Cars 1956-05-13 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • ^ "Formula 1 1957 – New Zealand GP, 1201" Formula2net 2005-09-15 Retrieved 2015-12-03 
  • Further reading

    • Graham Gauld Reg Parnell: The Quiet Man Who Helped to Engineer Britain's Post-war Motor Racing Revolution Patrick Stephens Ltd ISBN 978-1852605612
    Sporting positions
    Preceded by
    Giuseppe Farina
    BRDC International Trophy winner
    1951
    Succeeded by
    Lance Macklin
    Records
    Preceded by
    None
    Youngest driver to score a
    podium position in Formula One

    38 years, 315 days
    1950 British Grand Prix
    Succeeded by
    Alberto Ascari
    31 years, 312 days
    1950 Monaco GP
    Preceded by
    None
    Youngest driver to score
    points in Formula One

    38 years, 315 days
    1950 British Grand Prix
    Succeeded by
    Alberto Ascari
    31 years, 312 days
    1950 Monaco GP

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