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Recurring dream

recurring dreams, recurring dream about teeth falling out
A recurring dream is a dream which is experienced repeatedly over a long period They can be pleasant or nightmarish and unique to the person and their experiences


  • 1 Common themes in recurring dreams
  • 2 Psychological disorders associated with recurring dreams
  • 3 Possible explanations for recurring dreams
  • 4 Treatment methods for recurring dreams
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Common themes in recurring dreamsedit

Through psychological analyses and studies, some recurrent themes have been identified These include dreaming of being chased and pursued, which has been repeatedly demonstrated as being the most frequently experienced recurrent theme The following themes below have been found to contribute to more than half of recurring dreams:1

  • Difficulties with house maintenance
  • Teeth falling out - Sigmund Freud believed that if a woman had a recurring dream of her teeth falling out that she unconsciously longed to have children He believed that if a man had this dream he was afraid of castration2
  • Discovering new rooms in a house - Freud believed that houses represented bodies Others thought finding new rooms represented the dreamer finding out new things about themselves or of their own potential2
  • Losing control of a vehicle
  • Being unable to find a toilet
  • Having the ability to fly

The subjects of recurring dreams do vary The following examples are also common:

  • Being held down or otherwise unable to move compare sleep paralysis
  • Nakedness in a public place
  • Being held back in school or failing a test
  • Losing the ability to speak
  • Escaping or being caught in a tornado/storm
  • Drowning, or otherwise not being able to breathe
  • Finding lost items
  • Unable to turn on the lights in one's house
  • Being with a significant other

Psychological disorders associated with recurring dreamsedit

  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: People suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder can often suffer from recurring dreams These dreams are thought of as chronic nightmares that act as a symptom of PTSD A study found that the degree of trauma had a positive relationship to distress related to dreams 3
  • Anxiety: Evidence suggests that recurrent dreams occur during times of stress and once the problem has resolved they will cease to recur4
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder

Possible explanations for recurring dreamsedit

  • Threat simulation theory - This theory was proposed by Antti Revonsuo and states the biological function of dreaming is to simulate threatening events and then rehearse threat avoidance behaviors However, this theory has come with mixed reviews Zadra et el found in a study on this theory that 66% of recurrent dreams contained at least one threat For the most part, these threats involved danger and were aimed at the dreamer themselves In contrast however, they also found that less than 15% of recurrent dreams involved realistic situations that could prove critical to ones survival They also found that the dreamer usually did not succeed at fleeing the threat These provide mixed support for the theory originally proposed by Rensuo5
  • Gestaltist dream theory - This theory views recurrent dreams as representing the person's current state of psychic imbalance By bringing this imbalance to consciousness through the recurrent dream, it is possible for the person to restore their self-balance 4
  • Freud believed that recurrent traumatic dreams showed expressions of neurotic repetitive compulsions4
  • Jung believed that recurrent dreams played an important role in the integration of the psyche4
  • Culturalist dream theory, brought to light by Bonime in 1962, holds that recurrent dreams represent a lack of positive change or development in a person's personality4
  • Lucid dream theory holds that some people dream in recurrent form and it is a normal phenomenon 6

Treatment methods for recurring dreamsedit

  • Practicing relaxation techniques and imagery exercises before going to sleep is a popular treatment suggestioncitation needed By imagining the dream and an intentional task to be carried out during the dream, the person will remember to carry out that task when they are actually dreaming Then, when it occurs in the dream it will act as a prerehearsal cue in order to remind the person that they are dreaming, where they then can interact with the dream imagery Once this is achieved, they can consult with their therapist the best way to modify their recurrent dream to make it less traumatizing There are several different proposals suggested to go about doing this4
  • Confront and conquer the feared scene, suggested by Garfield in 19744
  • Alter a small aspect of the dream, suggested by Halliday in 19824
  • Have the dream ego engage in conciliatory dialogue along with hostile dream figures, suggested by Tholey in 1988 4

See alsoedit

  • Dream dictionary
  • Dream interpretation
  • Psychoanalytic dream interpretation
  • Relaxation technique


  1. ^ Yu, C 2010 Recurrence of typical dreams and the instinctual and delusional predispositions of dreams Dreaming, 204, 254-279
  2. ^ a b Delaney, G 1997 In Your Dreams: Falling, Flying and Other Dream Themes New York: Harper San Francisco
  3. ^ Davis, J L, Byrd, P, Rhudy, J L, & Wright, D C 2007 Characteristics of chronic nightmares in a trauma-exposed treatment-seeking sample Dreaming, 174, 187-198 doi:101037/1053-0797174187
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Barret, D 2001 Trauma and Dreams Harvard University Press
  5. ^ Zadra, A, Desjardins, S, & Marcotte, E 2006 Evolutionary function of dreams: A test of the threat simulation theory in recurrent dreams Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 450-463
  6. ^ S LaBerge & H Rheingold, 1990 EXPLORING THE WORLD OF LUCID DREAMING New York: Ballantine ISBN 0-345-37410-X The Lucidity Institute Overcoming Nightmares Recurrent Nightmares, http://wwwluciditycom/EWLD10html

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Recurring dream

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