Rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces


This article deals with the rank insignia of the Austro-Hungarian armed forces, as worn by the Austro-Hungarian Army after the reorganisation in 1867 until 1918

In Austrian armed forces rank insignia are traditionally called Paroli pl Parolis and are worn as gorget patch or collar tap, appliquéd to the gorget fore-part of the uniform coat, uniform jacket and/or battle-dress

See also Main articles: Waffenfarbe Austria and Adjustierung

Contents

  • 1 Austro-Hungarian Army
    • 11 Cadet
    • 12 Stabsfeldwebel
    • 13 One-year volunteer
    • 14 Ensign
    • 15 Shako
    • 16 Enlisted men, NCOs, officer aspirants, and officer-deputies
  • 2 Officers and officials
  • 3 Members of the military personal status
    • 31 Enlisted men
    • 32 NCO ranks
    • 33 Higher Staff NCO-ranks and officer aspirant OA ranks
    • 34 Officers
    • 35 Generals
  • 4 Enlisted men guards
  • 5 Estate riflemen troops
  • 6 Military officials
  • 7 Examples
  • 8 Austro-Hungarian Navy
  • 9 Sources
  • 10 References

Austro-Hungarian Armyedit

Paroli rank insignia 1867-1918 with celluloid distinction star and Edelweiss badge Stabsfeuerwerker with silk distinction stars 1914-18 Major with silver galloon

The rank insignia - so-called Paroli - of the Austro-Hungarian Army 1867–1918 were worn on the fore-part of the sleeves for jackets, but never on shoulder straps of shirts, service jackets, and dress uniforms They were identically for the Common Army as well as to the Imperial-Royal Landwehr However, the mountain corps wore additionally an edelweiss since 1907 behind the distinction stars

The rank or distinction stars of enlisted personnel and non-commissioned officers NCO were made from white celluloid, those of the ranks Feldwebel and Stabsfeldwebel have been made from white silk since 1914 The rank stars of the junior officer ranks normally consisted of relief metal1 Pertaining self procured uniforms, embroidered from metallic fibre rank stars might have been selected The embroidered version was mandatory for staff officer ranks from major OF32 onwards3

For all other kk badges of the Austrian-Hungarian mountain corps from OR1-rank4 Jäger en: hunter/ private to the OF5-rank2 Oberst en: colonel

Main article: Imperial-Royal Mountain Troops § Badges of rank

Even on the field shirts, officer rank stars showed the button-colour of the uniform jacket5

However, staff officers had additionally to wear a galloon on the uniform sleeve If the galloon colour was silver, the colour of the buttons and the stars had to be golden and vice versa On the galloon there was a serrated ornament Generals wore always silver stars on golden galloon From that derives, that the colour of the rank stars and galloons had nothing to do with the rank

On coats rank insignias had never been worn Officers of the so-called Kaiserschützen as well as of the "Landwehr infantry regiments number 4 and 27" also Mountain infantry regiments 4 and 27 wore on their dress uniforms shoulder straps with the imperator´s insignias not to be mixed up with the particular rank For any rank description there had to be provided as well an equivalent expression in Hungarian language Military units, who consisted mainly of Czech, Slovakian, and/ or Polish personal, used unofficially the rank term in there mother language NCOs were counted to the enlisted personnel, and did not made up a separate rank group

Cadetedit

The Cadet de: Kadett, in its position as aspirant to the professional officer career, ranked as well to the enlisted rank group The cadet ranks counted to the appropriate nominal rank, however, behind the next higher rank Eg the "Cadet-gefreiter" was counted for the Gefreiter, however, behind the Corporal, who himself was lower than the "Cadet-corporal"

The characteristic of the cadet ranks was the so-called distinction-galloon on the sleeve ends It was similar to the feldwebel-galloon, however, from gold colour instead of emperor-yellow The particular rank was added as well

Designation Performance 1908–1918
Rank insignia
collar
Rank description Kadett en: Cadet Kadett en: Cadet
1908–1914 1914–1918
with silk stars
1908–1914
mountain infantry
1914–1918
with silk stars
Hungarian Hadapród

Stabsfeldwebeledit

The ranks Stabsfeldwebel, Stabsoberjäger, Stabsfeuerwerker and Stabswachtmeister were introduced to the kuk armed forces in 1913 Before it was equivalent to the Bezirksfeldwebel en: District-Sergeant of the Gendarmerie as part of the Landsturm; in Austria Landwehr To the Feldwebel–uniform the Stabsfeldwebel/ Bezirksfeldwebel wore a headgear similar to the officers cap, however, without the characteristic golden officers distinction In 1913 the sleeve distinction consisted of a 13 cm broad feldwbel-galloon made from imperator-yellow silk Additionally three white rank celluloid stars were appliquéd In June 1913 the rank insignia was changed The galloon was now silver designed, and the rank stars were made from white silk and embroidered In 1915 the ranks Stabsfeldwebel/ Stabswachtmeister und Offiziersstellvertreter en: officer deputy were summarised to the new rank group higher/ senior NCOs de: höhere Unteroffiziere

Designation Performance 1913–1914
Rank insignia
collar
Rank description Stabsfeldwebel Stabsfeuerwerker
Artillery
Stabswachtmeister
Dragoon
Stabsoberjaeger
Mountain infantry
Hungarian Törzsőrmester
Designation Performance 1914–1918
Rank insignia
collar
Rank description Stabsfeldwebel
Stabswachtmeister
Stabsfeuerwerker
Artillery
Stabsfeldwebel
Railway regiment
Stabsoberjaeger
Mountain infantry
Hungarian Törzsőrmester

One-year volunteeredit

The officer aspirant de: Offizieranwaerter OA/ hu: Tisztjelölt of the reserve undertook military training as a One-year volunteer de: Einjaehrig-Freiwilliger EF/ hu: Egyégvi Önkéntesi The distinguishing badge was an imperator-yellow silk square-galloon on the upper part of the cuff In 1915 the galloon was removed after passing the final examination It was replaced by the so-called bright “EF-button” to be worn on the collar The EF-button was fixed behind the nominal rank stars, and was removed on promotion to first officer grade

Designation One-year volunteer with EF-button
Rank insignia
collar
Rank description Cadet
One-year volunteer
Corporal
One-year volunteer
German Kadett EF Korporal EF

Ensignedit

The rank „Cadet officer-deputy“ de: Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter was renamed to Ensign de: Fähnrich in 1908 The service insignia was a map case, made from black coloured leather, and to be worn on the waist belt More characteristics were the black officer´s cap, however with imperator-yellow side ornament instead from gold The white celluloid star was replaced by a silver coloured star Also in this year, the old term rank “Kadett-Feldwebel” was replaced by the new one Cadet de Kadett / hu: Hadapród

Designation Cadet officer-deputy until 1908 Ensign 1908–1918
Rank insignia
collar
Rank description Kadett-Offizierstellvertreter Fähnrich
Hungarian Hadapród-Tiszthelyettes Zászlós

Shakoedit

In addition to the gorget rank insignias, the so-called distinction, the individual rank was indicated by the yellow distinction-galloon on the parade headgear, called shako de: Tschako, hu: Csákó a special version of helmet

  • Gefreiter: Was to be identified with a yellow, black-carved 05 Austrian inch ~05 cm thick round cord
  • Corporal: Wore a 15 Austrian inch ~4 cm broad the yellow distinction-galloon with zigzag trim ornament
  • Zugsführer, Wachtmeister, and Cadet officer-deputy Ensign: As to the corporal, however, concentric divided by a 1/24 Austrian inch ~1 mm small black stripe

The distinction galloons and pipings for enlisted ranks and NCOs were made from yellow sheep's wool, for Ensigns since 1908 from yellow silk, and for officers from gold yarn Pertaining private procured special editions to enlisted ranks and NCOs, silk trims have been allowed as well

The Waffenfarbe en: corps colour had to be in correlation to the appropriate military unit, branch, or branch of service

Enlisted men, NCOs, officer aspirants, and officer-deputiesedit

RK means the Rangklasse Rank classification As the kuk Army was never a member of NATO, it did not use NATO Rank Codes

Grade Rank in German Hungarian, equivalent in English Rank insignia
example description
Gemeine Infanterist Honvéd | Jäger | Dragoner | Ulan | Husar | Kanonier | Pionier | Trainsoldat | Sanitätssoldat without rank insignia
Infantryman | Rifleman | Dragoon | Uhlan | Hussar | Gunner | Engineer | Trainmen | Medical
Charges Gefreiter Őrvezető | Vormeister | Patrouilleführer 1 white star
Private 1st class | Gunner 1st class | Rifleman 1st class
Korporal Tizedes | Geschütz-Vormeister | Gewehr-Vormeister | Unterjäger | Bataillonstambour | Waffenmeister 3 Klasse | Bataillonshornist 2 white stars
Corporal | Gunner-Corporal | Machinegun-Corporal | Rifles-Corporal | Battalion drummer | Weapon master 3rd class | Battalion bugler
Zugsführer Szakaszvezető | Kurschmied | Rechnungs-Unteroffizier 2 Klasse | Waffenmeister 2 Klasse 3 white stars
Sergeant - Sgt | Stabführer | Fiscal Sergeant 2nd class | Weapon master 2nd class
no RK Feldwebel Őrmester | Wachtmeister | Feuerwerker | Oberjäger | Rechnungs-Unteroffizier I Klasse | Waffenmeister I Klasse | Beschlagmeister I Klasse | Regimentstambour | Regimentshornist | Einjährig-Freiwilliger-Feldwebel | Kadett-Feldwebel only until 1908 3 white stars, 13mm yellow silk galloon
Master-sergeant | Cavaly master-sergeant | Artillery master-sergeant | Rifles master-sergeant | Fiscal Sergeant 1st class | Weapon master 1st class | Master-Blacksmith 1st class | Regiment drummer | Regiment bugler | Feldwebel - volunteer serving one year | Kadet-Feldwebel
no RK Stabsfeldwebel Törzsőrmester | Stabswachtmeister | Stabsfeuerwerker | Stabsoberjäger
  • 3 white stars, 13mm imperial-yellow silk galloon with 2mm broad black middle strap, 3mm above a 6mm braiding
  • since June 1914: silver galloon with silk stars
1st Sergeant | Cavalry 1st sergeant | Artillery 1st sergeant | Rifles 1st sergeant
no RK Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter Hadapród-Tiszthelyettes, cancelled in 1908 Golden galloon as to Feldwebel with 1 silver-plated star
Cadet-officer-deputy
Kadett Hadapród established in 1908
  • 3 white stars on 13mm gold galloon
  • since June 1914: 3 stars from white silk on 13mm gold galloon
Cadet
no RK Offiziersstellvertreter Tiszthelyettes since 1915 one 13mm silver galloon, above one 6mm galloon with one brass star
Officer deputy
no RK Fähnrich Zászlós 1 silver star on 13mm on 13mm gold galloon
Ensign

Officers and officialsedit

Grade Rank in German Hungarian, equivalent in English Rank insignia
RK XII Praktikant NN 1 rosette with 13mm gold galloon
Trainee
RK XI Untertierarzt / Akzessist / Assistent / Lehrer 2 Klasse / Fechtmeister 2 Klasse / Wirtschaftsadjunkt 1 gold/silver embroidered star rosette
Veterinarian junior grade/ Accessist / Assistant civilian army branch/ Teacher 2nd class civilian army branch/ Fencing-master 2nd class / Economy adjunct civilian army branch
RK XI Leutnant / Hadnagy / Assistenz-Arzt / Leutnant-Rechnungsführer 1 gold/silver embroidered star
Lieutenant / Assistant medical doctor / Fiscal lieutenant
RK XI Tierärztlicher Assistent / Tierarzt / Apotheker / Offizial / Lehrer 1 Klasse / Fechtmeister 1 Klasse / Wirtschaftsunterverwalter / Kriegswirtschaftskommissär 2 gold/silver embroidered star rosettes
Veterinarian assistant / Veterinarian / Pharmacist / Official civilian army branch/ Teacher 1st class civilian army branch/ Fencing instructor 1st class / Economy manager junior grade civilian army branch/ War economy commissioner civilian army branch
RK X Artillerieingenieur-Assistent / Militär-Bauingenieur-Assistent 2 gold/silver embroidered stars
Artillery assistant engineer / Military construction engineer assistant
RK X Oberleutnant Főhadnagy / Oberarzt / Oberleutnant-Auditor / Oberleutnant-Rechnungsführer
First Lieutenant / Assistant medical director / Auditor first lieutenant / Fiscal first lieutenant
RK IX Tierärztliche Adjunkt / Obertierarzt / Oberapotheker / Oberoffizial / Oberlehrer / Oberfechtmeister / Wirtschaftsverwalter / Kriegswirtschafts-Oberkommissär / Forstverwalter 3 gold/silver embroidered star rosettes
Veterinarian adjunct / Veterinarian senior grade/ Pharmacist senior grade/ Official senior grade civilian army branch / Teacher senior grade/ Fencing-instructor senior grade / Economy manager civilian army branch/ War economy first commissioner civilian army branch/ Forest-administrator civilian army branch
RK IX Sekretär der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Unterintendant / Artillerie-Ingenieur / Militär-Bauingenieur 3 gold/silver embroidered stars
Secretary of the military office of His Majesty / Director junior grade/ Artillery engineer / Military construction engineer
RK IX Hauptmann Százados / Rittmeister / Regimentsarzt / Hauptmann-Auditor / Hauptmann-Rechnungsführer
Captain / Captain cavalery / Regimental medical doctor / Captain auditor / Fiscal Captain
RK VIII Stabsarzt / Stabstierarzt / Stabsapotheker / Technischer Rat / Rechnungsrat / Zahlmeister / Registrator / Artilleriezeugsverwalter / Verpflegsverwalter / Oberlehrer / Wirtschaftsoberverwalter / Kriegswirtschafts-Rat 1 gold/silver embroidered star rosette on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Veterinarian senior grade/ Pharmacist senior grade / Technical consultant civilian army branch/ Financing consultant civilian army branch/ Paymaster / Registry official / Artillery supply administrator / Food administrator / Senior teacher / Senior economy administrator / War economy consultant
RK VIII Sekretär der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Intendant / Artillerie-Oberingenieur 3 Klasse / Militär-Bauoberingenieur 3 Klasse 1 gold/silver embroidered star on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Secretary of the military office of His Majesty / Intendant / Senior artillery engineer 3rd class / Military construction engineer 3rd class
RK VIII Major Őrnagy / Stabsarzt / Major-Auditor
Major / Surgeon / Major auditor
RK VII Außerordentlicher Professor / Oberstabstierarzt / Oberstabsapotheker 2 Klasse / Technischer Oberrat / Artillerie-Oberzeugsverwalter 2 Klasse / Oberrechnungsrat 2 Klasse / Kassendirektor 2 Klasse / Oberverpflegsverwalter / Registratur-Unterdirektor / Wirtschaftsdirektor / Kriegwirtschafts-Oberrat 2 Klasse 2 gold/silver embroidered star rosettes on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Extraordinary professor civilian army branch/ Major veterinarian / Major pharmacist 2nd class / Senior technical adviser / Senior artillery supply administrator 2nd class civilian army branch/ Senior financing consultant 2nd class civilian army branch/ Cashier`s office director 2nd class / Senior food administrator / Registry official director junior grade/ Economy director / Senior war economy consultant 2nd class
RK VII Hofsekretär der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Sekretär der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Oberintendant 2 Klasse / Artillerie-Oberingenieur 2 Klasse / Militär-Bauoberingenieur 2 Klasse 2 gold/silver embroidered stars on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Court-secretary of the military office of His Majesty / Secretary of the military office of His Majesty / Senior director 2nd class / Senior artillery director 2nd class / Senior military construction engineer 2nd class
RK VII Oberstleutnant Alezredes
Lieutenant colonel
RK VI Ordentlicher Professor / Oberstabsapotheker 1 Klasse / Technischer Rat 1 Klasse / Technischer Oberrat 1 Klasse / Artillerie-Oberzeugsverwalter 1 Klasse / Oberrechnungsrat 1 Klasse / Registratur-Direktor / Kassendirektor 1 Klasse / Baurechnungsrat 1 Klasse / Kriegswirtschafts-Oberrat 1 Klasse 3 gold/silver embroidered stars rosettes on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Ordinary professorcivilian army branch / Major pharmacist 1st class / Technical adviser 1st class / Senior technical adviser 1st class /Senior artillery supply administrator 1st class civilian army branch/ Senior financing consultant 1st class civilian army branch/ Registry director civilian army branch/ Cashier`s office director 1st class / Senior war economy consultant 1st class civilian army branch
RK VI Sektionsrat der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Regierungsrat der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Oberintendant 1 Klasse / Artillerie-Oberingenieur 1 Klasse / Militär-Bauoberingenieur 1 Klasse' 3 gold/silver embroidered stars on 33mm gold/silver galloon
Section-consultant of the military office of His Majesty / Senior administrative officer of the military office of His Majesty / Senior director 1st class / Senior artillery engineer 1st class / Senior military construction engineer 1st class
RK VI Oberst Ezredes / Oberstabsarzt 1 Klasse / Oberst-Auditor
Colonel
RK V Hofrat der Militärkanzlei Sr Majestät / Generalintendant / Artillerie-Generalingenieur / General-Bauingenieur / Hofrat der Mil Tierärztlichen Hochschule / Ministerialrat / Kriegwirtschafts-Generalrat 1 silver embroidered star on 33mm gold galloon
Court-consultant of the military chancellery office of His Majesty / General-indendant / Artillery general-engineer / Construction general-engineer / Court-consultant of the veterinarian high school / Superior counsellor in a ministerial department / War economy director-general
RK V Generalmajor / Vezérőrnagy / Generalstabsarzt / General-Auditor 1 silver embroidered star on 33mm gold galloon
Brigadier-general
RK IV Sektionschef 2 silver embroidered stars on 33mm gold galloon
Section chief
RK IV
  • Feldmarschall-Leutnant Altábornagy / General-Oberstabsarzt
  • General-Chefauditor
2 silver embroidered stars on 33mm gold galloon
  • Major-general / General-Chief Surgeon
  • General-Chiefauditeur
RK III
  • General der Infanterie Gyalogsági Tábornok
  • General der Kavallerie Lovassági Tábornok
  • Feldzeugmeister Táborszernagy
3 silver embroidered stars on 33mm gold galloon
  • General of the Infantry
  • General of the Cavalry
  • General of the Artillery
RK II Generaloberst Vezérezredes since 1915 3 silver embroidered stars, underlaid by a 40mm silver embroidery wreath on 33mm gold galloon
Colonel-general
RK I Feldmarschall Tábornagy 33mm gold embroidery with oak leaves directed below
Field-Marshal

Members of the military personal statusedit

Enlisted menedit

Bezeichnung Enlisted men/ private ranks
Rank insignia
Rank description Infanterist Jäger Dragoner Ulan Husar Kanonier Pionier Trainsoldat Sanitätssoldat
Branch Infantry Mountain infantry Cavalry Artillery Military
engineering
Supply Medical
corps
English Infantry man Jäger Dragoon Lancer Hussar Gunner Engineer Private Medical
Desigahntion Austrian kuk Army enlisted men ranks
insignia
description Patrouilleführer Gefreiter Vormeister
kk Mountain
troops
kuk
Rifles
Machine-gun
units
Infantry
generic
branch Rifles Cavalry Infantry Military
engineering
Artillery
equivalent Rifle 1st class Private 1st class Gunner 1st class
Bezeichnung Enlisted men/corporal ranks
Rank insignia
Rank description Korporal kuk
Radfahrtruppe
Korporal kuk
Regimentsmusik
Unterjäger Geschütz-Vormeister Korporal Korporal Korporal
Branch Infantry Mountain infantry Cavalry Artillery Military
engineering
Supply Medical
corps
English Cpl kuk cyclistes Regimental musician corporal Mountain infantry corporal Corporal Gunner-corporal Corporal Corporal porter unit Corporal

NCO ranksedit

Bezeichnung Enlisted men / sergeants ranks
Rank insignia
Rank description Zugsführer Rechnungs-
Unteroffizier
2 Klasse
Zugsführer Kurschmied Waffenmeister
2 Klasse
Zugsführer Zugsführer
Kraftfahrtruppe
Zugsführer

Sanitätstruppe

Branch Infantry Mountain infantry Cavalry Artillery Military
engineering
Supply Medical
corps
English Zugsführer Baton leader
military band
Viscal NCO
2nd class
Zugsführer Health smith Weapon master
2nd class
Zgf mil engineering Zgf vehicle troops Zgf Medical corps
Designation Feldwebel ranks / master sergeant ranks
Rank insignia
Rank description Feldwebel Kadett-Feldwebel Oberjäger Kadett-Oberjäger Wachtmeister Kadett-Wachtmeister Feuerwerker Kadett-Feuerwerker Stabführer Musikkorps
Branch Infantry Mountain infantry Cavalry Artillery Military band
English Master-sergeantl Cadet master-sergeant Rifles master-sergeant Cadet master-sergeant Cavalry
sergeant
Cadet master-sergeant Artillery master-sergeant Cadet master-sergeant Tambour-Major
Designation Stabsfeldwebel ranks/ First sergeant ranks
1913–1914 1914–1918 1913–1914 1914–1918 1913–1914 1914–1918 1913–1914 1914–1918 1906–1918
Rank insignia
Rank description Stabsfeldwebel Stabsoberjäger Stabswachtmeister Stabsfeuerwerker Militärkapellmeister
Branch Infantry Mountain infantry Cavalry Artillery Military band
English 1st sergeant Rifles 1st sergeant Cavalry 1st sergeant Artillery 1st sergeant Military bandmaster

Higher Staff NCO-ranks and officer aspirant OA ranksedit

Designation cancelled 1908 established 1908 1908–1918 1915–1918
Rank insignia
Rank description Kadett-Offiziersstellvertreter Kadett Kadett
Einjähriger-Freiwilliger
Offiziersstellvertreter Fähnrich
English Cadet officer-deputy Cadet Cadet
volunteer serving one year
Warrant officer Ensign

Officersedit

The different colors of the rank patches and buttons on the tunic are the marks for identifying the infantry regiments except Generals
Description Rank
class
Insignia
German Hungarian English Army Mountain infantry
Low grade officer ranks
Leutnant also:
  • Assistenz-Arzt
  • Leutnant-Rechnungsführer
Hadnagy Second lieutenant RK XI
Oberleutnant also:
  • Oberarzt
  • Oberleutnant-Auditor
  • Oberleutnant-Rechnungsführer
Főhadnagy First lieutenant RK X
Captain ranks
Hauptmann also:
  • Rittmeister
  • Regimentsarzt
  • Hauptmann-Auditor
  • Hauptmann-Rechnungsführer
Százados Captain RK IX
Staff officer ranks
Major also:
  • Stabsarzt
  • Major-Auditor
Őrnagy Major RK IIX
Oberstleutnant also:
  • Oberstabsarzt 2 Klasse
  • Oberstleutnant-Auditor
Alezredes Lieutenant colonel RK VII
Oberst also:
  • Oberstabsarzt 1 Klasse
  • Oberst-Auditor
Ezredes Colonel RK VI
Note

The embroideries of the collars of the ranks major to colonel were always in the same color as the tunic buttons silver/gold The rank stars were converse silver embroidery - golden stars
The ranks lieutenant to captain had stars in the same color as the tunic buttons

Generalsedit

Designation Commander in chief and generals
Rank
insignia
Rank
description
Feldmarschall Generaloberst General der Waffengattung
  • General der Infanterie
  • General der Kavallerie
  • Feldzeugmeister
  Feldmarschall-Leutnant
  • General-Oberstabsarzt
  • General-Chefauditor

  equiv Generalleutnant

Generalmajor
English Field-marshal Colonel general General of the branch
  • General of the infantry
  • General of the cavalry
  • General of the artillery
  Lieutenant field-marshal: also
  • General-Chief Staff Surgeon
  • General-Chiefauditeur

  equiv Lieutenant general

Major general
Gorget patches on the tunic of a kk Landwehr rifle Gorget patch, Gefreiter machine-gun unit

In the course of uniform reorganisation pertaining the Imperial-Royal Landwehr de: kk Landwehr, the service coat de: Waffenrock or Unifiormrock of all enlisted personnel was substituted by a tunic de: Bluse in general The rotary-coloured gorget patch was replaced by a standard gorget patch de: Paroli in grass-green with rank insignias According to the special function, eg as member to a "machine gun unit", the Edelweiss on the gorget patch was additional

Enlisted men guardsedit

In the Austrian-Hungarian armed forces there existed five guard units In two of them served exclusively officer grades The remaining three of them were called “Enlisted men guards” de: Mannschaftsgarden

Rank Description of the rank insignia
German English
Gardeinfanterist / Gardereiter Guard infantry man / Guard trooper 15mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
Gardekorporal Guard infantry Guard corporal 18mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
Gardezugsführer Guard infantry Guard sergeant 20mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
2 Gardewachtmeister Guard cavalry Guard master sergeant 2nd class 20mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
Gardefeldwebel Guard infantry Guard master sergeant 22mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
1 Gardewachtmeister Guard cavalry Guard master sergeant 1st class 22mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; scarlet corps colour
Trabanten-Leibgarde Companion life-guards 18mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; ponceau-red corps colour
Vizeskondewachtmeister der Trabanten-Leibgarde 2nd vice master sergeant of the companion life-guards 20mm broad imperial yellow silk galloon divided by a 1mm broad black stripe; three white stars from silk; ponceau-red corps colour

There was no difference between the rank insignias of the officers in comparison to regular troops

Estate riflemen troopsedit

kk Estate riflemen units and companies were established in the 15th/16th century and did belong to the so-called Landwehr en: home guard However, kk Estate riflemen troops did not wear regular uniforms After kk Estate riflemen troops had to be involved in 1915 to regular military engagement, the Austrian-Hungarian administration was forced to procure these units with regular uniforms To emphasise the character and status of the Estate riflemen, they did wear slightly different rank insignias Officer collar patches showed a gold embroidered rosette Pertaining enlisted personnel and NCOs the rosette was silver embroidered Because silver and gold embroidery was deficit, the rosettes were finally replaced by celluloid stars, as this was the case to regular troops The rank insignias were fixed on the collar patches de: Parolis showing at the background the corps colour of the Riflemen infantry also: Hunter-troops or Riflemen-troops; de: Jägertruppe "Grass-green" Tyrolese collar patches showed the silver metallic "Tyrol eagle" behind the rosette/star For the Vorarlberg estate riflemen the eagle was replaced by a white metallic shield with the "Vorarlberg coat of arms"

Major was the highest rank of the Estate riflemen troops

Military officialsedit

As regards to military officials, there were in force exactly the same rules who applied to military officer ranks However, military officials wore only four-leaved star rosettes instead of the rank stars the only exception: officials with explicit star ranks!

Fiscal officials de: Rechnungsführer in line service have been provided always with silver color buttons

Further exemptions from the principal rule are described as follows
  • Military officials with port epée: Staff ranks wore a galloon with applied "cross-band ornament" de: Kreuzbandmuster
    • Military commissariat official: in the Common Army – golden color buttons; in the home guard de: Landwehr silver color buttons
    • Military construction engineers: in the Common Army – silver color buttons; in the home guard golden color buttons,
  • Military officials without port epée: Staff ranks wore a galloon with "waved cross-band ornament" de: gewelltes Kreuzbandmuster
    • Auditors: in the Common Army gold color buttons; in the Home guard silver buttons
    • Military surgeon officer corps: in the Common Army gold color buttons; in the Home guard silver buttons with the appropriate variations of collar

Examplesedit

The gallery below shows examples of different kinds of Adjustierung en: uniforms

Austro-Hungarian Navyedit

For the rank insignias and ranks in the Austro-Hungarian Navy see:
⇒ see main article Ranks in the Austro-Hungarian Navy

Sourcesedit

  • Schriften des Heeresgeschichtlifhen Museums in Wien Das kuk Heer im Jahre 1895 Edition Leopold Stocker Graz

1997 ISBN 3-7020-0783-0

  • Rest,Ortner,Illming Des Kaisers Rock im 1 Weltkrieg Edition Militaria Vienna 2002 ISBN 3-9501642-0-0

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Rank stars who consisted of relief metal were officially procured by the military administration
  2. ^ a b The abbreviation "OF" stands for "officer / officier"
  3. ^ Austro-Hungarian Army staff officer ranks from major OF3 onwards had to were embroidered rank stars
  4. ^ The abbreviation "OR" stands for "Other Ranks / fr: sous-officiers et militaires du rang / ru:другие ранги, кроме офицероф"
  5. ^ Officer rank stars basically showed the button-colour of the uniform jacket ig gold coloured or silver coloured respectively brass coloured or white alloy


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