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quasimodo, quasimodo hunchback
Quasimodo from Quasimodo Sunday1 is a fictional character and the protagonist of the novel The Hunchback of Notre-Dame 1831 by Victor Hugo Quasimodo was born with a hunchback and feared by the townspeople as a sort of monster, but he finds sanctuary in an unlikely love that is fulfilled only in death The role of Quasimodo has been played by many actors in film and stage adaptations, including Lon Chaney, Sr 1923 and Charles Laughton 1939, as well as Tom Hulce in the 1996 Disney animated adaptation In 2010, a British researcher found evidence suggesting there was a real-life hunchbacked stone carver who worked at Notre Dame during the same period Victor Hugo was writing the novel and they may have even known each other2


  • 1 In the novel
  • 2 Adaptations
  • 3 Popular culture
    • 31 In the Disney film
    • 32 Later Disney appearances
    • 33 Other appearances
    • 34 Parodies
  • 4 Real-life Quasimodo
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References and notes
  • 7 External links

In the noveledit

The deformed Quasimodo is described as "hideous" and a "creation of the devil" He was born with a severe hunchback, and a giant wart that covers his left eye He was born to a Gypsy tribe, but due to his monstrous appearance he was switched during infancy with a physically normal baby girl the infant Esmeralda After being discovered, Quasimodo is exorcised and taken to Paris, where he is found abandoned in Notre Dame on the foundlings' bed, where orphans and unwanted children are left to public charity on Quasimodo Sunday, the first Sunday after Easter, by Claude Frollo, the Archdeacon of Notre Dame, who adopts the baby, names him after the day the baby was found, and brings him up to be the bell-ringer of the Cathedral Due to the loud ringing of the bells, Quasimodo also becomes deaf Although he is hated for his deformity, it is revealed that he is fairly kind at heart Though Quasimodo commits acts of violence in the novel, these are only undertaken when he is instructed by others

Esmeralda gives a drink to Quasimodo in one of Gustave Brion's illustrations

Looked upon by the general populace of Paris as a monster, he relies on his master Claude Frollo and frequently accompanies him when the Archdeacon walks out He first encounters the beautiful Romani girl Esmeralda when he and Frollo attempt to kidnap her one night, though in this event Quasimodo did not wish personally to harm Esmeralda, but was complying with his master's demands Captain Phoebus de Chateaupers arrives to stop the kidnapping and captures Quasimodo Quasimodo later falls in love when she gives him water as he is being whipped in the pillory for punishment and jeered by a horrid rabble

Esmeralda is later entangled in an attempted murder and sentenced to hang for both the attempted murder and witchcraft As she is being forced to pray at the steps of Notre Dame just before being marched off to the gallows, Quasimodo, who has been watching the occasion from an upper balcony in Notre Dame, slides down with a rope, and rescues her by taking her up to the top of the cathedral, where he poignantly shouts "Sanctuary!" to the onlookers below

However, Quasimodo is never loved by Esmeralda; although she recognizes his kindness toward her, she is nonetheless repulsed by his ugliness and terrified of him In the 1982 television film version of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, she kisses him goodbye at the end; something that does not occur in either the book, nor any other film version of the novel He continues to watch over her and protect her regardless, and at one point saves her from Frollo and stops short of killing him when the mad priest sexually assaults her in her room

After an uneasy respite, a mob storms Notre Dame, and although Quasimodo tries to fend them off by throwing stones and bricks down onto the mob and even pours deadly molten lead, the mob continues attacking until Phoebus and his soldiers arrive to fight and drive off the assailants Unbeknownst to Quasimodo, Esmeralda is lured outside by Frollo and subsequently seized and hanged In despair, Quasimodo murders his former benefactor, Frollo, by throwing him from the cathedral when he realizes that he has sealed Esmeralda's doom in hopes of quelling his lust for her

Quasimodo cries in despair after witnessing the deaths of both Esmeralda and Claude Frollo, lamenting "There is all that I ever loved!" He then leaves Notre Dame, never to return, and heads for the Gibbet of Montfaucon beyond the city walls, passing by the Convent of the Filles-Dieu, a home for 200 reformed prostitutes, and the leper colony of Saint-Lazare After reaching the Gibbet, he lies next to Esmeralda's corpse, where it had been unceremoniously thrown after the execution He stays at Montfaucon, and eventually dies of starvation, clutching Esmeralda's body Years later, an excavation group exhumes both their skeletons which have become intertwined When it tries to separate them, Quasimodo's bones crumble into dust

In the novel, he symbolically shows Esmeralda the difference between himself and the shallow, superficial, self-centered, yet handsome Captain Phoebus with whom the girl has become infatuated He places two vases in her room: one is a beautiful crystal vase, yet broken and filled with dry, withered flowers; the other a humble pot, yet filled with beautiful, fragrant flowers Esmeralda takes the withered flowers from the crystal vase and presses them passionately on her heart3

A small sculpture of Quasimodo can be found on Notre Dame, on the exterior of the north transept along the Rue du Cloître-Notre-Dame


Actor Version
Henry Vorins 1905 adaptation
Henry Krauss 1911 adaptation
Glen White 1917 adaptation
Booth Conway 1922 adaptation
Lon Chaney 1923 adaptation
Charles Laughton 1939 adaptation
Anthony Quinn 1956 adaptation
Peter Woodthorpe 1966 adaptation
Warren Clarke 1977 adaptation
Anthony Hopkins 1982 adaptation
Tom Burlinson voice 1986 adaptation
Tom Hulce voice 1996 Disney adaptation and its 2002 direct-to-video sequel
Mandy Patinkin 1997 adaptation
Garou 1997–2002, musical
Patrick Timsit 1999 parody
Michael Arden 2014–2015, musical

Popular cultureedit

In the Disney filmedit

Quasimodo is the protagonist of Disney's 1996 animated film version of the story, where he is a very different character than in the novel Quasimodo was voiced by Tom Hulce and animated by James Baxter Unlike in the novel, Quasimodo has two eyes, with his left one only partially covered He is not deaf either, and he is capable of fluent speech and longs to live in the world outside the bell-tower He has three anthropomorphic gargoyle friends named Victor, Hugo, and Laverne, who mainly come to life in his presence, and comment on events taking place when he is gone Quasimodo is also older than his original counterpart, as he is about 20 years old in the film while in the book he is about 16 He comes from a family of gypsies like in the novel, but his father is arrested and presumably executed as well by Frollo's soldiers, and his mother is killed during a struggle with Frollo as she attempts to save her child near Notre Dame Quasimodo is spared and sent to live in the bell-tower when the Archdeacon of Notre Dame condemns Frollo for murdering Quasimodo's parents and attempting to do so to their child, warning of the consequences that his cruelty will result in damnation if ever he kills the baby under the "eyes of Notre Dame"

Quasimodo is portrayed as kind-hearted and initially very loyal to his master and so-called father figure Frollo, but eventually becomes increasingly rebellious after some encouragement from the gargoyles He discovers from Esmeralda that the world is not as dark and cruel a place as Frollo imagines it to be During the Festival of Fools, he is tormented by the crowd when Frollo's thugs start a riot Eventually, Quasimodo is helped by Esmeralda who frees him and puts the torture to a stop Later, Esmeralda apologizes to Quasimodo for her actions at the Festival, and he helps her flee from the cathedral in gratitude

Later, the gargoyles cheer up Quasimodo by assuring him that Esmeralda is in love with him, but unfortunately, this is proven wrong after Quasimodo catches Phoebus and Esmeralda kissing, which greatly saddens him However, Frollo eventually locates the gypsies and Phoebus, sentencing them to death, and has Quasimodo detained Enraged by Frollo's actions, Quasimodo breaks free and rescues Esmeralda from being immolated by lifting the unconscious Esmeralda Phoebus breaks free from his cage and rallies the citizens of Paris against Frollo's tyranny From the bell-tower, Quasimodo and the gargoyles watch the citizens fighting Frollo's army They pour molten lead, thus disallowing Frollo and his soldiers to break in However, Frollo successfully manages to enter the cathedral, and when the archdeacon attempts to intervene, he throws him down a flight of stairs He also tries to kill Quasimodo, who is mourning Esmeralda, believing her to be already dead The two struggle briefly until Quasimodo throws Frollo onto the floor and comes very close to killing him Esmeralda awakens and Quasimodo rushes her to safety He then fights the wrathful Frollo and both fall from the balcony While Frollo falls to his death, Quasimodo is caught by Phoebus and pulled to safety He is finally accepted into society by the citizens of Paris who are celebrating the death of Frollo and the liberation of their city Frollo's soldiers surrender to the citizenry, and most are pardoned and continue to serve under the new minister

Quasimodo displays an immense amount of physical strength most likely due to twenty years of pulling the ropes on the heavy bells with no letup He is able to easily lift a full grown man with one hand, throw a stone with enough weight to destroy a chariot of metal, and with extreme effort, break free from heavy chains

Quasimodo reappears in Disney's sequel film The Hunchback of Notre Dame II 2002 once again as the protagonist Despite Frollo's death and being accepted into society, he remains a bell-ringer, still living in Notre Dame with the gargoyles He is now much happier, confident, and independent and finds love in a beautiful circus performer named Madellaine voiced by Jennifer Love Hewitt, who ultimately reveals that she is aware that the gargoyles are alive His love for Madellaine is briefly strained when he learns she was actually working on behalf of a criminal mastermind, Sarousch, who planned to steal a particularly valuable bell, La Fidele, from Notre Dame while Quasimodo was away with Madellaine, but Madellaine's true feelings for Quasimodo overcome her loyalty to Sarousch and she aids Quasimodo in rescuing Zephyr from him, allowing Phoebus and the guards to apprehend Sarousch Quasimodo forgives Madellaine and the two admit their love for each other

Later Disney appearancesedit

  • Quasimodo also made some occasional appearances on the Disney Channel series, House of Mouse At one point, Jiminy Cricket, when giving advice to the guests, consoles him by saying that some people find someone special and some people do not, poking fun at the fact that Quasimodo and Esmeralda did not fall in love at the end of the original film Quasimodo is also a very rare meetable character at the Disney Parks and Resorts
  • A German musical stage show Der Glöckner von Notre Dame 1999 derived from the Disney movie, restores some of the darker elements of the original novel lost in the film: Esmeralda dies at the end, Frollo is revealed to have once been a priest in his past akin to the novel, where he was an archdeacon, and Frollo dies because Quasimodo throws him from the roof rather than falling by accident
  • Quasimodo appears in Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance voiced by Ari Rubin He appears as a supporting character in a world based on the film called "La Cité des Cloches" and plays out a more or less the same role as in the film

Other appearancesedit

  • Quasimodo appears in Mad Monster Party with his vocal effects provided by Allen Swift
  • Quasimodo appears as a playable character in Shrek SuperSlam
  • Quasimodo appears in Hotel Transylvania as an antagonist, voiced by Jon Lovitz He is the master chef at the titular hotel where puts up with Count Dracula's changing taste buds and has a desire to make a dish out of humans Quasimodo owns a pet rat named Esmeralda who can sniff out humans and tends to abuse one of the gargoyle waiters When Quasimodo manages to successfully capture Jonathan, Count Dracula uses his abilities to magically freeze Quasimodo The abused gargoyle then takes the opportunity to put Quasimodo's finger up his nose Esmeralda later brought Quasimodo's petrified body to the party where the Fly translates his frozen language that revealed that Jonathan is a human Around the end of the movie, Quasimodo is still frozen as Wayne and Wanda's children are constantly licking him


  • The Big Bad Beetleborgs episode "Hunchback of Hillhurst" featured a parody of the character named Quincy Modo performed by Brian Tahash and voiced by Dave Mallow

Real-life Quasimodoedit

In August 2010 Adrian Glew, a Tate archivist, announced evidence for a real-life Quasimodo, a "humpbacked stone carver" who worked at Notre Dame during the 1820s2 The evidence is contained in the memoirs of Henry Sibson, a 19th-century British sculptor who worked at Notre Dame at around the same time Hugo wrote the novel2 Sibson describes a humpbacked stonemason working there: "He was the carver under the Government sculptor whose name I forget as I had no interaction with him, all that I know is that he was humpbacked and he did not like to mix with carvers"2 Because Victor Hugo had close links with the restoration of the cathedral it is likely he was aware of the unnamed "humpbacked carver" nicknamed "Le Bossu" French for "The Hunchback", who oversaw "Monsieur Trajin"2 Adrian Glew also uncovered that both the hunchback and Hugo were living in the same town of Saint Germain-des-Pres in 1833, and in early drafts of Les Misérables, Hugo named the main character "Jean Trajin" the same name as the unnamed hunchback carver's employee, but later changed it to "Jean Valjean"2

See alsoedit

  • France portal
  • Fictional characters portal
  • Novels portal

References and notesedit

  1. ^ Harper, Douglas "quasimodo n" Online Etymology Dictionary Retrieved April 24, 2017 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Real-life Quasimodo uncovered in Tate archives", Roya Nikkhah, The Daily Telegraph London, 15 August 2010
  3. ^ Chapter 46 The Hunchback of Notre Dame

External linksedit

  • Quasimodo on Internet Movie Database

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