QRpedia is a mobile Web based system which uses QR codes to deliver Wikipedia articles to users, in their preferred language QR codes can easily be generated to link directly to any Uniform Resource Identifier URI, but the QRpedia system adds further functionality It is owned and operated by a subsidiary of Wikimedia UK WMUK
QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin, a Wikipedia volunteer, coded by Terence Eden, and unveiled in April 2011 It is currently in use at museums and other institutions in countries including Australia, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Macedonia, Spain, India, the United Kingdom, Germany and the United States The project's source code is freely reusable under the MIT License
- 1 Process
- 2 Origins
- 3 Implementations
- 4 Award
- 5 Wikimedia UK dispute
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
ProcessVisitors to Derby Museum using a mobile phone to scan a QRpedia QR code
When a user scans a QRpedia QR code on their mobile device, the device decodes the QR code into a Uniform Resource Locator URL using the domain name "languagecodeqrwporg" and whose path final part is the title of a Wikipedia article, and sends a request for the article specified in the URL to the QRpedia web server It also transmits the language setting of the device
The QRpedia server then uses Wikipedia's API to determine whether there is a version of the specified Wikipedia article in the language used by the device, and if so, returns it in a mobile-friendly format If there is no version of the article available in the preferred language, then the QRpedia server offers a choice of the available languages, or a Google translation
In this way, one QRcode can deliver the same article in many languages, even when the museum is unable to make its own translations QRpedia also records usage statistics
QRpedia was conceived by Roger Bamkin, a Wikipedia volunteer, and Terence Eden, a mobile web consultant, and was unveiled on 9 April 2011 at Derby Museum and Art Gallery's Backstage Pass event, part of the "GLAM/Derby" collaboration between the museum and Wikipedia, during which over 1,200 Wikipedia articles, in several languages, were also created The project's name is a portmanteau word, combining the initials "QR" from "QR Quick Response code" and "pedia" from "Wikipedia"
The project's source code is freely reusable under the MIT License
Derby Museum's label for the painting "A Philosopher Lecturing on the Orrery" features a QRpedia code linking to the Wikipedia article about it which, as of February 2012, was available in 19 languages
A label in The Children's Museum of Indianapolis that uses a QRpedia code to direct visitors to the Wikipedia article "Broad Ripple Park Carousel"
Ceramic plaque with QRpedia code for Shire Hall, as part of the MonmouthpediA project
Enamel sign with QRpedia code for Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary in Záběhlice, Prague, Czech Republic
Film showing the use of QRpedia codes in a touch table populated with Wikipedia articles related to the period 1600-1650 and with coordinates The table is used in the exhibition Samtidigt/Meanwhile, at the Vasa museum in Stockholm, Sweden
A QRpedia plaque in Skopje Zoo, Macedonia, showing info on a hamadryas baboon Papio hamadryas using a mixed approach
Though created in the United Kingdom, QRpedia can be used in any location where the user's phone or tablet has a data signal or remembers URLs until a signal is available and is in use at venues including:
- Children's Chapel, St James' Church, Sydney
- The Children's Museum of Indianapolis, United States
- Congressional Cemetery
- Derby Museum and Art Gallery, England
- Estonian Sports Museum
- Galleries of Justice Museum
- Fundació Joan Miró, Spain including a travelling exhibit shown at The Tate
- The National Archives, United Kingdom
- The National Museum of Computing UK
- Sofia Zoo, Bulgaria
- The Welsh town of Monmouth, as part of Wikipedia's MonmouthpediA project
- St Paul's Church, Birmingham
- Different monuments in Prague 10
- The New Art Gallery Walsall
- Skopje Zoo, Macedonia, using a mixed approach of ordinary QR-codes and QRpedia codes
QRpedia also has uses outside of such institutions For example, the Occupy movement uses it on campaign posters
In January 2012, QRpedia was one of four projects from 79 entrants declared the most innovative mobile companies in the UK of 2011 by the Smart UK Project, and thus chosen to compete at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, on 29 February 2012 The criteria were "to be effective, easy to understand and with global potential and impact"
Wikimedia UK dispute
A conflict of interest case involving QRpedia was identified as one of the "main incidents" leading to a 2012 review of the governance of Wikimedia UK WMUK The review found that the amount of time taken to resolve ownership caused the risk of outsiders perceiving a potential conflict of interest, and that Bamkin's acceptance of consultancy fees on projects jointly funded by WMUK involving QRpedia provided an opportunity for damage to the reputation of WMUK This conflict of interest led to the resignation of WMUK trustee Joscelyn Upendran Shortly before her resignation on 31 August 2012, Upendran stated that "the charity has in effect agreed to take on responsibility for a service that is 'co-owned' by a trustee", and suggested that "the conflict of interest may present a legal risk under charity and corporate law" On 9 February 2013, WMUK announced that the intellectual property in QRpedia, and the qrpediaorg and qrwporg domains, were to be transferred to the chapter at no cost On 12 February 2013, Michael Peel registered two QRpedia related domain names on behalf of WMUK On 2 April 2013, WMUK announced that Roger Bamkin and Terence Eden were transferring ownership of QRpedia to Wikimedia UK On 16 November 2013, WMUK announced that the agreement for the transfer had been signed and the IP rights in QRpedia were held by Cultural Outreach Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of WMUK, and that following the agreement, the transfer of the domain names was an administrative process that could begin immediately
At least one Wikimedia chapter has received letters alleging that QRpedia infringes various patents Though WMUK believes that this is not the case and that the risk of litigation is not high, Cultural Outreach Limited has been set up to hold QRpedia, in order to shield WMUK should such a challenge arise
- ^ a b c d e f Eden, Terence 2011-04-03 "Introducing QRpedia" Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ a b Anon 2011-08-19 "The Children's Museum of Indianapolis Creates New Learning Opportunities through Wikipedian-in-Residence" The Children's Museum of Indianapolis Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Johnson, L; Adams, S 2011 The Technology Outlook for UK Tertiary Education 2011-201 PDF NMC Horizon Report Regional Analyses Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium ISBN 978-0-615-38209-8
- ^ a b c d e f g Byrd Phillips, Lori 2011-06-15 "Going Multilingual with QRpedia" Marcus Institute for Digital Education in the Arts Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ "QRpedia Statistics example" Retrieved 12 December 2011
- ^ Bamkin, Roger "Three days of Action - QR codes at Derby Museum and Art Gallery" Wikimedia Foundation Retrieved 17 February 2012
- ^ a b Anon 2011-05-21 "Quiet Realities" Imperica Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Various "Wikipedia:GLAM/Derby/QR code experiment" Wikipedia Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Various "Derby Backstage Pass" Wikimedia UK Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Roger Bamkin, interviewed on BBC Radio Derby by Phil Trow, 2011-08-30
- ^ Eden, Terence 2011-11-03 "QRpedia in Russia" Retrieved 25 November 2011
- ^ "qrwp — QR Redirection to Wikipedia" Google Project Hosting Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Byrd Phillips, Lori 2011-07-29 "QR codes + Wikipedia = QRpedia" The Children's Museum of Indianapolis Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ Greta Kreuz 17 July 2012 "Historic Congressional Cemetery Program to get Wikipedia boost" WLJA Retrieved 21 July 2012
- ^ Hinojo, Alex 2011-05-11 "QRpedia Codes at Fundació Joan Miró" The GLAM-Wiki Experience Retrieved 25 August 2011
- ^ "New collaboration between Wikimedia UK and The National Archives" The National Archives United Kingdom 2011-09-15 Retrieved 16 September 2011
- ^ Eden, Terence 2011-09-18 "National Archives and QRpedia" Retrieved 18 September 2011
- ^ a b "Become an instant expert with a little help from your mobile" Smart UK Project 2012-02-02 Retrieved 2 February 2012
- ^ "Monmouth to be Wales' first WiFi town" Monmouth Today 2012-02-29 Retrieved 1 March 2012
- ^ "QRpedia a Praha 10: QR kód na každé památce" http://wwwmobilmaniacz 2012-09-30 Retrieved 1 October 2012 External link in |work= help
- ^ Shared Knowledge projects: Skopje Zoo, Meta
- ^ "We Don't Make Demands: Posters" 2011-12-02 Retrieved 2 December 2011
- ^ "Smart UK Project – the final four" Smart UK Project Retrieved 19 August 2013
- ^ Young, Niki May 8 February 2013 "Wikimedia UK trustees have been 'too involved' to effectively govern charity" Archived from the original on February 11, 2013 Retrieved 2013-02-09
- ^ "Review finds Wikipedia UK board needs major leadership overhaul"
- ^ Keating, Chris 2013-02-09 "QRpedia" Wikimedia UK Retrieved 9 February 2013
- ^ "User:Mike Peel/Wikimedia compensation"
- ^ "Announcement – QRpedia donated to Wikimedia UK - Wikimedia UK Blog"
- ^ "Difference between revisions of "Water cooler""
- ^ Chris Keating 7 June 2013 "QRpedia" Wikimediauk-l Archives At least one Wikimedia chapter has received letters from people who purport that QRpedia infringes on various patents
- ^ " QRpedia"
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to QRpedia|
- QRpedia statistics
- Qrpedia project on GoogleCode
- QRpedia on Twitter
- QRpedia on the Outreach wiki
|Paintings & drawings||
|Science & engineering||
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