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Puy de Dôme

puy de dôme, puy de dôme altitude
Puy de Dôme French pronunciation: ​pɥi də dom; Auvergnat Puèi Domat, Puèi de Doma is a large lava dome and one of the youngest volcanoes in the Chaîne des Puys region of Massif Central in central France This chain of volcanoes including numerous cinder cones, lava domes, and maars is far from the edge of any tectonic plate Puy de Dôme is approximately 10 kilometres 6 mi from Clermont-Ferrand The Puy-de-Dôme département with hyphens is named after the volcano


  • 1 History
  • 2 Tourism
  • 3 Sport
    • 31 Cycling
    • 32 Motorsports
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Puy de Dôme

In pre-Christian Europe, Puy de Dôme served as an assembly place for spiritual ceremonies3 Temples were built at the summit, including a Gallo-Roman temple dedicated to the God Mercury, the ruins of which were discovered in 1873

In 1648, Florin Périer, at the urging of Blaise Pascal, proved Evangelista Torricelli's theory that barometric observations were caused by the weight of air by measuring the height of a column of mercury at three elevations on Puy de Dôme

In 1875, a physics laboratory was built at the summit Since 1956, a TDF Télédiffusion de France antenna is also located there On the top of the mountain, there is a transmitter for FM and TV


Mercury temple

The Puy de Dôme is one of the most visited sites in the Auvergne region, attracting nearly 500,000 visitors a year It is a well-known centre for paragliding The summit offers expansive views of the Chaîne des Puys and Clermont-Ferrand A restaurant and shops are available, as well as a visitor centre giving information on the history and geology of the area

A pedestrian path Le sentier des muletiers, formerly a Roman road, leads to the Temple of Mercury The motor road previously leading to the summit is now closed Visitors must hike up on foot or take the Panoramique des Dômes, a rack railway operational since May 2012

Hikers can also reach the Puy using a footpath on the northern side, which runs past the Nid de la Poule crater The GR 4 long-distance trail uses this footpath and the sentier des muletiers to traverse the mountain



In more recent times, Puy de Dôme has served as an occasional stage finish in the Tour de France It was here that in 1964 Raymond Poulidor battled with Jacques Anquetil in one of the race's most famous moments, racing side by side up almost the entire climb; and that in 1975 Eddy Merckx was punched in the kidney by a spectator According to Jean-François Pescheux, since the construction of a rack railway, and because of the very narrow road, the Tour will never come back to the Puy de Dôme, its last ascension in the race being in 19884

Tourist centre

The road is only open for cyclists during very limited periods when other vehicles are prohibited In 2006 this was 7–9am on Wednesdays and Sundays between 1 May and 30 September5 In 2017, it will be the first checkpoint in the Transcontinental Race, which is a non-stop, unsupported bicycle race across Europe6


The Circuit de Charade was a motorsport street circuit built in 1957 using pre-existing roads around the base of the Puy de Dôme78 The venue hosted the French Grand Prix as well as the French motorcycle Grand Prix several times in the 1960s and early 1970s78 In 1986, the track was shortened due to safety issues and was converted into a dedicated motorsport race track hosting track days, driving schools as well as historic motorsport events789


  1. ^ Nicola Williams, France, p592 - "The ice-flecked summit of Puy de Dôme 1465m"
  2. ^ D Miallier, Pierre Boivin, C Deniel, A Gourgaud, P Lanos, M Sforna, Thierry Pilleyre "The ultimate summit eruption of Puy de Dôme volcano Chaine des Puys, French Massif Central about 10,700 years ago", Comptes Rendus Géosciences 342 2010 847-854
  3. ^ Hubert, Henri 2013-11-12 The Greatness and Decline of the Celts Routledge ISBN 9781136202926 
  4. ^ "Le Puy-de-Dôme dans le Tour de France" in French ledicodutour Retrieved 19 July 2012 
  5. ^ "Puy de Dôme: Clermont Ferrand" wwwclimbbybikecom Retrieved 19 July 2012 
  6. ^ Beltchenko, Neil "Transcontinental Race releases 2016 controls" Bikepackers Magazine Retrieved 26 December 2015 
  7. ^ a b c "Charade" racingcircuitsinfo Retrieved 4 April 2017 
  8. ^ a b c "The Volcanic Rush of Clermont Ferrand" speedhunterscom Retrieved 4 April 2017 
  9. ^ "A Brief History of Charade" theracinglinenet Retrieved 4 April 2017 
  • Scarth, Alwyn; Tanguy, Jean-Claude 2001 Volcanoes of Europe Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-521754-3 
  • Global Volcanism Program: Chaîne des Puys

External linksedit

  • Puy de Dôme on Google Maps Tour de France classic climbs

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Puy de Dôme

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