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Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy

proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy meaning, proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy government
During the French Revolution, the proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy French: Proclamation de l'abolition de la royauté was a proclamation by the National Convention of France announcing that it had abolished the French monarchy on 21 September 1792

Contents

  • 1 Prelude
  • 2 Proposition for abolition
  • 3 End of an era
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Preludeedit

The Convention's députés were instructed to put an end to the crisis that had broken out since the prevented flight to Varennes of Louis XVI June 1791 and the bloody capture of the Tuileries 10 August 1792 Their middle-class origin and their political activity meant that most of them bore no sympathy for the monarchy, and the victory at the battle of Valmy on 20 September the revolution's first military success occurred on the same day as their meeting, thus confirming their convictions

Proposition for abolitionedit

When the député for Paris, Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, proposed abolition he met with little resistance; at most, Claude Basire, friend of Georges Jacques Danton, tried to temper the enthusiasm, recommending a discussion before any decision However, abbé Henri Grégoire, constitutional bishop of Blois, replied strongly to any suggestion of discussion:

Jean-François Ducos supported him in affirming that any discussion would be useless "after the lights spread by 10 August" The summary argument served as a debate and the decision taken was unanimous, giving birth to the First French Republic

End of an eraedit

In the wake of the proclamation, efforts grew to eliminate the vestiges of the ancien regime1 As the date of the Republic's first anniversary approached, the Convention passed a set of laws replacing many familiar ancien systems of order and measurement, including the old Christian calendar2 This dramatic change was powerful encouragement to the growing wave of anticlericalism which sought a dechristianisation of France1 The new French Republican Calendar discarded all Christian reference points and calculated time from the Republic's first full day after the monarchy, 22 September 1792, the first day of Year One2

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Doyle, William 1990 The Oxford History of the French Revolution 2 ed Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press p 206 ISBN 9780199252985 
  2. ^ a b Doyle, p 194

External linksedit

  • in French L'abolition de la royauté Source : "Journal officiel de la Convention Nationale", 1792–1793

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Proclamation of the abolition of the monarchy


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