Tue . 18 Oct 2018

Poznań Voivodeship (14th century to 1793)


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Poznań Voivodeship in
the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, 1635 Capital Poznań History    Established 1320    Split off Netze District 1772    Annexed by Prussia 25 September 1793 Area 15,015 km2 5,797 sq mi Political subdivisions Counties: 3, plus Wschowa Land ¹ Voivodeship of the Polish Crown in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Voivodeship of Kingdom of Poland before 1569

Poznań Voivodeship 14th century to 1793 Latin: Palatinatus Posnaniensis, Polish: Województwo Poznańskie was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century to the Second Partition of Poland in 1793 It was part of the Greater Polish prowincja

Contents

  • 1 Geography
  • 2 Major towns
  • 3 Administration
  • 4 Sources

Geography

The voivodeship comprised the western part of the former Duchy of Greater Poland with its historic capital Poznań As the westernmost part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth it bordered on the Neumark region of the Imperial Margraviate of Brandenburg in the west, the Bohemian crown land of Silesia in the south and the Duchy of Pomerania in the north The adjacent Greater Polish area in the east belonged to the Kalisz Voivodeship

The Northern outpost of Drahim was pawned to Brandenburg-Prussia according to the 1657 Treaty of Bromberg In the course of the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the voivodeship lost the northern area around Wałcz to the Prussian Netze District, the remains were annexed in 1793 and incorporated into the province of South Prussia

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of Poznań Voivodeship:

"Poznań Voivodeship, together with Kalisz and Kujawy, was in the ancient times inhabited by the Polans As early as the times of Boleslaw Chrobry, the Land of Poznań had its own voivodes, while the city of Poznań itself was main gord of the ancient Lechia When, following the Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty Poland was divided among his sons, for more than 150 years Greater Poland was a separate duchy In 1305 it was united with the Kingdom of Poland, by Wladyslaw Lokietek, who turned it into a voivodeship In 1346, King Kazimierz Wielki took control of the Land of Wschowa, uniting it with Poznań Voivodeship

The voivodeship, split by the Warta river into two almost equal halves, made western part of Greater Poland Its area was 294 sq miles, divided into Poznań County 162 sq miles, Kościan County 92 sq miles, Wałcz County behind the Noteć river 30 sq miles, and the Land of Wschowa 9 sq miles In the mid-16th century, it had 259 Roman-Catholic parishes Most densely populated was the Land of Wschowa, while Wałcz County was covered by vast forests

Poznań Voivodeship had nine senators These were: the Bishop of Poznań, the Voivode of Poznań and the Castellan of Poznań, as well as six minor castellans – those of Miedzyrzecz, Rogoźno, Srem, Przemecz, Krzywin and Santok The Land of Wschowa had its own starosta, as well as its separate civil servants The sejmiks for both Poznań and Kalisz Voivodeships took place in Środa Wielkopolska, where the two voivodeships elected 12 deputies to the Sejm, and 4 deputies to the Greater Poland Tribunal at Piotrków Trybunalski"

Major towns

in alphabetic order:

  • Drahim
  • Kościan
  • Leszno
  • Oborniki
  • Międzyrzecz
  • Poznań
  • Rogoźno
  • Śrem
  • Szamotuły
  • Wieleń
  • Wałcz
  • Wronki
  • Wschowa

Administration

Greater Poland general governor Starosta Generalny seat:

  • Poznań

Voivodeship governor Wojewoda seat:

  • Poznań

Voivodes:

  • Jan Opaliński, 1628–1637
  • Krzysztof Opaliński, 1637–1655
  • Józef Potocki, 1743–1751
  • Stanisław Potocki, 1756–1760

General council Sejmik Generalny for Greater Poland seat:

  • Koło

Regional council Sejmik seat:

  • Środa Wielkopolska

Administrative division:

  • Poznań County Powiat Poznański, Poznań
  • Kościan County Powiat Kościański, Kościan
  • Wałcz County Powiat Walecki, Wałcz
  • Wschowa Land Ziemia Wschowska, Wschowa

Sources

  • Poznań Voivodeship, description by Zygmunt Gloger

Coordinates: 52°24′32″N 16°55′41″E / 52408902°N 16927997°E / 52408902; 16927997


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    29.10.2014


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