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Portuguese House of Burgundy

portuguese house of burgundy family tree, portuguese house of burgundy history
The Portuguese House of Burgundy or the Afonsine Dynasty is a cadet branch of the House of Burgundy, descended from Henry, Count of Portugal Henry was a younger son of Henry of Burgundy, the son and heir of Robert I of Burgundy who died before he could inherit the Duchy

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Origins
    • 12 Kings of Portugal
    • 13 Demise
  • 2 Burgundian Kings of Portugal
  • 3 Coats of Arms of Titles
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Footnotes
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Originsedit

King Afonso I, the first King of Portugal

The younger Henry, having little chance of inheriting any land or titles, had joined the reconquista in the Iberian Peninsula in the late 11th century After conquering parts of Galicia and northern Portugal on behalf of Alfonso VI of León, he married Alfonso's illegitimate daughter, Teresa, and was given the County of Portugal as a fief under the Kingdom of León His son, Afonso Henriques, became King of Portugal after defeating his mother in the Battle of São Mamede in 1128 It was only in 1179 that Pope Alexander III recognized Portugal as an independent state,1 recognition, at the time, needed for total acceptance of the kingdom in the Christian world

Kings of Portugaledit

The kings that succeeded Afonso I continued the Reconquista of the Iberian Peninsula against the Moors Afonso III conquered the Algarve and adopted the title of King of Portugal and the Algarve

The borders of Portugal were defined in the Treaty of Alcanizes 1297 when king Dinis I, son of Afonso III, started developing the kingdom's land

Demiseedit

In 1383 Beatrice, princess of Portugal and heir to the throne married John I of Castile When Ferdinand I her father died during the same year the kingdom entered a period of anarchy called the 1383-1385 Crisis, threatened with a possible annexation by Castile This period ended in 1385 with the victory of the Portuguese in the Battle of Aljubarrota and a new dynasty began with John I, Master of Aviz illegitimate son of Peter I, thus called the House of Aviz

Burgundian Kings of Portugaledit

See also: Burgundian kings of Portugal family tree
  1. Afonso I - The Conqueror - 1139–1185
  2. Sancho I - The Populator - 1185–1211
  3. Afonso II - The Fat - 1211–1223
  4. Sancho II - The Pious - 1223–1248
  5. Afonso III - The Bolognian - 1248–1279
  6. Dinis I - The Farmer - 1279–1325
  7. Afonso IV - The Brave - 1325–1357
  8. Pedro I - The Cruel or The Just - 1357–1367
  9. Fernando I - The Handsome or The Inconstant - 1367–1383

Coats of Arms of Titlesedit

Coat of Arms Title Time Held
King of Portugal 1139–1383
King of the Algarve 1139–1383
Count of Boulogne2 1216–1260

See alsoedit

  • List of Portuguese monarchs
  • House of Aviz
  • The Establishment of the Monarchy in Portugal
  • The Consolidation of the Monarchy in Portugal
  • Timeline of Portuguese history

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ António Henrique R de Oliveira Marques, History of Portugal: From Lusitania to Empire, Columbia University Press, 1972, 43
  2. ^ The title Count of Boulogne was held by King Afonso III of Portugal, by marriage to Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne, from 1216 to 1260

External linksedit

  • Portuguese The Portuguese monarchs of Burgundy and their history
Royal House Portuguese House of Burgundy Cadet branch of the House of Burgundy
New title
Founding of Kingdom

Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

1139 – 1383
Succeeded by
Portuguese Interregnum
Eventually House of Aviz

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Portuguese House of Burgundy


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